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WHAT IS APPLE-PIE ORDER?”—Does it mean in order, or in disorder? We rather incline to the latter, and think it means, or meant originally, in a muddle. We think, too, that it has nothing to do with apple" or "pie" in the common sense of the words. We believe it to be a typographical term, and that it was originally " Chapel-pie." A printing house was and is to this day called a chapel-perhaps from the Chapel at Westminster Abbey, in which Caxton's earliest works are said to have been printed; and “pie" is type after it is “distributed," or broken up, and before it has been re-sorted. “Pie” in this sense came from the confused and perplexing rules of the “ Pie,” that is, the order for finding the lessons in Catholic times, which those who have read or care to read the Preface to the “Book of Common Prayer" will find there expressed and denounced. Here is the passage: “Moreover the number and hardness of the rules called the Pie, and the manifold changings of the service, was the cause that to turn the book only was so hard and intricate a matter, that many times there was more business to find out what should be read than to read it when it was found out." To leave your type in “pie” is to leave it unsorted and in confusion, and “apple pie order," which we take to be “chapel-pie order," is to leave anything in a thorough mess. Those who like to take the other side, and assert that “ apple-pie order" means in perfect order, may still find their derivation in chapel-pie;" for the ordering and sorting of the "pie” or type is enforced in every “chapel" or printing-house by severe fines, and so “chapel-pie order" would be such order of the type as the best friends of the chapel would wish to see.

AN ILLITERATE PULPIT.-Admitting ignorant, sordid, illiterate persons to this function is to give the royal stamp to a piece of lead. I confess God has no need of any man's parts or learning, but certainly then he bath much less need of his ignorance and ill-behaviour. A blind man sitting in the chimney corner is pardonable enough, but sitting at the helm he is intolerable. If men will be ignorant and illiterate, let them be so in private and to themselves, and not set their defects in a high place, to make themselves visible and conspicuous. If owls will not be hooted at, let them keep close within the tree, and not perch upon the upper boughs.

GOD IN NATURE.-Ask the world, the beauty of the heaven, the brilliancy and ordering of the stars, the sun that sufficeth for the day, the moon the solace of the night; ask the earth, fruitful in herbs and trees, full of animals, adorned with men; ask the sea, with how great and what kind of fishes filled; ask the air, stocked with what multitudes of birds; ask all things, and see if they do not, as it were by a language of their own, make answer to thee-God made us.

SINCERITY.-My son, give me thy heart; whatsoever else we tender unto God, if this be wanting, it is but the carcass of a duty.—Ezekiel Hopkins.


WORLDLY PLEASURE. – No worldly pleasure hath any absolute delight in it; but as a bee, having honey in the mouth, hath a sting in the tail. Who sees an ox grazing in a fat and rank pasture, and thinks not he is near to the slaughter? Whereas the lean beast that toils under the yoke is far enough from the shambles. The best wicked man cannot be so envied in his first shows as he is pitiable in the conclusion. -Joseph Hall.

SECTARIANISM.--I hate dividing principles and practices, and, whatever others are, I am for peace and healing; and if my blood would be sufficient balsam, I would gladly part with the last drop of it for the closing up of the bleeding wounds of differences that are amongst true Christians.-Matthew Henry.

THE ACCUSER OF THE BRETHREN.-It is not harder to keep the flies out of your cupboards in summer from tainting your provision, than Satan out of your consciences. Many a sweet meal hath he robbed the saints of, and sent them supperless to bed.–Gurnall.

PREACHING.-The true learning of a gospel minister consists not in being able to talk Latin fluently, or to dispute in philosophy, but in being able to speak a word in season to weary souls.-Philip Henry.

PRECEPT AND EXAMPLE.—Though the words of the wise be as nails fastened by the masters of assemblies, yet sure their examples are the hammer to drive them in to take the deeper hold.-Thomas Fuller.

HUNGER AND FRUITION.—Desire is love in motion, as a bird upon the wing; delight is love at rest, as a bird upor the nest.—Matthew


The Fireside.

SUNSHINE FOR THE CHILDREN. Did you ever take the thermometer out of doors when the snow was over the earth, and see how the tiny thread of quicksilver began to contract itself ? It could not help it, the atmosphere was so cold. But bring it into the warm sitting room and hang it above the chimney piece, and how quickly it begins to feel the warmth and expand itself

. Just so young hearts are all cramped and chilled in the atmosphere of fault finding and fretfulness. They grow narrow and selfish, and most unhappy as well as unlovely. It is not at all the atmosphere God designed the young heart to develop in. Bring the same nature out of the cold into the warm atmosphere of love and kindness, and see how soon it will begin to feel the influence. Children's hearts are


fully as sensitive as quicksilver to the atmosphere about them. There are certain people who carry with them the air “ that it is a great misdeineanour in a child that he has not grown up," and they feel called upon to be especially severe on such delinquents! How quick children catch the impression, and how glad they are to avoid any further offence by keeping well out of the way! Pity the poor things when this is impossible! Sitting out in the freezing cold for an hour is no comparison to the discomfort. Such people have a sharp rebuke for every sound which betrays the buoyant child's spirit within, a frown for every movement. If they could suddenly transform themselves into wooden images, they might barely be endured, that is, if they could be stowed into imperceptible space in some invisible corner.

There are many good people who do not go to such lengths in their dislike for children, who yet make their little lives wretched while in their presence by continual reproof and fault-finding. Now and then there may be a child so playful and heedless that he will bear up under the pressure, and we feel thankful for the iņdifference; but by far the larger number grow morose and sour, or sink down into a dreary wretchedness that makes the heart ache to witness.

Even if yon live in a cottage, give the little hearts by your hearthstone plenty of sunshine. Let it flood the little home-room with its light, and rest assured when you die there will be many to rise up and call you

blessed. Bad temper goes down the family line for generations, and acts and reacts on thousands of outsiders. Plenty of warmtb, pure air, and sunlight are the rules for growing healthful, beautiful plants; and the same rules apply to the moral growth of the young plants of immortality.

The Penny post Box.

MORAL COURAGE IN EVERY-DAY LIFE. Have the courage to discharge a debt while you have the money in your pocket.

Have the courage to do without that which you do not need, however much your eyes may covet it.

Have the courage to speak your mind when it is necessary you should do -80, and to hold your tongue when it is prudent you should do so.

Have the courage to speak to a friend in a "seedy" coat, even though you are in company with a rich one, and richly attired.

Have the courage to make a will and a just one.



Have the courage to tell a man why you will not lend him your money.

Have the courage to "cut” the most agreeable acquaintance you have, when you are convinced that he lacks principle. “A friend should bear with a friend's infirmities,” but not with his vices.

Have the courage to show your respect for honesty, in whatever guise it appears; and your contempt for dishonest duplicity, by whomsoever exhibited.

Have the courage to wear your old clothes until you can pay for

Have the courage to obey your Maker at the risk of being ridiculed by man.

Have the courage to prefer comfort and propriety to fashion, in all things.

Have the courage to acknowledge your ignorance, rather than to seek credit for knowledge under false pretences.

Have the courage to provide entertainment for your friends, within your means-not beyond.

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coal field is more than eight hundred THE TIN MINES in Devon and Corn.

square miles in extent. wall were known to the ancient in the kingdom is sixty-six million

The total annual production of coal Phænicians.

In the reign of King tons ! John they were leased to Jews.

Salt has been got at Droitwich ever Tin is used in Britannia metal, since the time of the Romans. Mosaic gold, pewter, printer's types, Black-lead was first found in Cum. and bell-metal.

berland in the reign of Queen ElizaThere are more than one hundred | beth. mines of copper in Cornwall.

The first alum works were estabThe most productive lead mines lished in this country near Whitby, are in the north of England, chiefly Yorkshire, in the time of Charles I. near the mountain of Cross Fell. Fuller's earth has been dug up for There are one hundred and seventy- centuries near the little village of five mines in this region, the most Nutfield, in Surrey. valuable belonging to Greenwich Hospital.

Wints. The greatest amount of iron is got BETTER the feet slip than the in uth

les, the Forest of Dean, tongue. and South Staffordshire. Between

EVERYTHING is of use to a houseeight and nine hundred thousand tons

keeper. are smelted in these districts alone.

HE that goes bare foot must not The Northumberland and Durham | plant thorns.


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LEAVE JESTING wbile it pleaseth, of the Bible, salvation, may be found lest it turn to earnest.

in brief passages, and may be approBETTER BE BLIND than to see ill. priated by the smallest faith. “BeTHE DRUNKARD'S PURSE is a bottle.

lieve on the Lord Jesus Christ, and CORN is cleaned with the wind, and thou shalt be saved, is the kernel of

the whole Bible. the soul with chastenings.

CONSCIENCE is God's secretary. WITHOUT FAVOUR none will know

The whole of the Christian's life you, and with it you will not know

is a reaching forward. yourself.

THE NINE BEATITUDES in the Ser. A WICKED MAN's gift hath a touch mon on the Mount are intertwined of his master.

with the nine virtues. They cannot I WEPT when I was born, and every be found apart. They are the offday shews why.

spring of one root. THE miserable man maketh a

THE HIGH way improves as you penny of a farthing, and the liberal approach the royal city, and so the of a farthing a sixpence.

road to heaven all the broader EVERY PATH hath a puddle.

when we near our rest. ONE HAND washeth another, and 815,both the face. PRAYERS and provender hinder no

Poetit Selections. journey.

THE best mirror is an old friend.

THE CHILD says nothing but what it is the eventide of life :
it heard by the fire.

Death's turbid waves before me roll;
HE IS NOT POOR that hath little, but And in this narrow pass of life
he that desireth much.

I stand to guard my deathless soul.
LIFE without a friend, is death
without a witness.

Through storm and calm, through dark and
Fly the pleasure that bites to-

light, morrow.

Weary, but resolute, I cling THE FIRST DEGREE CF FOLLY is to To my good sword, my breastplate bright, hold one's self wise, the second to

The armour of my heavenly King. profess it, the third to despise counsel. On guard, on guard I the trumpet-voice He that commits a fault thinks

Rings in my ear: with watchful eye
every one speaks of it.

I gaze, and feel my heart rejoice;
FOLLY grows without watering. My deadliest foes are drawing nigh.

Ye pass not here, hate, envy, pride,

With all the embattled hosts of hell: TIME is the age of the visible world; My Captain standeth at my side ; just but eternity is the age of God.

I fear you not; I know you well.
LOVE loses and finds itself in God.
GOD'S DISPENSATIONS must be read Fast comes the night; my watch is done :

This hour I've longed for many years : from the right to the left, from the

I shall not see another sun: end to the beginning.

Ended is sorrow, toil, and tears. In the strength of the “cake baken on the coals, and the cruse of water Death's waves are rising; sweet release! at his head," Elijah went forty days Nearer I view the heavenly shore; and forty nights into Horeb, the I lay my armour down, and cease mount of God. So the whole virtue To be “ on guard” for evermore.

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