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(in his letter of July 2, 1613. Relig. Wotton. p. 425.) of a new play, acted by the King's players, at the Bank's Side, called All is True; representing some principal pieces of the reign of Henry VIII. The extraordinary circumstances of pomp and majesty, with which that play was set forth, and the particular incident of certain cannons not off at the King's entry to a masque at the Cardinal Wolfey's house (by which the theatre was set on fire and burnt to the ground) are ftri&tly applicable to the play before us, Mr. Chamberlaine, in Winwood's Memorials, vol. iii. p. 469, mentions the burning of the Globe, or Play-house, on the Bank Side, on St. Peter's Day, 1613, which, says he, fell out by a peale of chambers, that I know not on what occalion were to be used in the play. Ben Jonson, in his Execration upon Vulcan, says, they were two poor chambers. (See the stage direction in the play of Henry VIII. a little before the King's entrance, viz. “ Drum and trumpet-chambers discharged.] The Continuator of Scowe's Chronicle, relating the same incident (p. 1003.) fays expressly, that it happened at the play of Henry VIII.
In a MS. letter of Thomas Lorkin to Sir Thomas Puckering, dated London, this last of June 1613, this same fact is thus selated. “ No longer since, than yesterday, while Burbage his company were acting at the Globe the play of Henry VIII. and there shooting of certain chambers in way of triumph, the fire catched, &c. &c. MS. Harl. 7002.'
(Mr. Steevens observes, that they were called chambers, because they were mere chambers to lodge powder. It is the technical term for the cavity in ordnance which holds the combustibles.]
A paffage in Coriolanus that had hitherto much puzzled the critics, is at length decisively explained, by Mr. Steevens.
" Why in this woolvish gown hould I stand here, &c." Dr. Johnson explains it thus- rough, hirsute gown.' Mr. Steevens, on consulting the old copy, was surprised to find, that it was 'woolvilh tongue.' He conjectures with good reafon, that tongue was misprinted for toge-- the Roman toga. For, as Mr. Malone remarks, the very lame mistake of the printer happened in Othello, where we met with tongued instead of “ toged consuls.” Besides, as he farther obferves, the old copy hath in and not with, which is a strong proof that the original word was not tongue.' But what shall we make of the epithet woolvilh? Luckily Mr. Steevens hath hit on its precise meaning, in an old black letter book, entitled a “ Merye Jest of a man called Howleglas." The hero of this merry ješt binds himself to a taylor. He is set to work about a garment, “ Then faid the “ maister, I ment that you should have made up the rufset “ gown, for a husbandman's gown is here called a wolfe.” . By a woolvisa toge or gown, Shakspeare might have meant
Coriolanus, to compare the dress of a Roman candidate to the coarse frock of a ploughman, who exposed himself to solicit the votes of his fellow ruftics.' In the same play Menenius the friend of Coriolanus says,
“ Do not cry, havock, where you Mould but hunt
“ With modeft warrant.” In this passage, Mr. Tyrrwhitt obferves, that to cry havock, seems originally to have been a sporting phrase from hafoc, which, in Saxon, signifies a hawk. It was afterwards used in war. So in K. John,
-Cry, havock, kings." And in Julius Cæsar,
“ Cry, havock, and let slip the dogs of war.” It seems to have been the signal for general Naughter, and is expressly forbidden in the Ordinances des Batailles. 9 R. II. Art. 10. “ Item, que nul soit si hardy de crier havock, sur peine d'avoir la test coupe."
This expression, cry havock, reminds us of a similar passage in the concluding scene of Hamlet.
“ This quarry cries on havock Sir Thomas Hanmer reads cries out havock !” Dr. Johnson observes, that ' to cry on was to exclaim against. I suppose (fays he) when unfair sportsmen destroyed more quarry or game than was reasonable, the censure was to cry havock.'. This interpretation must undoubtedly be erroneous, if Mr. Tyrrwhitt's note, mentioned above, is allowed to have any weight. And, indeed, the obvious sense of every other passage, where this expression is made use of, confutes Dr. Johnson's supposition. We are surprised, that so accurate a critic as Mr. Steevens should have suffered Dr. Johnson's note to pass uncorrected. From his filence a person might be ready to infer his approbation.
The passage strikes us in this light. When Fortinbras beholds the faughter which had been made of so many noble personages, the icenes of a bloody hunt rush on his imagination. To laughtered game (called quarry, in old books of hunting and falconry) he compared the victims of that merciless hunter, death. Viewing them, he exclaims :
" This quarry cries, i. e. repeats, or cries in my ear, the bloody fignal by which they fell as hunted game to the hounds of death "'On! Havock !"
It may not be altogether unworthy of observation, that the terms commonly made use of in some parts of England by the gentlemen of the field to encourage the dogs, seems to have been derived from this antient signal of pursuit." Hoik! Havoik!”
We would, with pleasure, give further specimens of the excellence and value of this new edition of Shakspeare, but we have already, perhaps, extended this article too far.
ART. II. Archaeologia : or, Miscellaneous Tracts relative to Antiquity, &c. Vol. V. Concluded. Sce Review for February
HE Dune, or Tower of Dornadilla, is described by the
Rev. Mr. Pope, minister of Reay. It is fituated in the parish of Duirnes, on Lord Reay's estate. The height of its present ruins is 25 feet on one side; on the other, it is only 9. The door, 3 feet square, fronts the north-east, as we are told is the cafe in all round buildings in the north. The walls are very thick, and within is an opening or pallage, divided into galleries, which run horizontally round about the building; each gallery is 5 feet high; the floor is laid with large fiat stones, which gird and bind the whole building compactly together. The common conjecture is, that these galleries were for fleeping-rooms, or barracks, in the hunting season. Beside these, there are other openings, full of shelves, formed of large flat ftones, the use of which seems to have been to give light and fresh air to those who fept in the galleries, to hold their quivers or baggage, and perhaps, the lower shelves were cup-boards, and presses for their victuals. What conveniency they had at the bottom is not known, nine feet being filled with stones. Three of the galleries are entire, and goats take shelter in them in snowy weather. The building was at first much higher, and would make, it is said, a grand figure in a foreit. The masonry, we are told, is extremely well done, but without either lime or clay. Some maintain, that this Dune of Dornadilla was a druidical temple ; but that, Mr. Pope obferves, cannot be the case, as the Druids made no use of roofed, or covered buildings, and it appears, that this building was roofed like the round Pictish houses ; befide, he adds, in that age, there were no inhabitants in these parts to worship in any temple. It does not, however, appear improbable, but that this Dune may have been erected by the Danes, as there are two buildings, said to be exactly the same in other respects, only of larger dimensions, in Glenbeg, which are afcribed to that people. But Mr. Pope informs us, that there is a fragment of a very old poem ftill preserved, which mentions Dornadilla as the chieftain or prince, for whose fake this building was erected. Concerning this Dornadilla, little more has reached the present day, than that he spent his time in hunting, and was the first who enacted forest laws. Mr. Pope does not mention the age in which Dornadilla lived. The print consists of the elevation of the tower, and a section of it.
Stone coffins have been frequently found in different parts of England. Mr. Pegge, in a letter to Gustavus Brander, Elg; offers a few observations relative to fome lately discovered at Christ Church, Twynham. The kist vain of the Britons,
he apprehends, were of this kind, some of which rude sepulchral receptacles, he says, he has seen in Derbyshire. These at Chrif-Church are somewhat more artificial than those of the ancient Britons, but as they are formed of ten or eleven pieces (a print of which is exhibited), and there does not appear to have been any stone underneath for the body interred to lie on, Mr. Pegge concludes, that they are very ancient, the production of a rude and barbarous age (perhaps the fourth century), and affording a strong proof that Twynham was very anciently settled.
Mr. King presents the Society with two small fragments of antiquity; the one a brick of a very singular form, and ornamented with the representation of some flower, which was found with several others, in clearing away the foundation of an old maling-house, in 1776, in Mersey Island : its texture leads him to suppose, that it is not of so high antiquity as the times of the Romans. The oher fragment was dug up in the same year, near Colchester, by a labourer, who, at the time, discovered about thirty of the same fort, but began immediately to dalh them all to pieces, with a view, as he said, “ to save himself the plague and trouble of answering the enquiries that would be made about them.” It was merely by accident that three of them were preserved. This veffel (of which, and the other, is a little print) Mr. King supposes to be a kind of lachrymatory; made of course red earth. His article is but short, and he apologizes for descanting on what may be thought trivial, by observing, that many things which appear of little importance when seen separately, have been found very useful means of illustrating curious facts, when viewed with others collectively,
In the 23d article, written by Mr. Brooke, of the Herald's college, we have a description of the great seal of Catherine Parr, the sixth wife of Henry VIII. It is taken from an impresfion in the collection of Mr. Guftavus Brander. Henry, says Mr. Brooke, was exceeding kind in granting arms to his wives, though he deprived them of their heads. This seal, the fculpture of which appears to have been very elegant, gives an opportunity for many observations on the family and connections of Catherine Parr; to which is added, a curious account of this great lady's funeral, taken from a book in the Cotton library, and never before made public.
The description of an ancient fortification near ChriftChurch, Hampshire, is written by Francis Grofe, Esq. It is accompanied with drawings of the entrenchment on Hengistbury-head, and the camp on St. Catherine's-bill, Mr. Grose apprehends, that these are the remains of Roman works. The name of Hengist seems to direct us to another origin ; but that name may have been given after the times of the Romans, though the works were raised by their skill and industry. 1
An account of ancient monuments and fortifications in the Highlands of Scotland, forms a long article, in a letter from Mr. James Anderson to George Wilson, Esq. Mr. Anderson reduces the remains of antiquities in Scotland to six classes. I. Mounds of earth thrown into a sort of hemispherical form, which are sometimes found in the south of Scotland, and usually diftinguished by the name of mote or moat, which, he suppores, from the name, and other circumstances, to have been erected as theatres of justice by our Saxon ancestors. II. The Cairns, which are evidently sepulchral monuments, to be met with in every part of the country. III. The long stones set on end in the earth, which are known to be monuments, intended to perpetuate the memory of some signal event in war. These, he supposes, to be of later date than the cairns, as there is hardly one of them whose traditional history is not preserved by the country people in the neighbourhood; and it is not difficult to reconcile these traditional narratives with the records of history. Mr. Anderson conjectures, that this kind of monument was first introduced into Britain by the Danes. IV. Large stones placed in an erect position and circular form, which, being less known than the former, and confined to a narrower district, are more particularly described. Their situation and form are said to intimate, that they have been places destined for some kind of religious worship. Mr. Anderson has examined a great number of them, and finds, that by restoring the parts which have been demolished, they would all coincide very exactly with a plan bere given, and drawn from one still very entire, at a place called Hill of Fiddess. These, without doubt, are druidical temples. V. Circular buildings, consisting of walls composed of stones, firmly bedded on one another, without any cement, and usually distinguished by the word Dun. A particular account, with a print annexed, is given of the remains of one of these buildings, called Dun- Azglefag, in Ross-shire. Mr. Anderson concludes, that these have been places of religious worship, and observes, that though every erection of this kind bas the syllable Dun prefixed to the name of the place in which it stands, yet the particular building itself is always called the Druid's house, as the Druid's house of Dun-Beath, of DunAgglesag, &c. This remark seems rather to militate against Mr. Pope's opinion, as expressed above, concerning the Dune of Dornadilla ; though it must be acknowledged, this latter Tower or Dun, seems to differ in some respects from those here mentioned. VI. The moft remarkable of all the Scottish antiquities are the vitrified walls, which consist of stones piled rudely on one another, and firmly cemented together by a matter that has been vitrified by means of fire, which forms a kind of artificial rock, that refifts the vicissitudes of the weather, perRev. April, 1780.