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tion, however, requires the immediate construction of additional facilities for unloading, storing, and dispensing POL products including Avgas, additional warehousing, and additional facilities for handling and storing ammunition. The facilities will be so designed and located as to constitute a portion of the permanent base development in Okinawa. Refrigerated storage building and utilities (includes $600 for construction of adminis

trative telephone system), $1,188,000 This project contemplates the construction of a combined refrigerated and cold-storage building at the Machinato General Depot, with a minimum floor area of 64,567 square feet and the necessary utilities in connection therewith. The structure will be constructed of concrete block with reinforced concrete frame, floor and roof slabs, and will be typhoon resistant, designed to withstand a wind velocity of not less than 120 miles per hour. Typhoon shutters will be provided for all openings. The estimated total requirements for both freeze and chill storage are 194,350 cubic feet of net storage. This structure provides à gross storage space of 347,720 cubic feet. It is estimated that approximately 57 percent of the gross storage would be net storage in view of the aisle space, clearance for machinery and stacking height. Utilities include long run lines, area distribution lines and service connections for water, sewer and electricity and necessary area roads to serve the facility. No real estate acquisition is required for this project.

This structure is required to provide depot storage of perishables for the entire island complement of Army, Navy, and Air Force personnel. Extensive losses of perishable provisions have been experienced due to the existing inefficient and inadequate interim facilities. Such conditions, however, have improved since the refrigerated warehouse at Naha has been in operation and, with the rerouting of reefer ships, the continued loss of perishables has been reduced. There is no civilian refrigerated storage available for this purpose. An agreement has been reached between the Army and the Ryukus military government that the Army refrigerated warehouse constructed at Naha will be transferred to the military government upon the completion of this project. This action is required due to the change in Army planning to establish a consolidated depot at Machinato. The equity represented by the Army refrigerated warehouse at Naha will be offset by the equity represented by equipment and materials procured from GARIOA funds. The utilities are necessary in order that the refrigerated storage building can be made operable. The total cost of this project is estimated at $2,188,000 and includes $1,000,000 for equipment. Since fiscal year 1950 GÁRIOA funds in this amount have been authorized for the procurement of this equipment only. The amount stated above is required to provide the refrigerated storage building. Communication facilities, $1,046,000

This project contemplates the construction of structures required to properly house vital communication facilities on Okinawa. It includes:

1. A signal transmitter building for the Army command and administrative network.

2. A signal receiver building for the Army command and administrative network.

3. A communications center building for the Army command administrative network.

4. A VHF/FM radio relay building.

5. Emergency, power buildings for each of the above facilities to house generators providing power in the event of failure of the primary power systems.

6. A telephone exchange at the Machinato General Depot.

7. Utilities for the above including water, sewer, and electric lines and necessary interior roads. All buildings will be constructed of concrete block with reinforced concrete frame floor and roof slabs, typhoon-resistant designed to withstand a wind velocity of not less than 120 miles per hour. Typhoon shutters will be provided for all openings. Air conditioning will be installed in operational areas, when necessary, to protect the delicate and expensive equipment from damage by moisture and dust.

Existing facilities are housed in temporary structures, not air conditioned and requiring excessive maintenance. During typhoons "Libby” and “Gloria” the buildings were damaged with considerable loss of equipment which required immediate and costly replacement. Experience has indicated that the temporary quon

sets or prefab buildings are not suitable for housing Signals Corps communications equipment, due to rapid deterioration caused by semitropical weather and by the severe storms experienced on Okinawa. The establishment of adequate, reliable Signal communication is essential for operation and efficiency of the command. The utilities are necessary in order that the facilities within the buildings can be made operable. The present international situation necessitates construction of the facilities at the earliest possible date.

Japan
Bridging components fabrication and assembly facilities.

$6, 400, 000 Base maintenance repair and equipment assembly shops-

5, 300, 000 Highways.

2,000,000 Personnel rehabilitation centers.

500,000 Hospital rehabilitation and expansion.

1, 750, 000 Clothing and equipage repair facilities..

750, 000 Communication facilities (security, command, and administrative) -- 800,000 Intransit personnel facilities

1, 500,000 Cargo unloading and forwarding terminal --

3,000,000 Total..

22, 000, 000 Japan is the principal Pacific base for operations in Korea. To support this operation certain facilities are required. Because the Japanese people are not concerned with the war in Korea, the costs of providing the above items cannot be charged against the Japanese occupation. While facilities, in addition to the above, will undoubtedly be required, those listed above are required immediately in order to receive, store and forward to Korea personnel and equipment required in the Korean_operation and to rehabilitate personnel and material evacuated from Korea. These facilities will be so designed as to be constructed in the shortest possible time and at minimum cost compatible with operational equipment.

Mr. SHEPPARD. You do not know for what purposes they ultimately are going to have to be used for, but as of the moment you have it set up as to what in your best judgment it will be used for.

General BARRIGER. That is right. We have sent these titles out to him. We have received no objection back.

Mr. SHEPPARD. I think your frankness is throughly acceptable under the circumstances. Mr. Sikes, do you have any questions you wish to ask?

Mr. Sikes. To me it appears much more desirable to wait until you know what you are going to spend the money for, before you come to us with a request for it?

General BARRIGER. Well, he has estimated that he needs $13,000,000 on Okinawa. We know that the POL storage out there does require construction now. He has said that he cannot take any money out of the Japanese economy to support the Korean operation except in a very minor way.

That is how much money he thinks he needs. That is how much we are asking for.

Mr. SHEPPARD. Will you permit an interruption?
Mr. SIKES. Yes.

Mr. SHEPPARD. Do you anticipate that by the time you get over to the Senate side with this requirement you will have more specific details as to this justification?

General BARRIGER. At what time, Mr. Chairman? Mr. SHEPPARD. When you appear before the Senate committee. General BARRIGER. That is possible; yes, sir. We hope to have. We have sent this out and we have not received the answer. The only thing I can say is that he has not said this is what he does not want.

Mr. SIKES. That is all.

Mr. SHEPPARD, Are there any questions upon this subject, Mr. Rabaut?

CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENT IN KOREA Mr. MAHON. General, when we start northward in our advance toward the thirty-eighth parallel in Korea it is going to be necessary to repair bridges and do a lot of things in order to make our transport feasible.

General BARRIGER. That is right. Mr. Mahon. Where are you going to get the money for that sort of thing?

General BARRIGER. I am afraid, sir, we are going to come back and ask for more.

Mr. Mahon. When are you going to do it?

General BARRIGER. Well, I would like to come back with some more definite idea of what our problem is going to be than is available to us now.

Mr. Mahon. Yes, I think so.

General BARRIGER. I would like to say that we will do it just as soon as we have something firm on which to base it.

Mr. MAHON. When will you have to have the money?

General BARRIGER. We will have to have it when the advance starts. I do not know when the advance will start.

Mr. Mahon. Well, certainly before Congress reconvenes in Janu: ary there will be some advance, and there will be some necessity for the expenditure of considerable sums. As much as we regret the situation, we know that a lot of money is going to have to be spent in South Korea rehabilitating bridges and so on for military purposes alone, leaving aside the

question of the domestic economy. What we will do about the domestic economy has not been determined.

General BARRIGER. Mr. Chairman, the military requirements will largely be in tactical bridging material and things like that; which will not be in the construction program. That is, the immediate requirements.

Mr. MAHON. Do you have any further response?
General BARRIGER. It will be an Engineer supply item.
Mr. Mahon. We have given them a lot of things.
General BARRIGER. Yes, sir.

Mr. Mahon. Do you have any further response to my interrogation along this line?

General BARRIGER. I do not think I can go any further with it right now, because I do not know.

OKINAWA AND JAPAN

Mr. MAHON. This money you are discussing now is for Okinawa and Japan?

General BARRIGER. That is right.

Mr. Mahon. Of course, there has been no construction for war in Japan, in this Korean encounter, but you are asking in Japan for bridging components fabrication of $6,400,000, and $2,000,000 for highways, and $3,000,000 for cargo unloading and forwarding terminal.

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These are figures which you apparently had to more or less guess, based upon your experience?

General BARRIGER. That is absolutely true. The additional use of the Japanese roads by heavy American equipment, we feel, will undoubtedly require a lot of road repair. We will have to put up some sort of jerry-built structures to cover supplies and things like that.

Mr. Mahon. Of course, it is unfortunate that we, the victor nation, could not have the Japanese themselves bear the labor cost.

General BARRIGER. I think that they will for all the occupation, but when it is a question of supporting Korea, I do not know that we should expect them to support Korea. It does not seem to me that we should.

Mr. TABER. You figure that a good deal of this has got to go into Korea, is that the idea?

General BARRIGER. It is all for the support of Korea. Now, he may spend some of this money in Korea, I do not know; but we estimate that it will be spent in Japan and Okinawa.

Mr. Mahon. During the war, where were you, General?

General BARRIGER. I was in England, in France, and Germany during the war.

Mr. Mahon. Outline briefly how we handled theater-of-operations expenditures of this type during World War II?

General BARRIGER. During World War II I had some logistical responsibilities, but it was all tactical. All this business of reverse lend-lease, and all that rigmarole that some people know about, I do not know anything about. I do not know how they did it. My job was to get supplies to the troops.

Mr. Mahon. And you had the money with which to operate?

General BARRIGER. I did not have to use money. I was in a very fortunate position.

Mr. Mahon. During the war it was—I almost said difficult it was impossible to sit around this table and appropriate for specific items in the various theaters of operation. Wide latitude was exercised by our field commanders, of course. And if this Korean situation gets too big, it may be that it is going to become more and more difficult to estimate what those requirements are and the commanding general of the area will have to have wide latitude, which we hope and pray will be used in an efficient and economical way. That is all.

Mr. PLUMLEY. I want to be sure that I understand; I think I do. General MacArthur has indicated that he will need $13,000,000-plus for use in Okinawa and $22,000,000 for Japan.

General BARRIGER. That is right.

Mr. PLUMLEY. Then you made up tables based on your judgment as to what the needs as indicated might be specifically?

General BARRIGER. That is right.

Mr. PLUMLEY. Which are more or less and compelled to be an estimate?

General BARRIGER. That is right.

Mr. PLUMLEY. The total sum has been indicated by him to be the amount which I have named? Am I right?

General BARRIGER. That is right. We had a team that went out there and these figures were brought back by that team. That is about all that we have got to go on. We have sent this information to him and he has not said he does not want these particular items. We have not got any other answer.

Mr. PLUMLEY, This team which you sent out there, of course, met him and met his staff?

General BARRIGER. That is right.

Mr. PLUMLEY. The staff indicated to your team the total amount you have suggested?

General BARRIGER. That is right.

Mr. PLUMLEY. Without specific mention or allocation as to where the money might go or where to be expended?

General BARRIGER. Without complete support. May I ask Colonel Davis to comment on this?

Colonel Davis. In the case of Okinawa, they only broke the figure down to 7.5 million dollars for POL-petrol, oil and lubricants. The remainder there in Okinawa was merely shown as general construction.

Mr. PLUMLEY. Then you split that up in items as indicated.

Colonel Davis. We split that up into all the types of things that were originally planned there. In connection with Japan, the $2,000,000 for roads was broken out and the other $20,000,000 was merely listed as general construction.

Mr. PLUMLEY. That is satisfactory, so far as I am concerned.

Mr. SHEPPARD. That is the best information you have to offer the committee at this time covering these two particular requests?

Colonel Davis. Yes, sir.

Mr. SHEPPARD. Gentlemen, we have spent a very educational morning and afternoon. We appreciate your appearance. At this time we shall excuse you.

TUESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1950, PILOT PLAN FOR CROP STUDIES

WITNESS

BRIG. GEN. E. C. WALLINGTON, ASSISTANT CHIEF, CHEMICAL

WARFARE SERVICE

Mr. SHEPPARD. May I say to you, General Wallington, that we have invited you before the committee to answer a question of which I was the author. The question refers to an item on page 56 of the justifications, pilot plan for crop studies. That represents a request for $373,500. I want to know the purpose for which you are going to use that money and what progress you have made with the project, and what the efficiency of the operation is, under that subhead.

You may make your answer completely off the record, if you wish.
General WALLINGTON. I think it should be off the record.
(Discussion off the record.)
Mr. MAHON. Thank you very much, gentlemen.

General BARRIGER. Gentlemen, we thank you very much for your consideration and your patience.

AUTHORIZATION FOR CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS Mr. Mahon. Congressman Carl Vinson, chairman of the House Committee on Armed Services, has communicated his interest in

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