The African Slave Trade - Part II
One of the most prominent abolitionists of his era, Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton campaigned ceaselessly for the end of what he termed "a commerce which [has] produced more crime and misery, than perhaps any other single course of guilt and iniquity." In his deeply influential treatise The African Slave Trade and Its Remedy, published in 1840, he set out to demonstrate the cultural and economic folly of the slave trade-for both the African nations and those who did business with them-and to enlist the support of the general public and the British government for diplomatic efforts aimed at ending slavery.This is Part 2 of Buxton's revolutionary work. Part 1, The African Slave Trade, is also available from Cosimo.British social reformer SIR THOMAS FOWELL BUXTON (1786-1845) was a champion of London's most impoverished citizens, fought for prison reform, and sought to end capital punishment and slavery. He served as a member of the House of Commons from 1818 to 1837, and his life and works are commemorated by a monument in Westminster Abbey.
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advantage Africa agriculture already amount appears attention become benefit British brought Bulama called Captain carried cause chiefs Christianity civilization coast colony commerce considerable cotton cultivation desire difficulties direct doubt effect employed encouragement engaged England established European experience export extent fact Fernando fertile force formed Gambia give gold Government Governor ground grow hands hope human important improvement increased industry inhabitants instruction interest interior island king labour land letter liberated Africans manufactures means measures merchants miles mind missionaries months natives nature negroes never Niger object observed obtained offered opened persons population possession present produce profit protection prove quantity reason received Report require river says settlements ships Sierra Leone Slave Trade Society soil supply taken tion town traffic travellers valuable vast vessels views visited whole
Page 457 - Dominions ; that all things may be so ordered and settled by their endeavours, upon the best and surest foundations, that peace and happiness, truth and justice, religion and piety, may be established among us for all generations.
Page 459 - We may behold the beams of science and philosophy breaking in upon their land,* which at some happy period in still later times may blaze with full lustre, and joining their influence to that of pure religion, may illuminate and invigorate the most distant extremities of that immense continent.
Page 345 - ... M'Keal appears to be slightly delirious). We kept ascending the mountains to the south of Toniba till three o'clock, at which time, having gained the summit of the ridge which separates the Niger from the remote branches of the Senegal, I went on a little before ; and coming to the brow of the hill, I once more saw the Niger rolling its immense stream along the plain!
Page 294 - On another occasion, he assured Clapperton that he was able to put an effectual stop to the Slave Trade ; and expressed, with much earnestness of manner, his anxiety to enter into permanent relations of trade and friendship with England. At the close of Clapperton's visit, Bello gave him a letter to the king of England to the same purport as the conversation which had taken place between them.
Page 527 - It is not to be doubted that this country has been invested with wealth and power, with arts and knowledge, with a sway of distant lands, and the mastery of the restless waters, for some great and important purpose in the government of the world.
Page 370 - Persons of a grade higher than those just described are to be found occupying frame houses, and are mostly employed either in carrying on small trades in the market, in buying and retailing the cargoes of native canoes, in curing and drying fish, or in working at various mechanical trades. Respectable men of this grade meet with ready mercantile credits, amounting from £20 to £60; and the class is very numerous.. " Those who have advanced another step are found in frame houses, reared on a stone...
Page 372 - In several of them are to be seen mahogany chairs, tables, sofas, and four-post bedsteads, pier glasses, floor cloths, and other articles indicative of domestic comfort and accumulating wealth. They are almost wholly engaged in mercantile pursuits, and are to be found in neatly fittedup shops on the ground-floor of their respective dwelling-houses. Many of them have realized considerable sums of money.
Page 419 - ... and agriculture; and reflect, withal, on the means which presented themselves of a vast inland navigation, without lamenting that a country, so abundantly gifted and favoured by nature, should remain in its present savage and neglected state. Much more did I lament, that a people of manners and disposition so gentle and benevolent, should either be left, as they now are, immersed in the gross and uncomfortable blindness of pagan superstition, or permitted to become converts to a system of bigotry...