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Stern fate, perhaps, determin'd to destroy

All that was precious, all thou with d to fave,
And crush at once the source of ev'ry joy-
Blasts the young confort blooming in thy arms,
Nips in the bud a daughter's op'ning charms,

Or gives thy bosom friend to an untimely grave.' The translation of the Oedipus Tyrannus being professedly a FREE one, its fidelity to the original does not come properly before us. We apprehend, however, that it will afford the English reader a pretty competent idea of the work of Sophocles. Considered merely as a poem, it has much merit, the language not being deficient either in strength or melody; as will appear from the following quotations :

As a specimen of the Lyric parts of this tragedy, we shall give the second strophe and antistrophe of the chorus, Aa I.

• The pride of Thebes is develld with the ground,

The fruits of earth lie blasted on the plain :
Her palaces with thrieks of death resound,

And her streets groan beneath the heaps of slain.
So wide hath spread the monster's fiery rage,
Beauty's Auth'd cheek with fatal crimson buros;

From her wild eye pernicious lightning glares:
Ev’n virtue's hallow'd plaint the tyrant spurns ;

The screaming infant from the bosom tears,

And Arikes to earth the hoary scalp of age.
4 The mother with convulfive tortures torn,

Faints 'midt her pains, and languishes in death.
Her hapless infapt, curft as soon as born,

Imbibes pollution with his earliest breath,
But hark! in louder bursts the pæans break;
The shores with wilder acclamations ring,

Mad with the flames that revel through their blood.
Increasing throngs around our altars cling,
And swift as rapid fire, or torrent flood,

By myriads rush to Lethe's gloomy lake.'
Of the colloquial parts, with quick returns of dialogue, our
Readers will judge from the following interesting scene ;
Oedipus. Delay not, but inform me, didit thou give
An infant to this man !

Shepherd. I did, and oh!
Death had that moment been my happiest boon.
Ded. This day thou dieft, unless I know the whole
Of this dark scene,

Shep. Ah spare the dire recital :
'Tis death to tell thee.

Oed. Dost thou trifle with me?
Shep. Did I no: say I gave the child ?

Oed. Go on;
Whence came he ? Was he thine by birth, or who
Configa'd him to thy charge ?


Shep. He was not mine ;
I had receiv'd him from another hand,
Ord. What other ? Speak his name, and where he dwells.
Shep. By all the pow'rs above, enquire no more :
I do conjure thee.

Oed. If I ask again,
Wretch, thou shalt die.

Sbep. In yonder palace born
Oed. Sprung from a flave, or was the king his fire ?
Shep. Oh misery to declare.

Oed. Oh! Death to hear!
Yet speak

Shep. He was suppos'd the king's own fon.
But well Jocasta knows the gloomy truth;
She can inftrue thee best.

Oed. Didit thou from her
Receive the child ?

Shep. 'Twere fruitless to deny
What fate itself reveals.

Oed. What was her purpose ?
Shep. That I should kill it.

Oed. What, destroy the child i
Bloody, inhuman parent!

Shep. Dire affright,
From dreadful oracles, compellid the queen
To this unnatural deed.

Oed. How, oracles ?
What did they threaten!

Sbep. That this fon should say
Those who begat him.

Qed. But if such her fears,
Why did it thou give it to this shepherd's care ?
Shep. Compassion for the infant wrung my soul;

I hop'd he would have borne his charge away,
Far, far from Thebes, and these his native roofs :
Fatal mistake! that life to him was death,
Preserv'd to long, unutterable, woes-
For oh! if thou be'ft he, thou art indeed

The most ill-fated, most accurft of men.
Oed. 'Tis done; the tenfold mystery bursts to light;

I am that most ill-fated, most accurft.
Thou fun, farewell; why smile thy beams on me,
Whom murder blackens, and whom inceft ftains ?
Incest and murder of the deepest hue;
A father slain, a mother's bed defild !
Come night, come horror, shield me from his

Plunge me in thick impenetrable glooms,

Black as my crimes, and boundless as my guilt. From the longer speeches, we fhall extract part of the pathetic address of Oedipus to his daughters :

Come near, my daughters ; shudder not to touch
Your father, and your brother: view the hands,


Yet red with gore, whose fury hath consign'd me
To everlasting darkness, and forbade
The fight of you and heav'n: a king myself,
And yet a regicide, by heav'n and man
Alike abhorr'd : approach, and weep my fate,
But do not curse me with the name of parent.
Yes, to behold your angel smiles, that once
Gave vigour to my pulse, is mine no more.
Yet I can weep your fate, and I will weep
In tears of blood warm gothing from the heart.
With patient fortitude I might have borne
My own disasters, but the sense of yours
Hath quite unmann'd me. Whither will ye go
For respite from your toils, or how affuage
The madness of despair ? From public haunts,
And all the gay delights of social life,
Driv'n with disgrace, your virgin bloom to waste
In barren solitude, and execrate
The name of father. Ye must never taste
The sweets of Hymen, nor with eager eyes
Gaze on a smiling progeny ; for who,
Who will receive pollution to his arms,
Nor shudder at the black impending guilt

That hangs o'er all the race of Oedipus ?' Also the conclusion of the tragedy, being the address of the chorus to the inhabitants of Thebes :

• Inbabitants of Thebes, behold your prince,
The mighty Oedipus, whole soaring thought
Pierc'd the dark riddle of the monster Sphynx ;
Whose fame and pow'r, beyond example great,
What son of Cadmus but with envy view'd :--
That prince behold, by fad reverse of fate
Fall’n from his throne of grandeur to the depth
Of abject misery-Mortal, mark his fate;
Nor him, whom fortune's changeful smile adorns
With momentary triumphs, call thou blest,

Till death decide, and itamp the name of “ happy." This pleasing collection contains several other" (smaller) pieces, which have their merit. The Roman critic's maxim, ubi plura nitent, &c. we hope always to have in view, in our decisions; but candidly to point out smaller faults is fometimes an office of kindness. Mr. Maurice seems to pay considerable attention to correctness; we would wish him to be quite correct. He will, we hope, excuse the hint, that he might derive advantage from avoiding a recurrence of the same thought in different expreffions. An instance of this we observed in his verses to the Marquis of Blandford, (p. 13.) where, if the two lines,

But lo! attended by her infant train,
That sport around her on the velvet plaing

had had been omitted, the circumstance described would have been more beautifully, because more abruptly, introduced by the nineteenth line of the same page :

• But who are these, that Auth'd with all the glow-&c.' There are a few blemishes of other kinds, which struck us in the course of perusal. In Hero and Leander,

Descending torrents, mix'd with ruddy flame,

Roar'd to the howling blaft in loud acclaim. The later part of the last line is an impropriety committed for the sake of rhyme. The last line of our firit quotation from Hinda, we could with the Author to reconsider.

Perhaps the idea of indulging grief is not the most classically expressed by

-Sorrow cherifli'd an eternal wound. In the same poem, p. 28, 1. 10, there is an elipsis of the preo, position to, which does not please,

• While unremitting sorrow points the tomb.' Had the epithet, unremitting, been supprefled, SORROW would have been personified, and might with propriety have been said to point, or direct, the unhappy mourner to his tomb.

We must not take leave of this publication, without doing its Author the justice to remark, that, in this edition, he has much improved some of the poems which were formerly published, by the omission or alteration of exceptionable passages. Yet we cannot help wishing that he had paid more attention to Hagley, and Netherby, in this republication. These poems, though they contain many excellent lines, ftill appear, in our opinion, to want some curtailing, and much polishing,


F R A N C E.


ISTOIRE Naturelle, generale, & particuliere ; contenant les

Epoques de la Nature, &c.--A Natural History, general and particular; containing the Epochas of Nature. Supplement. Volume V. of the 4to Edition, and IX. and X. of the 8vo. 1779. Concluded. In the preceding part of our account * of this volume we arrived, in our analysis of this philosophical romance, at the end of the fourth epocha of nature. As the chief merit of the Author, however extensive his knowledge may be, lies in invention and painting, lo his piąure of the state of the earth during this fourth period, when its domain was divided between water and fire, is sublime and terrible, in the highest degree. The objects that enter into this dismal and tremen. * Appendix to the latt volume of our Review (the 6sft] p. 543.


dous tablature, are deep lakes, -rapid currents, and whirlpools, -earthquakes occasioned by the finking of rocks, the falling in of caverns, and the explosions of volcanos,-general and particular hurricanes-vortices of fmoke, -- tempests produced by these violent convulsions of earth and fea, -inundations, and impetuous foods and torrents, occafioned by these earthquakes and commotions,-rivers of melted glass, and of bitumen and fulphur, ravaging the mountains, rolling their peftilential streams along the plains, and infecting their waters,-che fun himself darkened, not only by thick, warry clouds, but also by enormous masses of aines and stones, ejected from the volcanos : such are the materials that enter into this dreadful display; which is concluded by an unutual strain of piety, and thanks to the Creator, that he did not render man the spectator of these terrible and tumultuous scenes that preceded the birth of intelligent and sensitive natures.

We come now to the fifth EPOCHA, during which elephants, and other animals of the fouthern climates, inhalited the northern regions. When the earth was ftill burning- hot toward the south, it was cooling toward the Poles, which enjoyed, during a long space of time, the temperature adapted to the preservation and subsistence of the plants and animals that can only live, now, in the fouthern regions. Animal or living nature may have commenced its existence on our globe about 36,000 years from its formation, or expulsion from the sun, as its poJar regions, at least, were then so far cooled, that the curious examiner might touch them without burning his fingers. T this living nature the author gives a long lease of existence, (for as the business is all ideal, liberality is easy) even 93,000 years, at the end of which the globe will be colder than ice. But, between these terms, there are intermediate ones, as between the extremities of the thermometer. In the first degrees of refrigeration, when the waters cealed to boil, animals and vegetables may have existed, which were afterwards destroyed (both individuals and species) by the increasing refrigeration of succeeding ages, and we find only their remains in calcareous substances: but the claffes of organized and animal beings, that, by their nature, are more affected by intense heat, could only exist and multiply in periods nearer that in which we live. It is about 15,000 years backwards froin our time that our Author places, in the North, elephants and other kinds of ánimals, who, at present, can only live and multiply in the torrid zone. According to him, the quantity of ivory discovered in the northern regions, proves that they once really contained a great number of elephants ; but there are many more plausible accounts given of the existence of these animals in the North, than the wild romance of the epochas. M. DE BUFFon ob


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