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(3) Printed matter within the limit (b) Size, shape, and ratio. There is no of weight is third-class mail. For the pur- maximum limit of size. The following pose of this section, printed matter is standards apply to envelopes, cards, and paper on which words, letters, charac- self-mailers having postage paid thereon ters, figures or images, or any combi- at the third-class rates: nation thereof, not having the character (1) Pieces less than 3 inches in width of actual or personal correspondence, (height) or 444 inches in length are nonhave been reproduced by any process mailable, other than handwriting or typewriting. (2) Pieces having shapes other than

(b) Application of rates (1) Single rectangular are nonmailable. rate. The single rate is applied to each (3) Pieces having a ratio of width piece according to its weight.

(height) to length of 1 to 1.414 (1 to the (2) Bulk rate. (i) The bulk rate is ap square root of 2) are recommended. plied to mailings of identical pieces sep (4) Cards having a thickness of less arately addressed to different addressees than 0.006 of an inch are nonmailable. in quantities of not less than 50 pounds or

§ 134.4 Preparation-payment of postof not less than 200 pieces. All the pieces in a bulk mailing must be identical as to

age. size, weight, and number of enclosures,

(a) Single-piece mailings. Mailers of but the printed textual matter need not

third-class mail at other than bulk rates be identical. Postage is computed at may use any method of paying postage, pound rates on the entire bulk mailed and may mail any number of pieces at at one time, except that in no case shall

one time, except when permit imprints less than the minimum charge per piece are used (see $ 145.5). See $ 134.8(b) for be paid. The annual bulk mailing fee

marking required on sealed pieces. must be paid at or before the first mail

(b) Bulk mailings-(1) Annual fee. A ing each calendar year. (See § 134.4 of

fee of $30 must be paid once each calenthis chapter for other conditions govern dar year by or for any person who mails ing acceptance of bulk mailings.)

at the bulk third-class rates. Any person · (ii) It is recommended that mailers

who engages a business concern or anmerge and presort all third-class matter

other individual to mail for him must pay presented for mailing during a day or

the $30 fee. This fee is separate from the part of a day when the pieces are iden

$15 fee that must be paid for a permit tical in size, weight, and number of en

to mail under the permit imprint system closures and when they are addressed

(§ 145.1). An alphabetical record of cusfrom one list or from more than one list.

tomers who have paid the $30 fee must A variance in the text, the use or non

be kept at the weighing section or any use of adhesive address labels, or the use

other place where bulk mailings are acof several lists with different key num

cepted and cleared. The record must bers does not preclude the mailer from

show whether the mailer has been au. merging the mailings and presorting

thorized to mail as one of the organizathem.

tions or associations named in § 134.5. (3) Other third-class rates. The rate

(2) Postage permits required. Postage for keys and identification items placed

must be prepaid by (see Part 146):

(i) Meter stamps. See Part 144. loose in the mail under the conditions

(ii) Precanceled stamps or precanceled in § 134.1(c) is applied to each item ac

stamped envelopes, See Part 143. cording to its weight. When there are

(iii) Permit imprints (cash), See Part several items for the same addressee the 145. office of mailing will place them in an (3) Markings required. Identifying envelope or wrapper addressed to the in words as follows must be printed or rubtended recipient and marked to show the ber stamped by the mailer either in or amount of postage due. The amount of immediately adjacent to permit imprints. postage will be computed on each item meter stamps, or precanceled stamps: and not on the bulk weight of the mail

(i) Bulk Rate or the abbreviation Blk. ing piece.

Rt. by mailers other than nonprofit orga135 F.R. 19432, Dec. 23, 1970, as amended at

nizations. 37 F.R. 17829, Sept. 1, 1972]

(ii) Nonprofit Organization or the ab

breviation Nonprofit Org. by authorized § 134.3 Weight and size limitations.

nonprofit organizations. (See § 134.5.) (a) Weight. Each piece may weigh up (4) Mailing statement and verification. to but not including 16 ounces.

A designated employee in the weighing

section or place in the post office where when there are enough for the same desbulk mailings are accepted verifies the tination to fill approximately one-third mailer's statement which must be com of a sack: pleted and submitted by the mailer with (i) Five-digit ZIP Code delivery unit each mailing as follows:

packages and sacks. A five-digit ZIP (i) Form 3602, Statement of Mailing Code delivery unit is a post office having Matter with Permit Imprints, for mail one ZIP Code or a station or branch of with permit imprints (see § 145.5(e)); or the multi-ZIP Code post offices listed in

(ii) Form 3602-PC, Bulk Rate Mailing $ 125.3(b) (7) of this chapter. Statement-Third-Class Mail, for mail (a) Packages. The mailer must prepare bearing precanceled stamps or meter packages of pieces addressed to the same stamps.

five-digit ZIP Code delivery unit. The (c) Preparation by the mailer of pieces pieces in the packages must be faced in in packages and sacks-(1) Package la the same direction. It is recommended bels. Package labels are used to show the that packages be prepared for the fivedestination of a package when the des digit ZIP Code delivery units of the other tination cannot be determined by the ar multi-ZIP Coded post offices which are rangement of the pieces in the package not listed in § 125.3(b) (7) of this chapter. or by the sack label. Paper slips may be (6) Sacks. Sacks containing five-digit used as the package label or the top piece ZIP Code delivery unit packages must be or wrapper may be marked or stamped labeled in the following manner: with the package label information re PHILADELPHIA PA 19118 quired. Label information must be legible.

CIRCS • (2) Maximum weight in a sack. The FR JC COMPANY BOSTON MA total weight of pieces placed in one sack

(ii) Mixed city packages and sacksmust not exceed 70 pounds. (3) Sack labels furnished by post

(a) Packages. Pieces remaining for a

multi-ZIP Coded post office after the master. When sack labels are furnished

five-digit ZIP Code delivery unit packby the postmaster, the mailer is not re

ages required by subdivision (i) (a) of quired to place his name on the back

this subparagraph have been prepared of each label.

must be made up as a Mixed City pack(4) Unauthorized sack labels. Sacks

age. The packages must be labeled with unauthorized labels, tags, or mark

"Mixed City.” The label may be omitted ings are not acceptable for dispatch.

when the packages are placed in a city (5) Addresses. The address on each piece must include the ZIP Code.

sack and the top piece in the package is

turned or covered so that the individual Exceptions:

address on the piece does not show, (i) The ZIP Code may be omitted from pieces bearing a simplified address (see

thereby indicating that the package is to

be opened for distribution. $ 122.4(a)); pieces presorted and bundled by the mailer to city, rural, or star

(6) Sacks. Sacks containing mixed carrier routes, and pieces presorted to

city packages plus any packages for fivefive-digit ZP Code destinations consist

digit ZIP Code delivery units not sacked ing of either a post office having one ZIP

as provided for by subdivision (i) (b) of Code or the ZIP Code delivery unit in

this subparagraph must be labeled in the multi-ZIP Coded post offices.

following manner: (i) The lowest or principal ZIP Code PHILADELPHIA PA 191

CIRCS assigned to a post office may be used on pieces addressed to any multi-ZIP Coded

FR JAY MAILING CO CINCINNATI OH post office except those listed in § 125.3 (iii) Sectional center facility (SCF) (b) (7). Mailers may obtain the lowest

packages and sacks-(a) Packages. or principal ZIP Code for particular post

Pieces remaining for the post offices in a ofices from their postmaster.

sectional center after the packages re(6) Packages and sacks. When there

quired by subdivisions (i) (a) and (ü) (6) are 10 or more individually addressed pieces to the destinations described in

of this subparagraph have been prepared subdivisions (i) through (v) of this sub must be combined into an SCF package paragraph, they must be securely and labeled “Mixed SCF.” The label may wrapped or tied together as a package by be omitted when the packages are placed the mailer (the mailer may package less in a SCF sack and the top piece in the than 10 pieces in the same manner). package is turned or covered so that the Packages must be sacked by the mailer individual address on the piece does not

show, thereby indicating that the package is to be opened for distribution.

(6) Sacks. Sacks containing SCF packages, plus any packages for fivedigit ZIP Code delivery units and mixed city packages not sacked as provided for by subdivision (i) (a) and (ii) (b) of this subparagraph must be labeled in the following manner:


(iv) State packages and sacks-(a) Packages. Pieces remaining for a State after the packages required by subdivisions (i) (a), (ii) (a), and (iii) (a) of this subparagraph have been prepared must be combined in a state package and labeled with the name of the State. The label may be omitted when the packages are placed in a state sack and the top piece in the package is turned or covered so that the individual address on the pieces does not show, thereby indicating that the package is to be opened for distribution.

(b) Sacks. Sacks containing State packages plus any packages for five-digit ZIP code delivery units, mixed city packages, and SCF packages not sacked as provided for by subdivisions (i) (b), (ii) (b), and (iii) (b) of this subparagraph must be labeled in the following manner:


(v) Mixed States packages and sacks(a) Packages. All pieces remaining after the packages required by subdivisions (i) (a), (ii) (a), (iii) (a), and (iv) (a) of this subparagraph, have been prepared must be combined in a Mixed States package and labeled “Mixed States."

(b) Sacks. Sacks containing Mixed States packages must be labeled in the following manner:


(d) Merchandise samples. When an article given away for the purpose of advertising an article of merchandise which it represents, in whole or in part, is mailed at bulk third-class rates for general distribution on city delivery routes in a mailing piece which exceeds 5 inches in width (height) or one-fourth inch in thickness or which has nonuniformity in thickness, the mailer must

comply with the following preparation requirements:

(1) Address cards. (i) The address where the sample is to be delivered may not be placed on the sample, but must be placed on a separate address card which will be delivered with the sample.

(i) The recipient's address, the mailer's return address, and the wording. “This card was prepared for use in delivering the accompanying postage paid sample," must be placed on the address card. The brand name, color coding, or other identifying symbols must also be placed on the address card to clearly associate it with the accompanying sample.

(iii) Any advertising or other printed addition on the card will require payment of separate third-class postage for the card.

(iv) The address card shall measure approximately (plus or minus 44") 344" by 738" and be of a thickness not less than 0.006 of an inch.

(v) The address cards must be presorted, counted, and packaged by 5-digit ZIP Code delivery area. Each package of address cards shall bear a labeling showing:

(a) The post office of delivery
(6) The 5-digit ZIP Code delivery area

(c) The brand name of the merchandise sample

(d) The number of cards in the pack


(e) Instructions to open and distribute with matching samples.

(2) Samples. The samples must be placed in outer cartons, labeled as follows:

(i) The post office of delivery
(ii) The 5-digit ZIP Code delivery area

(iii) The brand name of the merchandise sample

(iv) The number of samples in the outer carton

(v) Instructions to open and distribute with matching cards.

(3) Postage. (i) The postage must be prepaid by one of the methods prescribed by $ 134.4(b) (2) and must be printed on or affixed to the sample container.

(ii) No postage will be shown on the address card except when advertising or other printed addition is placed thereon and separate postage is required.

(4) Mailing periods. Avoid mailing during the following peak mailing periods:

wise to further the teaching of particular religious faiths or tenets.

(2) Educational. A nonprofit organization whose primary purpose is: The instruction or training of the individual for the purpose of improving or developing his capabilities; or the instruction of the public on subjects beneficial to the community. An organization may be educational even though it advocates a particular position or viewpoint so long as it presents a sufficiently full and fair exposition of the pertinent facts to permit an individual or the public to form an independent opinion or conclusion. On the other hand, an organization is not educational if its principal function is the mere presentation of unsup

(i) The last week of November and throughout the month of December.

(ii) From the first to the fifth and from the twenty-sixth to the end of each month.

(e) Special services. The registry, insurance, special delivery, special handling, certified, and COD services may not be used for third-class matter mailed at bulk rates.

(f) Catalogs and books. Catalogs and books with covers such as “outserts," "short covers,” or similar bound sheets which do not fully cover (within 0.75 inch of each edge) the main body of the catalog or book, front and back, must be enclosed in a mailing wrapper such as a full sleeve or envelope. 135 F.R. 19432, Dec. 23, 1970, as amended at 36 F.R. 23386, Dec. 9, 1971) § 134.5 Qualification requirements and

application procedure for special

third-class rates. (a) Kinds of organizations or associations that may qualify. Only the following organizations or association not organized for profit, none of the net income of which benefits any private stockholder or individual, may be authorized to mail pieces at the special rates provided by $ 8 134.1 (b) (1) and (2):

(1) Religious.
(2) Educational.
(3) Scientific.
(4) Philanthropic.
(5) Agricultural.
(6) Labor.
(7) Veterans'.

(8) Fraternal. Primary purpose: The standard of “primary purpose" in this definition shall require that the organization be both organized for and operated for the primary purpose. Organizations which incidentally engage in qualifying activities only to accomplish other goals do not meet the primary purpose test.

(b) Definitions (1) Religious. A nonprofit organization whose primary purpose is one of the following:

(i) To conduct religious worship-for example, churches, synagogues, temples, or mosques;

(ii) To support the religious activities of nonprofit organizations whose primary purpose is to conduct religious worship;

(iii) To perform instruction in, to disseminate information about, or other

(i) The following are examples of organizations which are educational:

(a) An organization, such as a primary or secondary school, a college, or a professional or trade school, which has a regularly scheduled curriculum, a regular faculty, and a regularly enrolled body of students in attendance at a place where the educational activities are regularly carried on;

(b) An organization whose activities consist of presenting public discussion groups, forums, panels, lectures, or other similar programs. Such programs may be on radio or television;

(c) An organization which presents a course of instruction by means of correspondence or through the utilization of television or radio;

(d) Museums, Zoos, planetariums, symphony orchestras, and other similar organizations.

(3) Scientific. A nonprofit organization whose primary purpose is one of the following:

(i) To conduct research in the applied, pure or natural sciences;

(ii) To disseminate systematized technical information dealing with applied, pure or natural sciences.

(4) Philanthropic (charitable). A nonprofit organization organized and operated for purposes beneficial to the public. Examples of philanthropic (charitable) organizations are organizations which are organized for:

(i) Relief of the poor and distressed or of the underprivileged;

(ii) Advancement of religion;

(iii) Advancement of education or science;

(iv) Erection or maintenance of public buildings, monuments, or works;

(v) Lessening of the burdens of Government;

(vi) Promotion of social welfare by organizations designed to accomplish any of the above purposes or;

(a) to lessen neighborhood tensions;

(b) to eliminate prejudice and discrimination;

(c) to defend human and civil rights secured by law; or

(d) to combat community deterioration and juvenile delinquency. The fact that an organization which is organized and operated for the relief of indigent persons may receive voluntary contributions from the persons intended to be relieved will not necessarily prevent such organization from being exempt as an organization organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes. The fact that an organization, in carrying out its primary purpose, advocates social or civic changes or presents opinion on controversial issues with the intention of molding public opinion or creating public sentiment to an acceptance of its views does not preclude such organization from qualifying so long as it is not an "action" organization as described in 134.5(c).

(5) Agricultural. A nonprofit organization whose primary purpose is the betterment of the conditions of those engaged in agricultural pursuits, the improvement of the grade of their products, and the development of a higher degree of efficiency in agriculture. The organization may further and advance agricultural interests through educational activities; the holding of agricultural fairs; the collection and dissemination of information concerning cultivation of the soil and its fruits; the rearing, feeding, and management of livestock, poultry, bees, etc., or other activities relating to agricultural interests.

(6) Labor. A nonprofit organization whose primary purpose is the betterment of the conditions of workers. Labor organizations include, but are not limited to, organizations in which employees or workmen participate, whose primary purpose is to deal with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, hours of employment, working conditions, etc. Examples are labor unions and employees' associations formed for the stated purposes.

(7) Veterans'. A nonprofit organization of veterans of the Armed Services of the United States, or an auxiliary unit or society of, or a trust or foundation for, any such post or organization.

(8) Fraternal. A nonprofit organization which meets all of the following criteria:

(i) Has as its primary purpose the fostering of brotherhood and mutual benefits among its members;

(ii) Is organized under a lodge or chapter system with a representative form of government;

(iii) Follows a ritualistic format; and

(iv) Is comprised of members who are elected to membership by vote of the members. Fraternal organizations include such organizations as the Masons, Knights of Columbus, Elks, college fraternities, and the like. Fraternal organizations do not encompass such organizations as business leagues, professional associations, civic associations or social clubs.

(c) Examples of organizations or associations that may not qualify. The following and similar organizations do not come within the prescribed categories even though they may be organized on a nonprofit basis: Automobile clubs; business leagues; chambers of commerce; citizens' and civic improvement associations; individuals; municipal, county, or State governmental bodies; mutual insurance associations; political organizations; service clubs such as Civitan, Kiwanis, Lions, Optimist, and Rotary; social and hobby clubs; associations of rural electric cooperatives; trade associations; and religious, educational, scientific and philanthropic "action" organizations.

(1) Religious, educational, scientific and philanthropic "action" organizations for purposes of this section are defined as follows:

(i) An organization is an "action" organization if a substantial part of its activities is attempting to influence legislation by propaganda or otherwise. For this purpose, an organization will be regarded as attempting to infiuence legisla. tion if the organization:

(a) Contacts, or urges the public to contact, members of a legislative body for the purpose of proposing, supporting, or opposing legislation; or

(b) Advocates the adoption or rejection of legislation.

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