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and Norwich, are nearly the mean decrements between thofe in great towns and in country parishes and villages; confequently, as the fociety affures town and country lives indifcriminately, these are the obfervations by which it fhould be guided. Perhaps the Doctor ought to have added if the number of lives which it affures in country parifhes be equal, or nearly fo, to the number of lives which it affures in town; for if this be not the cafe, the refults of calculations made from thofe tables may be very favourable or very detrimental to the interefts of the fociety.
What follows must be understood with the fame reftriction."
But, fays our Author, obfervations more proper for the ufe of this fociety than even those above mentioned may now be obtained. I mean thofe furnished by the Register of mortality established a few years ago at Chester, under the direction of the ingenious Dr. Haygarth.-Chefter is an old and very healthy town, of moderate fize, which has continued much the fame as to populousness for a long courfe of years; and these are circumftances which render it a fituation particularly fitted for fhewing the true law that governs the wafte of human life in all its ftages. The regifter which has been established there is more minute and correct than any other; ard is, perhaps, the only one which gives the difference between the chances of living among males and females, and from which it is poffible to compute, with any degree of precifion, the values of lives before. five and after leventy years of age. Tables, therefore, of the values of life annuities, affurances, and reverfions, calculated from this register, would be a valuable acquifition, not only to the fociety more immediately under confideration, but also to the public in general.
Dr. Price goes on to obferve, that it would greatly affift and expedite the bufinefs of the fociety, and at the fame time do confiderable service to this branch of science, if tables of the values of two, and alfo three joint lives were computed, agreeable to the best observations, true to three decimal places at leaft: for without fuch tables it is impoffible to find, in many cafes, the true values of affurances, and particularly of affurances on furvivorships for terms. He obferves, that there are now no fuch tables extant. Mr.Simpfen's table in the Select Exercises, p. 266, is adapted only to London; and gives the values only to one place of decimals. And the table in his own Treatise on Reverfionary Payments, p. 328, is calculated from M. De Moivre's hypothefis, which, although it agrees nearly with the Breflaw and Northampton obfervations in the middle ftages of life, differs fo widely from all real obfervations before twenty and after feventy years of age, as to be totally improper for ufe. He therefore earneftly recommends it to the fociety to direct that fuch tables as are here REV. June, 1780. Gg defcribed,
defcribed, may be calculated; and obferves, that the expence of fuch calculations can be no object to them, notwithstanding in doing it they will not only contribute greatly towards the speedy and accurate execution of their own bufinefs, but confer alfo a very great obligation on the Public at large. He adds fome other obfervations, but which, though they are of very confiderable importance to the interefts and well-being of the fociety, as they in no wife relate to the Public, we shall forbear to mention.
We should next have proceeded to give fome account of the very curious and interefting Efay on the prefent State of Population in England and Wales, which is annexed to this performance, had we not obferved that the Doctor has announced the reprinting of it with fome additions in a separate publication. We fhall therefore take fome future opportunity of laying an account of it before our Readers; and conclude what we have to say at present with obferving, that Mr. Morgan's performance is one of those many laudable, and we may add, fuccessful attempts which have been lately made towards ftripping the more useful parts of learning and science of their terrifying and difgufting appearance, caufed chiefly by the use of technical terms, and profeffional phrases; which have hitherto deterred fo many from attempting them.
ART. VI. Eastern Eclogues: Written during a Tour through Arabia, Egypt, &c. in 1777 410. 2 s. 6d. DodЛley. 1780.
PEREANT qui ante nos noftra dixerunt! was an exclama
tion of one who could find no image in the ftorehouse of imagination, but what had been pre-occupied by fome former writer. Indeed, while a writer confines himself to subjects that have been treated before, or defcribes fcenes already known, it will be difficult to introduce fentiment or imagery that shall be totally original. In poetry, this difficulty is peculiarly obvious. It too frequently happens that poets attempt to paint what they never faw, and to defcribe what they never felt. Hence they are in a great measure confined to general ideas, fuch as will in fome degree occur to every one. When, therefore, we found
it had been the fortune of our Traveller to be tempted, by a hear approach to the fcenes which he has defcribed, to sketch from the life, we formed expectations very different from what generally accompany the fight of a new publication. Sorry are we to fay, that our expectations have by no means been gratified. There is nothing either in the fentiments or imagery which feems peculiar or appropriate to the characters or scenes which he has defcribed. Nor do we meet with any thing, if the opening of the third eclogue be excepted, which
might not have occurred to a writer whofe knowledge had been collected merely from books. We fay not this, however, as paffing an indifcriminate cenfure on his performance. It certainly has merit; but not of that kind which we expected. The verfification is elegant and harmonious, and the fentiments are fenfible and juft.
The eclogues are four in number: the title of the first is Alexis: or, The Traveller. Scene, the Ruins of Alexandria. Of the fecond, Selima: or, The Fair Greek. Scene, a Seraglio in Arabia Felix. In this eclogue the Writer has made confiderable ufe of Lady M. W. Montague's defcription of the amufements of the Haram. The title of the third eclogue is Ramah: or, The Bramin. Scene, the Pagoda of Conjeveram. It opens with fome degree of fublimity.
High on the top of that religious fane,
"Ye Gods! protectors of the Indian race,
The remaining part of the eclogue is not fo fpirited or striking. Ramah, towards the conclufion, harangues more like an European politician than an Afiatic devotee. The laft eclogue is, The Escape: or, The Captives. Scene, the fuburbs of Tunis. Time, Midnight. If we were to give the preference to any of thefe pieces, it fhould be this. The characters are Sebaftian and Perez, two Spanish captives.
Perez began. A virgin was his theme,
O thou! to whom my youthful vows belong,
Who oft my chivalry with fmiles haft paid,
In vain you poize the lance, or breathe the vow-
Thofe children now may weep their orphan state!"
Had all the defcriptive parts of thefe Eclogues been equal to the concluding lines of this, the cenfure that was paft at the beginning of this article had been unneceffary.
He faid; and faw the object in his reach:
The bark drops filent with the ebbing tidethat is uncommonly defcriptive.
We are rather difpofed to think, that where this Writer has failed, it has been owing more to that diffidence which young poets fometimes feel in going out of a beaten track, than to any want of poetical ability: and in this opinion, we are will
ing to hope our. Readers will concur with us, efpecially when they have read, what is certainly a model of tenderness and elegance, his Dedication
To Mrs. IRWIN.
Lamp of my life! and fummit of my praife!
See, on our blifs the nuptial year decline,
Tho' human joys are ever on the wing,
Still each to each, the bridegroom and the bride!
ART. VII. Political Conferences between several Great Men of the laft and prefent Century. With Notes by the Editor. 8vo. Cadell, 1780.
I s. 6d.
HIS fenfible tract confifts of dialogues between men who once acted an important part, and fhone with diftinguished luftre on the political theatre of this country. In or der to give the Reader, who has made a particular study of English hiftory, an idea of the fubjects to which the conferences relate, it is fufficient barely to mention the names of the persons introduced in them. The first is between Lord Strafford and Mr. Pym; the second introduces Sir Harry Vane and Mr. Whitlock; the third, Oliver Cromwell and Waller the poet; the fourth, William Lenthal, Speaker of the Long Parliament, and Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards Earl of Clarendon; the fifth, Lord Danby, Lord Devonshire and Lord Delamere; the fixth, Robert Earl of Oxford and Mathew Prior; the feventh, Sir Robert Walpole and Mr. Pelham. These great men are made, in the work before us, to speak like themselves; their characters are described with equal impartiality and difcernment. As a fpecimen of the ftyle, which is eafy and agreeable, we shall Gg 3