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Next to the pyxis itself, the most We have all read of the astonishremarkable piece is a silver capsula, ment of a young heir, who, in tuinwhich, from the chains appended to bling over the library of his grandfait, appears to have been carried about ther, shook from the centre of one of on the arm. It is one foot in height, the fathers a purse of beautiful louis and is, at the base, one foot and two d'or. Our fair readers will guess or three inches broad. It is a regular what was the astonishment of the polygon of sixteen sides, which cor- worthy antiquarian, Baron von Schelners are all rounded off into a circle lersheim, who lifted the lid of his where the lid is inserted. The first capsula librorum with the expectation glance is sufficient to suggest the re- of drawing forth some precious fragsemblance which this bears to the ments of Menander or Sapho, and receptacles of book-rolls which are found nothing but five salve-boxes and often to be seen on ancient monu
essence-vials. In the midst of the ments,-for example, at the feet of the capsula there is a copper tablet with Muses, or wrapped in the folds of the five openings, one of a larger, and four toga; although in general the form of around it of a smaller size. In these these is either square, or, in the de- openings, originally, no doubt, intends cline of taste, cylindrical or circular. ed for MSS., were found the recepThe capsula was used by the Romans, tacles of pomatums and lotions. Alex in travelling, for the accommodation ander threw out the balsams from the of a small library; and in their own casket of Darius, and inserted the Ilia apartments, for the purpose of pre- ad in their stead : our Asteria followserving books of an unusual value. ed quite a different course; with her The figures in relievo, on the sixteen the books gave place to the essences. sides of this capsula, harmonize very But our readers must not be too sewell with this idea of its destination. vere on Asteria. We have ourselves These are the nine Muses, eight of seen modern books, and pretty books them around the capsula, each altera too, which, on examination, turned nate surface being occupied by a out to be snuff-boxes or countergarland of flowers. The ninth Muse boxes; and Prince Potenikin, it is is on the flat summit of the whole, well known, had a number of books Erato, it is probable, the Muse that the chief objects of his attentionunited love and poetry, and therefore which were filled with Russian bank the fittest to preside over the dressing- assignats. We remember to have table of a beauty. The other Muses read of the surprise of a German traare indeed distinguished by their ap- veller, who opened a large and splenpropriate emblemata.
did quarto in the apartment of a French On one of the intermediate spaces lady, and found it to contain—the very there is a lock and bolt, for the secu- reverse of what occupied the capsula of rity of the precious rolls. But why Asteria. all this learned apparatus at the toilette
Besides these two principal pieces, of a Roman lady? Might the whole there are a variety of lesser articles apcapsula not be meant for holding love pertaining to the Trousseau, or, as the letters and billets-doux ? For this no Roman jurisconsults would have called such formal preparation had been ne- it, the Mundus Muliebris of Asteria ; cessary. The safest place for such several small silver paterae and ewers, deposits was in the girdle, or below with ciphers on them; one beautiful the bosom-band (the strophium), close little vase covered with Arabesques, to the heart. But there were learned without doubt for nard or incense; ladies among the Romans, as well as several small toilette-spoons for dropamong ourselves; and why might not ping out essences, or tasting sweetmeats Asteria be a Blue Stocking? We have or liqueurs. There is also a silver holOvid's authority, that the Roman low hand for holding a taper ; for the ladies were as fond of Menander as ancients always preferred natural forms ever the French Bas Bleus were of to artificial, and hands of this kind are their Florian or Picard. Even of seen on all kinds of monuments,romances, at that time called Milesian what a contrast to some of our clumsy tales, there was no dearth.-But luckily there is no need for so much
• Zwey briefe u. d. neuesten verander conjecture. The capsula's contents ungen in Reussland. Zurich 1797. see p. have been preserved, as well as itself. 80.
and tasteless inventions. The last piece is a human head of silver, belonging to the awning of a litter, and four sitting figures of exquisite beauty, These are the memoirs of an unforwith screw-ends—for ornamenting the tunate veteran of the stage, who is extremities of the poles, by which As- now concluding a long life of unsucteria's palanquin was carried.
cessful labour by an old age
penury All this was within the chest. Close and wretchedness. The theatrical taby it there were found, at the same lents of Mr Everard, it appears, were time, two little pieces, whose form and never sufficient to maintain him in execution prove them to have belong- the first walks of his profession; and ed to a more elegant age than that of he has ever been one of those obscure Asteria. The first is a bronze vessel, but useful performers, on whom dethe only thing of that metal in the volves most of the drudgery of the whole collection. It is an ewer, in the stage, but little of the applause. The form of a female head, having a double work (as the memoirs of actors generow of pearls round the forehead, and rally are) is extremely entertaining, the hair interwoven with bandlets. and contains much amusing anecdote Nothing is more common than vessels and green-room scandal. There is no of this kind in this beautiful form. profession so much separated from the The swelling above the head is pursuits of the rest of the world as rowed from the Caryatides, and forms that of an actor. What is our pleacommonly the neck of the vessel. It sure is their business; and the public, is worthy of notice, that the eyes, and who are generally kept before the curother small ornaments of this vessel, tain, are always glad to get a peep beare of silver inlaid on the bronze,-á hind it. We love to mingle with fashion very common even in the case those whom we have hitherto seen of the marble statues of antiquity, al- only in an assumed character, and for though not exactly reconcileable with a time to behold them in their own. our ideas of simplicity.*
We can assure those, therefore, who But the most beautiful of all is un- wish to become acquainted with all the questionably a large silver patera, in petty arts, bickerings, and jealousies the midst of which there is an exquisite of the green-room, that they will have representation of Venus rising from their curiosity amply gratified by the the sea—the Venus Anadyomene. perusal of the present volume. “ Æquoreo madidas quæ premit imbre co- If autobiography is excusable in any mas."'+
man, it is surely so in a case like the The very handle of this patera is a present, where the unfortunate nardorned with a most graceful carving of rator only resorts to it as a last endeaAdonis, the lover of Venus, represent, vour to derive from his past misfored en heros, with his lance, but have tunes something which may enable ing, in token of his passion for the him to sink in peace and comfort to chace, a favourite dog at his feet. the grave. At the advanced age Mr
What might not our goldsmiths, Everard has now attained, this is all porcelain manufacturers, and decora- he can expect, and what we most sintion-artists, learn even from the small- cerely trust he will be enabled to obest, and apparently least important, tain. parts of antique workmanship? What It is not our intention to enter on a use might they not make of those na- review of the present work, which, tural forms, those heads, hands, paws, however, is sufficiently creditable both serpents, &c. so endlessly, and yet so to his principles and his talents. We gracefully, introduced by the artists of shall
, however, give a summary view the Greeks?
of his unfortunate career, and extract
from it a few theatrical anecdotes, from The Colossal Pallas of Phidias had precious stones in the eyes. See Plin. xxxiii. • Memoirs of an Unfortunate Son of 3. 20.
Thespis ; being a Sketch of the Life of See also Visconti Busti di Museo Pio-cle- Edward Cape Everard, Comedian, Twentymentino, vol. vi. p. 11. and the Monumens three Years of the Theatre-Royal, Drury; Antiques du Musèe Napoleon, lib. ix. p. Lane, London, and Pupil of the late David 16. The custom was of oriental or Egyp. Garrick, Esq. i with Reflections, Remarks, tian origin.
and Anecdotes. Written by Himself. Royal † Ovid, ex. Pont. iv. 1. 29.
18mo. pp. 274. Edinburgh. 1818.
which we think our readers will derive dote, and (if the would-be Romeos some entertainment.
have one spark of common sense left) The parents of Mr Everard were lead them to turn their abilities to respectable plebeians, who died in an some more profitable and respectable humble situation, “ leaving no blot on occupation. their fame.” On account, however, of The galaxy of talent which adorned some casual resemblance to Mr Gar- the stage in the days of Garrick, rick, it was rumoured by the scandal- Barry, Powell, Palmer, Mossop, Foote, mongers of the theatre, that he was Quin, Macklin, Clive, Pritchard, and indebted for his being to the unlawful Woffington, has since been wbolly embraces of the great Roscius; an unrivalled. They not only raised opinion which, though utterly without their profession from the degraded foundation, Mr Everard was weak and condition to which it had been revain enough to encourage, thus ven- duced, but succeeded, in a certuin turing to cast an imputation on the degree, in giving a tone and character character of his mother, which, even to the taste and manners of the times by his own shewing, it was impossible in which they lived. The theatre and she could deserve. On the death of its affairs then occupied a much his parents, he became an inmate of greater share of the public attention his uncle, Mr Cape, who kept a lodge than they have since been able to ating-house in the Piazza, Covent-gar. tract. The witticisms of the greenden. This vicinity to the stage pro- room were quoted in polite society, duced its natural effect; and he soon and the names of Garrick, Quin, Foote, after came out at Covent-garden in the and Palmer, have not only been transcharacter of Cupid. He shewed con- mitted to us as those of great actors, siderable talents for dancing, and was but as the first wits of their day. It placed under the tuition of an emi- was among these great men that Mr nent master of that art, and had the Everard made his theatrical debût; honour of becoming a fellow-scholar and we have many new and curious of the celebrated Nancy Dawson. anecdotes, illustrative of their character From his extreme youth, he became a and temper, in the work before us. favourite with the public, and, it would We shall extract at random the folappear, gave promise of talents for the lowing account of Mr Barry and Mr stage which he never afterwards fully Garrick. We think he has discrimirealised. He attracted likewise much nated their different excellences with notice from Mr Garrick, who gave considerable judgment. him occasional instructions, and en- “ I remember the great Barry, in his de. couraged him to persist in his thea- cline, could scarcely walk off the stage in trical career. For some years he con- lis unequalled Othello ; and, after, he was tinued to perform on the London too old for playing Old King Lear. He stage with considerable success, but was, as Mr Fawcett observed, the " afflicted was at length left without an engage- infirmity.” And when the audience plainly
actor, under the real pressure of age and ment, and compelled to seek a preca- saw that he could scarcely stand, that he rious subsistence by becoming an could not kneel down without help, or rise itinerant performer in the provincial again without evident pain to himself and theatres. "It were needless to pursue great support, they forgot" King Lear," him farther. The narrative of his and remembered he was “ Barry.” Romeo, succeeding life exhibits only a picture Othello, Marc Anthony, Varanes, and in of respectable mediocrity labouring to all that may be called love parts, none ever attain success, but for the most part sweet and harmonious, that he was called
equalled him, I believe; his voice was so encountering disappointment. Those, the silver-toned Barry, the tuneful swan.' however, who choose to read the work His figure, too, was tall and even handitself, will find it not unentertaining. soine, and in Romeo none could have stood We recommend it particularly to the against him but a Garrick. They played it perusal of all young stage-aspirants, in opposition at the different theatres twelve who will there become acquainted successive nights. In the balcony or lovewith all the difficulties that await scenes, with Juliet, in the 2d and 3d acts, them, and learn how
the critics gave Barry the preference; the
1st act, the scene with the Friar in the 3d “ Hard is his fate, whom evil stars have led act, and the last scene, they allowed it to To seek in scenic art precarious bread.” Garrick ; but I think, they never agreed or
To the present theatrical mania, we could determine, which, upon the whole, think, it will afford a complete anti- was greatest. Garrick then attacked him in
his favourite character of Othello, but with part, and in the second act, previous to his
• Is this a dagger that I see before me?' heard it said by those who were reputed
“ At this moment the house was all eyes good judges, that he struck out many new beauties in it, never before hit upon ;-his and ears, all silence, all attention ; I supnot succeeding might, in a great measure,
pose no one thought they were in a theatre ;
the be attributed to his want of height, being tained the deception which it aims at, and
very cunning of the scene" had ob. much below Barry's ;-he also dressed it in a shape which was not then the custom. It wholly engrossed all their faculties. At this
critical moment, unfortunately, poor Cer. was, too, the fashion of those days for ladies
vetto awoke with an uncommon gape ; a of quality to have a little black boy, in a fancy dress and turban, to wait on them such a one ne'er heard before! The howling
loud, long, uncouth, tremendous gape ! with the tea-table equipage ; and the celebrated actor Quin, being in one of these of a dog, compared to it, was harmony? parties, was asked what he thought of Gar- audience, they could not have been more
Had a loaded gun been fired among the rick's Othello ? _' Why,' says he, the boy alarmed they were electrified,--then, in a plays it well enough; but confound it, few seconds, went into a general laugh ; whenever he came on, he put me in mind indeed 'twas irresistible. of little Pompey there with the tea-kettle.' restored themselves to order, and Garrick
However, they This ludicrous remark hurt him more than his want of figure ;-he immediately gave it became composed as soon as possible ; but up, and soon was universally admired in the when
once he got into his room, after the same tragedy, by his judicious acting in play was over, the storm broke out. He lago. ln King Lear, Jafier, and many that infernal noise from the orchestra. On
demanded to know who it was that made other parts, they were likewise powerful being told, Cervetto was brought up to him; rivals. Their opposition in the first occasioned some remarks, which I remember and perhaps no criminal ever came before a reading in a paper with the following lines: than he did to Garrick
judge with more anxiety and trepidation “ The town has found two different ways
“ On his entering, the enraged Roscius To praise the different Lears ;
incoherently exclaimed, · What! is it posTo Barry they give loud huzzas, sible ? can it be you, sir ? is it you, who To Garrick only tears !”
have been in the house with me so many Which had the greater compliment, I sub- years ? is it you that made that cursed ouimit to the judicious reader.'
landish noise from the orchestra, and set the The jealous irascibility of the tem- whole audience in a roar of laughter ?" He per of Mr Garrick is well illustrated went on, till poor Cervetto could just get an by the next anecdote we shall lay be- opening to say, • Sir, I am extremely sorry.' fore our readers.
• Confound your sorrow, sir! what's your « As Garrick advanced in life, and still could not recover myself the whole night;
sorrow to me? You have ruined me; I increasing reputation, so he still, if possible, all the reputation I have gained in forty became more and more tenacious of it, and years, I have lost in two hours by your exemore easily disconcerted ; therefore, during crable noise. You must have been suborned ; the last two years of his acting, he requested you've been hired to destroy me; you have the musicians not to leave the orchestra for joined with assassins, to stab me in the vul. the future when he played tragedy, as their nerable part. No, sir, I assure you I going in and out, and the doors opening was not hired ; 1 abhor the idea, and toand shutting, caught his eye and ear, and distressed him. Till this time, after play; me, but you are now in a passion.' • Ay,
morrow you will do me the justice to believe ing the music between the acts, the band sir, and no wonder ; but how came you to used to bob under the stage, and in their fall asleep? Did my acting displease you? music-room enjoy themselves quietly at a
was it so tiresome as to make you go to game of whist or drafts, till the prompter's sleep?" No, sir; but the house was so bell gave them warning that the act was just attentive, so very silent, and your acting over: this in future they were obliged to
was so wonderfully great, so much beyond, forego when he performed tragedy. His I thought, what I have often seen you do in first part after this order was Macbeth; and, the same part, that I was overcome, quite conformably to the same, all the musicians overpowered with sensations that I cannot reluctantly kept their seats. Cervetto, well known to the galleries by the express, and involuntarily dropt into sleep.
I know not how to account for it, but I appellation of ' Nosey,' who had belonged always do so when I am very highly to the theatre above forty years, and re
pleased." peatedly seen Garrick in all his characters,
Perhaps no theatrical occurrence ever now deprived of his customary indulgence, found it difficult to keep awake during the excited a greater sensation in the pubfirst act; after playing the music to which, lic than the farewell appearance of the he profoundly fell asleep! The longest great Roscius on the stage. The folpuuse that Garrick ever made was in this lowing account of his last performance is extremely well given, and will carry the house ; till then it seemed as if they with it greater authority, as coming had quite forgot that this was positively the from the pen of one of the few
last night of his ever appearing. An aw. maining eye-witnesses of that affec- ful profound silence ensued. He addressed ting scene. Mr Everard appears to
them in prose, seemingly without any study, think that Mr Garrick's character was
saying, that “ The jingle of rhyme, and
the language of fiction would but ill suit not so unfeeling as it has generally his feelings." After expressing his most been represented. On the present oc- grateful acknowledgments for their kindness casion he certainly both excited and so many years bestowed on him, he took displayed extraordinary emotion ; and his final leave, and quitted the stage on the we think his farewell was his proud. 10th of June 1776. The applause he reest, as it was his last triumph.
ceived at the conclusion of the play was • The first tragedy their Majesties ever very different to what was given now; it commanded, I believe, was to see him play then was long, loud, unanimous, rapturous ; Richard, being intended for the last night now, it was “ Not loud, but deep”—not of his performing. Had the theatre then rapturous, but like a muffled drum-not been five times larger than it is now, it unanimous, for the hands that a minute would have been full; persons numberless before were together beating, in rapture, were at the pit and gallery doors soon after especially the ladies, were now employed in ten o'clock in the morning, the places in the using their white handkerchiefs ;boxes taken, and might have been let ten
" And tears are honest, when the hands are times over. In the evening, after their Ma.
not.' jesties arrival and being scated, the play, as
His universality has been acknowledged customary, immediately began ; but the by his cotemporaries ; such or such an actor noise made without doors with people press in their respective fortes have been allowed ing to get in, the confusion which prevailed to play such or such a part equally well as among those who were in, and could not lim; butcould theyperform Archer and Scrub squeeze themselves into a scat, was such, like him, and Abel Drugger, Ranger and that, notwithstanding the presence of Ma. Lusignan, Bayes and Benedick-speak his jesty itself, not a single syllable was heard
own prologue to“ Barbarossa," in the chatill the first act was nearly over, and Gar
racter of a Country-boy, and in a few mirick had to make his appearance ; the au
nutes transform himself in the same play to dience, for the most part, knowing this ; Selim? Nay, in the same night he has the people without doors finding in vain played Sir John Brute and the Guardian, their efforts to get in, and those who were
Romeo and Lord Chalkstone-Hamlet and in, having crammed themselves together as Sharp-King Lear and Fribble — King comfortably as they could, in a minute all Richard and the School-boy! Could any was silence; but in the next moment all was one but himself attempt such a wonderful noise again and uproar; the galleries insisted variety, such an amazing contrast of chaon the play beginning again, for, as I have racters, and be equally great in all ! No, said, not a word had been heard ; his Ma.
no, no!“ Garrick take the chair !" Or jesty, on being asked, consented to this, allow me to bid farewell to him in his loved and moreover, knowing Mr Garrick's dis. author's lines :-. position, sent Lord Harcourt to him, telling He was a man, take him for all in all, him to make himself perfectly easy, and by We ne'er shall look upon his like again.” no means to hurry or distress himself, but It is now several years since this take his time, for they would patiently stay aged adventurer visited our northern till he was collected. After this compli- metropolis. He was refused, and inment, the play, strange to say, began a- deed could not well expect, an engain! Determined as he was to finish still gagement by Mr Murray, and he has with Richard, he was prevailed on to per- since had Úttle else to support him form it again ; previous to which, by strong than the small produce of an annual solicitations from many of the nobility, he consented to play one night more, assuring benefit allowed him by the charity of them positively that it should be the last,
the manager. That support also, we as indeed it was. He played Don Felix in understand, has been now withdrawn, the “ Wonder;" I am not ashamed to say, and the attempt to attract an audience that on that evening I played the little part to his own performances has repeatedof Vasquez. He spoke the last time as ly failed. The lovers of light reading Don Felix'; I can give but a very poor de will derive from this volume a far scriptin of the loud plaudits that ensued from all parts of the house, and, I believe, find in the vile trash they devour from
more harmless amusement than they from every one in it, ladies as well as gen- the circulating library, and the purtlemen. He, with the other performers, Mr Smith, Mr King, Mrs Abington, Miss chasers of the work will have the saPope, &c. kept retiring to the back of the tisfaction of knowing, that they are stage ; Garrick then slowly advanced, leave contributing to sooth the declining ing the rest standing in a circle behind. In years of an infirm and destitute old an instant a different sensation ran through man.