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general or for the most part were given

over to a great Blindness : And from “their Example giveth a Warning to the

Christians, converted from the Heathen Religion, particularly to the Romans, not to be secure or to boast, as if noc the same could happen unto them. His Words in the 11th Chapter, Verse 19, and the following, are these': Thou wilt say then (namely thou Church of the Converted Gentiles, whom he expresly namech Ver. 13.) The Branches (that is, the Jews) were broken off, that I might be grafted in. Well; because of Unbelief they were broken off ; and thou ftandeft by Faith. Be not high minded

(or as he saith Ver. 18. Boast not againjt. " the Branches ) but fear. For if God Ipared

not the natural Branches, take heed left He also Spare not thee. Behold therefore the Goodness and Severity of God: on them which fell Severity ; but towards thee, Goodness, if thou continue in His Goodness; Otherwise Thou

Where he plainly supposeth that the same might happen to the Church of the Gentiles, particularly to that of the Romans, unto which he then did write; what had happened to the Jews: namely, for the greatest Part to fall off, and consequently to be rejected and deprived of the Promises

made unto them. And indeed what St. Paul only suspected, that it might hap

pen one time or other, that was after“wards plainly revealed by our Saviour to His most Beloved Disciple St. Jobu,

that

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" that it should come to pass in the latter

Days, namely,as of old Ferufalem the Faithful City became an Harlot, and full of Mur

derers, Isa. 1. 21. fo in the end of the World Rome,the Mother of many Church

es, should become the Mother of Harlots (or Fornications) and Abominations of the Earth;

and that with her the Kings of the Earth would o commit Fornication (that is, Idolatry) and

the Inbabiters of the Earth would be made " Drunk with the Wine of bør Fornication, and

she her felf would be drunken with the Blood of the Saints, (that is, of the Christians, which were so called by the Apostles, as appears from their Epistles, particularly from the Beginnings or Titles of them) and with the Blood of the Martyrs of Jesus. Rev. xvii. 2,5,6. which is also repeated Chap. xviii. And whatever is to be said of the other parts of the Revelation of St. Fokn, in this point it is so very plain, that all the Fesuits themselves who have written Comments upon this Book (except perhaps one) have freely acknowledged and confeffed, that St. John hath foretold, Rome should in the latter Times of the World fall into Idolatry, and other horrible Abominations; and that by her almost all the Nations and Kings would be deceived, and as it were bewitched by her Inchantments, that is, Falfe Reasonings; and that those who would not comply with her, would be cruelly persecuted, and their Blood shed without Mercy,

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This Argument taken from the ScriptureProphecies concerning the Cburch of Rome, was more fully prosecuted by him in the aforementioned Treatise, as also in another Latin Treatise to which is given the Title of Nova Babylon, that is found among his Manuscripts; the Subject whereof is the corrupt State of the Gentile Church, and more particularly the Apostasy of the Western, or Roman, Part of it, by Spiritual Fornications and Abominations, according as had been foreseen in Spirit. But this being sufficiently evident, shall not be insisted on: and so I proceed to shew what it was that inclined the learned Doctor, who was a most Free Thinker in all the Controversies betwixt the Church of Rome and us,to stop here; and not, to go all those Lengths which many of our Proteftant Writers too haftily have done, to the great Weakening of their Cause, and the no small Disparagement of their Understandings. For seeing that some Great and Learned Men by pushing here Matters too far, had not done that Service which they intended, but had instead thereof very much exposed themselves ; he thought it Prudence not to lay his Charge heavier than he was able to make out, nor to go beyond what he could be warranted in from the most Antient Monuments of Our Religion.

Now his Reasons why this Spiritual Adultery of the Church of Rome, and Departing from her first First Love, cannot propern ly be said to be an Antichristian State, or Worship, but only such a Falling Away as

doth

compare

doth naturally tend to introduce it ; are taken from the Notion of Antichrist, and of his Kingdom, which is found in the Holy Scri

ptures, more especially in the Writings of † See and † St. John the Beloved of his Lord, and is the

uncontroverted Doctrine of the Primitive 1 John ii. with Rev. Fathers, which they may be supposed to xiii.6. and have had from ApoftolicalTradition. Whence Joh. v.43. he was not for confounding the Prophecy

in the 13th with that which follows in the 17th and 18th Chapters of the Revelation; but consider'd them as two distinct Prophecies. And as he was clear that Rome in its present corrupt State is a Mystical Babylon; he was as clear also for the Opinion of Irenæus, Hippolytus, Origen, Cyril of Jerusalem, and other Ancient Catholick Writers, that Antichrift should be o "Ayou, a certain LawLefs Tyrant, or Beast, making War with the Christians and overcoming them; who would blaspheme God, and deny Christ. But let us hear some of his Reasons.

I. His First Reason then for a Distin&tion betwixt Apoftate Rome and Antichrift, and for the Preference of the Antient to the Modern Notion, is, That the Ten Kings adhering to Antichrist, and consequently Antichrist himself shall make War with and overthrow Rome : And that Rome shall be refractory, and will oppose him and them. But the Kingdom of Antichrift will not be divi. ded against it self; therefore the Kingdom of Antichrist and the Kingdom of Mystical Babylon, or the Roman Papacy, are Two distinct Kingdoms. For it is exprelly written con

cerning

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cerning these Antichristian Kings, or Confederates with Antichrist, that they shall abominate this Babylon mortally, and shall not only make her desolate and naked, but shall eat up with the Sword the Flesh of her Inhabitants, and then burn her City with Fire, Rev. xvii. 6, If therefore Babylon the Great, in the Mystery be according to the Angel's Interpretation that Great City, which then reigned over the Kings of the Earth, Ver. 18. and which is granted on both hands to be Rome : and if Antichrist and his Allies, even the very same that make War with Christ and his Followers, Ver. 14. are also to make War with Rome and her Followers, and are in this War to be Conquerors; how can it be that Rome that is to be Conquer'd and quite Destroy'd, can ever be that Antichrift whose-Princes are to be the very Instruments of this Desolation, and who must afterward be cast himself into the Pit of Destruction? Therefore Antichrist and Babylon are not the same.

II. His Second Reason for the aforesaid Distinction of Antichrist and Babylon, and for explaining and confirming his Hypothesis, that the Court of Rome may be Babylonish, without the Pope's being therefore Antichrift, is a Corollary of

the former, and is grounded upon this position, viz. The Kings of the Earth that cleave to Babylon, or that fpiritually commit Fornication with Rome, and the Kings that cleave to the Beast, i. e, Antichrift, are by no means the same, but very different. Which he thus proves. The Anti

christian

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