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separate seeds the word fell into ten thousand separate displayed in choosing one from the steps of a throne, hearts, and each heart, rent for receiving the seed, was and making him a vessel to bear the name of Christ. further rent by the seed, when it swelled and grew. Manaen was snatched from the side of a murderer, and There is no wholesale spiritual growth. The wide re- numbered among the saints of the Most High. His vival consists of many persons, each of them separately name was blotted from the family register of the terenewed in the Spirit.

trarch, and written in the Lamb's book of life. Those Barnabas and Saul returned to Antioch. There is who have been saved, as it were by fire,—who have been great significance in the going and coming of these arrested and won in spite of the strong man's greatest messengers. These are the couriers of the Great King, efforts to keep his goods in peace, have peculiar delight carrying his commands from province to province of his in looking back over the way by which the Lord has led realm. First, they carried from Antioch a contribution them. On the other hand, those who remain in Herod's to sustain the Christians of Jewish origin at Jerusalem house, entangled by its business and gains, should learn through the famine. That gift was well fitted as an in- from this case that they are welcome to Christ. It was strument to remove barriers, and unite Greeks and Jews a true word that fell from lying lips, when the Pharisees in the common faith. From Jerusalem, and from Jews, murmured, “This man receiveth sinners.” Whosoever came forth the spiritual things wherewith the Gentiles will, let him come. at Antioch were enriched ; they only obey a law of There is scarcely a congregation of believers that the kingdom when they load the returning train with lacks its Manaen, highly esteemed now as a brother in temporal gifts for Christian Jews in Jerusalem. Such the Lord, who seemed destined in his earlier years as reciprocal charities were eminently fitted to break down devotee and victim to the pleasures of sin. It is a the partition-walls, and blend all believers into one. peculiar delight to the Christian brotherhood, and a

By this time the Christian leaders were aware of the peculiar glory to divine grace, when one who has been importance of Antioch. They determined to occupy it brought up for the world, is snatched from the world, for the work of the kingdom. Foreseeing the expansion and admitted as an heir of the new kingdom. It is of missionary work both in and from the capital, Barna- sweet to see the children of Christian parents born to bas and Saul induced John Mark to accompany them the Lord in their childhood, through means of a pious and share their labour. He was the son of Mary, sister nurture ; but it is perhaps more gladdening and inof Barnabas, in whose house the prayer-meeting was spiring to see the goings of the Lord, when he puts held while Peter was in prison, and to whose house forth his power to wrench subjects from the God of this Peter went when he was free. This young man would world, and make them princes round his own throne. go to Antioch probably in two capacities - both as an assistant to the elder missionaries, and as a witness of their work, who might afterwards give evidence in Jerusalern regarding its character.


THE FIRST FOREIGN MISSION. On the return of the deputation from Jerusalem, the College of Evangelists was constituted at Antioch. Ex- “As they ministered to the Lord and fasted, the Holy cluding John Mark as a junior and a new-comer, it Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work consisted of five members. Besides the two missionaries wbereunto I have called them.” While they were enalready introduced to our notice, there were “Simeon joying privileges for themselves, they heard the comthat was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Ma- mand to carry these privileges to others. Behold the Daen which had been brought up with Herod the natural history of missions! Freely ye have received, tetrarch.” The note attached to the name of this man freely give. They possessed the gospel, and therefore is full of interest. He was foster-fellow of that Herod they must spread it abroad. who slew the Baptist, and set at nought the Lord on Two were sent out together. They remembered the the morning of his death.

act of the Lord Jesus how he sent out the seventy in Manaen thus seems to be another Moses drawn out pairs, and they will follow his example. The ministry of the water. Brought up in the company of an un- of the Spirit is sovereign here on every side. Antioch godly and licentious prince, he was nevertheless chosen is chosen as the first site of a Gentile Church, and conas an object of mercy, and employed as a messenger of sequently becomes the starting point for the first foreign grace. Perhaps, like Moses, he had it in his power to mission. The same features that commended the place obtain and keep a position near the throne ; but, like to Imperial Rome as the Eastern capital, commended it Moses, he esteemed the reproach of Christ greater riches to the apostles of the Lord as the headquarters of the than the treasures of Egypt. We have no account of kingdom that is not of this world. Situated in the his conversion ; but, whatever may have been its date East, it enjoyed, by the Orontes and the Mediterranean, and its circumstances, it is certain that when he became easy access to Greece and Rome. From this great mart a disciple of Christ he no longer set any value on his the glad tidings will be borne along with the stream of. connection with Herod's house.

commerce to the nations of Africa and Europe. The power and sovereignty of grace are frequently The men chosen for foreign work, in accordance with


Acts xiii. 2-12

the mind of the Spirit, were the mightiest men. They thing solid on which his soul might lean. It is probable did not send out some persons who had turned out use- he asked Pilate's question, “What is truth ?" with an less at home. The foreign field always needs, and in earnestness that Pilate never knew. Alas! when people that age actually obtained the ablest labourers. I sus- in high places become earnest inquirers, false teachers pect the chief obstacle to the sticcess of modern missions swarm around them like flies, eager to suck sustenance lies here. The Church at Antioch sent the creamı from the wounds of the great. The governor had at this of the ministry abroad ; if they had sent the grounds, time in his train a certain fortune-teller, who called himtheir success would have corresponded to their effort. self Elymas-that is, “the wise,” for the root in Arabic Here and there in our own time, when the Spirit has seems to be the same as the Turkish ulemah, or priest. descended in power, some men mighty in word and deed This man's own Hebrew name was Bar-jesus, "son of have taken the field, and the result has been a gain the Saviour." He pretended, through soothsaying art, corresponding to the outlay ; but it is the grief and the to cure the ailment of the governor's spirit; and poor weakness of the Church at the present day that her Sergius, precisely because he was ailing in spirit, had chiefs are for the most part occupied at home.

not force to throw off the incubus. The mountebank They sent Barnabas and Saul. Barnabas had already stuck to the governor, and fattened on his wealth. been tried, and found faithful. His gravity, his au- When the missionaries from Antioch reached the city, thority, and his benevolence seemed to point him out and opened their commission by preaching Christ, the as leader of the expedition. But they have at hand governor sent a message to summon them to his court, this young man Saul—a man of vast knowledge, of fiery that he might hear their doctrines. They willingly zeal, of great courage, and unflagging perseverance, but obeyed the summons, and presented themselves at the withal not much tried and not much known. Send him palace. out under the direction and influence of Barnabas, that But the sorcerer, fearing lest his own influence should his great talents may be turned to the best account. be destroyed, endeavoured to prevent the governor from Soon shall the whole Church know that the Lord has listening to the gospel, or to hinder him from receiving, destined this man for the foremost place. When the if he had already heard it. How eagerly the modern pair departed it was Barnabas and Saul ; when they sorceress, who sits on the seven hills, strives to hinder a returned it was Paul and Barnabas.

meeting between human souls and Christ in his Word ! Westward the expedition moved. Europe must be At this stage we would be apt to say, What a pity won to Christ. The light of life, like the natural sun, that Elymas was on the spot to interfere with the good travels from the East.

work when the Christian missionaries obtained an opThe two missionaries were solemnly ordained to their portunity of preaching to the ruling classes at the capispecific work, and set out on their journey. Whether tal! Nay; He doeth all things well. As Christ said by land or by the river, they first travelled to Seleucia, when Lazarus died, “I am glad for your sakes that I the sea-port of Antioch, on the Mediterranean, and was not there ;" so he might say, in the case of Sergius taking ship at that port, they crossed over to Cyprus, Paulus, “I am glad for his sake that Elymas was there the nearest of the large islands.

with his sorceries, seeking to turn away the deputy froni Having landed at Salamis, a town on the eastern side the faith :" for the efforts of the sorcerer to turn him of Cyprus, they crossed the country without much delay away were overruled as the means of bringing him near. or niuch success until they reached Paphos, the resi- If Elymas with his wicked arts had not been there, it is dence of the Roman governor, on the western shore. probable that the governor would not have been conThis was a place notorious for its licentiousness even in verted. In his later experience, Paul became well aware that age. It was the shrine of impurity for the heathen that the opposition by adversaries is often an essential world. There the unclean spirit had his seat. These means of success. On one occasion, reporting a very soldiers of Jesus Christ, in their first campaign, marched favourable opportunity for conducting his work, he deright up to the capital of the enemy's kingdom.

scribes it by two feat es-a wide door, and many

adAmong Roman provinces Cyprus was small.

The versaries. He seems to intimate that one of these two governor held not the highest rank. One may suppose factors alone would not have constituted the opportunity he was disappointed when he learned that this com- which he valued and enjoyed. Both were needed. If paratively insignificant sphere was assigned to him, there had not been a fierce wind blowing against bis and evvied the better fortune of competitors who ob-kite, it would not have been able to rise. The experitained Gaul and Spain. He lived, however, to thank enced missionary accordingly was glad of the storm. God for the providence that cast his lot in Cyprus. He Who shall tell whether the sernion would not have did not enjoy so large a salary as the chief of a richer fallen flat on sleepy ears, and whether the governor province, but he obtained through the missionaries a would not have yawned the preacher away to make greater treasure.

room for some new excitement, if the opposition of This governor was a prudent man. He was thought- Elymas had not arrested his attention, and the judgful and sober. He was probably dissatisfied with the ment on Elymas had not struck him with astonishment. worn-out superstitions of idolatry, and longing for some- All things wrought for good : the things that hap

pened then and there turned to the furtherance of the word. “Then the deputy, when he saw what was done, gospel.

believed, being astonished at the doctrine of the Lord.” Here first the name Paul appears; and Saul is not What was done could not have enlightened and renewed employed again, except in narratives of his earlier ex- the Roman; but it opened his mind for the reception of perience. Here, under his new name, Paul springs to the word of life. Thus the Lord in providence at this the front, and he is never found in the second rank day employs judgment-strokes of many different kinds again. Now first he is fully installed into office as the to open a path for the gospel into hearts that otherApostle of the Gentiles. It is in his short, sharp rebuke wise would have remained closed. Welcome the Lord's of Elymas that he reads himself in.

hand, even though its stroke be painful, when it preIn allusion to the meaning of the sorcerer's name, pares the way for the Lord's Word! If we had access to " son of the Saviour," the apostle sternly denounces the great multitude who stand round the throne in white him as a “child of the devil ;" and through inspiration clothing, and could ask each saved saint to tell his own speaks the sentence which God inflicts—the sentence of experience, probably nine out of every ten would answer temporary blindness. This judgment falling on the ad- that providence, generally feared and fretted at, came versary, convinced Sergius that Paul and Barnabas were crushing forward first, and broke up a way for grace to men of God, and made him reverently listen to their follow.

Ibe @bildren's Treasury.


A Tale of Missions in Oldert Times.




“He who his dearest gave to the Lord,

An hundredfold shall receive reward.

What thou demandest, Father, see
We bring it, and leave the rest to thee.
Tremble not, doubt not, venture all,

Question not at the Master's call."-GEROK.

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ATHER, beloved father, speak the words, “When did this desire first arise in your heart,

only. Give me thy blessing, and let me Paul ?"
hear thee say, 'Go in peace.' The Lord “Seven weeks ago, after the sad benighted state of

hath called me to this work, and I dare the far-off Scottish land was spoken of at the meeting. pot draw back.”

Father, I am no enthusiast, no idle dreamer, but in “But, my son, have you counted the cost ? The long my ears at that time a voice seemed to whisper the journey, the far-off land, the difficulties, the dangers, words, “Whom shall I send, and who will go for me?' it may even be the—;" but the old man's tongue refused and there and then, in the very presence-chamber of to utter the word, whatever it was, that trembled on his our God, though a crowd was around me, I gave myself lips.

anew to the Lord, to do all his will, saying, 'Here am For one instant there was no reply, then the first I; send me.' And now I wait only to hear thy loved speaker, a tall, handsome man of about thirty years of voice bless me, and bid me go." age, broke the silence.

“And whither, my son ?”. “Yes, father, I have ; but greater is He who will Many things seem to indicate the sea-bound town be with me, than all that can be against me; and well of St. Andrews as the place of my residence. The unido we know that, through difficulties, dangers, and versity so lately established there is attracting thither death-yes, even death at the stake-there is One who the youth of the realm ; and it is the young thinkers of can make us more than conqueror. What the Lord the age we must seek to lead to drink of the Fountain Jesus did for John Huss and Jerome of Prague, he of Life, where alone they can get the eyes of their undercan do even for such as I.”

standing opened to see the darkness which envelops them. My work may only be the sowing of the seed, who sent was as precious as of him who went, and most cer. but the breath of the Holy Spirit may bless the spring-tainly he who “tarried at home would divide the spoil.” ing thereof."

In vain the young doctor tried to sit down and think; “And your profession, my son--must you relinquish a tumult of feelings overpowered him, and throwing on that? Only to-day several instances of your medical his cloak and hat, he went out into the free air. He skill were related to me; and to be the means of allevi. crossed some of the streets of the city, the grand old ating in any measure human suffering is surely no mean city of Prague. It was there he had been born and way of serving the Lord.”

educated; there for some years he had pursued his call“Nay, my father, I think not of relinquishing that ; | ing as a physician; there his mother had died; there his rather of using it as a means of gaining access to dying eyes had been opened to the light of divine truth: but souls, and so be able to point them to the Lamb of God. now he hardly thought of these things; a sense of partSurely our Lord himself sanctioned the union of the two, ing and pain was strangely mingled with an inward joy when he said, “ Heal the sick, and preach the gospel.' that the Lord had heard his prayer, and had removed all My credentials from our far-famed university will in difficulties from his path. A glad, sweet joy that there themselves prove sufficient introduction.”

was One with him even now, who would never leave him “And loving little Liese, how will she do without nor forsake him. He strolled almost unconsciously you, Paul-you, her so fondly loved, only brother ?” down to the river, crossed the fine stone bridge erected

The young man's eyes suddenly moistened. “Sweet shortly before, and stood little Liese," he said, “how she will grieve; but she will

“Beside the Moldau's rushing stream." bid me go. The Lord is very real to her, sweet one, and the Elder Brother will be always with her. I fear The moon was up, and its silver shield was thrown on not for her."

the water, and touched with calm beauty the surroundThen a silence, deep and prolonged, pervaded the ing buildings; there it was, that wonderful orb, speakroom. The younger man stood still, engaged in fervent ing of the Hand which had placed it there. Yes, there prayer; the elder paced up and down, as if the conflict was peace in the whole scene-peace, and the perturbed in his soul were too strong to allow him to rest. Ay, spirit of the young man felt its influence. That river his was a sore struggle: one word from him, and his son, would flow on just as now, when he would be far, far his only son, would ere many weeks were over be parted away. His father would walk, as he so often did, by its from him for ever in this life; for in the time of which side; and Liese, little crippled Liese, would be drawn we write (about the year 1423) people ran not to and fro in her chair there, and think, it might be, on the far-oft on the earth as they do now, and a journey from the brother she loved so well. And if the face of another land of Bohemia to the far-off land of Scotland involved rose before his eyes, the thought it gave rise to was lost almost certainly separation for life. And yet, could he in the words, “He that loveth any more than me, is not withhold the word ? Could he bid one stay who believed worthy of me;" and slowly retracing his steps homewards, the Lord had called him to go?—could he ? To his lips he once more entered his room. It was dark, only the rose the words of the Lord to Abraham, " Take now thy gentle moonbeams fell softly in, and Paul started as the son, thine only son, whom thou lovest, and offer him for figure of a child met his gaze. a burnt-offering.” And with these words rose thoughts" Liese!” he exclaimed, “ you here, and at this hour; of another offering, made for him, even the offering up what is the matter ?” of the only Son of God—“He spared not his Son." She sat on the floor, and Paul stooped to kiss her.

Then the silence was broken; the father laid his hand | She was trembling with agitation, but she threw heron the young man's arm, and, in a voice almost choked self into her brother's arms, and only sobbed out the with emotion, said,

words,—“O Paul, Paul, must you go “Paul, Paul, go in peace; and the God of love and Then she knew it all, and her brother felt that that peace go with thee. I do believe he has called thee ; very fact lightened his burden; he had dreaded to tell and what am I that I should fight against God ?” the helpless, fragile, loving being that he was going to

And Paul's words were few. Well did he know the leave her. Very tenderly he lifted her, and seated himgreatness of the sacrifice his father had made, a sacrifice self with her in his arms. as great as that of Abraham when he bound his only son, “ Yes, Liese," he said ; “the Lord hath called me. his loved Isaac, and was ready to offer him at the bid- It is hard to leave you all, my heart clings close to you; ding of the Lord.

but I have put my hand to the plough, and I dare not “Father,” he said, “let us pray.” And there kneeling look back-and, sweet one, I would not if I could. It down, they poured out their spirits before the throne, and may be the Lord may use me to cast some seeds of his rose comforted.

precious gospel into the soil of that dark land whither But that night, in the quiet of his own room, Paul I am bound;—so many perishing in darkness, and 'Jesus Crawer asked himself whether he or his father were mak- not come to them.' You remember, little sister, how ing the greatest sacrifice for the sake of perishing souls; dark life was to you till Jesus came and whispered and he felt sure that in God's sight the offering of him | peace !"



The child raised her head; ber eyes were full of tears, of Jesus, to do and bear all things ; a noble type of bat the moonbeams shone now on her face lighted with good-heroic womanhood. a heavenly calm.

And what of Paul ? The day of departure had come, “Yes, I remember. O Paul, I would have you go; a glorious summer day, sunshine everywhere, rippling perhaps by some sick-beds in the Scottish town you may the cool waters of the river, playing like golden threads be able to speak of Jesus, and souls may look to him amongst the fresh green of the leafy trees, falling on and be saved; and he will be with you and me also. And the quaint old city with its high, pointed gables, seemif any child is sick, and fearing to die, tell them how ing almost to mock the idea of pain and sorrow existing little cripple Liese in Prague learned to love the Lord in its presence, paining by its very brightness a troubled Jesus, and all her fears vanished, and the great black heart, yet speaking loudly even at such a moment to darkness turned light. And, Paul, tell them of him, the heart of Paul Crawer of the Sun of Righteousness, our noble Huss,-how even the flames could not make whose beams alone can bring true sunshine and peace him deny the Lord who died for him. Yes, I can bid to weary souls. In the early morn, ere even Liese was you go, brother, though the days will be long, so long, awake, he arose, and dressing, slipped gently out, and without you. But oh, Paul, will they treat you well ? going some distance from the city, turned into a “God's What if they don't care for you and your message, and acre.” The sunbeams were there before him, falling speak evil of you; or even- -;" and the child's voice softly—so softly-on the quiet graves. Their brightness faltered.

seemed toned down; and as the young doctor knelt Her brother drew her very close to his heart, and beside a grave, and, burying his face in his hands, whispered,

prayed silently, the sunbeams formed like a crown of * Well, Liese, if they do? The disciple is not above gold round his uncovered head, meet emblem of the his Master, nor the servant above his Lord. It is crown of life promised to those who are faithful unto enough for the disciple that he be as his Master. And, death. It was by his mother's grave that Paul Crawer Liese, bave those who are bold in speaking the truth as knelt ; he had come to take a last look at her quiet it is in Jesus no reason to fear persecution here? Is resting-place ere he went forth on his sacred mission. it so long since hundreds our fellow-countrymen-ay, Well did he know she would have blessed him, and sent and women and maidens too-were cast headlong into him forth to fight the Lord's battles, even as the the yawning pits of the old silver-mines, for no other Spartan mothers clasped the swords on their sons and sin save that of reading the Book of Life, and daring to bid them go forth and fight for their country, telling obey Christ's dying command, ‘Do this in remembrance them either to conquer or fall. Only one thought, one of me,' by taking the cup of salvation? And whatever fear, one doubt, crossed his mind. Was he right in leavhappens, Liese, you know the Elder Brother hath said, ing—the world would say abandoning-his father and *Lo, I am with you alway. There can be nothing too young sister ? It was Satan's secret suggestion, his hard to bear when he is with us, can there ?

last strong effort to keep back one whom the Lord was A gentle “No” was her only response. In after- designing to use to let in light on a dark part of his years, did the question and the answer ever recur to domain. But at that grave the enemy was conquered. him? Perhaps so.

Once more he seemed to hear that mother's voice The days passed quickly on; all arrangements were praying, as she so often had done, that the Lord would completed; many farewells had been uttered; the take her son, her only son, and use him in his service prayers of hundreds of Christ's faithful witnesses in as he willed. And with his Saviour's words on his lipsBohemia bad been offered up in behalf of the medical “ He that loveth father or mother more than me, is not missionary ere he set out on his arduous undertaking. worthy of me”—he rose more than conqueror. As he Bravely had little Liese kept up, repressing her own looked at the quiet resting-place, distinguished from Sorrow in order to comfort her father, and not increase some around it by the stone cup at its head, where her brother's pain at parting. Child though she looked, reposed all that was mortal of his revered parent, fourteen sunimers had passed over her head, and in did thoughts arise as to the place where his own dust mind she was already a woman. Hers was a brave would “rest in hope"? It may be there did; but if spirit; she could have died, young though she was, for so, what then? Christ's sake ; but she was not called so to do. She "The last words were spoken, the last hymn sung, had to live for him, to act the true woman's part, the the final farewell blessing uttered, and the young most noble female mission—to conquer self for the sake Bohemian physician was off, safe under the protectof others, to soothe when her own heart was nighing hand of the great Creator, King, and Father, who broken with sorrow, to send forth the loved brother on maketh a way in the sea, and a path in the mighty his Christ-like mission with words of lofty cheer and waters ; glad in the Lord, but sorrowing deeply in holy sweetness; and then turn back to her home, help-heart, knowing well that in this life he would see his less and cripple, with all the sunshine of her young life loved ones no more-words of which it has been well suddenly died out, yet to be to her father the light, said, they have a majestically mournful sound, like comfort, and strength of his home-strong in the love the roar of the wind amid the pine forest.

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