« PreviousContinue »
In addition, A.I.D., under the Foreign Assistance Act,
takes fully into account the environmental consequences of any
proposed program or project which may significantly affect the
environment of the country concerned.
The Agency engages host
country decision-makers in a full discussion of significant
environmental effects of a proposed program or project prior to
making a decision whether to proceed.
Reflecting increased public and Congressional concern for
the environmental effects of MDB lending, the State Department
of bank staffs to conduct environmental and socio-cultural
All donor countries who have responded to date favor
increased support of the MDBs to ensure in-depth analysis of
environmental and socio-cultural implications of loan
At the same time there is a strong feeling among
these countries that environmental assessments and staffing are
the primary responsibility of the banks, and that secondment of
specialists from donor countries is not sufficient to ensure
thorough environmental reviews of projects.
Several countries, including Norway, Italy and the U.S.,
have begun to second staff to the banks, recognizing the
immediate need to ensure that bank loan assessments include
The regional banks are following the
lead taken by the World Bank to increase staff in environmental
and socio-cultural analysis.
However, progress in these banks
has been relatively slow.
We have initiated a dialogue with principal donor countries
offering to share information from our early warning system and
Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to adopt an
environmental checklist which could be used in conducting
project reviews by countries as well as the banks.
the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP) adopted "Goals and Principles of Environmental
Impact Assessments" consistent with NEPA and E.O. 12114.
Formulation of the goals and principles was initiated by the
In our efforts to bring about environmentally-sound
development, we have been guided by a few foreign policy
First of all, we believe that the multilateral.
endorse the steps already taken by the World Bank to strengthen
we believe that long-term efforts should aim at host
country design which does not need outside supervision.
must not divert our efforts or attention from this objective.
Secondly, we believe that development banks must be
No one country, including the United
States, has the capability to change the policies of the banks
This is why our efforts have stressed coordination
among other bank donors.
Only by pooling our efforts with
other countries can we bring about the changes necessary to
our efforts will become less effective if the voting power of
our Executive Directors on environmentally sensitive loans is
for all intents and purposes paralyzed.
This could end the
collaborative approach that is indispensable for the efficient
operation of international organizations.