« PreviousContinue »
S. HRG. 100-679
APPLICATION OF THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL
POLICY ACT TO U.S. PARTICIPATION IN AC-
GS RECORD ONLY:
UNITED STATES SENATE
ONE HUNDREDTH CONGRESS
JUNE 16, 1988
Printed for the use of the Committee on Environment and Public Works
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1988
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402
COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS
QUENTIN N. BURDICK, North Dakota, Chairman DANIEL PATRICK MOYNIHAN, New York ROBERT T. STAFFORD, Vermont GEORGE J. MITCHELL, Maine
JOHN H. CHAFEE, Rhode Island MAX BAUCUS, Montana
ALAN K. SIMPSON, Wyoming FRANK R. LAUTENBERG, New Jersey STEVE SYMMS, Idaho JOHN B. BREAUX, Louisiana
DAVE DURENBERGER, Minnesota BARBARA A. MIKULSKI, Maryland
JOHN W. WARNER, Virginia HARRY REID, Nevada
LARRY PRESSLER, South Dakota BOB GRAHAM, Florida
PETER D. PROWITT, Staff Director
SUBCOMMITTEE ON HAZARDOUS WASTES AND Toxic SUBSTANCES
MAX BAUCUS, Montana, Chairman FRANK R. LAUTENBERG, New Jersey DAVE DURENBERGER, Minnesota BARBARA A. MIKULSKI, Maryland
JOHN H. CHAFEE, Rhode Island HARRY REID, Nevada
ALAN K. SIMPSON, Wyoming BOB GRAHAM, Florida
STEVE SYMMS, Idaho
APPLICATION OF THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT TO U.S. PARTICIPATION IN ACTIONS OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL IN. STITUTIONS
THURSDAY, JUNE 16, 1988
U.S. SENATE, COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HAZARDOUS WASTES
AND Toxic SUBSTANCES,
Washington, DC. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:32 a.m., in room 406, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Hon. Max Baucus, (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Senators Baucus, Symms, and Durenberger.
OPENING STATEMENT OF HON. MAX BAUCUS, U.S. SENATOR
FROM THE STATE OF MONTANA Senator BAUCUS. The subcommittee will come to order.
The subcommittee is meeting this morning to hear testimony on a subject of national and international importance. Simply stated, should the United States require that economic development projects for other countries meet our own strict environmental standards before we support development loans for these projects?
In essence, should the United States' domestic policies be the guidelines for our foreign policy, especially when it applies to developing nations?
We are only too familiar with the profound global effects of deforestation, loss of productive farmland through substandard agricultural practices, and through poorly conceived hydropower projects. The bottom line is that bad economic development projects result in incalculable human suffering and the destruction of almost irreplaceable natural resources.
Examples abound of projects financed by the international community that have gone seriously awry because of bad planning and poor implementation.
In Botswana, a beef export project backfired, causing widespread desertification and destruction of wildlife populations. The cruelest irony is that despite large exports of beef, 65 percent of that country is now dependent on foreign food aid where once it was selfsufficient.
In Brazil, the Polonoreste project has been an economic and social disaster, with global implications. Thousands of people were