Page images
PDF
EPUB

put into effect the preplanned abatement strategy for an Air Pollution Alert.

(b) Air Pollution Warning-When the Director declares an Air Pollution Warning, any person responsible for the operation of a source of air pollutants as set forth in Table II shall take all Air Pollution Warning actions as required for such source of air pollutants and shall put into effect the preplanned abatement strategy for an Air Pollution Warning.

(c) Air Pollution Emergency-When the Director declares an Air Pollution Emergency, any person responsible for the oper&tion of a source of air pollutants as described in Table III shall take all Air Pollution Emergency actions as required for such source of air pollutants and shall put into effect the preplanned abatement strategy for an Air Pollution Emergency.

(d) When the Director determines that & specified criteria level has been reached at one or more monitoring sites solely because of emissions from a limited number of sources. he shall notify such source(s) that the preplanned abatement strategies of Tables, I, II, and III or the standby plans are required, insofar as it applies to such source(s), and shall be put into effect until the criteria of the specified level are no longer met.

1.3 Preplanned abatement strategies, (a) Any person responsible for the operation of a source of air pollutants as set forth in Tables I-III shall prepare standby plans for reducing the emission of air pollutants during periods of an Air Pollution Alert, Air Pollution Warning, and Air Pollution Emergency. Standby plans shall be designed to reduce or eliminate emissions of air pollutants in accordance with the objectives

set forth in Tables I-III which are made a part of this section.

(b) Any person responsible for the operation of a source of air pollutants not set forth under section 1.3(a) shall, when requested by the Director in writing, prepare standby plans for reducing the emission of air pollutants during periods of an Air Pollution Alert, Air Pollution Warning, and Air Pollution Emergency, Standby plans shall be designed to reduce or eliminate emissions of air pollutants in accordance with the objectives set forth in Tables I-III.

(c) Standby plans as required under sections 1.3(a) and 1.3(b) shall be in writing and identify the sources of air pollutants, the approximate amount of reduction of pollutants and a brief description of the manner in which the reduction will be achieved during an Air Pollution Alert. Air Pollution Warning, and Air Pollution Emergency.

(d) During & condition of Air Pollution Alert, Alr Pollution Warning, and Air Pollution Emergency, standby plans as required by this section shall be made available on the premises to any person authorized to enforce the provisions of applicable rules and regulations.

(e) Standby plans as required by this section shall be submitted to the Director upon request within thirty (30) days of the receipt of such request; such standby plans shall be subject to review and approval by the Director, If, in the opinion of the Director, a standby plan does not effectively carry out the objectives as set forth in Table I-III, the Director may disapprove it, state his reason for disapproval and order the preparation of an amended standby plan within the time period specified in the order.

TABLE I-ABATEMENT STRATEGIES EMISSION REDUCTION PLANS

ALERT LEVEL

Part A. General 1. There shall be no open burning by any persons of tree waste, vegetation, refuse, or debris in any form.

2. The use of incinerators for the disposal of any form of solid waste shall be limited to the hours between 12 noon and 4 p.m.

3. Persons operating fuel-burning equipment which required boller lancing or soot blowing shall perform such operations only between the hours of 12 noon and 4 p.m.

4. Persons operating motor vehicles should eliminate all unnecessary operations,

Part B. Source curtailment Any person responsible for the operation of a source of air pollutants listed below shall take all required control actions for this Alert Level. Source of air pollution

Control action 1. Coal or oll-fired electric power generat- &. Substantial reduction by utilization of ing facilities.

fuels having low ash and sulfur content. b. Maximum utilization of mid-day (12 noon

to 4 p.m.) atmospheric turbulence for

boiler lancing and soot blowing. c. Substantial reduction by diverting electric

power generation to facilities outside of Alert Area.

TABLE I-ABATEMENT STRATEGIES EMISSION REDUCTION PLANS Continued

Part B. Source curtailment-Continued

Source of air pollution

Oontrol action 2. Coal and oll-fred process steam gener- a. Substantial reduction by utilization of ating tactlities.

fuels having low ash and sulfur content. b. Maximum utilization of mid-day (12 noon

to 4 p.m.) atmospheric turbulence for

boller lancing and soot blowing. c. Substantial reduction of steam load demands consistent with continuing plant

operations. 8. Manufacturing industries of the follow- &. Substantial reduction of als pollutants ing classifications:

from manufacturing operations by curPrimary Metals Industry.

talling. postponing. or deferring producPetroleum Refining Operations

tion and all operations. Chemical Industries.

b. Maximum reduction by deferring trade Mineral Processing Industries.

waste disposal operations which emit Paper and Allied Products.

solid particles, gas vapors or malodorous Grain Industry.

substances. c. Maximum reduction of heat load demands

for processing. d. Maximum utilization of mid-day (12 noon

to 4 pm.) atmospheric turbulence for boller lancing and soot blowing.

TABLE 1-EMISSION REDUCTION PLANS

WARNING LEVEL

Part A. General 1. There shall be no open burning by any persons of treo waste, vegetation, refuso, or debris in any form.

2. The use of incinerators for the disposal of any form of solid waste or liquid waste shall be prohibited.

3. Persons operating fuel-burning equipment which requires boller lancing or soot blowing shall perform such operations only between the hours of 12 noon and 4 p.m.

4. Persons operating motor vehicles must reduce operations by the use of car pools and Increased use of public transportation and allmination of unnecessary operation.

Part B. Source curtallment Any person responsible for the operation of a source of air pollutants listed below shall take all required control actions for this Warning Level.

Source of atr pollution

Control action 1. Coal or oil-fired electric power generating a. Maximum reduction by utilization of facilities.

fuels having lowest ash and sulfur content. b. Maximum utilization of mid-day (12 noon

to 4 p.m.) atmospheric turbulence for

boller lancing and soot blowing. C. Maximum reduction by diverting electric

power generation to facilities outside of

Warning Area. 2. Oli and oll-fired process steam gener a. Maximum reduction by utilization of sting facilities.

fuels having the lowest avallable ash and sulfur content. b. Maximum utilization of mid-day (12 noon

to 4 p.m.) atmospheric turbulence for

boller lancing and soot blowing. C. Making ready for use & plan of action

to be taken an emergency develops.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

Source of air pollution

Control action 8. Manufacturing industries which require a. Maximum reduction of air contaminants

considerable lead time for shut-down in from manufacturing operations by, it cluding the following classifications.

necessary, assuming reasonable economic Petroleum Refining.

hardships by postponing production and Chemical Industries.

allied operation. Primary Metals Industries.

b. Maximum reduction by deferring trade Glass Industries.

waste disposal operations which emit solia Paper and Allied Products,

particles, gases, vapors or malodorous

substances. c. Maximum reduction of heat load demands

for processing. d. Maximum utilization of mid-day (12 noon

to 4 p.m.) atmospheric turbulence for

boller lancing or soot blowing. 4. Manufacturing Industries require rela- 2. Elimination of air pollutants from manu.

tively short lead times for shut-down facturing operations by ceasing, curtalling, including the following classifications.

postponing or deferring production and Primary Metals Industries.

allied operations to the extent possible Chemical Industries.

without causing injury to persons or damMineral Processing Industries.

age to equipment. Grain Industry.

b. Elimination of air pollutants from trade

waste disposal processes which emit solid particles, gases, vapors or malodorous

substances. C. Maximum reduction of heat load demands

for processing. d. Maximum utilization of mid-day (12 noon

to 4 p.m.) atmospheric turbulence for boller lancing or soot blowing.

TABLE MI-EMISSION REDUCTION PLANS

EMERGENCY LEVEL

Part A. General 1. There shall be no open burning by any persons of tree waste, vegetation, refuse, or debris in any form.

2. The use of incinerators for the disposal of any form of solid or liquid waste shall be probibited.

3. All places of employment described below shall immediately cease operations.

a. Mining and quarrying of nonmetallic minerals.

b. All construction work except that which must proceed to avoid emergent physical harm.

C. All manufacturing establishments except those required to have in force an air pollution emergency plan.

d. All wholesale trade establishments; 1.e., places of business primarily engaged in selling merchandise to retailers, or industrial, commercial, institutional or professional users, or to other wholesalers, or acting as agents in buying merchandise for or selling merchandise to such persons or companies, except those engaged in the distribution of drugs, surgical supplies and food.

e. All offices of local, county and State government including authorities, joint meetings, and other public bodies excepting

such agencies which are determined by the chief administrative officer of local, county, or State government, authorities, joint meetings and other public bodies to be vital for public safety and welfare and the enforcement of the provisions of this order.

1. All retall trade establishments except pharmacies, surgical supply distributors, and stores primarily engaged in the sale of food.

g. Banks, credit agencies other than banks, securities and commodities brokers, dealers, exchanges and services; offices of Insurance carriers, agents and brokers, real estate offices.

h. Wholesale and retall laundries, laundry services and cleaning and dyeing establishments; photographic studios; beauty shops, barber shops, shoe repair shops. .

1. Advertising offices; consumer credit reporting, adjustment and collection agencies; duplicating, addressing, blueprinting: photocopying, malling, malling list and stenographic services; equipment rental seryices, commercial testing laboratories.

J. Automobile repair, automobile services, garages.

k. Establishments rendering amusement and recreational services including motion picture theaters.

1. Elementary and secondary schools, col. leges, universities, professional schools, Junior colleges, vocational schools, and public and private libraries.

4. All commercial and manufacturing establishments not included in this order will Institute such actions as will result in maximum reduction of air pollutants from their operation by ceasing, curtalling, or postponing operations which emit air pollutants to the extent possible without causing injury to persons or damage to equipment.

5. The use of motor vehicles is prohibited except in emergencies with the approval of local Qe State police.

Part B. Source curtailment Any person responsible for the operation of a source of air pollutants listed below shall take all required control actions for this Emergency Level.

Source of air pollution

Control action 1. Coal or oil-fired electric power generating &. Maximum reduction by utilization of facilities.

fuels having lowest ash and sulfur con

tont. b. Maximum utilization of mid-day (12 noon

to 4 p.m.) atmospheric turbulence for

boller lancing or soot blowing. c. Maximum reduction by diverting electric

power generation to facilities outside of

Emergency Area. 2. Coal and oil-fred process steam gener- &. Maximum reduction by reducing heat ating facilities.

and steam demands to absolute necessities consistent with preventing equlpment damage. b. Maximum utilization of mid-day (12 noon

to 4 p.m.) atmospheric turbulence for

boller lancing and soot blowing. c. Taking the action called for in the

emergency plan, 3. Manufacturing Industries of the following 8. Elimination of alr pollutants from manuclassifications.

facturing operations by ceasing, curtalling, Primary Metals Industries.

postponing or deferring production and Petroleum Refining.

allied operations to the extent possible Chemical Industries.

without causing injury to persons or damMineral Processing Industries.

age to equipment. Grain Industry.

b. Elimination of air pollutants from trade Paper and Allied Products.

waste disposal processes which emit solid particles, gases, Vapors or malodorous

substances. C. Maximum reduction of heat load demands

for processing. d. Maximum utilization of mid-day (12 noon

to 4 p.m.) atmospheric turbulence for boller lancing or soot blowing.

(36 FR 22398, Nov. 26, 1971; 36 FR 24002, Dec. 17, 1971, as amended at 37 FR 26312, Dec. 9, 1972) APPENDIX M-TRANSPORTATION CONTROL 1. The transportation control plan shall SUPPORTING DATA SUMMARY

display total emissions of hydrocarbons When transportation control measures of

(HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and nitrogen any type are to be imposed, the plans shall

oxides (NOx), subdivided into emissions contain & summary of the data, computa

from mobile and stationary sources, that tions, and rationale used to develop the

will occur with and without implementation transportation control measures that will

of the transportation control measures in result in the required reduction of emissions.

each region or subregion and time period in Such & summary shall, as & minimum, con

which a proportional or other air quality tain the material described below. Suggested

model is used to determine air quality. These procedures for obtaining and coding infor

data shall be projected for at least 5 years mation about air pollutant emissions from

in 1-year intervals starting with the year in stationary and mobile sources have been

which the national ambient air quality published. The detailed computations and

standards are to be achieved. The data shall data shall be retained by the State agency

be displayed in a format similar to table 1. and made available for inspection by the 2. If the transportation control measures, Administrator at his request.

either in their application or their effect,

distinguish between trip types or vehicle types, the transportation control plan sball display vehicle mules traveled and emissions of HC, CO, and NOx due to each trip type or vehicle type that will occur with and without implementation of the transportation control measures in each region or subregion and time period in which & proportional or other air quality model is used to determine air quality levels. A stategy that results in different percent emissions reductions of HC, CO, or NOx for different trip or vehicle types should distinguish between trip or vehicle types in its effect. The data shall be displayed in a format similar to table 2.

3. If the transportation control measures include traffic flow measures, the transportation control plan shall display average speeds and vehicle mlles traveled according to roadway type (freeway, arterial, local/ collector) that will occur with and without implementation of the transportation control measures in each region or subregion and time period in which proportional or other air quality model is used to determine air quality levels. The plan shall also display emissions of HC, CO, and NOx from mobile sources, subdivided according to roadway type, that will occur with and without Implementation of the transportation con

trol measures in each region or subregion and time period in which & proportional or other air quality model is used to determine air quality. The data shall be displayed in & format similar to table 2.

4. If the effectiveness of the transportation control measures depends in whole or in part on voluntary public response to changes in prices or taxes, mass transit improvements, or other incentives or disincentives affecting vehicle emissions, travel frequency, mode, location, time of day, or other characteristics o travel demand, the transportation control plan shall display the demand elasticities or other appropriate quantitative measures of public response to such incentives or disincentives that were used to evaluate the effects on emissions of the incentives or disincentives. The sources of these elasticities or other quantitative measures shall be described.

5. The sources of all trafic data, such as vehicle miles traveled and speeds by trip type, vehicle type, and roadway type, used in evaluating the effects upon air quality of the transportation control measures shall be described in the transportation control plan.

6. The assumptions, judgments, and computations used to develop the information in items 1 through 4 above shall be summarized in the transportation control plan.

A transportation control plan that falls to include any element of data required by this appendix will be acceptable only if the plan presents the data and analytic procedures used to estimate the effects on air quality of the selected transportation control measures and provides adequate justification for the use of such date and procedures.

1 Environmental Protection Agency, "A Guide for Compiling & Comprehensive Emis. bion Inventory," APTD-1186, June 1972, avallable from Air Pollution Technical Information Center, EPA, Research Triangle Park, N.O. 27711.

TABLE 1

The data required by paragraph 1 shall be displayed in a table similar to the following:

[blocks in formation]

With transportation Without transporta. With transportation Without transporta

control measures tion control measures control measures tion control measures

Time period 1:

Sub region 1
Sub region 2.
Sub region 3.
Sub region 4.

Sub region 5...
Time period 2:

Sub region 1.
Sub region 2.
Sub region 3.
Sub region 4.

Sub region 5. Other time periods as needed:

Sub region 1.....
Sub region 2...
Sub region 3..

1 Indicate pollutant.

« PreviousContinue »