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General DECKER. I might add that any National Guard units coming into the Federal service are paid from the Regular Army funds.

Mr. MAHON. Yes.

General DECKER. That leaves a greater balance in the National Guard appropriation to be expended on the units remaining.

Mr. MAHON. That is correct.

ORGANIZED RESERVES

General DECKER. Now, with respect to the Organized Reserves we have requested an additional $6,000,000, and that is to increase the number of units in the class A status, for 48 drills a year, as compared with 24 to B.

Mr. MAHON. To provide a greater degree of readiness?

General DECKER. To provide a greater degree of readiness for the Organized Reserves.

RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS

For the ROTC, you will note we are asking an additional $9,000,000, which will provide for 28,000 additional basic students and 9,000 additional advanced course students.

Mr. MAHON. Is that as far as you can reasonably go at this time for the ROTC!

General DECKER. We believe it is; it is based on the estimate of how many additional students will enrolí this year in the ROTC—

Mr. Mahon. I would like to have it used for that purpose.

DEPARTMENTAL SALARIES

In the departmental salaries we have a request for an increase of $7,000,000. That is to cover the increase in civilian personnel required in the Headquarters, Department of the Army, and by the chiefs of the technical services as a result of this expansion of the Army.

General DECKER. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, the estimate before you for salaries, Department of the Army, amounts to $7,112,000. This amount will provide for an additional 1,924 manyears of employment to meet the present emergency and represents a 15.5 percent increase over the amount reported by the Senate committee for the regular 1951 budget.

The departmental strength of the Army has been reduced since June 30, 1949, by 1,608 employees. All of this reduction occurred in fiscal year 1950, which has just ended, and has left the technical and administrative services in the position of not being able to meet normal workloads, much less meet new requirements as a result of the present emergency. Consequently, heavy backlogs have developed and overtime costs have increased to meet normal operations. As a result of the present emergency, the workload in all of the departmental agencies has increased in large percentages and will continue to increase in order to meet the demands of an expanded Army and the Korean operation.

The $7,112,000 requested in this budget together with the amount reported by the Senate committee on the regular 1951 requirements, gives a total for fiscal year 1951 of $52,979,000. This amount will

provid 13,518. man-years of employment as compared with 13,853 in fiscal year 1949 and 12,040 in fiscal year 1950.

This supplemental estimate has been thoroughly screened and reduced by the Department to a level which is believed adequate to meet the present emergency with efficiency and economy in over-all departmental operations.

It is recommended that the amount requested be approved by the committee. Statements in support of each departmental salary request have been supplied for the record, and detailed justifications are set forth in the estimates of each agency.

(The statements referred to are as follows:)

STATEMENT OF W. J. WoodS, FOR THE OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF STAFF, ON THE

EXPANDED ARMY, FISCAL YEAR 1951

OFFICE OF CHIEF OF STAFF

The Office of the Chief of Staff requested the apropriation of $6,710,093 to support 1,656 man-years of employment for the fiscal year 1951, of this amount $6,576,293 was reported by the Senate Appropriations Committee to provide 1,623 man-years of employment. The amount of $6,576,293 is scarcely sufficient to support the normal programs of the Office of the Chief of Staff as they existed prior to the outbreak of hostilities in Korea.

The use of United States armed forces in Korea, together with the logistical and intelligence support, brought about immediate and substantial increase in the workload of the entire General Staff. In order to meet this emergency 300 positions, at a cost of $1,022,160, are required. The anticipated augmentation of the existing staff by these 300 positions, as scheduled, will require 240 manyears of employment.

It is anticipated that of this amount $39,484 will be required for ov time in the Office of the Chief of Staff. The use of this sum for paid overtime will avoid the necessity to staff for peak work loads and thereby permit substantial savings.

The workload from July 1 through July 15, 1950, in various subdivisions of the Office of the Chief of Staff increased as follows:

Workload increase Office, Chief of Staff :

(percent) Secretariat-

15 Staff Administrative Office_

20 Staff Communications Office

30 Office of the Chief of Information -

32. 8 Office of the Chief of Legislative Liaison

10 Office of the Comptroller of the Army-

1 Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1, personnel.

35 Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, intelligence.

59 Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, operations,

25 Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-4, logistics-

40 Office of the Executive for Reserve and ROTC Affairs..

3 Armed Forces Information and Education Division, OSD-

3. 7 Every precaution has been taken to avoid excessive staffing; therefore, this request represents the minimum requirements to meet the needs of these divisions at this time.

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL

The Office of the Inspector General requested the appropriation of $208,041 to provide 56 man-years of employment in fiscal year 1951. Of this amount, $203,880 was reported by the Senate Appropriations Committee to provide 55 man-years of employment. This amount is required to support the normal activities of the Office of the Inspector General.

The expansion of the Army incident to the Korean hostilities necessitates a substantial increase in the number of inspections and investigations made by this agency and by inspectors general in the commands, reports of which are reviewed by the Office of the Inspector General. This increased workload neces

sitates the provision of five additional positions-one GS-9 court reporter, one GS-5 secretary, two GS-4 clerk-stenographers, and one GS-3 clerk-typist, at a cost of $16,100.

MANAGEMENT OFFICE

GENERAL STATEMENT OF R. M. YINGLING, CHIEF, MANAGEMENT OFFICE

Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, the present emergency has caused additional requirements in the Office, Secretary of the Army, totaling 47 man-years and $163,137. These increases may be attributed to three primary factors :

(a) A growing complexity in problems facing the secretariat-i. e., the Offices of the Secretary, the Under Secretary, and the two Assistant Secretaries-particularly in the areas of logistics, procurement planning, and industrial mobilization, requiring policy guidance and determinations.

(0) An enlargement in the scope of responsibility of the Civilian Personnel Division as a result of an over-all increase in civilian personnel throughout the Army Establishment, the opening of new installations, and a decentralization of authority from the Civil Service Commission under emergency conditions.

(c) An enlargement of the areas serviced by a group of separate and common headquarters service activities ; i. e., the Communications Division, the Procurement and Supply Division, the Departmental Personnel Operations Branch, and the Army library. Estimates for these activities are based on the anticipated increase in the population of the Department of Defense at the seat of government. With the exception of the Departmental Personnel Operations Branch, these activities operate on a cross-service basis with the other elements of the Department of Defense at the seat of government.

The additional requirements may be categorized as follows: (a) 11.5 man. years and $60,294 in the areas of policy determination, including civilian per sonnel policies and procedures; (6) 35.5 man-years and $102,843 in the areas of separate and common headquarters servicing.

OFFICE OF CHIEF OF ENGINEERS

The supplemental fiscal year 1951 estimate of $349,280 requested for personal services in the Office, Chief of Engineers, and necessitated by the Korean situation will provide an average employment of 80, based on 140 positions. This additional amount will provide minimum services to cope with expanding workloads in the major fields of military supply and procurement, military operations, repairs and utilities, real-estate functions, and related administrative activities.

ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE

STATEMENT OF COL. THOMAS F. KEEFE, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE These estimates provide $2,384,725 for an additional average employment of 795 civilians in the Adjutant General's Office during fiscal year 1951.

The requirement for these additional employees is based entirely upon increased work-loads in critical areas experienced since June 23, 1950. Some of the increases considered are the following:

(a) A 51-percent increase in casualty messages received, resulting in a corresponding increase in workload.

(6) Overseas assignments of officers were increased 50 percent, and domestic assignments 25 percent.

(c) The volume of incoming mail handled concerning reserve officers increased 44 percent, while telephone calls and interviews increased 62 percent.

(d) The workload in connection with recall of Reserve officers to active duty increased 87 percent.

(e) Correspondence pertaining to appointments and promotions of Reserve officers increased 58 percent. In addition, correspondence concerning commissions in National Guard of the United States increased 79 percent.

(f) Workload in Radio Communications Center increased as follows: Review and dispatch of messages, 37 percent; and courier operations, 25 percent.

(9) Classification and distribution of all mail increased 19 percent, to an intake of over 142,750 pieces during the 1-week period ended July 14, 1950.

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(h) Preparation of classified correspondence increased 27 percent, and indexing of classified documents increased 53 percent.

The above items represent only a portion of the major increases in workloads pertaining to operations of the Adjutant General's Office. Other areas are similarly affected; while still others are affected to a lesser degree, but require utilization of additional personenl to prevent the accumulation of backlog.

OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL

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GENERAL STATEMENT, OFFICE OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL Mr. Chairman, and members of the committee, an additional $55,307 for 17 employees for fiscal year 1951 will be required for departmental personal services for the Office of the Judge Advocate General to dispose of the estimated 35percent increase in workload due to the Korean situation, the expanded Army, and the third increment. The increased workload will be reflected in legal matters pertaining to contracts, procurement of Army supplies, industrial mobilization, personnel, claims, military justice, and other functions of the office.

The volume of duties relating to contracts, procurement of supplies, personnel, and claims already has become accelerated, and the requirement of 17 additional employees represents a minimum number to dispose of this increasing workload.

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OFFICE OF THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL

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STATEMENT OF MAJ. GEN. HERMAN FELDMAN, THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL

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The estimated personnel requirements for the Office of the Quartermaster General amount to 339 man-years with a total cost of $1,412,202. In addition thereto, it is estimated that this personnel will be paid an additional $36,000 for overtime.

In order to accomplish the increased supply mission occasioned by the expansion of the Army, it will be necessary to employ this additional personnel for the purpose of providing proper supervision, planning, and establishment of policy direction for the activities connected with the supply of subsistence, general supplies, clothing and equipage, and petroleum; increased operational activities of the branch and general depots; acceleration of industrial mobilization planning; implementation of security and intelligence programs; increased laundry and maintenance activities; and the administrative, property, and fiscal accounting necessary in supporting these increased operations.

The total personnel required has been computed on the basis of an estimated workload derived from experience factors established by cost-accounting records and work-measurement data. Consideration has been given to the fact that workload occasioned by the expansion of forces will require the progressive employment of personnel through the fiscal year.

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OFFICE OF CHIEF OF TRANSPORTATION

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STATEMENT IN SUPPORT OF SUPPLEMENTAL ESTIMATE FISCAL YEAR 1951 FOR

SALARIES, OFFICE OF CHIEF OF TRANSPORTATION 1. The amount estimated in this supplemental request for the Office of the Chief of Transportation amounts to $340,648 and will provide for an increase of 88 man-years.

2. In connection with the Korean task force and augmentation of the Armed Forces there already is a large increase in the flow of matériel and personnel. It is the responsibility of the Office of the Chief of Transportation to insure that there will be no interruption in movements of troops and cargo. This requires control over routings, releases to ports, and requires close coordination between the OCOFT and common carriers. Also close coordination is required with the United States Air Forces and the Military Sea Transportation Service for the most efficient uitilization of transportation facilities. In addition, there is and will continue to be heavy demands for transportation planning. Most of the increased amount requested will be for the Military Planning and Intelligence Division, the Movements Control Division, the Commercial Land Traffic Service Division, the Terminal Operations and Installations Division, the Military Railway Service Division, and the Highway Transport Service Division.

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The other divisions are being held to a minimum, although indications are that the Supply Division, Training and Organization Division, and the Comptroller and Administrative Divisions will require additional personnel.

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL

The Provost Marshal General is requesting an increase in the 1951 fiscal year estimate of $16,926. This amount will provide for the pay of six additional civilian employees to implement the presently assigned civilian personnel.

Due to the Korean situation, the workload of this office in connection with planning, training, and operations has been increased by approximately 30 percent.

The Provost Marshal General is further charged with the operation of the American and Enemy Prisoner of War Information Bureaus as established by article 77 of the Geneva Convention of 1929. During normal times only two civilians are assigned to the American Prisoner of War Information Bureau but present indications are that it will become necessary in the immediate future to increase the staff of this Bureau to comply with the provisions of the aforementioned Geneva Convention.

OFFICE OF CHIEF OF ENGINEERS

SALARIES, OFFICE, CHIEF OF ENGINEERS

(Departmental) The supplemental fiscal year 1951 estimate of $349,280 requested for personal services in the Office, Chief of Engineers, and necessitated by the Korean situation will provide an average employment of 80, based on 140 positions. This additional amount will provide minimum services to cope with expanding workloads in the major fields of military supply and procurement; military operations; repairs and utilities; real estate functions; and related administrative activities.

OFFICE OF CHIEF SIGNAL OFFICER

STATEMENT OF THE CHIEF SIGNAL OFFICER

1. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen, the regular salaries, Office of the Chief Signal Officer, fiscal year 1951 estimates as reported to the Senate amounted to $2,455,821. In order to accomplish the additional workload in the Office of the Chief Signal Officer as a result of the Korean situation, it has been necessary to increase these estimates for fiscal year 1951 by $212,680. This increase is required to pay a total of 52 additional man-years.

2. The increase in personnel is required for the preparation of plans for the activation of new Signal Corps type T/O and E units, scheduling of movement of units to Korea, preparation of procurement programs for major items required, preparations for plans to establish new training courses and augmenting current training courses to provide critical communication specialists, preparation of detailed plans for fixed communications required both in the United States and overseas, and preparation of flash and supplemental budget estimates and funding programs. In addition, increased personnel are required for processing requisitions received for major items of equipment, the acceleration of the development program, and the placing of the message center on a 7-day workweek basis. The total increase requested in man-years amonnts to only approximately 8 percent which is very small compared to the tremendous increase in workload.

3. The revised estimates for salaries, Office of the Chief Signal Officer, are $2,668,501.

OFFICE OF SURGEON GENERAL

STATEMENT OF MAJ. GEN. GEORGE E. ARMSTRONG, OFFICE OF SURGEON GENERAL

The Senate Appropriations Committee approved the sum of $2,475,873 for the pay of 689 man-years of civilian employees in the Office of the Surgeon General during the fiscal year 1951. Additional funds in the amount of $57,424 are required for an increased increment of 16 man-years due to the extra workload resulting from the increase in the strength of the Army.

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