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HEALTH AND SAFETY IN THE COAL MINES

HEARING

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-FIRST CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

HEALTH AND SAFETY IN THE COAL MINES

CENTERVILLE, PA.

JUNE 26, 1970
WASHINGTON, D.C.
AUGUST 6, 7 AND 14, 1970
CHARLESTON, W. VA.

AUGUST 17, 1970

Printed for the use of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare

U.S GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1971

47-135 0

COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE

RALPH YARBOROUGH, Texas, Chairman
JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia JACOB K. JAVITS, New York
HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey WINSTON L. PROUTY, Vermont
CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

PETER H. DOMINICK, Colorado
EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts GEORGE MURPHY, California
GAYLORD NELSON, Wisconsin

RICHARD S. SCHWEIKER, Pennsylvania WALTER F. MONDALE, Minnesota

WILLIAM B. SAXBE, Ohio
THOMAS F. EAGLETON, Missouri

RALPH TYLER SMITH, Illinois
ALAN CRANSTON, California
HAROLD E. HUGHES, Iowa

ROBERT 0. HARRIS, Staff Director

JOHN S. FORSYTHE, General Counsel
Roy H. MILLENSON, Minority Staff Director

EUGENE MITTELMAN, Minority Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON LABOR

HARRISON A. WILLIAMS, JR., New Jersey, Chairman JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia JACOB K. JAVITS, New York CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island

WINSTON L. PROUTY, Vermont GAYLORD NELSON, Wisconsin

WILLIAM B. SAXBE, Ohio WALTER F. MONDALE, Minnesota

RICHARD S. SCHWEIKER, Pennsylvania THOMAS F. EAGLETON, Missouri

RALPH TYLER SMITH, Illinois ALAN CRANS ON, California

FREDERICK R. BLACKWELL, Counsel

GERALD M, FEDER, A88ociate Counsel
PETER C. BENEDICT, Minority Labor Counsel

(II)

CONTENTS

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

FRIDAY, JUNE 26, 1970

STATEMENTS
Bishop, Frank, safety committeeman, Jones & Laughlin Vesta No. 5 mine,

Page Vestaburg, Pa-

1 Boyle, W. A. "Tony", President, United Mine Workers of America ; ac

companied by Edward Carey, chief counsel, UMW; Lewis Evans, director of safety, UMW; and Loren Kerr, M.D., director of occupational Health, UMW

194, 266 Britvich, Michael, Nick De Vince; Henry Knight, Jr., and Elmer Murray, comprising a panel.

146 Gutshall, Mazie B., executive deputy secretary, Department of Mines and

Mineral Industries, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ; accompanied by

Charles B. Manula, deputy secretary of the Bituminous Coal Division.- 601 Kerr, Lorin E., M.D., director, Department of Occupational Health, UMWA, Washington, D.C., prepared statement.-

211 Key, Marcus M., M.D., Director, Bureau of Occupational Safety and Health,

Environmental Control Administration, Environmental Health Service,
Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare

781 Kilcullen, John L., counsel, National Independent Coal Operators Association

255 Leeber, James, President, District 29, UMWA; accompanied by Charles H. Browning, safety coordinator of District 29.

803 Nader, Ralph, author, consumer advocate --

221 Ozonish, John, safety committeeman, Gateway Mine, Gateway Coal Co., Clarksville, Pa.

2 Popick, Bernard, Director, Bureau of Disability Insurance, Social Security Administration

792 Price, David, safety committeeman, Gateway Coal Co., Clarksville, Pa---- 26 Riley, Paul C., deputy director, West Virginia Department of Mines.- 662 Russell, Hon. Fred, Under Secretary of the Interior ; Hollis M. Dole, As

sistant Secretary, Mineral Resources ; Henry Wheeler, Jr., Deputy Director of the Bureau of Mines for Health and Safety ; James Westfield, Assistant Director for Coal Mine Health and Safety; Mitchell Melich,

solicitor ; and William A. Gershuny, assistant solicitor, trial branch--- 366 Russell, Hon. Fred, Under Secretary of the Interior; Hollis M. Dole, As

sistant Secretary, Mineral Resources; Henry Wheeler, Jr., Deputy Director of the Bureau of Mines for Health and Safety ; James Westfield, Assistant Director for Coal Mine Health and Safety ; Mitchell Melich, solicitor; and William A. Gershuny, assistant solicitor, trial branch, and Robert Long, associate solicitor-Resumed..

686 Supplemental information..

694 Yablonski, Joseph “Chip", Counsel, and Mrs. Clarice Feldman, co-counsel,

Miners for Democracy; and Michael Trbovich, national chairman,
Miners for Democracy; Arnold Miller, treasurer, Black Lung As-
sociation; and Harry Patrick, national co-vice chairman, Mines for
Democracy

292

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

140 694

766

Articles, publications, etc. :

Application for review and demand for public hearing related to

notice Bureau of Mines, supplemental information.. “Career Opportunities for Federal Mine Inspectors," Announcement

No. WAM-002, Issued Jan. 21, 1970, with no closing date, Bureau

of Mines, Department of the Interior..
Civil Court Action No. 861-70, in the U.S. District Court for the Dis-

trict of Columbia-action against Secretaries of the Interior, and
Health, Education, and Welfare and their subordinates for a declar-
atory judgment that they failed to perform ministerial duties
imposed upon them by an Act of Congress, from the Congressional

Record-House, July 1, 1970.-
Code of Federal Regulations, title 30, Mineral Resources, from U.S.

Department of the Interior..
Contract between U.S.A. and the National Academy of Public In-

formation.

235

370

710

Page 612

251 671

328

784

31

609

750

336

233

Articles, publications, etc.—Continued

Homer City Mine, Helen Mining Co., P.O. box drawer "D", Homer

City, Pa., brief history---
"Mines Bureau Health and Safety Activities Reorganized," Depart-

ment of the Interior news release, Office of the Secretary, Jan. 15,

1969 Mines presently employing the long wall system of mining--Section 103(1) of Federal Coal Mine Safety Act of 1969 with coal

mines in which spot inspections must be made every 5 days_"Title 42—Public Health-Rules and Regulations," from the Federal

Register, vol. 35, No. 161, Aug. 19, 1970_. "Training Course for Coal Mine Safety Committeemen," by Bureau of

Mines, Mount Hope, W, Va., Coal Mine Safety District B----Communications to :

Charmbury, Hon. H. B., Secretary of Mines and Mineral Industries,

Harrisburg, Pa., from L. D. Kimmel, 16th bituminous district;
G. A. Kephart, 15th bituminous district; Lawrence Jones, 19th bitu-
minous district; and Albin 0. Johnson, electrical inspector, Com-
monwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Mines and Mineral

Industries, Edensburg, Pa., June 26, 1970..
Dent, Hon. John H., Chairman, General Subcommittee on Labor, Com-

mittee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Wash-
ington, D.C., from Hollis M. Dole, Assistant Secretary of the

Interior, U.S. Department of the Interior, Aug. 10, 1970-----
Dole, Hon. Hollis M., Assistant Secretary, Mineral Resources, Depart-

ment of Labor, Washington, D.C., from Clarice R. Feldman and
Joseph A. "Chip" Yablonski, attorneys for Miners for Democracy,

June 18, 1970.--
Ehrlichman, John, assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs,

The White House. Washington, D.C., from R. Nader, Washington,

D.C., June 17, 1970----
Hickel, Hon. Walter J., Secretary of the Interior, Department of the

Interior, Washington, D.C., from Hon. John N. Dent, chairman,
Hon. Philip Burton, and Hon. Ken Hechler, Representative in the
Congress of the United States, Committee on Education and Labor,

General Subcommittee on Labor, Washington, D.C, April 22, 1970.-
Staats, Hon. Elmer B., Comptroller General of the United States, from

Hon. Harrison A. Williams, Jr., a U.S. Senator from the State of
New Jersey, chairman, Subcommittee on Labor:

August 13, 1970.

August 14, 1970.--
The President, The White House, Washington, D.C., from Hon. Harri-

son A. Williams, Jr. ; Hon. Jennings Randolph, Hon. Claiborne Pell,

Hon. Richard S. Schweiker, U.S. Senators (telegram)
Walker, W. D., Bureau of Mines. Pittsburgh, Pa.; W. R. Park, Bureau

of Mines, Mount Hope, W. Va.; J. S. Malesky, Bureau of Mines,
Norton, Va.; H. A. Schrecengost, Bureau of Mines, Vincennes, Ind. ;
and A. C. Moschetti, Bureau of Mines, Denver, Colo., from James
Westfield, Assistant Director, Coal Mine Health and Safety, Depart-

ment of the Interior, April 24, 1970 (telegram)--
Whee'er. Henry P., Acting Director, Health and Safety, U.S. Bureau

of Mines, Department of the Interior, from Joseph A. Yablonski,

c/o law offices of Rauh and Silard, Washington, D.C-----
Williams, Hon. Harrison A., Jr., chairman, Subcommittee on Labor
of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, from:
Kerr, Lorin E., M.D., director, Department of Occupational

Health, UMWA, Washington, D.C., August 21, 1970-----
Moody, Joseph E., president, Bituminous Coal Operators' Associa-

tion, Washington, D.C., Aug. 5, 1970-
Owens. Williard P., counsel, UMWA, Washington, D.C., Sept.

9, 1970.-
Riley, Paul C., deputy director, Department of Mines, State of

West Virginia, Aug. 12, 1970, with enclosure..

242

684 685

291

731

333

210

253

360

669

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