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Battalion headquarters and supply facilities are necessary to maintain the integrity of the combat units and aid in the fulfillment of their mission. This facility is necessary to serve the units for which housing facilities are being provided in the fiscal year 1950 and regular fiscal year 1951 programs. This will provide approximately 25 percent of requirements for the currently authorized troop deployment. The unit cost estimate of $27 per square foot is based on experience in fiscal year program less approximately 22 percent on basis of limited fiscal year 1950 experience plus 15 percent for an anticipated rise in cost due to the present emergency. Railroad, access trackage, and classification yard, $945,000

This project proposes construction of approximately 9 miles of railroad trackage to extend existing facilities for construction proposed in this budget and to provide a classification yard to serve the general depot and ammunition storage

The present classification yard is in the Air Force area approximately 272 miles from the general depot. It is essential that a classification yard be provided in the immediate vicinity of the Alaska General Depot. In addition, Army criteria specifies that a small holding yard be provided in the ammunition storage area separate from the main classification area. This is an essential safety measure. The extension of existing sidings is essential to permit direct unloading from railroad cars to the additional warehouses requested in this budget. This project will supply ultimate requirements of Fort Richardson with the exception of short spurs which will be necessary to extend sidings to facilities requested in future budgets. The unit cost estimate of $105,000 per mile is based on experience in fiscal year 1949 program less approximately 22 percent on basis of limited fiscal year 1950 experience plus 15 percent for an anticipated rise in cost due to the present emergency.

Ladd Air Force Base (Army), Alaska Site clearing, preparation, grading, and erosion control..

0, 200 Field maintenance and artillery shop

520, 200 Fire-reporting system (telephone).

14, 400 Oil and grease storage--

74, 800 Warehouse for items peculiar to Army

408, 200 Railroad..

123, 100 Gymnasium and indoor training facility.

808, 000 Headquarters building, task force..

315, 900 Battalion headquarters and supply

371, 400

Total.

2, 796, 200

DETAILED JUSTIFICATION OF PROJECT

Site clearing, preparation, grading, and erosion control, $160,200

This project proposes the site clearing and site preparation required in the Army area of this Air Force base for construction of Army projects, including the layout and clearing of access roads. Care will be taken that the location of the access roads will conform to the alinement of the permanent roads and all clearing will be held to the minimum requirements of the construction program.

It is necessary to remove the tundra prior to actual construction. The existing timber will be removed only in cases where it is in conflict with the location of structure or the development of special areas.

The site, located on the flood plain of the Tanana River, consists of approximately 2 feet of tundra which is underlaid with fairly well graded gravel and is partially covered by light scrub timber. It is necessary to remove the tundra in all areas where construction is contemplated prior to initiation of the work. During the greater part of the construction season, approximately 90 days frostfree in this area, track-laying equipment is the only type vehicle that can travel over the uncleared ground.

In addition, the work will include the necessary grading for surface drainage erosion control, and landscaping in the immediate vicinity of the buildings. The master plan calls for a diversion ditch to remove Clear Creek from the original channel which is in the immediate vicinity of the troop housing area.

The removal of Clear Creek to a new channel will alleviate the flooding conditions caused by back-up water when the Chena slough is at flood stage and will also

provide additional drainage for the Army area. Additional grading and back filling is required due to the fact that two barrow pits, one of which is to be filled and the second to be landscaped, are in the approximate center of this area.

This project will also include the replacing of the top soil, which will be saved during the stripping operations, and its use in landscaping the entire area.

The severe climatic conditions encountered in this area make the use of underground storm drainage impracticable; therefore, it is essential that special attention be given to surface drainage in all phases of the grading and landscaping. Field maintenance and artillery shop (cost estimate includes $16,000 of administrative

telephone system), $520,200 The building proposed will be of the monitor type approximately 100 by 200 feet. The center bay will have a clear span of 40 feet. Each of the lean-tos will have a 30-foot span. This structure will have a steel or a reinforced concrete frame with concrete block walls below the windows, glass block windows for natural lighting only, and cement asbestos siding about the windows. The building will be equipped with mechanical ventilation for the removal of noxious gases resulting from the operation of internal combustion of the engines within the buildings. The building will also be equipped with electrical power outlets for the operation of trouble lamps and portable tools, grease racks, and equipmentwashing facilities. In addition, it will contain a small office. A clear area having a minimum diameter of 58 feet and a minimum ceiling height of 33 feet will be provided in one end of the building to permit the repair and testing of mechanized equipment and 120-millimeter antiaircraft guns. This building will be located in the Army area where it will be readily accessible to the various tactical units. It will provide the total requirement for this type of facility at this station. No similar facilities exist nor are any included in pending programs.

Climatic conditions at this station are such that it is imperative that heated shops be provided for all maintenance and repair facilities. During the severe winter weather, it is necessary to bring equipment into heated shop buildings to accomplish even the simplest of maintenance operations, since outside temperatures are so low it is impossible for men to work effectively. The unit cost estimate of $26 per square foot is based on experience in fiscal year 1949 program less approximately 22 percent on basis of limited fiscal year 1950 experience plus 15 percent for an anticipated rise in costs due to the present emergency. Fire-reporting system (telephone), $14,400

This project proposes construction of a fire-reporting telephone system to cover those projects included herein and those authorized by previous legislation which have not been constructed yet.

Department of the Army criteria specify that fire-reporting telephone systems be used throughout the developed area. Telephone-reporting systems are essential to cover the open-storage areas and to provide outside telephones which are readily accessible throughout the area for reporting fires at any time. Oil and grease storage (cost estimate includes $500 for construction of administrative

telephone system), $74,800 This project proposes construction of a heated storage building, approximately 3,000 square feet, frame construction on concrete floor at truck-bed height.

It is essential that heated storage facilities be provided for packaged lubricants because of the extremely low temperatures encountered in this area. Lubricants stored outside require several days warm storage to permit their use. This facility will provide adequate warm storage for packaged lubricants and thus obviate the necessity of utilizing space in the more expensive shop buildings for this purpose. The unit cost estimate of $24.90 per square foot is based on experience in fiscal year 1949 less approxmiately 22 percent on basis of limited fiscal year 1950 experience plus 15 percent for an anticipated rise in costs due to the present emergency. Warehouse for items peculiar to Army (cost estimate includes $3,500 of adminis

trative telephone system), $408,200 This project proposes a warehouse building, approximately 24,000 square feet (80 by 300 feet), of permanent fireproof construction with rail unloading dock on one side and truck unloading dock on the opposite side. Floor level will be railcar and truck level height.

In accordance with the policy of the theater, all supplies common to both Army and Air Force will be warehoused by the main post supply facilities. This project is essential to provide warehousing in the Army area for the storage of an adequate level of supply of those items peculiar to the Army.

This facility will be located in the industrial area with a railroad spur available for direct unloading from railroad cars.

The unit cost estimate of $17 per square foot is based on experience in fiscal year 1948 program less approximately 22 percent on basis of limited fiscal year 1950 experience plus 15 percent for an anticipated rise in cost due to the present emergency. Railroad, $123,100

This project proposes construction of a railroad ling of approximately 1 mile to serve the warehouse included herein.

This facility is essential to permit loading and unloading of supplies and materials directly from railroad cars into the warehouse. Direct methods saves double handling and extra haul of incoming supplies and is essential to efficient and economical warehouse operation. This estimate is based on experience in fiscal year 1949 program less approximately 22 percent on basis of limited fiscal year 1950 experience plus 15 percent for an anticipated rise in cost due to the present emergency. Gymnasium and indoor training facility (cost estimate includes $1,000 of adminis

tration telephone system), $808,000 This project proposes construction of an enlisted-man gymnasium and indoor training facility, approximately 21,000 square feet, having a structural steel frame with concrete block curtain well below the windows and with cement asbestos siding above. The building will be insulated to offset the extremely low winter temperature prevalent in this area.

With the number of troops which will be stationed at this installation, it is essential that indoor training and recreational facilities be provided. The existing facilities used for this purpose are temporary huts in the Air Force area. These are inadequate in size and ceiling height for indoor training and are suitable for only limited indoor recreational activities. The severe climatic conditions encountered makes it imperative that adequate facilities be provided for indoor training and recreation of troops during the winter months. This project will provide necessary facilities to satisfy total Army requirements at this post. The unit cost estimate of $38.50 per square foot is based on experience in fiscal year 1949 program less approximately 22 percent on basis of limited fiscal year 1950 experience plus 15 percent for an anticipated rise in cost due to the present emergency. Headquarters building, task force (cost estimate includes $12,500 of administrative

telephone system), $315,900 This project proposes construction of a headquarters building, approximately 10,000 square feet, permanent-type frame construction on concrete foundation, 2-story with basement. This building will be located in the Army area readily accessible to both the troop area and industrial area.

This facility is necessary to provide headquarters offices for the task force stationed at Ladd Air Force Base. The task force headquarters will be temporarily located in the battalion headquarters building for which funds are requested in the regular fiscal year 1951 budget until this construction is provided. The unit cost estimate of $31.60 per square foot, is based on experience in fiscal year 1949 program less approximately 22 percent on basis of limited fiscal year 1950 experience plus 15 percent for an anticipated rise in cost due to the present emergency. Battalion headquarters and supply (cost estimate includes $6,000 of administrative

telephone system), $371,400

This project proposed construction of 1.4 battalion headquarters buildings, approximately 11,800 square feet (8,400 square feet in each building). Construction will be of permanent-type frame in concrete foundation.

Battalion headquarters and supply facilities are necessary to maintain the integrity of the combat units and aid in the fulfillment of their mission.

Funds were requested in the regular fiscal year 1951 budget for 0.6 of a unit. The 1.4 units proposed herein will complete the partial unit requested in the fiscal year 1951 budget and provide an additional unit. The two complete buildings are essential to provide adequate office and supply space for headquarters of the tactical units to be stationed at this post. The unit cost estimate of $31.50 per square foot is based on experience in fiscal year 1949 program less approximately 22 percent on basis of limited fiscal year 1950 experience plus 15 percent for an anticipated rise in cost due to the present emergency.

Alaska general Communications station.

$7, 623, 700 Utilities, roads, walks, drainage, street lighting, etc.

1, 582, 240 Total.--

9, 205, 940 Communications station, $7,623,700

A communications station, now operating in Alaska, is severely handicapped by physical and technical operating limitations which cannot be rectified at the existing location.

In addition to being poorly located, it is small and has insufficient space available for the expansion and development necessary for the proper accomplishment of its mission.

This project proposes the construction of more adequate facilities at a more satisfactory location. Design of the proposed facilities is authorized and financed in the regular fiscal year 1951 program.

Additional supporting information of a classified nature is available for separate presentation, if necessary. Utilities, roads, walks, drainage, street lighting, etc., $1,582,240

This project provides for the construction of outside utility lines, roads, walks, etc., required in connection with the construction proposed hereinbefore at Eielson Air Force Base, Ladd Air Force Base, and Fort Richardson, all in Alaska.

These facilities are essential to the usability of the structures proposed for construction,

Mr. SHEPPARD. Will you give us an over-all explanation of that requirement?

General BARRIGER. This is all a part of the Alaskan development program for the defense of this country from that area.

This is essentially a speed-up of what was programed in increments in 1952 and 1953.

We do not have the facilities there now to put the troops in that should be in that area. As a result of expansion of the Army we will get them in that area and we would like to have this to take care of them.

FORT RICHARDSON Mr. SHEPPARD. The largest request is reflected on page 69 of your justifications in the amount of $16,325,000. That breakdown, of course, is composed of a lot of structures.

How much of the structures that are reflected here are additions to those in existence as compared with that of the entirely new? Can you give me an answer on that, or do you not have it available?

Colonel Galloway. All of these structures are entirely new structures, sir.

Mr. SHEPPARD. This particular breakdown I have before me is for the application of your projects at Fort Richardson.

Colonel GALLOWAY. That is right. Fort Richardson is in two parts. One part is where the headquarters of the Alaska Command is located, and the Army part is about 7 miles distant.

Mr. SHEPPARD. This is indicated as being part of the Army?
Colonel GALLOWAY. Yes, sir; that is right, sir.

ALASKA, GENERAL Mr. SHEPPARD. I notice another outstanding item insofar as your request is concerned. That is the one of $9,205,940, which is broken down on page 83 of the justifications.

Colonel GALLOWAY. One of those, sir, is in connection with a classified project.

General BARRIGER. This is Ladd Field.
Mr. SHEPPARD. I am referring to "Alaska, general."
Colonel GALLOWAY. Yes, sir.

Mr. SHEPPARD. That is reflected on page 83 of your justifications in the amount of $9,205,940.

Colonel GALLOWAY. That large item refers to a classified project dealing with communications which I believe we have discussed previously with the committee, sir.

Mr. SHEPPARD. That is right. We had an extensive discussion on that item and its necessity.

Are there any questions, Mr. Sikes?

STATUS OF FACILITIES IN ALASKA

Mr. SIKES. Does this bring the Army facility in Alaska up to the full state of readiness that you want so far as you now can determine?

General BARRIGER. It is not the complete program, Mr. Sikes.

Mr. Sikes. What percentage of the complete program does it represent? General BARRIGER. Let us estimate that at 75 percent.

Mr. SIKES. This will bring the complete program to a state of 75 percent?

General BARRIGER. Approximately 75 percent of the complete program.

Mr. SIKES. When is it estimated that these facilities will be ready for use?

Colonel GALLOWAY. When, sir?
Mr. SIKES. Yes.

Colonel GALLOWAY. I would say they would probably be ready for use, all

. of them, by 2 years from now, sir, if we get an appropriation within the next month or so.

IMPORTANCE OF PROGRAM

Mr. SIKES. In view of the very great strategic importance of Alaska are you willing to tell the committee that all the items contained in this rather large breakdown are necessary?

General BARRIGER. I would like to point one thing out in that connection. I say "Yes, they are," unequivocally, but these are permanent facilities for the protection of that area. In other words, if we have to go into Alaska we will go regardless of what we have. However, this is permanent construction to take care of the permanent defense of this country from that area.

Mr. SIKES. That is all, Mr. Chairman.
Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. Are all these items fully authorized ?
Mr. SHEPPARD. What is the answer, Colonel Moore?
Colonel MOORE. Yes, sir.

GYMNASIUM AND INDOOR TRAINING FACILITIES-EIELSON AIR FORCE

BASE

Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. I realize that construction in Alaska is expensive, but some of these items look pretty large at first sight.

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