Setting National Priorities: The 2000 Election and Beyond

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Henry Aaron, Robert D. Reischauer
Brookings Institution Press, Jul 1, 2011 - Political Science - 516 pages

"If the subject of influence in Washington interests you, this series of books deserves your respectful attention...it has changed the ways in which American politicians think about the budget." - The Washington Post For the first time in more than four decades, the federal budget has registered two consecutive surpluses, and the need to reduce the deficit is not casting a pall over the policy debate. This new, highly accessible book examines the policy options that are available in this new environment to address the new and recurring challenges that face the nation. The book, which continues the Brookings Institution's highly acclaimed and influential Setting National Priorities series, will serve as a guide for understanding many of the complex issues that will be discussed during the presidential and congressional campaigns of 2000. The book centers around three themes: providing opportunity in the domestic arena, restoring confidence in government, and adapting to the post-Cold War international environment. It tackles such critical issues as Medicare and social security, tax reform, and foreign policy spending, as well as many areas not included in previous editions; namely, education, urban problems, the environment, trade, government renewal and reform, crime and drugs, and families. In addition to the editors, the contributers are Gary Burtless, I. M. Destler, John J. DiIulio Jr., William Gale, Bruce Katz, Donald F. Kettl, Paul C. Light, Thomas E. Mann, Michael O'Hanlon, Paul R. Portney, Diane Ravitch, Isabel V. Sawhill, and James Sly.

 

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Contents

The Dawning of a New Era
1
Contributors 479
3
The Issues
14
PART
35
Figures
39
The U S Military Today
43
Buying Adequate National Defense on 275 Billion
52
International Affairs
64
Labor Force
170
The Rocky Road to Tax Reform
211
The National Agenda in Elementary
269
The Problem of Teacher Quality
275
The Need to Reform Categorical Programs
282
A New Metropolitan Agenda
303
The Impact of Federal and State Policies on Patterns
310
The Rise of Metropolitan Politics
316

Trade Policy at a Crossroads
73
Anxiety over Globalization
81
Breaking the Stalemate
87
Families at Risk
97
Rates of SchoolAge Children
108
What Can Be Done?
110
with Other Countries
122
Sources and Remedies
137
Paying for an Elderly Population
167
The Federal Metropolitan Agenda
324
Declare a Moratorium
333
Environmental Policy in the Next Century
359
PART FOUR
391
The Three Faces of Reinvention
421
The Effects of Reinvention
428
The Lessons of Government Reform
435
Information Technology
441
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Henry J. Aaron is a senior fellow in Economic Studies at the Brookings Institution, where he holds the Bruce and Virginia MacLaury Chair. Among his many books are Can We Say No? The Challenge of Rationing Health Care, with William B. Schwartz and Melissa Cox (Brookings, 2006), and Reforming Medicare: Options,Tradeoffs, and Opportunities, written with Jeanne Lambrew (Brookings, 2008). Robert D. Reischauer was a former director of the Congressional Budget Office.