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PROPOSED INCREASES IN PROGRAM

(1) An increase of $3,429,000 for "Maintenance and operation.—This increase provides for the opening and rehabilitation of supplementary facilities at existing active establishments for receiving, processing, and distributing personnel; and for an over-all increased operational load at these establishments.

(2) An increase of $923,300 for Processing applicants for enlistment.—This provides for travel, lodging, and subsistence of applicants for enlistment in the regular navy and of enlisted Naval Reservists being processed for ecall to active duty. Research and development: Senate bill, 1951.

$183, 000 Proposed supplemental..

0 Revised requirement, 1951.

183, 000 No increase is required for this budget activity. Departmental administration: Senate bill, 1951.-

$6, 431, 900 Proposed supplemental.

678, 000

Revised requirement, 1951..

7, 112, 900

PROPOSED INCREASES IN PROGRAM

(1) An increase of $ 408,000 for Departmental operating expenses.—This provides for increased operating expenses in the Bureau of Naval Personnel, including such items as rental of tabulating equipment, military and civilian travel, longdistance telephone tolls, postage, repairs to equipment, the procurement of personnel record jackets and printed record forms necessary for the administration of naval personnel, and necessary consumable office supplies.

(2) An increase of $270,000 for "Personal services.—This provides for the salaries of 50 additional civilian employees at the seat of the Government; and for overtime of civilian personnel, as required by current conditions. Military occupational classification project: Senate bill, 1951.-

$210, 000 Proposed supplemental.

0 Revised requirement, 1951..

210, 000 No increase is required for this budget activity. Admiral ROPER. That is all I have, sir. Mr. MAHON. Thank you very much, Admiral.

MILITARY PERSONNEL, MARINE CORPS

WITNESSES

GEN. C. B. CATES, COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS
MAJ. GEN. W. P. T. HILL, QUARTERMASTER GENERAL OF THE
MARINE CORPS

Mr. Mahon. Will you make a general statement for the Marine Corps, General Cates?

GENERAL STATEMENT

General CATEs. In order to provide the additional forces required under current approved plans of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for the Korean operation, the Marine Corps will require 2,997 officers and 60,579 enlisted personnel in addition to the fiscal year 1951 strength previously authorized. The new Marine Corps body ceiling for fiscal year 1951 would then be 10,314 officers and 127,699 enlisted.

The man-year average strength required under this body ceiling will be as follows:

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The planned allocation of these personnel is as follows:

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The forces that can be established and maintained under the foregoing personnel ceiling will be outlined off the record if the committee so desires.

This plan will require an input of 3,998 officers and 66,990 enlisted personnel during fiscal year 1951, in addition to those previously provided in the fiscal year 1951 budget to replace normal peacetime attrition. This input is predicated upon passage of legislation exteading enlistments of regular personnel now on board.

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Mr. TABER. What will be the average number you will have through the year?

General Cates. The average man-years will be 9,509 officers.
Mr. TABER. That is the average?
General Cates. That is the average man-years.
Mr. TABER. That is not the total?
General Cates. No, sir.
Mr. TABER. What is the total?

General Cates. The total is 10,314 officers. The average manyears, enlisted, is 109,052.

Mr. TABER. What is the total?

General Cates. 127,699 enlisted.
Mr. TABER. Do you get most of your officers from the Reserve?

General Cates. From the Reserve. The increase will be entirely from the Reserve except the ones coming in from the Naval Academy and the aviation cadets and a few other odds and ends.

Mr. Mahon. This will result, of course, next year in having these men in a pay status for the entire year rather than a portion of the year?

General CATEs. That is correct; yes, sir.
Mr. SIKES. How many marines do you have on board now?

General CATEs. We actually have right now 65,000 plus enlisted men and about 7,000 officers.

Mr. SIKES. How many do you plan to call in? What will be the total strength?

General Cates. From the Organized Reserve we will get approximately 30,000 enlisted men. From the Voltunteer Reserve we will get about 29,000. The recruits we estimate at 9,000, the aviation cadets and spare parts at about 1,000.

Mr. SIKES. That makes a total strength of what number?
General CaTEs. Making a total of 3,998 officers and 66,990 enlisted.
Mr. SIKES. That is in addition to what you now have?
General CATEs. Yes, sir.
Mr. SIKES. That just about doubles your present force?
General CatEs. Practically double it.

Mr. SIKES. Of the force which you now have in being, how many of them are in combat units, either on or off the record?

General CATES. This is off the record. (Discussion off the record.)

Mr. SIKES. Mr. Chairman, I think this is the kind of example that we would like to see followed in the other services where we have a broad base but a comparatively small number of men in combat units. The thing that this country needs now is men in combat units who can strike speedily wherever they are needed. I like the organization of the marines and I respect them for their economy of operation.

I recognize the fact that there are difficulties involved which might make it impractical for the other services to achieve as high a percentage of men in combat units as do the Marines, but I think it is a mark to shoot at. The Marine Corps organization appears to me to be the perfect answer to problems such as that in Korea.

General Cates. Thank you. I might add that 80 percent of our input will go into combat units.

Mr. SIKES. Eighty percent? That is a most significant figure. It is far above that of any other service.

General CATEs. Yes, sir.
Mr. Mahon. Will you complete your statement, General?
General CaTEs. Yes.

The Marine Corps already has called up its Organized Reserve ground units. Some Organized Reserve air squadrons will be called to active duty in order to provide personnel to bring one Marine Aircraft Group to war strength. As the Marine Corps is already at its ceiling strength of 16 fighter squadrons, no additional squadrons will be provided under this plan. The figures given above are based on an estimated 80 percent availability of the Organized Marine Corps Reserve for planning purposes. This 20-percent loss would be due to

deferments for physical causes, employment in critical industries, or individual cases of extreme hardship. Actual availability will not be known until the majority of units have been called in.

The Marine Corps does not plan to call in Volunteer Reserves except in certain unusual specialties, until a clearer picture of required specialties obtained from the Organized Reserve is known. This information should be available by the middle of September, at which time those volunteer reservists whose specialties are required, will be called in the numbers listed above. Insofar as practicable, and within required specialties, Reserve personnel desiring active duty will be given first preference.

At the present time the Marine Corps does not expect to have to resort to induction of untrained enlisted personnel during fiscal

Organized reservists are considered available for assimilation into Fleet Marine Force units immediately. Veterans can be sent to combat at once. Nonveterans would be ready for combat with a minimum of 2 months' training and conditioning. In general, volunteer reservists may need a longer training period if they are not veterans. Many of the volunteer reservists are specialists who would fill billets in the supporting establishment. It is planned to utilize recruits to replace other trained Marines in the Marine security forces and posts and stations within the continental limits of the United States. If it later should be necessary to utilize recruits directly for combat replacements, they will be given a minimum of 1 month's recruit training provided. A longer training period will, of course, be given wherever possible.

year 1951.

FAMILY ALLOWANCES

This submission does not include provision for family allowances now under consideration.

In summary, the augmentation requested under this plan will provide an additional 2,676 officers and 49,072 enlisted personnel for combat employment and pipeline. It will provide an additional 321 officers and 11,507 enlisted for support of these forces. Eighty percent of the total increase will be for combat employment.

SUMMARY JUSTIFICATION DATA

Mr. Mahon. We will insert the prepared justifications at this point. Senate bill, 1951.-

$200, 923, 000 Proposed supplemental

+128, 395, 000 Revised requirement, 1951.

329, 318, 000

Activity

Senate bill

1951

Proposed
increase

1951

Revised requirement

1951

Pay and allowances.
Subsistence in kind.
Travel, permanent change of station.
Individual clothing and uniform gratuities.
Other individual military personnel costs.

Total

$167, 308, 000

16,011, 610
5,885, 859
6, 877, 379
4, 840, 152

$79, 079, 000
23, 553, 000

6, 754, 000
15, 754, 000
3, 255, 000

$246, 387.000

39, 564, 610 12, 639, 859 22, 631, 379 8,095, 152

200, 923, 000

128, 395,000

329, 318,000

Pay and allowances:

Senate bill, 1951.
Proposed supplemental

$167, 308, 000

79, 079, 000

Revised requirement, 1951.--

246, 387, 000

PROPOSED INCREASES IN PROGRAM

(1) An increase of $79,079,000 for an increase 44,124 Marine Corps personnel. The increase in this activity will provide the pay and allowances prescribed by law for the build-up in personnel explained in the Commandant's Statement. Included in the increase are basic pay, sea and foreign duty pay, cash subsistence and quarters allowances, and incentive pay. Subsistence in kind: Senate bill, 1951.

$16, 011, 610 Proposed supplemental.-

23, 553, 000 Revised requirement, 1951.--

39, 564, 610

PROPOSED INCREASES IN PROGRAM

(1) An increase of $23,553,000 for subsistence in kind for enlisted personnel.— The increase requested for this activity will provide for subsistence in kind for an increase of 41,403 enlisted personnel plus provision for all subsistence rates at the level indicated by the wholesale food index for May 31, 1950. Travel, permanent change of station: Senate bill, 1951.-.

$5, 885, 859 Proposed supplemental.

6, 754, 000 Revised requirement, 1951.

12, 639, 859

PROPOSED INCREASES IN PROGRAM

(1) An increase of $6,754,000 for permanent change of station travel of additional personnel. --The additional funds requested for this activity are necessary to mobilize the Marine Corps Reserve and provide for transfer of personnel as needed in accordance with approved plans. Individual clothing and uniform gratuities: Senate bill, 1951..

$6, 877, 379 Proposed supplemental..

15, 754, 000 Revised requirement, 1951.--

22, 631, 379

PROPOSED INCREASE IN PROGRAM

(1) An increase of $15,754,000 for the clothing outfits of additional personnel. — Funds requested under this activity will provide uniform clothing for recruits and reservists ordered to active duty. Other individual military personnel costs: Senate bill, 1951.

$4, 840, 152 Proposed supplemental.

3, 255, 000 Revised requirement, 1951.--

8, 095, 152

PROPOSED INCREASES IN PROGRAM

(1) An increase of $3,255,000 for additional separation costs. — The increase in this item will provide for death gratuity payments prescribed by law, plus separation items for personnel separated from the active list because of physical disability.

SUBSISTENCE RATES

Mr. TABER. On page 1, the first financial table, you will note that the subsistence in kind-I presume that means rations—for 67,000 enlisted men is $16,000,000. For the additional 41,932 it is $23,

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