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For J.UNE, 1980.
POLITICA L. Art. 14. Proposals for paying great part of the National Debt, : ad redosing Taxes, immediately. By Robert Bird, Esq. 8vo. is. Dodiley... 1780.
R. Bird begins with setting forth the great burdens which are
borde by the sõbję&t in consequence of the vast accumulation, of the dational debt; and thews, that we are not to estimate the sum nised on the fubje& by the very small one which is paid into the Treafury. He first supposes, thaj the expence of colleating the sea veral taxes amount to fourth part of the fam levicd; which we make no doubt is the case, at leaft, in the customs, which Mr. B. bringt u in example ; but we much doybe whether it amounts to lo much in fome others, u the excise, the land-tax, &c. However, gresting this, and that the several dealers, through whose hands the commodities pass to the consumer, retain each a profit of 12 per cent. ke Thewr, that for every Tit. which is paid into the Treasury from the cuttomi, no lelo form than 281. 1.. 11 d. is raised on the subject. Mr. Bira, from Sir Matchew Decker, intances in the case of the shoe-maker, who not only lays the tax, imposed on the leather, on his thoes, but the intereft of the money that he has advanced to pay that cax, and dro * proportionable part of the money which every tradesman he dealt with for the neceffaries of life had laid on his goods: these Sir Matthew enumerates, to the number of twelve dif. ferent taxes, whick the thee-maker matt lay on his shoes, that he may be able to labrift as well as he did formerly.
Had Mr. Bird bat fortunately carried this confideration a little further, and remarked that, in consequeace of this cordial agreement of all parties to tax their own commodities, the gentleman raises his sents, the farmer his hay and corn, and even the day-labourer has raised bis bire from 8 d. to 12 d. a day within these 20 years ; he would have found that we are, on the whole, notwithltanding the complex operation of the taxes which he fpeaks of, every one of us pretiy much in the same fituation that we were 'before, and that it only requires a greater quantity of specie to circolare amongft us. We ought, perhaps, to except the poor foldier, and a few other per-. fons, who fubfitt on salaries, which have been long since etablished, and wbo, by their peculiar fituations or employmeets, can peither create perquifites to their places, nor cheat their employers, as the ercisemen, cafom-boöfe oficers, and some others who are in this fituation do. Perhaps among thefe few poor wretches who fuffer on this account (for they are but comparatively few) we ought to include the poor Reviewer, who, Docwith tanding be pays his quota to the fhoe-maker, &c. (unlefs indeed be goes without shoes) felds bis Raviews at the same price he did thirty years ago.
Bat, ferioully, the only thing to be apprehended in this affair is, that by every man thus increafing the price of his labour, or the profita on bio goods, the prices of our exports may be fo increased
elegant pen the style alone, as the Editor observes, is fufficient to prove its authenticity. Art. 17. Two Letters from D. Hartley, Elg; M. P. addressed
to the Committee of the County of York. 8vo. 6d. Almon. , 1789,
In the first of these letters, Ms. Hartley points out, what every one faw before, the disorders of the State, proceeding from ' ministeriat influence, by means of places, pensions, beneficial contraås, &c.' and he recommends, as the only specific cure for a disease fo alarmingly dangerogs to the body politic, a FREE and INDEPENDENT PAR. LIAMENT. Mr. H. is certainly right in his prescription ; but where is the apothecary who can make it up
In his second letter, he earnestly recommends conciliatory mea, sures with regard to America. Here, too, Mr. H. is no less obviously in the right; and we believe he can hardly meet with an Englishman who will diffent from his opinion ; but here also we are afraid the difficulty lies in getting the prescription made up.
Art. 18. Copies of the Proceedings of the General Meetings of the , '
respondence of the Committee appointed at the General Meeting of the County, held 26th January, 1780. Published by Order of the Committee. 8vo. 1.5. Baldwin,
The letters of the Lords Shelturne and Radner, and the Com. MONERS Fox, Burke, Barré, T. Pitt, and Dunning, will render this pamphlet acceptable to the Public in general. The other peti. tioning counties would do well to follow the example of Wiltshire, in printing their correspondence, which will, at least, be attended with this advantage, --it will point out to the people of this country, those noble and worthy persons who were friends to a design which oright have produced the happiest consequences to the British nation, in respect of that most important article, PUBLIC OECONOMY!
MEDICAL. Art, 196, An Enquiry into the Origin of the Gout; wherein its
various Symptoms and Appearances are traced to their Cause; and a fafe and certain Mode of remedying it proposed, By John Scotr, M. D. 8vo. zs. Tewed. Becket. 1780.
That the Gout Hill continues the opprobrium medicorum, is certainly not owing to a want of attention to it in the faculty, since scarce a month paifes which does not bring with it some new treatise on this disease.' Of the number of these which have passed before us in their quiet course to the pacific ocean of oblivion, we have not met with any, whose progress will probably be more unnoticed than the present. Its doctrines are so refined and subtilized, and its precepts are so crite and general, that it hardly offers a single temptation to readers, either learned or unlearned, to give it a perasal. We are sorry to be obliged to assert, that scarcely any thing ever came before us in the mape of a scientific treatise, só vtterly void of precise and accurate ideas from one end to the other. Here is a great deal about nervous figid, æthereal spirit, electric principle and phlogifton ; with their ebullitions, impetuses, periodical tides, deflagrations, &c. by ringing the changes on which terms, every phenomemon of the gout
is accounted for without the leaft difficulty or hesitation. Though there js no hint in this publication of the author's pofsefling a noftrum, yet we cannot but suspe& chat it is preparatory to the appearance of one ; fince in the chapter where one would expect him to come to the point, and declares his fase and effectual remedy,' there is nothing but inexplicable enigma. The great matter, he tells us, is to reconduct the tide of anim & spirits in its proper channel, through the intellinak canal.' But no purge, oor any thing itimulative, is proper for this purpose ;' and what is, he leaves us to discover by our own sagacity. He is a little more explicit under the head of regimen; though, indeed, we are not greatly informed, when he tells as, that dier is best
which produces after every meal a general glow through all the abdominal viscera, together with a serene hilarity of mind. The gentleman has certainly a lively fancy, and would probably succeed in poetry; witness the following pretty paffage, The periodical tide, No, on second thoughts, the ladies will frown at us: --we therefore recommend the curious reader to ihe book.
HUSBAND R Y. Art. 20. Practical Husbandry; or, the Art of Farming, with
a Certainty of Gain : as practised by judicious Farmers in the Country. The Result of Experience and long Obfervation. By Dr. John Trufler of Cobham, Surry. In ihis work is contained all the Knowledge necessary in the plain Business of Farming, unincumbered with Theory, Speculation, or experimental Enquiry: also, a Number of Elimates of the Expences and Profits of diffe rent Crops in the common Way, taken from Minutes kept; and a variety of useful Remarks not to be met with in any Books of Agriculture. Together with Directions for measuring Timber. 8vo. 3 s. 6 d. fewed. Baldwin. 1780.
The art of farming with a certainty of gain! How enfortunate was Mr. Marshall not to have seen this book before he wrote his chapter on the hazard of farming. No one, not even excepting the eminent Mr. Curl, was ever more happy in the choice of his titlepages than Dr. Joho Trusler. As, indeed, it is in general the only part of his various publications in which he has an exclusive proper:y, it would be unpardonable not to below fome pains to make it as knished and captivating as posible. The present work is a meagre compilation from Young and Mortimer. So far from containing, as this Reverend Plagiary alerts, a variety of useful remarks not to be met with in any books of agriculture, we will venture 'to fay, there is scarcely a plough-driver in the kingdom but knows as much of farming as can posibly be learned from this catch penny performance.
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 21. Rhyme and Reason: or, a fresh Scating of the Argu
ments againit an Opening through the Wall of Queen's Square, Westminster. By a Knight. With the original Arguments at the Bottom of the Page, for the Information of the Inquisitive, Sc. 4to. 18. 6d.' Paulder, &c. 1780.
A desire having been expresied, and a scheme formed, to promote a neighbourly intercourse among the inhabitants of Queen's Square, Park-Itreet, &c. by opening a convenient passage through the wall li 4
which at present Hands as a barrier between them, this focial purpole has, it seems, been particularly opposed by Sir J-OH-k-s, whole printed Reasons again the wilhed for opening, are made the bats of these burlesque verses, ... Perfonal satire, like other corrosives, may, as a correspondent, on this subject, remarks, have its use : and it can never be more properly applied than in the way of recrimination and self defence. The Avthors of this ironical compofition (for, it seems, more than one pen has been employed on this occasion) are candid enough to accompany it with the original performances which gave rise to it, in order shat the Public may judge of the one as well as the other : and it is not to be wondered at, that fo rude and upgentlemanlike an attack 25- the original appears to be, ypon a number of families in a neigh. bourhood, hoold produce a reply of this fort; for whoever takes opon him to print and disperse invectives against others, becomes a Drawcanfir ; and throws down the gauntlet for any that will, to take up: If he is foiled in the consequence, be has nothing to complain of but his own folly. Those who have a relish for farcaftical humour and pointed Tadire, we may yenture to say, will meet with as much entertainment as gature of such a subjećt would admit of.” Arce: 22. Minutes of the Proceedings at a Court-Martial
, allembled to inquire jag, cbe Cause of the Loss of his Majesty's lace Ship Ardeor. Taken by George Jackson, Efg; Judge Advocate of his Majesty's Fleet. Published by Order of the Right Honourable the Lords Commiflioners of the Admiralty. 4to. 2 s. 6 d. Cadell,
1780, · Military discipling, having for its obje&t the good of the service, overlooks all personal confiderations in the attainment of this great end. Among the rigors of the Prullian discipline, we are told that a foldier was caned for sneezing, which seems to be an effort of pacure little dependent on the will; yet an old Prussian officer semarked,
did not cough so often as they used to do formerly. .. From éhe circumstances stated, Captain Boteler will, in all proba. bility, be consoled with milder verdiêts, in private judgment, than chas which was pronounced by the Court before whom he was árraigned. Art. 23. Thoughts on the dangerous Tendency of employing For
reigners. Addrested to the People of England. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Faulder.
Whatever may be thought of this panphlet as a literary compofition," the Author appears to be an honest
, well-meaning patriot ; though he says nothing about petitions or affociations. Art. 24. Memoirs of the Town and County of Leicester. Contain
ing the Antiquities of each, and the historical and biographical Relations at large. To which is added, a brief supplementary, Account of the present State of Leicestershire. By John Throsby. 12mo.6 Vol. 12 5. sewed. Leicester, printed for the Author. Sold by Crowder in London.
We shall not detain our Readers long with an account of this publication. The history of a county may be rendered an instructive, entertaining, and vseful performance; but it is requisite for this purpofe that the Editor Thould have taste, judgment, and an acquaint
that she men