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Cite this Code: CFR

To cite the regulations in

this volume use title, part and section number. Thus, 28 CFR 0.1 refers to Title 28, Part 0, section 1.


The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the general and pe nent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive department agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided into 50 titles v represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. Each title is divided chapters which usually bear the name of the issuing agency. Each chap further subdivided into parts covering specific regulátory areas.


Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each calendar year issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows: Title 1 through Title 16...........

as of Janu Title 17 through Title 27.............. Title 28 through Title 41..

as of J Title 42 through Title 50............

as of Octa The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of each volume. of A


The contents of the Federal Register are required to be judicially notice U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima facie evidence o text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).


The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by the individual issu the Federal Register. These two publications must be used together to mine the latest version of any given rule.

To determine whether a Code volume has been amended since its rev date (in this case, July 1, 1988), consult the “List of CFR Sections Aff (LSA),” which is issued monthly, and the “Cumulative List of Parts Affec which appears in the Reader Aids section of the daily Federal Register. I two lists will identify the Federal Register page number of the latest an ment of any given rule.


Each volume of the Code contains amendments published in the Federal ister since the last revision of that volume of the Code. Source citations fo regulations are referred to by volume number and page number of the Fe Register and date of publication. Publication dates and effective dates are u ly not the same and care must be exercised by the user in determining actual effective date. In instances where the effective date is beyond the cu date for the Code a note has been inserted to reflect the future effective In those instances where a regulation published in the Federal Register sta

date certain for expiration, an appropriate note will be inserted following the


The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-511) requires Federal agen-
cies to display an OMB control number with their information collection re-
quest. Many agencies have begun publishing numerous OMB control numbers as
amendments to existing regulations in the CFR. These OMB numbers are
placed as close as possible to the applicable recordkeeping or reporting require-


Provisions that become obsolete before the revision date stated on the cover
of each volume are not carried. Code users may find the text of provisions in
effect on a given date in the past by using the appropriate numerical list of
sections affected. For the period before January 1, 1973, consult either the List
of CFR Sections Affected, 1949-1963, or 1964-1972, published in three separate
volumes. For the period beginning January 1, 1973, a “List of CFR Sections
Affected” is published at the end of each CFR volume.


What is incorporation by reference? Incorporation by reference was estab-
lished by statute and allows Federal agencies to meet the requirement to pub-
lish regulations in the Federal Register by referring to materials already pub-
lished elsewhere. For an incorporation to be valid, the Director of the Federal
Register must approve it. The legal effect of incorporation by reference is that
the material is treated as if it were published in full in the Federal Register (5
U.S.C. 552(a)). This material, like any other properly issued regulation, has the
force of law.

What is a proper incorporation by reference? The Director of the Federal
Register will approve an incorporation by reference only when the requirements
of 1 CFR Part 51 are met. Some of the elements on which approval is based are:

(a) The incorporation will substantially reduce the volume of material pub-
lished in the Federal Register.

(b) The matter incorporated is in fact available to the extent necessary to
afford fairness and uniformity in the administrative process.

(c) The incorporating document is drafted and submitted for publication in
accordance with 1 CFR Part 51.

Properly approved incorporations by reference in this volume are listed in the
Finding Aids at the end of this volume.

What if the material incorporated by reference cannot be found? If you have
any problem locating or obtaining a copy of material listed in the Finding Aids
of this volume as an approved incorporation by reference, please contact the
agency that issued the regulation containing that incorporation. If, after con-
tacting the agency, you find the material is not available, please notify the
Director of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administra-
tion, Washington DC 20408, or call (202) 523-4534.


A subject index to the Code of Federal Regulations is contained in a separate
volume, revised annually as of January 1, entitled CFR INDEX AND FINDING AIDS.
This volume contains the Parallel Table of Statutory Authorities and Agency
Rules (Table I), and Acts Requiring Publication in the Federal Register (Table

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