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(a) "Fossil fuel-fired steam generating unit” means & furnace or boiler used in the process of burning fossil fuel for the primary purpose of producing steam by heat transfer.

(b) "Fossil fuel" means natural gas, petroleum, coal and any form of solid, liquid, or gaseous fuel derived from such materials.

(c) "Particulate matter" means any finely divided liquid or solid material, other than uncombined water, as measured by Method 5. 8 60.42 Standard for particulate matter.

On and after the date on which the performance test required to be conducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner or operator subject to the provisions of this part shall discharge or cause the discharge into the atmosphere of particulate matter which is:

(a) In excess of 0.10 lb. per million B.t.u. heat input (0.18 g. per million cal.) maximum 2-hour average.

(b) Greater than 20 percent opacity, except that 40 percent opacity shall be permissible for not more than 2 minutes in any hour.

(c) Where the presence of uncombined water is the only reason for failure to meet the requirements of paragraph (b) of this section such failure shall not be a violation of this section. 8 60.43 Standard for sulfur dioxide.

On and after the date on which the performance test required to be conducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner or operator subject to the provisions of this part shall discharge or cause the discharge into the atmosphere of sulfur dioxide in excess of:

(a) 0.80 lb. per million B.t.u. heat input (1.4 g. per million cal.), maximum 2hour average, when liquid fossil fuel is burned.

(b) 1.2 lbs. per million B.t.u. heat input (2.2 g. per million cal.), maximum 2hour average, when solid fossil fuel is burned.

(c) Where different fossil fuels are burned simultaneously in any combination, the applicable standard shall bedetermined by proration using the following formula:

y(0.80) + 2 (1.2)

y + 2 where: y is the percent of total heat input de

rived from liquid fossil fuel and,

2 is the percent of total heat input derived

from solid fossil fuel. (d) Compliance shall be based on the total heat input from all fossil fuels burned, including gaseous fuels. [36 FR 24877, Dec. 23, 1971, as amended at 37 FR 14877, July 26, 1972) $ 60.44 Standard for nitrogen oxides.

On and after the date on which the performance test required to be conducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner or operator subject to the provisions of this part shall discharge or cause the discharge into the atmosphere of nitrogen oxides in excess of:

(a) 0.20 lb. per million B.t.u. heat input (0.36 g. per million cal.), maximum 2-hour average, expressed as NO, when gaseous fossil fuel is burned.

(b) 0.30 lb. per million B.t.u. heat input (0.54 g. per million cal.), maximum 2-hour average, expressed as NO2, when Liquid fossil fuel is burned.

(c) 0.70 lb. per million B.t.u. heat input (1.26 g. per million cal.), maximum 2-hour average, expressed as NO, when solid fossil fuel (except lignite) is burned.

(d) When different fossil fuels are burned simultaneously in any combination the applicable standard shall be determined by proration. Compliance shall be determined by using the following formula: x(0.20) +y(0.30) +2(0.70)

x+y+z where: x is the percent of total heat input derived

from gaseous fossil fuel and,
y is the percent of total heat input derived

from liquid fossil fuel and,
is the percent of total heat input derived

from solid fossil fuel. $ 60.45 Emission and fuel monitoring.

(a) There shall be installed, calibrated, maintained, and operated, in any fossil fuel-fired steam generating unit subject to the provisions of this part, emission monitoring instruments as follows:

(1) A photoelectric or other type smoke detector and recorder, except where gaseous fuel is the only fuel burned.

(2) An instrument for continuously monitoring and recording sulfur dioxide emissions, except where gaseous fuel is the only fuel burned, or where compliance is achieved through low sulfur fuels and representative sulfur analysis of fuels are conducted daily in accordance with paragraph (c) or (d) of this section.

(3) An instrument for continuously monitoring and recording emissions of nitrogen oxides.

(b) Instruments and sampling systems installed and used pursuant to this section shall be capable of monitoring emission levels within £20 percent with a confidence level of 95 percent and shall be calibrated in accordance with the method(s) prescribed by the manufacturer(s) of such instruments; instruments shall be subjected to manufacturers recommended zero adjustment and calibration procedures at least once per 24-hour operating period unless the manufacturer(s) specifies or recommends calibration at shorter intervals, in which case such specifications or recommendations shall be followed. The applicable method specified in the appendix of this part shall be the reference method.

(c) The sulfur content of solid fuels, as burned, shall be determined in accordance with the following methods of the American Society for Testing and Materials.

(1) Mechanical sampling by Method D 2234065.

(2) Sample preparation by Method D 2013–65.

(3) Sample analysis by Method D. 271-68.

(d) The sulfur content of liquid fuels, as burned, shall be determined in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials Methods D 1551-68, or D 129-64, or D 1552–64.

(e) The rate of fuel burned for each fuel shall be measured daily or at shorter intervals and recorded. The heating value and ash content of fuels shall be ascertained at least once per week and recorded. Where the steam generating unit is used to generate electricity, the average electrical output and the minimum and maximum hourly generation rate shall be measured and recorded daily.

(f) The owner or operator of any fossil fuel-fired steam generating unit subject to the provisions of this part shall maintain a file of all measurements required by this part. Appropriate measurements shall be reduced to the units of the applicable standard daily, and summarized monthly. The record of any such measurement(s) and summary shall be retained for at least 2 years following the date of such measurements and summaries.

$ 60.46 Test methods and procedures.

(a) The provisions of this section are applicable to performance tests for determining emissions of particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides from fossil fuel-fired steam generating units.

(b) All performance tests shall be conducted while the affected facility is operating at or above the maximum steam production rate at which such facility will be operated and while fuels or combinations of fuels representative of normal operation are being burned and under such other relevant conditions as the Administrator shall specify based on representative performance of the affected facility.

(c) Test methods set forth in the appendix to this part or equivalent methods approved by the Administrator shall be used as follows:

(1) For each repetition, the average concentration of particulate matter shall be determined by using Method 5. Traversing during sampling by Method 5 shall be according to Method 1. The minimum sampling time shall be 2 hours, and minimum sampling volume shall be 60 ft." corrected to standard conditions on a dry basis.

(2) For each repetition, the SO, concentration shall be determined by using Method 6. The sampling site shall be the same as for determining volumetric flow rate. The sampling point in the duct shall be at the centroid of the cross section if the cross sectional area is less than 50 ft. or at a point no closer to the walls than 3 feet if the cross sectional area is 50 ft.' or more. The sample shall be extracted at a rate proportional to the gas velocity at the sampling point. The minimum sampling time shall be 20 min. and minimum sampling volume shall be 0.75 ft.' corrected to standard conditions. Two samples shall constitute one repetition and shall be taken at 1-hour intervals.

(3) For each repetition the NO, concentration shall be determined by using Method 7. The sampling site and point shall be the same as for SO2. The sampling time shall be 2 hours, and four samples shall be taken at 30-minute intervals.

(4) The volumetric flow rate of the total effluent shall be determined by using Method 2 and traversing according to Method 1. Gas analysis shall be performed by Method 3, and moisture content shall be determined by the con denser technique of Method 5.

(d) Heat input, expressed in B.t.u. per hour, shall be determined during each 2hour testing period by suitable fuel flow meters and shall be confirmed by a material balance over the steam generation system,

(e) For each repetition, emissions, expressed in lb./109 B.t.u. shall be determined by dividing the emission rate in Ib. br. by the heat input. The emission rate shall be determined by the equation, Ib./hr.=Q.XC where, Q.=volumetric flow rate of the total effluent in ft./hr. at standard conditions, dry basis, as determined in accordance with paragraph (c) (4) of this section.

(1) For particulate matter, c=particulate concentration in lb./ft.?, at determined in accordance with paragraph (c) (1) of this section, corrected to standard conditions, dry basis.

(2) For SO, c=SO, concentration in Ib./ft.', as determined in accordance with paragraph (c) (2) of this section, corrected to standard conditions, dry basis.

(3) For NO, C=NO, concentration in Ib./ft.', as determined in accordance with paragraph (c)(3) of this section, corrected to standard conditions, dry basis. Subpart E-Standards of Performance

for Incinerators $ 60.50 Applicability and designation of

affected facility. The provisions of this subpart are applicable to each incinerator of more than 50 tons per day charging rate, which is the affected facility. $ 60.51 Definitions.

As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the meaning given them in the Act and in Subpart A of this part.

(a) “Incinerator" means any furnace used in the process of burning solid waste for the primary purpose of reducing the volume of the waste by removing combustible matter.

(b) "Solid waste" means refuse, more than 50 percent of which is municipal type waste consisting of a mixture of paper, wood, yard wastes, food wastes, plastics, leather, rubber, and other combustibles, and noncombustible materials such as glass and rock.

(c) “Day" means 24 hours.

(d) “Particulate matter" means any finely divided liquid or solid material,

other than uncombined water, as measured by Method 5. 8 60.52 Standard for particulate matter.

On and after the date on which the performance test required to be conducted by $ 60.8 is initiated, no owner or operator subject to the provisions of this part shall discharge or cause the discharge into the atmosphere of particulate matter which is in excess of 0.08 gr./s.c.f. (0.18 g./NM) corrected to 12 percent CO2, maximum 2-hour average. $ 60.53 Monitoring of operations.

The owner or operator of any incinerator subject to the provisions of this part shall maintain a file of daily burning rates and hours of operation and any particulate emission measurements. The burning rates and hours of operation shall be summarized monthly. The record(s) and summary shall be retained for at least 2 years following the date of such records and summaries. 8 60.54 Test methods and procedures.

(a) The provisions of this section are applicable to performance tests for determining emissions of particulate matter from incinerators.

(b) All performance tests shall be conducted while the affected facility is operating at or above the maximum refuse charging rate at which such facility will be operated and the solid waste burned shall be representative of normal operation and under such other relevant conditions as the Administrator shall specify based on representative performance of the affected facility.

(c) Test methods set forth in the appendix to this part or equivalent methods approved by the Administrator shall be used as follows:

(1) For each repetition, the average concentration of particulate matter shall be determined by using Method 5. Traversing during sampling by Method 5 shall be according to Method 1. The minimum sampling time shall be 2 hours and the minimum sampling volume shall be 60 ft. corrected to standard conditions on a dry basis.

(2) Gas analysis shall be performed using the integrated sample technique of Method 3, and moisture content shall be determined by the condenser technique of Method 5. If a wet scrubber is used, the gas analysis sample shall reflect flue gas conditions after the scrubber, allow

ing for the effect of carbon dioxide ab (2) 10 percent opacity or greater. sorption.

(c) On and after the date on which the (d) For each repetition particulate performance test required to be conmatter emissions, expressed in gr./s.c.i., ducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner shall be determined in accordance with or operator subject to the provisions of paragraph (c) (1) of this section cor

this part shall discharge or cause the rected to 12 percent CO2, dry basis. discharge into the atmosphere of particSubpart F-Standards of Performance

ulate matter from any affected facility

other than the kiln and clinker cooler for Portland Cement Plants

which is 10 percent opacity or greater. $ 60.60 Applicability and designation of $60.63 Monitoring of operations. affected facility.

The owner or operator of any portland The provisions of the subpart are ap

cement plant subject to the provisions plicable to the following affected facil

of this part shall maintain a file of daily ties in portland cement plants: kiln,

production rates and kiln feed rates and clinker cooler, raw mill system, finish mill system, raw mill dryer, raw material

any particulate emission measurements.

The production and feed rates shall be storage, clinker storage, finished prod

summarized monthly. The record(s) and uct storage, conveyor transfer points,

summary shall be retained for at least bagging and bulk loading and unloading

2 years following the date of such records systems.

and summaries. $ 60.61 Definitions.

8 60.64 Test methods and procedures. As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the meaning

(a) The provisions of this section are given them in the Act and in Subpart A

applicable to performance tests for deof this part.

termining emissions of particulate mat(a) “Portland cement plant" means

ter from portland cement plant kilns any facility manufacturing portland ce

and clinker coolers. ment by either the wet or dry process.

(b) All performance tests shall be (b) “Particulate matter" means any

conducted while the affected facility is finely divided liquid or solid material, operating at or above the maximum other than uncombined water, as meas

production rate at which such facility ured by Method 5.

will be operated and under such other

relevant conditions as the Administrator $ 60.62 Standard for particulate matter.

shall specify based on representative per(a) On and after the date on which

formance of the affected facility. the performance test required to be con

(c) Test methods set forth in the apducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner

pendix to this part or equivalent methor operator subject to the provisions of

ods approved by the Administrator shall this part shall discharge or cause the

be used as follows: discharge into the atmosphere of par

(1) For each repetition, the average ticulate matter from the kiln which is:

concentration of particulate matter shall (1) In excess of 0.30 lb. per ton of feed

be determined by using Method 5. Trato the kiln (0.15 Kg. per metric ton),

versing during sampling by Method 5 maximum 2-hour average.

shall be according to Method 1. The mini(2) Greater than 10 percent opacity,

mum sampling time shall be 2 hours and except that where the presence of uncom

the minimum sampling volume shall be bined water is the only reason for failure

60 ft.' corrected to standard conditions to meet the requirements for this sub

on a dry basis. paragraph, such failure shall not be a

(2) The volumetric flow rate of the violation of this section.

total effluent shall be determined by us(b) On and after the date on which

ing Method 2 and traversing according to the performance test required to be con

Method 1. Gas analysis shall be perducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner or operator subject to the provisions of

formed using the integrated sample techthis part shall discharge or cause the dis

nique of Method 3, and moisture content charge into the atmosphere of particulate shall be determined by the condenser matter from the clinker cooler which is: technique of Method 5.

(1) In excess of 0.10 lb. per ton of feed (d) Total kiln feed (except fuels), exto the kiln (0.050 Kg. per metric ton) pressed in tons per hour on a dry basis, maximum 2-hour average.

shall be determined during each 2-hour

WHO

testing period by suitable flow meters 8 60.73 Emission monitoring. and shall be confirmed by a material

(a) There shall be installed, calibalance over the production system.

brated, maintained, and operated, in any (e) For each repetition, particulate

nitric acid production unit subject to matter emissions, expressed in lb./ton of

the provisions of this subpart, an instrukiln feed shall be determined by dividing

ment for continuously monitoring and the emission rate in lb./hr. by the kiln

recording emissions of nitrogen oxides. feed. The emission rate shall be deter

(b) The instrument and sampling mined by the equation, lb./hr.=Q.XC,

system installed and used pursuant to where Qs=volumetric flow rate of the

this section shall be capable of monitortotal effluent in ft./hr. at standard condi

ing emission levels within +20 percent tions, dry basis, as determined in ac

with a confidence level of 95 percent and cordance with paragraph (c) (2) of this

shall be calibrated in accordance with section, and, c=particulate concentra

the method(s) prescribed by the manution in lb./ft.*, as determined in accord

facturer(s) of such instrument, the ance with paragraph (c) (1) of this

instrument shall be subjected to section, corrected to standard conditions,

manufacturers recommended zero addry basis.

justment and calibration procedures at Subpart G-Standards of Performance least once per 24-hour operating period for Nitric Acid Plants

unless the manufacturer(s) specifies or

recommends calibration at shorter in8 60.70 Applicability and designation of tervals, in which case such specifications affected facility.

or recommendations shall be followed. The provisions of this subpart are

The applicable method specified in tho applicable to each nitric acid production

appendix of this part shall be the refunit, which is the affected facility.

erence method.

(c) Production rate and hours of op$ 60.71 Definitions.

eration shall be recorded daily. As used in this subpart, all terms not (d) The owner or operator of any defined herein shall have the meaning nitric acid production unit subject to the given them in the Act and in Subpart A provisions of this part shall maintain of this part.

a file of all measurements required by (a) “Nitric acid production unit"

this subpart. Appropriate measurements means any facility producing weak nitric shall be reduced to the units of the acid by either the pressure or atmos standard daily and summarized monthly. pheric pressure process.

The record of any such measurement (b) “Weak nitric acid” means acid and summary shall be retained for at which is 30 to 70 percent in strength. least 2 years following the date of such $ 60.72 Standard for nitrogen oxides.

measurements and summaries. On and after the date on which the $ 60.74 Test methods and procedures. performance test required to be con (a) The provisions of this section are ducted by $ 60.8 is initiated no owner applicable to performance tests for deor operator subject to the provisions of termining emissions of nitrogen oxides this part shall discharge or cause the from nitric acid production units. discharge into the atmosphere of nitro (b) All performance tests shall be gen oxides which are:

conducted while the affected facility is (a) In excess of 3 lbs. per ton of acid operating at or above the maximum acid produced (1.5 kg. per metric ton), production rate at which such facility maximum 2-hour average, expressed as will be operated and under such other NO.

relevant conditions as the Administra(b) 10 percent opacity or greater, tor shall specify based on representa

(c) Where the presence of uncombined tive performance of the affected facility. water is the only reason for failure to (c) Test methods set forth in the apmeet the requirement of paragraph (b) pendix to this part or equivalent methods of this section, such failures shall not be as approved by the Administrator shall considered a violation of this section. be used as follows: (36 FR 24877, Dec. 23, 1971, as amended at (1) For each repetition the NO, con38 FR 13562, May 23, 1973)

centration shall be determined by using

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