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Not more almighty to resist their might employed in productions of primary Than wise to frustrate all their plots and necessity. It is not disputed that, in wiles.
some other respects, the mercantile has If it is inquired what is meant by the advantage, and in some the stockthe order and subordination of nature holder has the advantage of both, parabove mentioned, I answer (what may ticularly in the immediate command be indeed inferred from what has been of his money. But who would have already said) that it is the order and suspected that the landed interest, subordination which is the natural and forming, in conjunction with the mernecessary consequence of inequality of cantile, the basis of the pyramid upon property, which inequality is the na- which rest our rights, our security, tural and necessary consequence of the and our happiness, was always opposed idea of property being at all admitted to that of every other class of the comamong men. I talk of civilized life. munity? Administrations may stand Wherever there is property there must or fall, be power, and where there is inequa- “ A breath can make them as a breath has lity of property there must be inequa- made," lity of power. And this I look upon but surely landed property does not as the most natural, the surest, and change its nature with the change of safest basis of Government,-what- a ministry. Moreover, in No 20 of ever may be the superstructure. Upon above work, page 407, article-Cobbet's this basis stood the Comitia centuriata Political Register, I read, that “ the of Rome. An ancient and complete influence of great families (undoubtinstance of inequality of property made edly great landed families) in the the foundation and principle of Govern- election of members, is rather benement. Itunited independence and intel- ficial than pernicious.” Is it possible ligence, and gave every chance of sta- that the influence of men, whose inbility that can be given to any human terest is always opposed to that of institution. It was the Comitia tri- every other class of the community, buta and curialia, whose numbers, not should be beneficial in the election of property, was the rate of voting, which members ? Will they not poison the introduced corruption and confusion very fountain-head of our political exinto the government, and made the istence? Will they not sacrifice to flatterers of the people masters of the their own interest that of every other legions and the destinies of Rome. class of the community? There ought Reason and experience concur in show- rather to be express laws made to deing, that there is but a step from de- bar them from elections and the mocracy to despotism, and that the House of Commons altogether; and spirit of both is that of robbery and instead of the trust-oath, there should murder; whereas a government found- be one framed, that the claimant did ed upon property must protect pro- not possess, in property or superiority, perty, a fortiori, liberty and life.In directly or indirectly, an inch of this opinion I am much fortified ground. Again, in above No 20, the by that of a very able author, who same article (Cobbett), page 417, I wrote no farther back than the year find, that 1807. See Edinburgh Review, No 18, “ An English Peer has scarcely any other page 366 bottom, and 367 top, article influence than an English Gentleman of -Filangieri on Legislation.
equal fortune, and scarcely any other inter“ But no country has ever possessed such
est to maintain it. The whole landed intera mass of landed and mercantile proprietors, est, including the peerage, is scarcely a or such numbers of enlightened citizens, as
match for the moneyed interest either in our own. What lever can overturn a pyra
Parliament or out of it; and, as it is the mid which rests on such a basis as this? basis of a more steady and permanent, as Not surely a King of England, with less of well as a more liberal and evalted dependencourtly splendour than perhaps becomes his cy, we wish to see Peers concerned in elecdignity, and without the practical choice of tions rather than Stock-jobbers and Nabobs ;" even the servants who form his household !” that is to say, that the influence of
This was written with sound sense Peers, as proprietors of land, should and sound patriotism. I would beg be encouraged in the House of Comonly to add to it, that in these re- mons, from whence, as Peers, they spects landed property has the advan- are constitutionally excluded ; and tage of mercantile. It is more visible, yet as proprietors of land, their inter-it is more permanent,--and it is est must always be opposed to that of every other class of the community, ed, and can thence form some opinion, and they must therefore have the whether or not the commercial intersame interest as other land-holders est has suffered by the advancement to do mischief in the House of Com- of the landed interest; and whether mons.
all interests be not much advanced, In page 82 of Edinburgh Review, and much in the same proportion. No 59, it is said :
After the income tax, and all the taxes, “ High rents and low profits, for they and all our debt, and a war of nearly are inseparably connected, ought never to twenty-five years, I can declare, that be made the subject of complaint, if they all classes of men are, beyond all occur in the natural state of society, and comparison, better fed, better clad, with other nations ; but if they are caused and better lodged, than when I first by an exclusive commercial system, or by opened my eyes upon this world, upon restrictions which prevent the
cheap impor. which I know I must soon close them tation of foreign corn, and which, therefore, forever. Further, were all nations to force the cultivation of inferior soils at home, act upon the principle of what is said they are highly to be deprecated.” in above quotation about the cultiva
Now, if the government of this tion of inferior soils, I suspect (and so country should find expedient, and does the Reviewer, as we shall soon what is called the commercial interest see), that the earth would be less proshould agree to a perfectly free inter- ductive, and consequently less inhabite course with other nations, that is, to a ed, than at present. And if this naperfectly free importation of foreign tion in particular, were to act upon it, corn, and of every other foreign article then, and in the event of a foreign war of consumption, I think what is called and Continental system, such as we the landed interest, as such, would have seen, it would be in a very denot, and ought not, to object to it, pendent and dangerous situation. whatever effect it might have upon
I shall make one more quotation rents. But if the meaning be, that from above Review, No 59, page 87, there should be a perfectly free im- being the last on the subject of Ricarportation of foreign corn, and a per- do. fectly restrained importation of every
“ It is, whatever may be said to the conthing, or of anything else, and trary, the great and leading defect of the this be called the natural state of so
lower classes, that they submit to privations ciety, then, I would say, that what is with too litté reluctance.” called the landed interest, would be this article of Ricardo, and unquestion
There is much dark reasoning in hardly dealt with and treated as a stepchild by the common mother coun
ably much ingenuity. But it must be try; because it would be obliged to confessed, that this improvement of the sell cheap and buy dear, and would be subject, which may likewise be conthe only class of inhabitants so treated. sidered as the key, is abundantly plain I have said, what is called the com
and practical. I shall now take the mercial and landed interest, because I liberty of making rather a long extract am perfectly sensible that the interest from the same work, No 18, page 371,
that I of all classes is the same, and that none
may have an opportunity of can be injured, in the first instance, comparing above remark concerning but the rest must ultimately suffer. the culpable passiveness of the lower I am more particularly sensible, that classes, with the following eulogy upon the home trade of this country, as of
their poverty and thrift: most other countries, is by far the classes a real check to population, though
“ Nor is the poverty of the labouring most important—that the proprietors lamented with much benevolent feeling by and occupiers of land are the greatest Filangieri. It was poverty, the parent of consumers in such trade, and that they labour, the duris urgens in rebus egestis, cannot be impoverished, but the other which first tamed the habitable earth; and elasses must be ruined. I have been still, though more slowly, encroaches on the now nearly three-score and ten years swamp and the thicket (inferior soils), to in this world, and have had some op food may not only be augmented, it may be
augment the sustenance of mankind. But portunity of observing the former and economized. It may seem at first, the crapresent number of retail shops in dif, vings of hunger must be nearly the same ferent county, and other towns, and in all men, and require nearly an equal the goods and customers with which portion of food to allay them.' But some they were formerly, and are now fill- are fed with less, and some are fed with
more, than nature would mete out. What tented with their situation—to set a difference between the consumption of a them together by the ears—in short, Bedouin Arab and an English farmer! almost in every respect diametrically Perhaps Mr Malthus has not sufficiently opposite to that of the book which intaken notice of this key to some of the phe- culcates the salutary precept, that in nomena of population. There seems to be no mode of accounting for the well-attested whatever state we are, we should learn populousness of some nations, but their ex
therewith to be content. J. G. treme thrift and temperance. If we may put any faith in the early books of Livy, nearly 200,000 citizens were included in the census-soon after the expulsion of the kings, when the territory of Rome was less
Lines on than Rutlandshire. The book of chronicles
Јону WILLIAM Rizzo HOPPNER, bears testimony to the astonishing population of the Hebrews, who united, with the
born at Venice on the Eighteenth of common frugality and temperance of the
January 1818. east, institutions more favourable to agri. His father's sense, his mother's grace, culture than have commonly existed. In him I hope will always fit so, In modern Palestine, the sensible Vol. With (still to keep him in good case) ney gives credit to a population of 40,000 The health and appetite of Rizzo. fighting men among the barren moun.
LORD BYRON. tains of the Druses. This would give 150,000 persons for a district of 110
Translated into Greek. square leagues, or about 150 for each
square mile, which approaches to the populousness Φρήν πυκνή Πατρός και Μησίρος αγλαόν ειδος of France or England. Volney ascribes this Αρτιτόκου κοσμοί νούν τε, δέμας το βρέφους: to their liberty ; but free men must eat as O'φρα δε παντί βίω ή όλβιος, αιέν εραννού well as slaves ; and though a bad govern
Σκoίη ταις Ρίζου και γάνος, ηδε βίην. ment will make a fruitful land desert, yet the best cannot turn barrenness into fertili.
Latin. ty. It is only their frugal style of life, and Magnanimos Patris verset sub pectore sensus, especially their abstinence from animal food, Maternus roseo fulgeat ore decor ; which can explain it. Poverty then, which Neu quid felici desit, quo robore Rizzus puts men upon short allowance, makes the same Festivo pollet, polleat iste puer. quantity feed more than if they were at case ; and thus the inequality of property, what.
Italian. ever may be its evils, has a tendency to Del Padre il senno, e il bel materno aspette help forward population, because it stimu. Splendano ognora in Te, fanciul diletto. lates to the production of more, and checks Felice appien ! se al tuo corporeo velo the consumption of what there is.”
Dona il lieto vigor di Rizzo il cielo. I presume, the good sense contained in this quotation, will recommend it
The Venetian Dialect. equally to others, as it has done to me,
De graziette el to modelo and that I shall need no other apology Sia la Mama, bel Putelo. for its length. The hints it suggests
E 'l talento del Papà to the English farmer and manufac
In ti cressa co l' età; turer, may be as useful to them and E per salsa, o contentin their families as the remark about their
Roba a Rizzo el so morbin. too easy acquiescence in privations,
German. may be agreeable. The ingenious author has certainly furnished the ma
aus des Kindes auge trahlec terials of the utile and the dulce. He
Seines Baters hoher Sinn, will have carried every point, if, by a
Und der Mutter Schonheit malet farther exertion of his ingenuity, he Sich in Wange, mund, und Kinn. can get them to mix and amalgamate Glucklich Kleiner wird du seyn together.
kannt du Rizzo 's frohen mutbes I shall conclude with one general
Seines feurigen Blutes observation, on an author whose style and taste, rather than whose sentis
Seiner Starke dich erfreu 'n. ments, I would wish to adopt; that it
French. is the great and leading defect of one of the ablest critical works that has Sois en tout fortuné, semillant Jouvenceau,
Porte dans les festins la valeur de Rizzo, ever appeared in this, or, I believe, Porte au barreau l'esprit qui fait briller ton any other country or age; that it has
père, a strong, not an intentional, tendency Et pour vaincre !-au boudoir sois beau to make mankind unhappy and discon
comme ta mère.
The mind's taper burns bright, the heart Si á la gracia materna el gusto ayuntas
springs to the muses, Y cordura del Padre, o bello Infante,
When nectar its magical virtue infuses ; Serás feliz, y lo serás bastante;
To me far more grateful the tavern's pure Mas, si felicidad guieres completa,
juices, Sé, como Rizo, alegre, sé un atleta.
Than what my Lord's butler with water re
Appropriate the stamp which from nature Ako ti sjagnu-Otçieve kriposti
each bore ; Budesc zadrusciti-majçinu ghisdavost,
No stanzas when hungry and parched do I Prisladki ditichiu—, srichjansi zadosti.
Beyond me, if famished, the schoolboy may Ako pak narav-ti budesc sliditi Rizza privesela—, gnegovu i nasladost,
And hunger and thirst like the grave I abhor. Srichjnia od tebe-nechiesce viditi.
The strains I indite mate the wine in my glass;
Not a verse I can scrawl when I'm fasting,
chus divine, T Then-then comes the glow--then Apollo ! I'm thine !
הָכְמַת אָבִיךְ לָךְ יִהְיֶה יוֹפִי אֲמָךְ לָךְ תוֹפִיעַ עזוז לֵב רִיצוֹ לָךְ תַרְנִיעַ נס חִי שָׁלוֹם אַתָה תִהְיֶה
VERSES, by a Young Man of Trinity ColNo II.
lege, Cambridge, upon being denied by the
Dean (along with another scholar) the I.
office of reading grace, on account of the
lack of personal comeliness and other quaLINES by WALTER DE MAPES, Arch.
lifications, though they eventually proved, deacon of Oxford, and the Anacreon of
respectively, the Senior Medallist and Se. England.
nior Wrangler of their yeur. Mihi est propositum in taberna mori :
Una ibant Juvenes duo
Ripam ad flumineam forte; silentium
Triste ambos tcnet, et dolor. “ Deus sit propitius huic potatori."
Luctus causa eadem, culpa eadem. Dcus Poculis accenditur animi lucerna:
Pleno non dederat loqui Cor imbutum nectare volat ad superna.
Ore ; at lingua minus congrua gutturi, Mihi sapit dulcius vinum in taberna
Et tornata mole, invidet Quam quod aqua miscuit præsulis pincerna.
Nequa verba soncnt sesquipedalia.
Tum, par flebile turturum, Suum cuique proprium dat natura munus. Alterno incipiunt cum gemitu. B.“ Scelus Ego nunquam potui scribere jejunus :
Quid feci in proprium Larem, Me jejunum vincere posset puer unus Ut me tu, Juvenum sancte Pater, vetes Sitim et jejunium odi tanquam funus.
Pransuris benedicere !” Tales versus facio quale vinum bibo ;
Sprevisti quoque me; muneris at memor Non possum scibere, nisi sumpto cibo.
Flamen fidus eram tibi.” Nihil valet penitus quod jejunus cribo,
B.“ At quamvis mihi vox barbara Vandalum,
Et raucum sonuit Gothum :" Nasonem post calices facile præibo.
R. “ Quamvis et statua sim taciturnior, Mihi nunquam spiritus prophetiæ datur, Et multum timeo loqui ;" Nisi cum fuerit venter bene satur,
B. “ Quamvis ora magis cardinc dissona
Per rimam tenuem strepens :"
B. “ Quamvis me superant Indica tympana, May my life in a tavern fleet joyous away, Incus pulsave malleo :" With a flask at my lips as my spirits decay; R.“Quamvis me superat pıllus avis querens, That angels descending to fetch me, may say, Si nido genetrix abest :" “ Heaven's blessing on him who thus mois. B. “ Non flavens meruit dedecus hoc coma, tens his clay."
Aut gressus pedis impares :"
R. “ Nec nos hoc tulimus jure, quia in genis O digne Tu, qui Socraticus puer
Ires, Athena quem legerent suum ;
Populcis Academus umbris !
En ipsa Te quam Granta colit deam
Votisque et alma prosequitur prece !
Fallorne ? vel te jam morantem Imitated.
Voce pia tenet allocuta ? Down to the river's side,
“ At o beatis edibus exiens Silent and sad of heart, went Gownsmen
Dilecte, sis nostri merito memor, In cause of grief they vied,
Ædes relicturus togamque et And vied in crime: to pour the flowing strain
Plena meis loca disciplinis. Of words they strove in vain ;
“ Sis semper olim, qualis es, artium Unfitted to its seat, and coarsely hung, Sciens bonarum ! sit pietas tibi, Ill could their faultering tongue
Sit musa cordi! Teque sive Articulate “ the long-resounding line."
Patribus annumerat Senatus ; Then with alternate whine,
“ Sive otiosus fallis, idoncus As moan two turtle-doves, they mourn : B. “ What sin
Sponsæ et fideli conjugio," Tuus
“ Virtute ( diccs ) veritate Against these walls, O Dean,
Granta, fui studiisque totus !!”
(Cooke, Regal. Coll. Lit. Gr. Prof.) R.“ Me, too, thou'st spurn'd; yet, mind.
Imitated. ful of my cue, To thee thy priest was true.'
O may the Muse of sprightliest vein, B. “ But though my struggling throat's
Still found in gay Good-humour's train,
Thy parting steps attend ! hoarse tones, alas ! Vandal and Goth surpass ;"
Dear Perceval ! beloved name !
Whom all their joy, their pride proclaim, R.“ Still as a statue, though I seldom speak, And shriek whene'er I speak ;".
The scholar and the friend ! B. “ Though harsher than the hinge my What elegance, what faith, are thine ! accents grate,
What guileless guiltless jokes combine Which bears the rusted gate ;"
To speak thy candid mind ! R. “ Though forced through slender chink,
What virtue Goddess ever seen, the whistling wind
When throned on the ingenuous mein, My thin lisp leaves behind ;"
More bright and more refined ! B. " Though Indian gongs, or hammer'd Hail ! youth, most worthy to engage stithy, far
The lessons of th' Athenian page, My voice exceeds in jar;".
Of Athen's self the love; R. “ Though me excels the callow chirp- Whom Learning's venerable host ing brood,
Their gentlest noblest son might boast Whose dam's abroad for food ;"
In Academic Grove ! B. “ My yellow locks deserved not such a fate,
Thee Granta's genius tends with care, Nor such my halting gait;"
And offer'd vows, and mother's prayer, R. “ Nor this of right my meed, for that
Pursue thy young career.
Am I deceived ? Or does she stay
Thy lingering foot with fond delay,
“ O though thou quitt'st this happy spot, Deep from thy fount, Mathesis, will I
Be not my fostering love forgot, drain :
Dearest of births and best.
These sacred walls left far behind
That robe, this discipline resigned
O bear them in thy breast.
“ Still, as thou art, for ever be III.
The friend of Science ! still to thee Ad Percevallum e Granta exiturum, Thy God, the Muse, be dear! A. D. 1783.
And whether Fate to thee assign O lætioris quæ comes ingeni
A seat where England's statesmen shine Et Musa blandis apta teporibus,
In proud ambition's sphere ; Te dulcis ornet, Percevalle,
“ Or favouring stars thy footsteps guide Delicias decus et tuorum!
To holier joys—the loved fireside, Proh ! quanta morum gratia! quæ fides
The wife and prattling line ; Candorque, et expers frande protervitas ;
• Granta (thou'lt say), to thee in truth, Majorque quæ conspectiorque
And studious lore, I gave my youthIngenuo venit ore virtus !
In head in hcart I'ni thine.""