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Ci=Concentration of beryllium found in
sample, ng/ml. Vw=Total volume of water used in sam
filing (impinger contents plus all
wash amounts), ml. Cw=Blank concentration of beryllium in
water, ug/ml. Va=Total volume of acetone used in sam
pling (all wash amounts), ml. Ca=Blank concentration of beryllium in
acetone, ug/ml. 6.7 Total beryllium emissions.Calculate the total amount of beryllium emitted from each stack per day by equation 104-7. This equation is applicable for continuous operations. For cyclic operations, use only the time per day each stack is in operation. The total beryllium emissions from a source will be the summation of results from all stacks. R_W.(v.) avg. A. 86,400 seconds/day
eq. 104-7 where:
R-Rate of emission, g/day.
W.=Total weight of beryllium collected, wg. Vtotal=Total volume of gas sample (stack conditions), (0.).vg. - Average stack gas velocity, feet per second.
A,=Stack area, ft. 6.8 18okinetic variation (comparison of velocity of gas in probe tip to stack velocity).
where: (0.).ve.- Average stack gas velocity, feet per
sec lb mole-R-inH2O
these units are used. Co-Pitot tube coeficient, dimensionless. T.) avg.=Average stack gas temperature, °R. ave.Average square root of the velocity head
of stack gas (inH;0)1/2 (see figure 104-8). P-Stack pressure, Pbartstatic pressure, in
the summation of the products of the
in the mixture, lbib-mole. Figure 104-8 shows sample recording sheet for velocity traverse data. Use the averages in the last two columns of figure 104-8 to determine the average stack gas velocity from equation 104-5.
6.6 Beryllium collected. Calculate the total weight of beryllium collected by using equation 104-6.
W =V1C1-VxCw-V&Ca.-eq. 104-6 where:
Wr=Total weight of beryllium collected,
Vi =Total volume of hydrochloric acid
from step 18.104.22.168, ml.
VOLUME OF LIQUID WATER COLLECTED
eg. 104-8 where:
I=Percent of isokinetic sampling.
O=Sampling time, sec. (n.) ave. = Average stack gas velocity, feet per second.
7. Evaluation of results—7.1 Determination of compliance.—7.1.1 Each performance test shall consist of three repetitions of the applicable test method. For the purpose of determining compliance with an applicable national emission standard, the average of results of all repetitions shall apply.
7.2 Acceptable isokinetic results.—7.2.1 The following range sets the limit on acceptable isokinetic sampling results:
II 90 percent <I4110 percent, the results are acceptable; otherwise, reject the test and repeat.
7. References.-1. Addendum to Specifications for Incinerator Testing at Federal Facilities, PHS, NCAPC, December 6, 1967.
2. Amos, M. D., and wills, J. B., “Use of High-Temperature Pre-Mixed Flames in Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy." Spectrochim. Acta, 22: 1825, 1986.
3. Determining Dust Concentration in a Gas Stream, ASME Performance Test Code No. 27, New York, N.Y., 1957.
4. Devorkin, Howard et al., Air Pollution Source Testing Manual, Air Pollution Control District, Los Angeles, Call. November 1963.
5. Fleet, B., Liberty, k. V., and West, T. S., AUTHORITY: The provisions of this part "A Study of Some Matrix Effects in the Deter: 76 issued under Executive Order 11507; mination of Beryllium by Atomic Absorption Reorg. Plan 3 of 1970; 3 CFR, 1970 Comp. Spectroscopy in the Nitrous Oxide-Acetylene
SOURCE: The provisions of this part 76 apFlame," Talanta, 17: 203, 1970.
pear at 36 PR. 22417, Nov. 25, 1971, unless 6. Mark, L. S., Mechanical Engineers' Handbook, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New
otherwise noted. York, N.Y., 1951.
$ 76.1 Definitions. 7. Martin, Robert M., Construction Detalls of Isokinetic Source Sampling Equipment,
As used in this part: Environmental Protection Agency, APTD
(a) "Executive Order” means Execu0581.
tive Order No. 11507. 8. Methods for Determination of Velocity, (b) "Nonurban areas" means all areas Volume, Dust and Mist Content of Gases, other than urban areas. Western Precipitation Division of Joy Manu (c) "Ringelmann Scale" means the facturing Co., Los Angeles, Calli. Bulletin
Ringelmann Scale as published in the WP-50, 1968. 9. Perkin Elmer Standard Conditions (Rev.
latest U.S. Bureau of Mines Information March 1971).
Circular entitled “Ringelmann Smoke 10. Perry, J. H., Chemical Engineers' Hand Chart". book, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New (d) “Administrator" means the AdYork, N.Y., 1960.
ministrator of the Environmental Pro11. Rem, Jerome J., Maintenance, Callbra
tection Agency or his authorized repretion, and Operation of Isokinetic Source
sentative. Sampling Equipment, Environmental Pro
(e) “Urban areas" means those areas tection Agency, APTD-0576. 12. Shigehara, R. T., W. F. Todd, and W. S.
classified as urban in the latest available Smith, Significance of Errors in Stack Sam
Federal census, or as Standard Metropling Measurements, Paper presented at the politan Statistical Areas. annual meeting of the Air Pollution Control (f) “Unit” means all indirect beat exAssociation, St. Louis, Mo., June 14-19, 1970. changers connected to a single stack.
13. Smith, W. S. et al., Stack Gas Sam (g) "Particulate matter" means any pling Improved and Simplified with New
material, except uncombined water, that Equipment, APCA Paper No. 67-119, 1967.
exists as a solid or liquid at standard 14. Smith, W. S., R. T. Shigehara, and
conditions. W. F. Todd, A Method of Interpreting Stack
(h) “Standard conditions" means a Sampling Data, Paper presented at the 63d annual meeting of the Air Pollution Control temperature of 70° Fahrenheit and & Association, St. Louis, Mo., June 14-19, 1970. pressure of 14.7 pounds per square inch.
15. Specifications for Incinerator Testing absolute. at Federal Facilities, PHS, NCAPC, 1967.
(i) “Waste" means any solid, liquid. 16. Standard Method for Sampling Stacks or gaseous substance, the disposal of for Particulate Matter, In: 1971 Book of
which may create an air pollution ASTM standards, Part 23, Philadelphia. 1971,
problem. ASTM Designation D-2928–71.
17. Vennard, J. K. Elementary Fluid Me $ 76.2 Intent. chanics. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New
It is the intent of these standards that York, 1947.
emissions to the atmosphere from Fed
eral facilities and buildings shall not be PART 76 PREVENTION, CONTROL,
permitted if such emissions endanger AND ABATEMENT OF AIR POLLU.
health or welfare and that emissions TION FROM FEDERAL GOVERN which are likely to be injurious or haze MENT ACTIVITIES: PERFORMANCE ardous to people, animals, vegetation, or STANDARDS AND TECHNIQUES OF property shall be minimized. MEASUREMENT
$ 76.3 Applicability. Sec.
(a) Unless otherwise indicated, the 76.1 Definitions.
standards in this part apply to both new 76.2 Intent.
and existing Federal facilities and 76.3 Applicability.
buildings. 76.4 Combustion of fuel.
(b) Except for discharges of radio76.5 Sulfur oxides.
active effluents which are regulated by 76.6 Stacks. 76.7 Storage and handling of fuels and ash. the Atomic Energy Commission, Federal 76.8 Disposal of waste.
facilities and buildings shall conform to 76.9 Other pollution producing processes. : the air pollution standards prescribed
by the State or community in which they are located. If State or local standards are not prescribed for a particular location, or if the State or local standards are less stringent than the standards prescribed herein, the standards in this part shall be applicable to discharges from such Federal facilities and buildings except as otherwise indicated.
(c) Temporary operations that may result in potential air pollution problems, such as those associated with research, development, test, evaluation, space, and military activities, shall be conducted with such precautions and safeguards as are needed to achieve the intent of these standards.
(d) The Administrator may, upon application of the relevant department, agency or establishment, exempt any Federal facility or building from any or all of these standards whenever he determines that the activities of such building or facility will not significantly conflict with the intent of the Executive order and that such an exemption is in the public interest. 8 76.4 Combustion of fuel.
(a) The following standards apply to the combustion units of facilities and buildings having a heat input of less than 1,000 million B.t.u./hour, other than fireplaces, stoves, or grills burning wood or charcoal:
(1) Manually fired equipment shall not be installed as new or replacement equipment, except for the burning of anthracite, coke, or smokeless fuel.
(2) (i) For new units, except during startup, cleaning of fires, or soot blowing, the density of any emission to the atmosphere shall not exceed No. 1 on the Ringelmann Scale.
(11) For existing units, except during startup, cleaning of fires, or soot blowing, the density of any emission to the
atmosphere shall not exceed No. 2 on the Ringelmann Scale.
(3) A photoelectric or other type smoke detector, recorder, or alarm shall be installed on units larger than ten million BTU per hour input, except where gas or light oil (No. 2 or lighter), is burned.
(4) During routine operation, tho emission of particles larger than 60 microns shall not normally occur.
(5) Means shall be provided in all newly constructed units and wherever practicable in existing units to allow the periodic measurement of flyash and other particulate matter..
(6) All new or replacement spreader stoker installations shall be of a type that automatically discharges ashes to the ash pit either continuously or in very frequent small increments, and flyash shall be reinjected only from boiler passes.
(7) For units of less than 10 million BTU/hour heat input, the emission of flyash and other particulate matter shall not exceed 0.6 pounds of particulate matter per million BTU heat input, as measured by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Power Test Code No. 27 for “Determining Dust Concentrations in a Gas Stream," or equivalent test method.
(8) For units between 10 million and 1,000 million BTU/hour heat input, the emission of fiya.sh and other particulato matter shall not exceed that specified in figure 1, as measured by the test method specified in subparagraph (7) of this paragraph.
(b) For units having a heat input of more than 1,000 million BTU/hour, the appropriate department, agency, or establishment shall seek special advice from the Administrator with regard to smoke, flyash, and other particulate emissions.
MAXIMUM EMISSION OF PARTICULATE MATTER
FROM FUEL BURNING INSTALLATIONS
MAXIMUM PARTICULATE EMISSION
TOTAL INPUT-MILLIONS OF BTU PER HOUR § 76.5 Sulfur oxides.
supply under adverse weather and ne(a) Combustion units of facilities or
tural disaster condtions, buildings not located in areas specified
(b) For combustion units or Federal by the Administrator under paragraph
facilities or buildings not located in areas
specified by the Administrator under (c) of this section and whose heat in
paragraph (c) of this section and whose put is less than 1,000 million BTU/hour
heat input is more than 1,000 million shall burn the lowest sulfur content fuel
BTU/ hour, the appropriate department, that is reasonably available. In deter
agency, or establishment shall seek spemining reasonable availability, the fac
cial advice from the Administrator with tors to be considered include, among regard to sulfur-oxide emissions. others, price, firmness of supply, extent (c) (1) Effective October 1, 1969, com. of existing pollution, and assurance of bustion units of all Federal facilities or