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ANALYTICAL INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES

AND THE AMENDMENTS THERETO

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А

Art. Sec. CI.
Abridged. The privileges or immunities of citizens of the
United States shall not be. (Amendments)..

14 1
Absent members, in such manner and under such penalties
as it may provide. Each House is authorized to compel
the attendance of...

1 5 1
Accounts of receipts and expenditures of public money shall

be published from time to time. A statement of the.. 1 9 7
Accusation. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall

be informed of the cause and nature of the. (Amendments)- 6
Accused shall have a speedy public trial. In all criminal
prosecutions the. (Amendments)-

6
He shall be tried by an impartial jury of the State and

district where the crime was committed. (Amend-
ments) -

6
He shall be informed of the nature of the accusation.
(Amendments!

6
He shall be confronted with the witnesses against him.
(Amendments)..

6
He shall have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses
in his favor. (Amendments)--

6
He shall have the assistance of counsel for his defense.
(Amendments).

6
Adions at common law involving over twenty dollars shall
be tried by jury. (Amendments).

7
Acts, records, and judicial proceedings of another State.

Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the
Acts. Congress shall prescribe the manner of proving such
acts, records, and proceedings...

4 1
Adjourn from day to day. A smaller number than a quorum
of each House may.

1 5 1
Adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place

than that in which they shall be sitting. Neither House
shall, during the session of Congress, without the consent
of the other..

1 5
Adjournment, the President may adjourn them to such

time as he shall think proper. In case of disagreement
between the two Houses as to.

2 3
Admiralty and maritime jurisdiction. The judicial power
shall extend to all cases of..

3 2
Admitted by the Congress into this Union, but no new States

shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any
other State. New States may be...

4 3
Nor shall any State be formed by the junction of two

or more States, or parts of States, without the consent
of the legislatures and of Congress.,

3 1
Adoption of the Constitution shall be valid. All debts and

engagements contracted by the confederation and before
the.

6

1
Adrice and consent of the Senate. The President shall have
power to make treaties by and with the.

2 2 2
To appoint ambassadors or other public ministers and
consuls by and with the..

2 2 2
To appoint all other officers of the United States not
herein otherwise provided for by and with the

2 2 2
Affirmation. Senators sitting to try impeachments shall be
on oath or..

1 3 6
To be taken by the President of the United States.
Form of the oath or..

2 1 7
No warrants shall be issued but upon probable cause

and on oath or. (Amendments)-
To support the Constitution. Senators and Repre-

sentatives, members of State legislatures, executive
and judicial officers, both State and Federal, shall be
bound by oath or...

6

3
Age. No person shall be a Representative who shall not
have attained twenty-five years of..

1 2
No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained

thirty years of.
Agreement or compact with another State without the

consent of Congress. No State shall enter into any. 1 10 3
Aid and comfort. Treason against the United States shall

consist in levying war against them, adhering to their
enemies, and giving them.

3 3
Alliance or confederation. No State shall enter into any
treaty of...

1 10
Ambassadors, or other public ministers and consuls. The
President may appoint..

2 2 2
The judicial power of the United States shall extend to
all cases affecting..

3 2
Amendments to the Constitution. Whenever two-thirds of
both Houses shall deem it necessary, Congress shall pro-
pose..

5
To the Constitution. On application of the legislatures

of two-thirds of the States, Congress shall call a con-
vention to propose..

5
Shall be valid when ratified by the legislatures of, or by
conventions in, three-fourths of the States.

5
Answer for a capital or infamous crime unless on presentment
of a grand jury. No person shall be held to. (A mend-
ments).

5
Except in cases in the land or naval forces, or in the
militia when in actual service. (Amendments).

5
Page LI

Art. Sec. Cl.
Appellate jurisdiction both as to law and fact, with such

exceptions and under such regulations as Congress shall
make. In what cases the Supreme Court shall have.. 3 2 2
Application of the legislature or the executive of a State. The

United States shall protect each State against invasion and
domestic violence on the...

4
Application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the States,

Congress shall call a convention for proposing amendments
to the Constitution. On the..

5
Appointment of officers and authority to train the militia
reserved to the States respectively..

1 8 16
of such inferior officers as they may think proper in the

President alone. Congress may by law vest the.. 2 2 2
In the courts of law or in the heads of departments,
Congress may by law vest the..

2 2 2
Apportionment of representation and direct taxation among
the several States. Provisions relating to the..

1 2 3
of Representatives among the several States. Provi.
sions relating to the. (Amendments)..

14
Appropriate legislation. Congress shall have power to make

all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution the
foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by the Con-
stitution in the Government of the United States, or in any
department or officer thereof..

1 8 18
Congress shall have power to enforce the thirteenth

article, prohibiting slavery by. (Amendments).- 13 2
Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of the
fourteenth article by. (Amendments)

14 5
Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of
the fifteenth article by. (Amendments). -

15 2
Appropriation of money for raising and supporting armies
shall be for a longer term than two years. But no...

1 8 12
Appropriations made by law. No money shall be drawn
from the Treasury but in consequence of...

1 9 7
Approve and sign a bill before it shall become a law. The
President shall.

1 7 2
He shall return it to the House in which it originated,
with his objections, if he do not...

1 7 2
Armies, but no appropriation for that use shall be for a longer

term than two years, Congress shall have power to raise
and support..

1 8 12
Armies. Congress shall make rules for the government and
regulation of the land and naval forces.

1 8 14
Arms shall not be infringed. A well-regulated militia being

necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the
people to keep and bear. (Amendments).

2
Arresi during their attendance at the session of their respec-

tive Houses, and in going to and returning from the same.
Members shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and
breach of the peace, be privileged from...

1 6 1
Arsenals. Congress shall exercise exclusive authority over
all places purchased for the erection of..

1 8 17
Articles exported from any State. No tax or duty shall be
laid on.

1 9 5
Arts by securing to authors and inventors their patent rights.

Congress may promote the progress of science and the
useful.

1 8 8
Assistance of counsel for his defense. In all criminal prose-

cutions the accused shall have the. (Amendments)... 6
Assumption of the debt or obligations incurred in aid of

rebellion or insurrection against the United States, Pro-
visions against the. (Amendments)..

14 4
Attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed. No bill of.. 1 9 3
Attainder, et post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of
contracts. No state shall pass any bill of..

1 10 1
Attainder of treason shall not work corruption of blood or

forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted... 3 3 2
Authors and inventors the exclusive right to their writings
and inventions. Congress shall have power to secure to.. 1 8 8

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Bail. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive

fines nor cruel and unusual punishments imposed.

(Amendments)....
Ballot for President and Vice-President. The electors shall

vote by. (Amendments)...
Ballot. Il no person have a majority of the electoral votes

for President and Vice-President, the House of Repre-
sentatives shall immediately choose the President by.
(Amendments).
Bankruptcies. Congress shall have power to pass uniform

laws on the subject of.
Basis of representation among the several States. Pro-

visions relating to the. (Amendments)
Bear arms shall not be infringed. A well-regulated militia

being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of

the people to keep and. (Amendments) --
Behavior. The judges of the Supreme and inferior courts

shall hold their offices during good..
Bill of attainder or et post facto law shall be passed. No....

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Art. Sec. CI.
Bill of attainder, er post facto law, or law impairing the
obligation of contracts. No State shall pass any..

1 10
Bills of credit. No State shall emit..

1 10 1
Bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of
Representatives. All.

1 7 1
Bills which shall have passed the Senate and House of

Representatives shall, before they become laws, be pre-
sented to the President.

1 7 2
If he approve, he shall sign them; if he disapprove, he

shall return them, with his jections, to that House
in which they originated...

1 7 2
Upon the reconsideration of a bill returned by the Presi-

dent with his objections, if two-thirds of each House
agree to pass the same, it shall become a law.

1 7 2
Upon the reconsideration of a bill returned by the Presi-

dent, the question shall be taken by yeas and nays. 1 7 2
Not returned by the President within ten days (Sun-

days excepted), shall, unless Congress adjourn, become
laws.

1 7 2
Borrow money on the credit of the United States. Congress
shall have power to..

18 2
Bounties and pensions, shall not be questioned. The

validity of the public debt incurred in suppressing insur-
rection and rebellion against the United States, including
the debt for. (Amendments).-

14
Breach of the peace, shall be privileged from arrest while

attending the session, and in going to and returning from
the same. Senators and Representatives, except for
treason, felony, and.

1 6 1
Bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. The
President, Vice-President, and all civil officers shall be
removed on impeachment for and conviction of treason... 2

с
Capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on indictment

of a grand jury, except in certain specified cases. No
person shall be held to answer for a. (Amendments). 5
Capitation or other direct tax shall be laid unless in pro-
portion to the census or enumeration. No-,

1 9
Captures on land and water. Congress shall make rules
concerning -

1 8 11
Casting vote. The Vice-President shall have no vote unless
the Senate be equally divided

13 4
Census or enumeration of the inhabitants shall be made

within three years after the first meeting of Congress, and
within every subsequent term of ten years thereafter

1 2 3
Census or enumeration. No capitation or other direct tax
shall be laid except in proportion to the...

1 9
Chief Justice shall preside when the President of the United
States is tried upon impeachment. The.

1 3 6
Choosing the electors and the day on which they shall give

their votes, which shall be the same throughout the United
States. Congress may determine the time of..

2 1 3
Citizen of the United States at the adoption of the Con-

stitution shall be eligible to the office of President. No
person not a natural-born....

2 1 4
Citizen of the United States. No person shall be a Senator

who shall not have attained the age of thirty years, and
been nine years &.

1 3 3
No person shall be a Representative who shall not have

attained the age of twenty-five years, and been seven
years a.

1 2 1
Right to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the

United States or any State for failure to pay any poll
tax or other tax. (Amendments)

24 1
Citizenship. Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all

the privileges and immunities of citizens of the several
States..

4 2 1
All persons born or naturalized in the United States,

and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of
the United States and of the State in which they reside.
(Amendments) -

14 1
No State shall 'make or enforce any law which shall

abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the
United States. (Amendments).

14 1
Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty,

or property without due process of law. (Amend-
ments)

1
Nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal
protection of the laws. (Amendments)

14 1
Citizens or subjects of a foreign state. The judicial power of

the United States shall not extend to suits in law or equity
brought against one of the States by the citizens of another
State, or by. (Amendments)...

11
Civil officers of the United States shall, on impeachment for

and conviction of treason, bribery, and other high crimes
and misdemeanors be removed. Aul...

2
Claims of the United States or any particular State in the

territory or public property. Nothing in this Constitution
shall be construed to prejudice..

4 3 2
Classification of Senators. Immediately after they shall be

assembled after the first election, they shall be divided as
equally as may be into three classes.

1 3 2
The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be
vacated at the expiration of the second year.

1 3 2
The seats of the Senators of the second class at the expi-
ration of the fourth year.

Art. Sec. CI.
Comfort. Treason against the United States shall consist in

levying war against them, and giving their enemies aid
and.

3 3 1
Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy, and of the militia
when in actual service. The President shall be..

2 2 1
Commerce with foreign nations, among the States, and with

Indian tribes. Congress shall have power to regulate... 1 8 3
Commerce or revenue. No preference shall be given to the

ports of one State over those of another by any regulation
of

1 9
Vessels clearing from the ports of one State shall not pay
duties in those of another..

1 9
Commissions to expire at the end of the next session. The

President may fill vacancies that happen in the recess of
the Senate by granting.

2 2 3
Common defense, promote the general welfare, &c. To insure

the. (Preamble).
Common defense and general welfare. Congress shall have
power to provide for the.

1 8 1
Common law, where the amount involved exceeds twenty
dollars, shall be tried by jury. Suits at. (Amendments) 7
No fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined in

any court of the United States than according to the
rules of the. (Amendments)

7
Compact with another State. No state shall, without con-
sent of Congress, enter into any agreement or..

1 10 3
Compact with a foreign power. No State shall, without the
consent of Congress, enter into any agreement or.

1 10 3
Compensation of Senators and Representatives to be ascer-
tained by law.

1 6 1
Compensation of the President shall not be increased nor

diminished during the period for which he shall be elected. 2 1 6
Compensation of the judges of the Supreme and inferior courts

shall not be diminished during their continuance in office 3 1
Compensation. Private property shall not be taken for pub-
lic use without just. (Amendments)

5
Compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor. In

criminal prosecutions the accused shall have. (Amend-
ments)

6
Confederation. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance,

1 10
All debts contracted and engagements entered into

before the adoption of this Constitution shall be valid
against the United States under it, as under the.

6
Confession in open court. Conviction of treason shall be on
the testimony of two persons to the overt act, or upon

3 3
Congress of the United States. All legislative powers shall be
vested in a
Shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

ii-
Shall assemble at least once in every year, which shall

be on the first Monday of December, unless they by
law appoint a different day.

1

2
May at any time alter regulations for elections of Sena-

tors and Representatives, except as to the places of
choosing Senators.

1

1
Each House shall be the judge of the elections, returns,
and qualifications of its own members.

1 5 1
A majority of each House shall constitute a quorum to
do business.

1 5 1
A smaller number may adjourn from day to day and
compel the attendance of absent members.

1 5 1
Each House may determine the rules of its proceed-

ings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and,
with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member... 1

2
Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings., 1 5 3
Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall,

without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than
three days.

1 5
Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensa-
tion to be ascertained by law.

1 6 1
They shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach

of peace, be privileged from arrest during attendance
at their respective Houses, and in going to and return-
Ing from the same.

1 6 1
No Senator or Representalve shall, during his term, be

appointed to any civil office which shall have been
created, or of which the emoluments shall have been
Increased, during such term

1 6 2
No person holding any office under the United States,

shall, while in office, be a member of either House of
Congress.

1 6 2
All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House
of Representatives..

1 7 1
Proceedings in cases of bills returned by the President
with his objections

1

2
Shall have power to lay and collect duties, Imposts, and

excises, pay the debts, and provide for the common
defense and general welfare

1
Shall have power to borrow money on the credit of the
United States....

1 8 2
To regulate foreign and domestic commerce, and with
the Indian tribes...

1

3
To establish uniform rule of naturalization and uniform
laws on the subject of bankruptcies.-

1 8 4
To coin money, regulate its value and the value of foreign

coin, and to fix the standard of weights and measures. 1 8 5
To punish the counterfeiting the securities and current
coin of the United States.

1
To establish post offices and post-roads.
To promote the progress of science and the useful arts...
To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court.-
To define and punish piracies and felonies on the high

seas and to punish offenses against the law of nations.. 1 8 10
To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and

make rules concerning captures on land and water.... 1 8 11
To raise and support armies, but no appropriation of

money to that use shall be for a longer term than two
years.

1 8 12
To provide and maintain a Navy.

1 3 2
The seats of the Senators of the third class at the expira-
tion of the sixth year...

1 3 2
Coin a tender in payment of debts. No State shall make
anything but gold and silver

1 10 1
Coin money and regulate the value thereof and of foreign coin.
Congress shall have power to.

1 8 5
Coin of the United States. Congress shall provide for pun-
ishing the counterfeiting the securities and current.

1 8 6
Color, or previous condition of servitude. The right of citi-

zens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or
abridged by the United States or by any State on account
of race. (Amendments)..

15 1

1 8 13

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Art. Sec. CI.
Congress of the United States-Continued

To make rules for the government of the Army and
Navy.

1 8 14
To call out the militia to execute the laws, suppress in-
surrections, and repel invasions.

1 8 15
To provide for organizing, arming, and equipping the
militia..

1 8 16
To exercise exclusive legislation over the District fixed

for the seat of government, and over forts, magazines,
arsenals, and dockyards.

1 8 17
To make all laws necessary and proper to carry into

execution all powers vested by the Constitution in the
Government of the United States...

1 8 18
No person holding any office under the United States

shall accept of any present, emolument, office, or title
of any kind from any foreign state, without the consent
of...

1 9 8
Sessions, time of assembling. (Amendments)

20 2
May determine the time of choosing the electors for

President and Vice-President and the day on which
they shall give their votes.

2 1 3
The President may, on extraordinary occasions, convene
either House of

2 3
The manner in which the acts, records, and judicial pro-
ceedings of the States shall be prescribed by.

1
New States may be admitted by Congress into this
Union...

4 3 1
Shall have power to make all needful rules and regula-

tions respecting the territory or other property belong-
ing to the United States.

3 2
Amendments to the Constitution shall be proposed

whenever it shall be deemed necessary by two-thirds
of both Houses of.

5
Persons engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the

United States disqualified for Senators or Representa-
tives in. (Amendments)....

3
But such disqualification may be removed by a vote of
two-thirds of both Houses of. (Amendments)

14 3
Shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation,
the tbirteenth amendment. (Amendments).

13 2
Shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation,
the fourteenth amendment. (Amendments)..

5
Shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation,
the fifteenth amendment. (Amendments)...

15 2
Shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation,

the twenty third amendment. (Amendments) - 23 2
Shall have power to, enforce, by appropriate legislation,

the twenty fourth amendment. (Amendments)... 24 2
Consent. No State shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in
the Senate without its...

5
Consent of Congress. No person holding any office of profit

or trust under the United States shall accept of any present,
emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever, from any
king, prince, or foreign potentate, without the..

1 9 8
No State shall lay any imposts, or duties on imports,
except what may be absolutely necessary for executing
its inspection laws, without the.

1 10 2
No State shall lay any duty of tonnage, keep troops
or ships of war in time of peace, without the..

1 10 3
No State shall enter into any agreement or compact with

another State, or with a foreign power, without the.. 1 10 3
No State shall engage in war unless actually invaded, or

in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay,
without the....

1 10 3
No new State shall be formed or erected within the juris-

diction of any other State, nor any State be formed by
the junction of two or more States, or parts of States,
without the consent of the legislatures thereof, as well
as the..

4 3 1
Consent of the legislature of the State in which the same may

be. Congress shall exercise exclusive authority over all
places purchased for the erection of forts, magazines, arse-
nals, dockyards, and other needful buildings by the

1 8 17
Consent of the legislatures of the States and of Congress. No

States shall be formed by the junction of two or more States
or parts of States without the..

4 3 1
Consent of the other. Neither House, during the session of

Congress, shall adjourn for more than three days, nor to
any other place than that in which they shall be sitting,
without the

1 5 4
Consent of the owner. No soldier shall be quartered in time

of peace in any house without the. (Amendments)... 3
Consent of the Senate. The President shall have power to
make treaties, by and with the advice and...

2 2 2
The President shall appoint ambassadors, other public
ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court,
and all other officers created by law and not otherwise
herein provided for, by and with the advice and

2 2
Constitution, in the Government of the United States, or in

any department or officer thereof. Congress shall have
power to pass all laws necessary to the execution of the
powers vested by tbe..

1 8 18
Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President. No

person except a natural-born citizen, or a citizen at the time
of the adoption of the.

14
Constitution, The President, before he enters upon the ex-

ecution of his office, sball take an oath to preserve, protect,
and defend the.

2

7
Constitution, laws, and treaties of the United States. The

judicial power shall extend to all cases arising under the.. 3 2 1
Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims

of the United States, or of any State (in respect to territory

or other property of the United States). Nothing in the.. 4 3 2
Constitution. The manner in which amendments may be
proposed and ratified.

5
Constitution as under the Confederation shall be valid. All

debts and engagements contracted before the adoption of
the..

6

1

Art. Sec. CI
Constitution and the laws made in pursuance thereof, and all

treaties made, or which shall be made, by the United
States, shall be the supreme law of the land. The..... 6
The judges in every State, anything in the constitution

or laws of a state to the contrary not withstanding, shall
be bound thereby.

6

2
Constitution. All ouncers, legislative, executive, and judicial,

of the United States, and of the several States, shall be
bound by an oatn to support the.

6

3
But no religious test snall ever be required as a qualifica-
tion for any office or public trust.

6

3
Constitution between the states so ratifying the same. The

ratincation of the conventions of nine States shall be suf-
ficient for the establishment of the...

7
Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny
or disparage others retained by the people. The enumera-
tion in the. (Amendments)...

9
Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved

to tne states respectively or to the people. Powers not

delegated to the United States by the. (Amendments)-.. 10
Constitution, and thenengaged in rebellion against the United

States. Disqualification for ortice imposed upon certain
class of persons who took an oath to support the. (Amend-
ments)--

14 3
Constitution. Done in convention by the unanimous con-
sent of tne States present, September 17, 1787.

7

2
Contracts. No State shall pass any ex post facto law, or law
impairing the obligation of..

1 10 1
Controversies to wbich the United States shall be a party:

between two or more States; between a State and citizens
of anotner State; between citizens of different States;
between citizens of the same State claiming lands under
grants of ditferent States; between a State or its citizens
and foreign states, citizens, or subjects. The judicial power
shall extend to...

3 2 1
Convene Congress or either House, on extraordinary occasions.
The President may

2 3
Convention for proposing amendments to the Constitution.

Congress, on the application of two-thirds of the legislatures
of the States, may call a..

5
Convention, by the unanimous consent of the States present

on tne 17th of September, 1787. Adoption of the Constitu-
tion in...

7

2
Conventions of nine States shall be sufficient for the estab-

lishment of the Constitution. The ratification of the.. 7
Conviction in cases of impeachment shall not be had without
the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

1 3 7
Copyrights to authors for limited times. Congress shall have
power to provide for...

1 8 8
Corruption of blood. Attainder of treason shall not work.. 3 3 2
Counsel for his defense. In all criminal prosecutions the ac-
cused shall have the assistance of. (Amendments)--

6
Counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United

States. Congress shall provide for the punishment of. 1 8 6
Courts. Congress shall have power to constitute tribunals
inferior to the Supreme Court.

1 8 9
Courts of law. Congress may by law vest the appointment of

such inferior officers as they think proper in the President
alone, in the heads of departments, or in the

2 2 2
Courts as Congress may establish. The judicial power of the

United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and
such inferior...

3 1.
Courts. The judges of the Supreme and inferior courts shall
hold their offices during good behavior..

3 1
Their compensation shall not be diminished during their
continuance in office.

3 1
Credit. No State shall emit bills of.

1 10 1
Credit of the United States. Congress shall have power to
borrow money on the.

1 8 2
Credit shall be given in every other State to the public acts,

records, and judicial proceedings of each State. Full faith
and.

1
Crime, unless on a presentment of a grand jury. No person

shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous.
(Amendments) ----

5
Except in cases in the military and naval forces, or in

the militia when in actual service. (Amendments).-. 5
Crimes and misdemeanors. The President, Vice-President,

and all civil officers shall be removed on impeachment for
and conviction of treason, bribery, or other.

2
Crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be tried by
jury. All

3 2 3
They shall be tried in the State within which they may
be committed.

3 2 3
When not committed in a State, they shall be tried at

the places which Congress may by law have provided 3 2 3
Criminal prosecutions, the accused shall have a speedy and

public trial by jury in the State and district where the
crime was committed. In all. (Amendments)..

6
He shall be informed of the nature and cause of the ac-
cusation. (Amendments)-

6
IIe shall be confronted with the witnesses against him.
(Amendments).

6
IIe shall have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses
in his favor. (Amendments)..

6
IIe shall have the assistance of counsel in his defense.
(Amendments).---

6
Criminate himself. No person as a witness shall be compelled
to. (Amendments)..

5
Cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. Excessive bail
shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor.
(Amendments)

8

2

2

1

D

Danger as will not admit of delay. No State shall, without

the consent of Congress, engage in war, unless actually in.
vaded, or in such imminent.

1 10 3

2

1

3

1

Art. Sec. CI.
Duties and powers of the office of President, in case of his
death, removal, or inability to act, shall devolve on the
Vice-President.'

2 1 5
In case of the disability of the President and Vice-Presi-

dent, Congress shall declare what officer shall act. 2 1 5
Duties, imposts, and excises. Congress shall have power to
lay and collect taxes.

1 8
Shall be uniform throughout the United States.

1 8 1
Duties shall be laid on articles exported from any State. No
tax or..

1 9 5
Duties in another State. Vessels clearing in the ports of one
State shall not be obliged to pay.

1 9 6
On imports and exports, without the consent of Congress,

except where necessary for executing its inspection
laws. No State shall lay any.

1 10 2
The net produce of all such duties shall be for the use of
the Treasury of the United States...

1 10 2
All laws laying such duties shall be subject to the revi-
sion and control of Congress.

1 10 2
Duty of tonnage without the consent of Congress. No State
shall lay any.

1 10 3

2

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Art. Sec. CI.
Day on which they sball vote for President and Vice-Presi-

dent, which shall be the saine throughout the United
States. Congress may determine the time of choosing the
electors, and ine..
Day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance

of absent members. A sınaller number than a quorum of
each House inay adjourn froin..

1 5 1
Death, resignation, or inability of the President, the powers

and duties of nis office shall devolve on the Vice-President.
In case of the..

2 1 5
Death, resignation, or inability of the President. Congress
inay provide by law for tne case of the removal.

2 1 5
Debt of the United States, including debts for pensions and

bounties incurred in suppressing insurrection or rebellion,
shall not be questioned. The validity of the public.
(Amendments)--

14
Debts. No State shall make anything but gold and silver
coin a tender in payınent of.

1 10 1
Debts and provide for the common defense and general wel-
fare of the United States. Congress shall have power to
pay the.

1 8 1
Debts and engagements contracted before the adoption of this

Constitution shall be as valid against the United States,
under it, as under the Confederation..

6

1
Debts or obligations incurred in aid of insurrection or rebel-

lion against the United States, or claims for the loss or
emancipation of any slave. Neither the United States
nor any state shall assume or pay any. (Amendinents). - 14 4
Declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and inake

rules concerning captures on land and water. Congress
shall have power to.

1 8 11
Defense, proinote the general welfare, &c. To insure the

common. (Preamble).
Defense and general welfare throughout the United States.

Congress shall have power to pay the debts and provide
for the cominon..

1 8 1
Defense. In all criininal prosecutions the accused shall have
the assistance of counsel for his. (Amendments)--

6
Delaware entitled to one Representative in the first Congress. 1 2 3
Delay. No State shall, without the consent of Congress,

engage in war unless actually invaded, or in such imminent
danger as will not admit of...

1 10 3
Delegated to the United States, nor prohibited to the States,

are reserved to the States or to the people. The powers
not. (Amendments).-.--.

10
Deny or dis parage others retained by the people. The enu-

meration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be
construed to. (Amendinents)..

9
Departments upon any subject relating to their duties. The

President inay require the written opinion of the principal
officers in each of the executive.

2

1
Departments. Congress may by law vest the appointment
of inferior officers in the heads of...

2 2 2
Direct tax shall be paid unless in proportion to the census or
enumeration. No capitation or other..

1 9 4
Direct taxes and Representatives, how apportioned among
the several States.

1 2 3
Disability of the President and Vice-President. Provisions
in case of the..

2 1 5
Disability. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in

Congress, or presidential elector, or hold any office, civil
or military, under the United States, or any State, who
having previously taken an oath as a legislative, executive,
or judicial officer of the United States, or of any State, to
support the Constitution, afterward engaged in insurrection
or rebellion against the United States. (Amendments)... 14 3
But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House,
remove such. (Amendments)..

3
Disagreement between the two Houses as to the time of

adjournment, the President may adjourn them to such
time as he may think proper. In case of...

2 3
Disorderly behavior. Each House may punish its members

1 5 2
And with the concurrence of two-thirds expel a member. 5 2
Dis parage others retained by the people. The enumeration

in the Coi ion of certain rights sh not be construed
to deny or. (Amendments)...

9
Disqualification. No Senator or Representative shall, during

the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any
office under the United States which shall have been
created or its emoluments increased during such term..... 1 6 2
No person holding any office under the United States

shall be a member of either House during his con-
tinuance in office.

1

2
No person shall be a member oreither House, presidential
elector, or hold any office under the United States, or
any State, who, having previously sworn to support
the Constitution, afterward engaged in insurrection
or rebellion. (Amendments) --

3
But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each IIouse,
remove such disability. (Amendments).-

14 3
District of Columbia. Congress shall exercise exclusive
legislation in all cases over the

1 8 17
Electors for President and Vice-President, appointment

in such manner as the Congress may direct. (Amend-
ments)

23 1
Dockyards. Congress shall have exclusive authority over all
places purchased for the erection of.

18 17
Domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defense,

&c. To insure. (Preamble)..
Domestic violence. The United States shall protect each

State against invasion and.....
Due process of law. No person shall be compelled, in any
criminal case, to be a witness against himself, nor be de-
prived of life, liberty, or property without. (Amendments). 5
No State shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or
property without. (Amendments)..

1

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Eighteenth Amendment. Repeal. (Amendments) -
Election of President and Vice-President. Congress may
determine the day for the.
Shall be the same throughout the United States. The

day of the
Elections. The right of citizens of the United States to vote

in shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or
any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other
tax. (Amendments)--
Elections

for Senators and Representatives. The legislatures
of the States shall prescribe the times, places, and manner
of holding -
But Congress may, at any time, alter such regulations,

except as to the places of choosing Senators.
Returns and qualifications of its own members. Each

House shall be the judge of the

Senators elected by the people. (Amendments)..
Electors for members of the House of Representatives. Qual-

ifications of..
Electors for Senators. Qualifications of. (Amendments)
Electors for President and Vice-President. Each State shall

appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may
direct, a number of electors equal to the whole number of
Senators and Representatives to which the State may be
entitled in the Congress
But no Senator or Representative, or person holding an

office of trust or profit under the United States, shall
be appointed an elector...
Congress may determine the time of choosing the electors

and the day on which they shall give their votes
Which day shall be the same throughout the United

States
The electors shall meet in their respective States and
vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same

State with themselves. (Amendments)...
The District of Columbia, to appoint in such manner

as the Congress may direct, a number of electors equal
to the whole number of Senators and Representatives
to which the District would be entitled if a State.

(Amendments).
Electors shall name, in their ballots, the person voted for as

President; and in distinct ballots the person voted for as
Vice-President. (Amendments).
They shall make distinct lists of the persons voted for as

President and of persons voted for as Vice-President,
which they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed
to the seat of government, directed to the President of
the Senate. (Amendments).
No person having taken an oath as a legislative, execu-

tive or judicial officer of the United States, or of any
State, and afterwards engaged in insurrection or rebel-
lion against the United States, shall be an elector
But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House,

remove such disability. (Amendments)-
Emancipation of any slave shall be held to be illegal and void.

Claims for the loss or. (Amendments).-
Emit bills of credit. No State shall...
Emolument of any kind from any king, prince, or foreign

state, without the consent of Congress. No person holding
any office under the United States shall accept any.
Enemies. Treason shall consist in levying war against the

United States, in adhering to, or giving aid and comfort to
their
Engagements contracted before the adoption of this Consti-

tution shall be valid. All debts and
Enumeration of the inhabitants shall be made within three

years after the first meeting of Congress, and within every
subsequent term of ten years thereafter
Ratio of representation not to exceed one for every 30,000

until the first enumeration shall be made..
Income tax authorized without regard to. (Amend-

ments)
Enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not

be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the
people. The. (Amendments): -
Equal protection of the laws. No State shall deny to any

person within its jurisdiction the. (Amendments)
Equol suffrage in the Senate. No State shall be deprived

without its consent, of its
Establishment of this Constitution between the States ratify.

ing the same. The ratification of nine States shall be

sufficient for the..
Ercessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines Im-

posed, nor cruel and unusual puntshments inflicted.
(Amendments)---

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Art. Sec. CI.
Excises. Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes,
duties, imposts, and.

1 8 1
Shall be uniform throughout the United States. All
duties, imposts, and..

1 8 1
Erclusive legislation, in all cases, over such district as may
become the seat of government. Congress shall exercise 1 8 17
Over all places purchased for the erection of forts, maga-

zines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful build-
ings. Congress shall exercise.

1 8 17
Executive of a State. The United States shall protect each

State against invasion and domestic violence, on the appli-
cation of the legislature or the..

4
Executive and judicial officers of the United States and of the

Several States shall be bound by an oath to support the
Constitution....

6

3
Executive departments. On subjects relating to their duties

the President may require the written opinions of the prin-
cipal officers in each of the.

2 2 1
Congress may by law vest the appointment of inferior
officers in the heads of..

2 2 2
Executive power shall be vested in a President of the United
States of America. The.

2 1 1
Ezpel a member. Each House, with the concurrence of two-
thirds, may..

1 5 2
Expenditures of public money shall be published from time
to time. A regular statement of the receipts and..

1 9 7
Ez portations from any State. No tax or duty shall be laid on. 1 9 5
El ports or imports, except upon certain conditions. No State
shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duties on. 1 10 2
Laid by any State, shall be for the use of the Treasury.
The net produce of all duties on.

1 10 2
Shall be subject to the revision and control of Congress.
All laws of the States laying duties on.

1 10 2
Et post facto law shall be passed. No bill of attainder or 1 9 3
E post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts.
No State shall pass any bill of attainder

1 10 1
Extraordinary occasions. The President may convene both
Houses, or either House of Congress, on.

2 3
F

2

5
5

н

Art. Sec. CI.
Habeas corpus shall not be suspended unless in cases of
rebellion or invasion. The writ of..

1 9
Heads of departments. Congress may, by law, vest the ap-
pointment of inferior officers in the..

2 2
On any subject relating to their duties, the President

may require the written opinion of the principal officers
in each of the executive departments.

2 2 1
High crimes and misdemeanors. The President, Vice-Presi-

dent, and all civil officers shall be removed on impeachment
for and conviction of treason, bribery, or other.

2 4
House of Representatives. Congress shall consist of a Senate
and...

1 1
Shall be composed of members chosen every second year. 2 1
Qualifications of electors for members of the.

1 2
No person shall be a member who shall not have attained

the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a
citizen of the United States.

1 2 2
The executives of the several States shall issue writs of
election to fill vacancies in the..

1 2 4
Shall choose their Speaker and other officers..

1 2
Shall have the sole power of impeachment.

1 2
Shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifica-
tions of its own members..

1 5 1
A majority shall constitute a quorum to do business 1 5 1
Less than a majority may adjourn from day to day, and
com pel the attendance of absent members.-

1 5 1
May determine its own rules of proceedings.

1 5 2
May punish its members for disorderly behavior, and,

with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member 1 5 2
Shall keep a journal of its proceedings..

1 5 3
Shall not adjourn for more than three days during the

session of Congress without the consent of the Senate.. 1 5
Members shall not be questioned for any speech or
debate in either House or in any other place-

1 6 1
No person holding any office under the United States

shall, while holding such office, be a member of the. 1 6 2
No person, while a member of either House, shall be

appointed to an office which shall have been created or

the emoluments increased during his membership.. 1 6 2
All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the

1 7 1
The votes for President and Vice-President shall be

counted in the presence of the Senate and. (Amend-
ments)....

12
If no person have a majority of electoral votes, then from

the three highest on the list the House of Representa-
tives shall immediately, by ballot, choose a President.
(Amendments).

12
They shall vote by States, each State counting one vote.
(Amendments)--

12
A quorum shall consist of a member or members from

two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States
shall be necessary to the choice of a President.
(Amendments)

12
No person having as a legislative, executive, or judicial

officer of the United States, or of any State, taken an
oath to support the Constitution, and afterwards
engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the United

States, shall be a member of the. (Amendments)---- 14 3
But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each house,
remove such disability. (Amendments)..

14 3
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Faith and credit in each State shall be given to the acts, rec-
ords, and judicial proceedings of another State. Full
Felony, and breach of the peace. Members of Congress shall

not be privileged from arrest for treason.
Felonies committed on the high seas. Congress shall have

power to define and punish piracies and..
Fines. Excessive fines shall not be imposed. (Amendments)-
Foreign coin. Congress shall have power to coin money, fix

the standard of weights and measures, and to regulate the

value of.....
Foreign nations, among the States, and with the Indian

tribes. Congress shall have power to regulate commerce
with..
Foreign power. No state shall, without the consent of Con-

gress, enter into any compact or agreement with any
Forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted.

Attainder of treason shall not work..
Formation of new States. Provisions relating to the.
Form of government. The United States shall guarantee to
every state in this Union a republican...
And shall protect each of them against invasion; and on

application of the legislature or of the executive (when
the legislature cannot be convened), against domes-

tic violence.
Forte, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful

buildings. Congress shall exercise exclusive authority
over all places purchased for the erection of..
Freedom of speech or the press. Congress shall make no law

abridging the. (Amendments).
Free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall

not be infringed. A well-regulated militia being necessary
to the security of a. (Amendments)...
Fugitives from crime found in another State shall, on de-

mand, be delivered up to the authorities of the State from
which they may flee.
Fugitives from service or labor in one State, escaping into
another State, shall be delivered up to the party to whom
such service or labor may be due..

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Imminent danger as will not admit of delay. No State shall,

without the consent of Congress, engage in war, unless
actually invaded or in such.
Immunities. Members of Congress shall, in all cases except
treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from
arrest during their attendance at the session of their respec-
tive houses, and in going and returning from the same
No soldier shall be quartered in any house without the

consent of the owner in time of peace. (Amendments).
No person shall be twice put in jeopardy of life and

limb for the same offense. (Amendments).
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the
United States and of the State in which they reside.
(Amendments)
NO State shall make or enforce any law which shall
abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the

United States. (Amendments)..
Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty,
or property without due process of law. (Amend-

ments).
Nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal

protection of the law. (Amendments).-
Impeachment. The President may grant reprieves and
pardons except in cases of..
The House of Representatives shall have the sole power

of...
Impeachment for and conviction of treason, bribery, and

other high crimes and misdemeanors. The President,
Vice-President, and all civil officers shall be removed

upon..
Impeachments. The Senate shall have the sole power to try
all.
The Senate shall be on oath, or affirmation, when sitting

for the trial of.
When the President of the United States is tried the

Chief Justice shall preside.
No person shall be convicted without the concurrence

of two-thirds of the members present.
Judgment shall not extend beyond removal from office

and disqualification to hold office
But the party convicted shall be liable to indictment

and punishment according to law
Importation of slaves prior to 1808 shall not be prohibited by
the Congress
But a tax or duty of ten dollars for each person may be

imposed on such.

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General welfare and secure the blessings of liberty, &c. To

promote the. (Preamble.)...
General welfare. Congress shall have power to provide for

the common defense and....
Georgia shall be entitled to three Represenatives in the first

Congress...
Geld and silver coin a tender in payment of debts. No State

shall make anything but...
Good behavior. The judges of the Supreme and inferior courts

shall hold their offices during...
Government. The United States shall guarantee to every
State in this Union a republican form of..
And shall protect each of them against invasion, and on

application of the legislature or of the executive (when
the legislature cannot be convened), against domestic

violence..
Grand fury. No person shall be held to answer for a capital

or otherwise infamous crime, unless on the presentment
of a. (Amendments).
Except in cases arising in the land and naval forces, and

in the militia when in actual service. (Amendments).
Gurantee to every State in this Union a republican form of
government. The United States shall..
And shall protect each of them against invasion; and on

application of the legislature or of the executive (when
the legislature cannot be convened), against domestic
violence.

6

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