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fuels are conducted daily in accordance $ 60.46 Test methods and procedures. with paragraph (c) or (d) of this section.

(a) The provisions of this section are (3) An instrument for continuously

applicable to performance tests for demonitoring and recording emissions of

termining emissions of particulate matnitrogen oxides.

ter, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides (b) Instruments and sampling systems

from fossil fuel-fired steam generating installed and used pursuant to this sec

units. tion shall be capable of monitoring emis

(b) All performance tests shall be consion levels within £20 percent with a

ducted while the affected facility is operconfidence level of 95 percent and shall

ating at or above the maximum steam be calibrated in accordance with the

production rate at which such facility method(s) prescribed by the manufac

will be operated and while fuels or comturer(s) of such instruments; instru

binations of fuels representative of ments shall be subjected to manufactur

normal operation are being burned and ers recommended zero adjustment and

under such other relevant conditions as calibration procedures at least once per

the Administrator shall specify based 24-hour operating period unless the manufacturer(s) specifies or recommends

on representative performance of the

affected facility. calibration at shorter intervals, in which

(c) Test methods set forth in the case such specifications or recommendations shall be followed. The applicable

appendix to this part or equivalent

methods approved by the Administrator method specified in the appendix of this

shall be used as follows: part shall be the reference method.

(1) For each repetition, the average (c) The sulfur content of solid fuels,

concentration of particulate matter shall as burned, shall be determined in accord

be determined by using Method 5. ance with the following methods of the

Traversing during sampling by Method 5 American Society for Testing and

shall be according to Method 1. The Materials.

minimum sampling time shall be 2 hours, (1) Mechanical sampling by Method

and minimum sampling volume shall be D 2234065.

60 ft. corrected to standard conditions (2) Sample preparation by Method D

on a dry basis. 2013-65.

(2) For each repetition, the SO, con(3) Sample analysis by Method D

centration shall be determined by using 271-68.

Method 6. The sampling site shall be the (d) The sulfur content of liquid fuels,

same as for determining volumetric flow as burned, shall be determined in accord

rate. The sampling point in the duct ance with the American Society for Test

shall be at the centroid of the cross ing and Materials Methods D 1551-68, or section if the cross sectional area is less D 129–64, or D 1552–64.

than 50 ft.' or at a point no closer to the (e) The rate of fuel burned for each walls than 3 feet if the cross sectional fuel shall be measured daily or at shorter area is 50 ft.' or more. The sample shall intervals and recorded. The heating be extracted at a rate proportional to the value and ash content of fuels shall be gas velocity at the sampling point. The ascertained at least once per week and minimum sampling time shall be 20 min. recorded. Where the steam generating and minimum sampling volume shall be unit is used to generate electricity, the 0.75 ft. corrected to standard conditions. average electrical output and the mini- Two samples shall constitute one repetimum and maximum hourly generation tion and shall be taken at 1-hour rate shall be measured and recorded intervals. daily.

(3) For each repetition the NO, con(f) The owner or operator of any centration shall be determined by using fossil fuel-fired steam generating unit Method 7. The sampling site and point subject to the provisions of this part shall be the same as for SO. The samshall maintain a file of all measurements

pling time shall be 2 hours, and four required by this part. Appropriate meas

samples shall be taken at 30-minute urements shall be reduced to the units

intervals. of the applicable standard daily, and

(4) The volumetric flow rate of the summarized monthly. The record of any such measurement(s) and summary

total effluent shall be determined by using shall be retained for at least 2 years fol

Method 2 and traversing according to lowing the date of such measurements Method 1. Gas analysis shall be perand summaries.

formed by Method 3, and moisture content shall be determined by the con- other than uncombined water, as measdenser technique of Method 5.

ured by Method 5. (d) Heat input, expressed in B.t.u. per

8 60.52 Standard for particulate matter. hour, shall be determined during each 2hour testing period by suitable fuel flow On and after the date on which the meters and shall be confirmed by a ma- performance test required to be conterial balance over the steam generation ducted by $ 60.8 is initiated, no owner system.

or operator subject to the provisions of (e) For each repetition, emissions, ex- this part shall discharge or cause the pressed in lb./109 B.t.u. shall be deter- discharge into the atmosphere of parmined by dividing the emission rate in ticulate matter which is in excess of 0.08 Ib./hr. by the heat input. The emission gr./s.c.f. (0.18 g./NM) corrected to 12 rate shall be determined by the equation, percent CO2, maximum 2-hour average. lb./hr.=Q, XC where, Q.=volumetric

$ 60.53 Monitoring of operations. flow rate of the total effluent in ft./hr. at standard conditions, dry basis, as deter

The owner or operator of any inmined in accordance with paragraph (c)

cinerator subject to the provisions of this (4) of this section.

part shall maintain a file of daily burn(1) For particulate matter, c=partic- ing rates and hours of operation and any ulate concentration in lb./ft.", at deter- particulate emission measurements. The mined in accordance with paragraph (c)

burning rates and hours of operation (1) of this section, corrected to standard shall be summarized monthly. The conditions, dry basis.

record(s) and summary shall be retained (2) For SOs, c=SO, concentration in for at least 2 years following the date of Ib./ft.', as determined in accordance with

such records and summaries. paragraph (c) (2) of this section, cor

60.54 Test methods and procedures. rected to standard conditions, dry basis. (3) For NOX, C=NO, concentration in

(a) The provisions of this section are Ib./ft.", as determined in accordance with applicable to performance tests for deparagraph (c)(3) of this section, cor- termining emissions of particulate matter rected to standard conditions, dry basis.

from incinerators.

(b) All performance tests shall be Subpart Standards of Performance

conducted while the affected facility is for Incinerators

operating at or above the maximum

refuse charging rate at which such facil$ 60.50 Applicability and designation of affected facility.

ity will be operated and the solid waste

burned shall be representative of normal The provisions of this subpart are ap- operation and under such other relevant plicable to each incinerator of more than conditions as the Administrator shall 50 tons per day charging rate, which is specify based on representative perthe affected facility.

formance of the affected facility.

(c) Test methods set forth in the ap$ 60.51 Definitions.

pendix to this part or equivalent methods As used in this subpart, all terms not

approved by the Administrator shall be defined herein shall have the meaning

used as follows: given them in the Act and in Subpart A

(1) For each repetition, the average of this part. (a) “Incinerator" means any furnace

concentration of particulate matter shall used in the process of burning solid waste

be determined by using Method 5. Trafor the primary purpose of reducing the

versing during sampling by Method 5 volume of the waste by removing com- shall be according to Method 1. The minibustible matter.

mum sampling time shall be 2 hours and (b) “Solid waste" means refuse, more the minimum sampling volume shall be than 50 percent of which is municipal 60 ft." corrected to standard conditions type waste consisting of a mixture of on a dry basis. paper, wood, yard wastes, food wastes, (2) Gas analysis shall be performed plastics, leather, rubber, and other com- using the integrated sample technique of bustibles, and noncombustible materials Method 3, and moisture content shall be such as glass and rock.

determined by the condenser technique (c) “Day" means 24 hours.

of Method 5. If a wet scrubber is used, (d) “Particulate matter" means any the gas analysis sample shall reflect flue finely divided liquid or solid material, gas conditions after the scrubber, allow

ing for the effect of carbon dioxide ab- (2) 10 percent opacity or greater. sorption.

(c) On and after the date on which the (d) For each repetition particulate performance test required to be con. matter emissions, expressed in gr./s.c.i., ducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner shall be determined in accordance with or operator subject to the provisions of paragraph (c)(1) of this section cor- this part shall discharge or cause the rected to 12 percent CO2, dry basis.

discharge into the atmosphere of particSubpart F/Standards of Performance

ulate matter from any affected facility

other than the kiln and clinker cooler for Portland Cement Plants

which is 10 percent opacity or greater. & 60.60 Applicability and designation of

8 60.63 Monitoring of operations. affected facility.

The owner or operator of any portland The provisions of the subpart are ap

cement plant subject to the provisions plicable to the following affected facili

of this part shall maintain a file of daily ties in portland cement plants: kiin,

production rates and kiln feed rates and clinker cooler, raw mill system, finish mill system, raw mill dryer, raw material

any particulate emission measurements.

The production and feed rates shall be storage, clinker storage, finished product storage, conveyor transfer points,

summarized monthly. The record(s) and bagging and bulk loading and unloading

summary shall be retained for at least systems.

2 years following the date of such records

and summaries. 8 60.61 Definitions.

$ 60.64 Test methods and procedures. As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the meaning

(a) The provisions of this section are given them in the Act and in Subpart A

applicable to performance tests for deof this part.

termining emissions of particulate mat. (a) "Portland cement plant" means

ter from portland cement plant kilns any facility manufacturing portland ce

and clinker coolers. ment by either the wet or dry process.

(b) All performance tests shall be (b) "Particulate matter" means any

conducted while the affected facility is finely divided liquid or solid material,

operating at or above the maximum other than uncombined water, as meas

production rate at which such facility ured by Method 5.

will be operated and under such other

relevant conditions as the Administrator $ 60.62 Standard for particulate matter.

shall specify based on representative per(a) On and after the date on which

formance of the affected facility. the performance test required to be con- (c) Test methods set forth in the apducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner

pendix to this part or equivalent methor operator subject to the provisions of

ods approved by the Administrator shall this part shall discharge or cause the

be used as follows: discharge into the atmosphere of par

(1) For each repetition, the average ticulate matter from the kiln which is:

concentration of particulate matter shall (1) In excess of 0.30 lb. per ton of feed

be determined by using Method 5. Trato the kiln (0.15 Kg. per metric ton), maximum 2-hour average.

versing during sampling by Method 5

shall be according to Method 1. The mini(2) Greater than 10 percent opacity,

mum sampling time shall be 2 hours and except that where the presence of uncom

the minimum sampling volume shall be bined water is the only reason for failure

60 ft. corrected to standard conditions to meet the requirements for this sub

on a dry basis. paragraph, such failure shall not be a

(2) The volumetric flow rate of the violation of this section.

total effluent shall be determined by us(b) On and after the date on which the performance test required to be con

ing Method 2 and traversing according to

Method 1. Gas analysis shall be perducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner or operator subject to the provisions of

formed using the integrated sample techthis part shall discharge or cause the dis

nique of Method 3, and moisture content charge into the atmosphere of particulate

shall be determined by the condenser matter from the clinker cooler which is: technique of Method 5.

(1) In excess of 0.10 lb. per ton of feed (d) Total kiln feed (except fuels), exto the kiln (0.050 Kg. per metric ton) pressed in tons per hour on a dry basis. maximum 2-hour average.

shall be determined during each 2-hour testing period by suitable flow meters $ 60.73 Emission monitoring. and shall be confirmed by a material

(a) There shall be installed, calibalance over the production system.

brated, maintained, and operated, in any (e) For each repetition, particulate

nitric acid production unit subject to matter emissions, expressed in lb./ton of kiln feed shall be determined by dividing

the provisions of this subpart, an instru

ment for continuously monitoring and the emission rate in lb./hr. by the kiln

recording emissions of nitrogen oxides. feed. The emission rate shall be deter

(b) The instrument and sampling mined by the equation, lb./hr.=Q.XC,

system installed and used pursuant to where Qs=volumetric flow rate of the

this section shall be capable of monitortotal effluent in ft./hr. at standard condi

ing emission levels within +20 percent tions, dry basis, as determined in ac

with a confidence level of 95 percent and cordance with paragraph (c) (2) of this

shall be calibrated in accordance with section, and, c=particulate concentra

the method(s) prescribed by the manution in lb./ft.', as determined in accord

facturer(s) of such instrument, the ance with paragraph (c) (1) of this

instrument shall be subjected to section, corrected to standard conditions,

manufacturers recommended zero addry basis.

justment and calibration procedures at Subpart G-Standards of Performance least once per 24-hour operating period for Nitric Acid Plants

unless the manufacturer(s) specifies or

recommends calibration at shorter in$ 60.70 Applicability and designation of tervals, in which case such specifications affected facility.

or recommendations shall be followed. The provisions of this subpart are The applicable method specified in the applicable to each nitric acid production appendix of this part shall be the refunit, which is the affected facility.

erence method.

(c) Production rate and hours of op$ 60.71 Definitions.

eration shall be recorded daily. As used in this subpart, all terms not (d) The owner or operator of any defined herein shall have the meaning nitric acid production unit subject to the given them in the Act and in Subpart A provisions of this part shall maintain of this part.

a file of all measurements required by (a) “Nitric acid production unit" this subpart. Appropriate measurements means any facility producing weak nitric shall be reduced to the units of the acid by either the pressure or atmos- standard daily and summarized monthly. pheric pressure process.

The record of any such measurement (b) “Weak nitric acid" means acid and summary shall be retained for at which is 30 to 70 percent in strength. least 2 years following the date of such $ 60.72 Standard for nitrogen oxides.

measurements and summaries. On and after the date on which the

& 60.74 Test methods and procedures. performance test required to be con- (a) The provisions of this section are ducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner applicable to performance tests for deor operator subject to the provisions of termining emissions of nitrogen oxides this part shall discharge or cause the from nitric acid production units. discharge into the atmosphere of nitro- (b) All performance tests shall be gen oxides which are:

conducted while the affected facility is (a) In excess of 3 lbs. per ton of acid operating at or above the maximum acid produced (1.5 kg. per metric ton), production rate at which such facility maximum 2-hour average, expressed as will be operated and under such other

relevant conditions as the Administra(b) 10 percent opacity or greater. tor shall specify based on representa

(c) Where the presence of uncombined tive performance of the affected facility. water is the only reason for failure to (c) Test methods set forth in the apmeet the requirement of paragraph (b) pendix to this part or equivalent methods of this section, such failures shall not be as approved by the Administrator shall considered a violation of this section. be used as follows: (36 FR 24877, Dec. 23, 1971, as amended at (1) For each repetition the NO, con38 FR 13562, May 23, 1973)

centration shall be determined by using

NO.

Method 7. The sampling site shall be (b) “Acid mist" means sulfuric acid selected according to Method 1 and the mist, as measured by test methods set sampling point shall be the centroid of forth in this part. the stack or duct. The sampling time shall be 2 hours and four samples shall

8 60.82 Standard for sulfur dioxide. be taken at 30-minute intervals.

On and after the date on which the (2) The volumetric flow rate of the performance test required to be contotal effluent shall be determined by ducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner or using Method 2 and traversing accord- operator subject to the provisions of this ing to Method 1. Gas analysis shall be part shall discharge or cause the disperformed by using the integrated charge into the atmosphere of sufur sample technique of Method 3, and dioxide in excess of 4 lbs. per ton of acid moisture content shall be determined by produced (2 kg. per metric ton), maxiMethod 4.

mum 2-hour average. (d) Acid produced, expressed in tons

$ 60.83 Standard for acid mist. per hour of 100 percent nitric acid, shall be determined during each 2-hour test

On and after the date on which the ing period by suitable flow meters and

performance test required to be conshall be confirmed by a material bal

ducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner or ance over the production system.

operator subject to the provisions of this (e) For each repetition, nitrogen

part shall discharge or cause the disoxides emissions, expressed in lb./ton

charge into the atmosphere of acid mist of 100 percent nitric acid, shall be de

which is: termined by dividing the emission rate

(a) In excess of 0.15 lb. per ton of acid in lb./hr. by the acid produced. The

produced (0.075 kg. per metric ton), emission rate shall be determined by

maximum 2-hour average, expressed as the equation, lb./hr.=Q8XC, where

H2SO4. Qs=volumetric flow rate of the effluent

(b) 10 percent opacity or greater.

(c) Where the presence of uncomin ft./hr. at standard conditions, dry basis, as determined in accordance with

bined water is the only reason for failure paragraph (c) (2) of this section, and

to meet the requirements of paragraph C=NO, concentration in lb./ft.', as de

(b) of this section, such failure shall not termined in accordance with paragraph

be considered a violation of this section. (c) (1) of this section, corrected to stand

(36 FR 24877, Dec. 23, 1971, as amended at

38 FR 13562, May 23, 1973] ard conditions, dry basis.

$ 60.84 Emission monitoring. Subpart H-Standards of Performance (a) There shall be installed, califor Sulfuric Acid Plants

brated, maintained, and operated, in any

sulfuric acid production unit subject to $ 60.80 Applicability and designation of the provisions of this subpart, an inaffected facility.

strument for continuously monitoring The provisions of this subpart are ap

and recording emissions of sulfur dioxide. plicable to each sulfuric acid production

(b) The instrument and sampling sysunit, which is the affected facility.

tem installed and used pursuant to this

section shall be capable of monitoring $ 60.81 Definitions.

emission levels within 20 percent with As used in this subpart, all terms not a confidence level of 95 percent and shall defined herein shall have the meaning be calibrated in accordance with the given them in the Act and in Subpart A method(s) prescribed by the manufacof this part.

turer(s) of such instrument, the instru(a) “Sulfuric acid production unit” ment shall be subject to manufacturers means any facility producing sulfuric

recommended zero adjustment calibraacid by the contact process by burning

tion procedures at least once per 24-hour elemental sulfur, alkylation acid, hydro

operating period unless the manufacgen sulfide, organic sulfides and mer

turer(s) specified or recommends cali

bration at shorter intervals, in which captans, or acid sludge, but does not in

case such specifications or recommendaclude facilities where conversion to sul

tions shall be followed. The applicable furic acid is utilized primarily as a means

method specified in the appendix of this of preventing emissions to the atmos- part shall be the reference method. phere of sulfur dioxide or other sulfur (c) Production rate and hours of opcompounds.

eration shall be recorded daily.

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