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involving the use of warmblooded animals shall include a written assurance that the applicant has registered with the Department of Agriculture and is in compliance with the rules, regulations, and standards enunciated in the Animal Welfare Act, Public Law 89-544, as amended.

(c) Notice of research project (NRP).— Each application for research must include a summary (NRP) of proposed work (200 words or less) incorporating objectives, approach and current plans and/or progress. Upon approval of an application, summaries are forwarded to the Smithsonian Science Information Exchange. Summaries of work in progress are exchanged with government and private agencies supporting research and are forwarded to investigators who request such information.

(d) Federal Water Pollution Control Act.—(1) All applications for grants under section 105(a) must have been approved by the appropriate State water pollution control agency or agencies.

(2) All applications for grants under section 107, where the proposed project will be located in the Appalachian region, shall have been coordinated with the Appalachian Regional Commission for determination that such demonstration project is consistent with the objectives of the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965, as amended.

§ 40.140 Criteria for award.

In determining the desirability and extent of funding for a project and the relative merit of an application, consideration will be given to the following criteria:

§ 40.140-1 All applications.

(a) The relevancy of the proposed project to the objectives of the EPA research and demonstration program;

(b) The availability of funds within EPA;

(c) The technical feasibility of the project;

(d) The seriousness, extent, and urgency of the environmental problems toward which the project is directed;

(e) The anticipated public benefits to be derived from the project in relation to the costs of the project;

(f) The competency of the applicant's staff and the adequacy of the applicant's facilities and available resources;

(g) The degree to which the project can be expected to produce results that

will have general application to pollution control problems nationwide;

(h) Whether the project is consistent with existing plans or ongoing planning for the project area at the State, regional, and local levels;

(i) The existence and extent of local public support for the project;

(j) Whether the proposed project is environmentally sound;

(k) Proposed cost sharing.

§ 40.140-2 Solid Waste Disposal Act. In addition, consideration will be given to the following criteria:

(a) All applications.—(1) Whether the project will demonstrate and implement positive improvements in solid waste management;

(2) The extent to which the project emphasizes innovative financial and institutional arrangements for creation of a self-financed solid waste management system;

(3) The extent to which the use of Federal funds for capital expenditures is limited;

(4) The level of progress of the State solid waste management plan applicable to the applicant (e.g., progressing satisfactorily, completed and accepted by EPA, adopted by the State);

(5) Whether the project can be completed in a shorter time span than similar proposed projects.

(b) Applications for grants under section 208.-(1) Whether the application includes provision for the equitable distribution among users of all costs and revenues associated with the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of the proposed project;

(2) The financial participation and support of each participating unit of government;

(3) The soundness of the overall technical design and the system's component unit process;

(4) The economic viability of the system including analyses of available markets and purchase commitments for salable commodities;

(5) The experience and expertise of the operational and management personnel;

(6) Whether it is consistent with any guidelines for solid waste recovery collection, separation, and disposal systems which the Administrator may publish pursuant to section 208 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act;

(7) Whether it is consistent with a plan which meets the requirements for solid waste management planning set forth in section 207(b) (2) of the Solid Waste Disposal Act;

(8) Whether it will provide for substantial recovery of materials or energy or both from solid waste entering the system on an area wide basis;

(9) The extent to which it does not duplicate a resource recovery system that has already been developed and is operating in an effective manner in the area.

§ 40.140-3 Federal Water Pollution Control Act.

(1) All applications for grants under section 105(c) must provide evidence that the proposed project will contribute to the development or demonstration of a new or improved method of treating industrial wastes or otherwise preventing pollution by industry, which method shall have industrywide application;

(2) All applications for grants under section 113 must include provisions for community safe water supply systems, toilets, bathing and laundry facilities, sewage disposal facilities and programs relating to health and hygiene. Such projects must also be for the further purpose of developing preliminary plans for providing such safe water and such elimination or control of water pollution for all native villages in the State of Alaska.

§ 40.145

Supplemental grant conditions.

In addition to the EPA general grant conditions (app. A to subch. B of 40 CFR and 40 CFR, pt. 30, subpt. C), all grants are awarded subject to the following requirements:

(a) The project will be conducted in an environmentally sound manner.

(b) In addition to the notification of project changes required pursuant to 40 CFR 30.900-1, prior written approval by the grants officer is required for project changes which may (1) alter the approved scope of the project, (2) substantially alter the design of the project, or (3) increase the amount of Federal funds needed to complete the project. No approval or disapproval of a project change pursuant to 40 CFR 30.900 or this section shall commit or obligate the United States to an increase in the amount of the grant or payments thereunder, but shall not preclude submission or consid

eration of a request for a grant amendment pursuant to 40 CFR 30.901.

§ 40.145-1 Solid Waste Disposal Act.

Research and demonstration grants under the Solid Waste Disposal Act are awarded subject to the following conditions.

(a) Open burning of solid waste at all disposal sites within the jurisdiction (or jurisdictions) for which the applicant has authority for solid waste management, will be eliminated within 30 calendar days of the grant award;

(b) Open dumping (whether on land or in water) and open burning of solid waste are prohibited by a regulation, ordinance, statute, or other legal authority enforced within the jurisdiction in which the applicant has authority or that action taken under the provisions of the grant will eliminate such practices. § 40.145-2

Federal Control Act.



(a) No person in the United States shall on the ground of sex be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving assistance under the Act.

(b) Grants under section 107 are awarded subject to the conditions-(1) that the State shall acquire any land or interests therein necessary for such project to assure the elimination or control of acid or other mine water pollution; and (2) that the State shall provide legal and practical protection to the project area to insure against any activites which will cause future acid or other mine water pollution.

§ 40.145-3 Projects involving construc


Research and demonstration grants for projects involving construction shall be subject to the following conditions:

(a) The applicant will demonstrate to the satisfaction of the grants officer that he has or will have a fee simple or such other estate or interest in the site of the project, and rights of access, as the grants officer finds sufficient to assure undisturbed use and possession for the purpose of construction and operation for the estimated life of the project; and in the case of projects serving more than one municipality, that the participating communities have such interests or rights as the grants officer finds sufficient to assure their undisturbed utilization of

the project for the estimated life of the project.

(b) Invitations for bids or requests for proposals shall be based upon a clear and accurate description of the technical requirements for the material, product, or service to be procured. Such description shall not, in competitive procurements, contain features which unduly restrict competition. "Brand name or equal" description may be used as a means to define the performance or other salient requirements of a procurement, and when so used the specific features of the named brand which must be met by offerors should be clearly specified.

(c) Positive efforts shall be made by the grantees to utilize small business and minority-owned business sources of supplies and services.

(d) Subagreements for construction work may be negotiated when advertising for competitive bids is not feasible; however, the grantee must adequately demonstrate its need to contract with a single or sole source. All such subagreements are subject to prior approval by the grants officer.

(e) Construction work will be performed by the fixed-price (lump sum) or fixed-rate (unit price) method, or a combination of these two methods, unless the grants officer gives advance written approval to use some other method of contracting. The cost-plus-a-percentage-of-cost method of contracting shall not be used. Adequate methods of advertising for and obtaining competitive sealed bids will be employed prior to award of the construction contract. The award of the contract will be made to the responsible bidder submitting the lowest responsive bid, which shall be determined without regard to State or local law whereby preference is given on factors other than the specification requirements and the amount of bid. The grantee must promptly transmit to the grants officer copies of bid protests, decisions on such protests, and related correspondence. The grants officer will cause appropriate review of grantee procurement methods to be riade.

(f) On construction contracts exceeding $100,000, each bidder must furnish a bid guarantee equivalent to 5 percent of the bid price. In addition, the contractor awarded the contract must furnish performance and payment bonds, each of which shall be in an amount not less than 100 percent of the contract price. Con

struction contracts less than $100,000 shall follow the State or local requirements relating to bid guarantees, performance bonds, and payment bonds.

(g) The construction of the project, including the letting of contracts in connection therewith, shall conform to the applicable requirements of State, territorial, and local laws and ordinances to the extent that such requirements do not conflict with Federal laws.

(h) The grantee will provide and maintain competent and adequate engineering supervision and inspection for the project to insure that the construction conforms with the approved plans and specifications.

(i) Any construction contract must provide that representatives of the Environmental Protection Agency and the State, as appropriate, will have access to the work whenever it is in preparation or progress and that the contractor will provide proper facilities for such access and inspection. The contract must also provide that the grants officer, the Comptroller General of the United States, or any authorized representative shall have access to any books, documents, papers, and records of the contractor which are pertinent to the project for the purpose of making audit, examination, excerpts, and transcriptions thereof.

(j) The grantee agrees to construct the project or cause it to be constructed in accordance with the application, plans and specifications, and subagreements approved by EPA in the grant agreement or amendments.

(k) In addition to the notification of project changes pursuant to 40 CFR 30.900-1, a copy of any construction contract or modifications thereof, and of revisions to plans and specifications must be submitted to the grants officer. § 40.150 Evaluation of applications.

Every application for a research or demonstration grant will be evaluated by appropriate EPA staff in terms of relevancy and the applicable criteria set forth in § 40.140. Only applications considered relevant to EPA research and demonstration objectives will receive further consideration and be subjected to additional review. Relevancy will be measured by program needs and priorities as defined in the Agency's current planned objectives. Relevancy, coupled with the results of technical review, will provide the basis for funding recommendations.

(a) New applications.—Applications considered relevant to EPA research and demonstration objectives will be reviewed for technical merit by at least one reviewer within EPA and at least two reviewers outside EPA. Review by a National Advisory Council is statutorily required for radiation grants.

(b) Continuation applications.-Continuation applications will be reviewed by appropriate EPA staff only. Recommendations for continuation of funding will be based on progress toward the accomplishment of the goals set forth for the project and continued Agency needs and priorities.

§ 40.155 Confidential data.

(a) Applicants submitting proposals containing confidential data should clearly indicate their desire for confidential treatment of such data by EPA. Confidential treatment will be rendered by EPA to the extent permissible under the Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552) and EPA regulations promulgated pursuant thereto (40 CFR pt. 2).

(b) Each application containing data which the applicant desires to be held confidential and used by EPA for evaluation purposes only, shall be marked on the cover sheet with the following legend:

... through


Data contained in pages of this application shall not be used or disclosed, except for evaluation purposes, unless such data is obtained from another source without restriction. If, however, a grant or contract is awarded as a result of or in connection with this application, the government shall have the unlimited right to duplicate, use or disclose such data for any purpose, unless otherwise provided in such grant or contract. Such data may be subject to disclosure pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552), and EPA regulations promulgated pursuant thereto (40 CFR p. 2).

(c) All information and data contained in the grant application will be subject to external review unless deviation is approved for good cause pursuant to 40 CFR 30.1001.

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describe in chart or narrative format the progress achieved in relation to the appoved schedule and project milestones. Special problems or delays encountered must be explained. A summary progress report covering all work on the project to date is required to be included with applications for continuation grants (see § 40.165b). This report may be submitted one quarter prior to the end of the budget period.

§ 40.160-2 Report of project expendi


A written expenditures report for each budget period must be submitted to the grants officer within 90 days after the end of each budget period within the project period and within 90 days after completion of the project.

§ 40.160-3 Reporting of inventions.

As provided in appendix B of this subchapter, immediate and full reporting of all inventions to the Environmental Protection Agency is required. In addition:

(a) An annual invention statement is required with each continuation application.

(b) A final invention report is required within 90 days after completion of the project period.

(c) When a principal investigator changes institutions or ceases to direct a project, an invention statement must be promptly submitted with a listing of all inventions during his administration of the grant.

§ 40.160-4 Equipment report.

At the completion or termination of a project, the grantee will submit a listing of all items of equipment acquired with grant funds with an acquisition cost of $300 or more and having a useful life of more than 1 year.

§ 40.160-5 Final report.

The grantee shall submit a draft of the final report for review no later than 90 days prior to the end of the approved project period. The report shall document project activities over the entire period of grant support and shall describe the grantee's achievements with respect to stated project purposes and objectives. The report shall set forth in complete detail all technical aspects of the projects, both negative and positive, grantee's findings, conclusions, and results, including, as applicable, an evaluation of the technical effectiveness and

economic feasibility of the methods or techniques investigated or demonstrated. The final report shall include EPA comment when required by the grants officer. Prior to the end of the project period, one reproducible copy suitable for printing and such other copies as may be stipulated in the grant agreement shall be transmitted to the grants officer.

§ 40.165 Continuation grants.

To be eligible for a continuation grant within the approved project period, the grantee must:

(a) Have demonstrated satisfactory performance during all previous budget periods; and

(b) Submit no later than 90 days prior to the end of the budget period a continuation application which includes a detailed summary progress report, an estimated financial statement for the current budget period, a budget for the new budget period; and an updated work plan revised to account for actual progress accomplished during the current budget period.

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The Environmental Protection Agency is authorized to award training grants under the following statutes:

(a) Section 103 of the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 1857b).

(b) Sections 104, 109, 110, and 111 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (33 U.S.C. 1254, 1259, 1260, 1261).

(c) Sections 301 and 314 of the Public Health Service Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 241 and 246).

(d) Sections 204 and 210 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 3253 and 3254d).

(e) Section 23 of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act as amended by Public Law 92-516 (7 U.S.C. 136u).

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Grants awarded under this part are intended for occupational and professional training and to develop careeroriented personnel qualified to work in pollution abatement and control.

Training grants will be awarded:

(a) To assist in planning, implementing, and improving environmental training programs;

(b) To increase the number of adequately trained pollution control and abatement personnel;

(c) To upgrade the level of training among State and local environmental control personnel; and

(d) To bring new people into the environmental control field.

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