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which he pronounced on the abovementioned occafion. Mr. M. seems, as far as we can judge, barely from a perusal of this pamphlet, to bave sufficient cause of complaint. His Letter is very well written. Art. 38. A View of Universal Modern History, from the Fall of

the Roman Empire. Translated from the last Edition of the celebrated Chevalier Mehegan. By 'H. Fox. Evo, Robinson. 1779.

We gave an account of the original of this work, as a foreign article, in the Appendix to our Review vol. xxxvi. We commended the performance, and gave some specimens of the Writer's animated and agreeable style.

RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 39. Discourses on various Subjects. By Jacob Duché, A. M.

Rector of Christ Church and St. Peter's in Philadelphia ti and formerly of Clare Hall, Cambridge. 8vo. 2 Vols. 10 s. 6 d. Boards. Cadell, &c. 1779.

The number of sermons in these volumes is forty-eight: the subjects of them as follows: The Character of Wisdom's Children; evangelical Righteousness; the Religion of Jesus the only Source of Happiness; true Religion a costly and continual Sacrifice ; Truth the only Friend of Man; the Strength and Victory of Faith; the flousishing State of the righteous; the Cause and Cure of the Disorders of homan Nature ; the Riches, Privileges, and Honours of the Christian ; Chrift, known or unknown, the universal Saviour; human Life, a Pilgrimage; the true Knowledge of God; the Nativity of Chrift; Poverty of Spirit; the Improvement of Times and Seasons; the universal Shepherd; the Characters of the regenerace and unregenerate States; Hope in God, the only Refuge in Distress; a nominal, or partial Belief in the Gospel, unprofitable; the Life and Death of the righteous ; Jesus sleeping in the Ship; Regeneration ; St. Peter's Denial of Christ; the Sufferings of Chrift; the first or fpiritual Refurre&tion ; future Resurrection; the Ground and Nature of private and public Worship, &c.

Concerning these Discourses we have to observe, that they are pious and affe&tionate; rather declamatory; yet sensible,-though the Writer, in some instances, delivers plain and important truths with a kind of mystical air; orthodox in fome respects ; but noi Calvinillical as to predestination. They have spirit and warmth, and at times are somewhat in the strain of the old divines : perhaps there are passages which may be deemed enthusiastic, and tinctured with Quakerilm ; yet, on the whole, they are practical and useful.

Mr. Duché speaks of them himself in these terms : “ The Reader will find in them no display of genius or of erudition. To the for

+ Mr. Duché is said to be a native of Philadelphia, and to have received his education in the college there. We are farther informed that he was Chaplain to the Congress; and that his removal into England was the consequence of his political conversion. For a farther account of this Gentleman and his writings, see Review, vol. lviii. p. 165


mer the Author hath no claim: of the latter he contents himself with as much as is competent to the discharge of his pastoral dary. His divinity, he trufis, is that of the Bible ; to no other Randard of truth can he venture to appeal. Sensible however of his own fallibility, he wishes por to obirude his peculiar sentiments, nor to have shem received any farther, than they carry with them that only fair tiile so reception, a cooviétion of their truth and usefuloess. From his own heart he hath written to the hearts of others; and if any of bis Readers find not there, the ground of his doctrines, they are, furely, at liberty to pass them by, if they do it with Christian caps dour, and to leave it to time and their own reflections to discover that ground.'

Some of the phrases in this collection intimate that this gentleman has been, or is, a disciple of Jacob Behmen or Count Sweden. burg; however, if he has any of their reveries, it muß be acknowledged they are here applied to a solid and practical ufe.

An uncommon circumstance of embellithment attends this reli. gious publication, viz. a very elegant emblematical print, prefixed in each volume, by way of frontispiece. Art. 40. Biographia Evangclica: or, An Historical Account of

the Lives and Deaths of the most eminent and evangelical Ave thors or preachers, both British and Foreign, in the several De nominations of Protestants, from the Beginning of the Reformation to the present Time; wherein are collecied from authentic Hiftorians, their most remarkable Actions, Sufferings, and Writings, exhibiting the Unity of their faith and Experience in their several Ages, Countries, and Profesions; and illustrating the Power of Divine Grace in their holy living and dying. By the Rev. Erasmus Middleton, Lecturer of S. Bennete's, Gracechurch-ftreet; and of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate freer. Vol. I. 6s. Hog. 1779.

'This Writer's plan is very extensive; though some may think it narrowed by the word Evangelical. There have been many excele Jent men, chriflians, protestants,-- men who were eminent for learn. ing, and exemplary for piety and virtue, whom, nevertheless, fome persons might hardly deem to be evangelical. Mr. Middleton, how. ever, entirely disclaims a bigotied partiality to feels and denominations, and professes to give his whole attention to great and good, or as he terms them gracious characters, of all persualions; but here be seems to limit himself again, when he adds, who hold the distinguishing principles of the gospel.'

The lives contained in this volume are as follow'; Wickliffe; Hors; Jerom of Prague; John de Wesalia ; Hamilton; Gelden haur ; Ecolampadius; Zuinglius; Bilney; Frith; Tindale ; Lambert; Regius; Capito; Simon Grynaeus; Leo Judæ; Brulius; Luther; Wilhast; F. Myconius; Diazius; Cruciger; Fagius; Bucer; Munfter; Hedio ; George, Prince of Anhalt; Rogers; Saunders; Hooper; Taylor; Ferrar; Bradford; Jonas; Latiiner; Ridley; Philpot; Cranmer; Ponet; Melanchon; John á Lafco; P. Martyr Thomas Grynæus; Vergerio. Thirteen engravings of the portraits of some of the principal of the above named persons, are faid to be the performance of a young anist, and feem by no means to be ill cxecuted.


The profefled design of this work is, to check the progress of ira religion, infidelity, and popery, by a review of the lives of the most eminent persons in the protettant churches, from the beginning of the reformation to the prefent day. It may be fafely said,' this compiler observes,' that nothing has contributed so much to the reception of impious and fuperftitious tenets among us, as the spi. ritual darkness of our present enlightened age, which indeed has made great improvements in the knowledge of every thing but one-and that is, the one thing needful. Oor youth are trained up according to the fashion, in the ignorance and contempt of every thing facred; and no man is allowed either sense or discretion, unless he is quite at ease with respect to religion, and indifferent to the great concerns of etersity,

Should the features in the above picture be thought too frong, it moft still be acknowledged, that it bears but too ftriking a resem blance of the original. Fox's Aars and Monuments is one principal foorce from whence the materials of this work are collected. This book of Fox's, it is observed, was formerly ordered, by authority, to be placed in every church, that the people of the several parishes in the kingdom might be led to a thorough deteftation of the princi: ples and practices of the Papists. Mr. Middleton regrers, that this erder, like many others, is become obsolete; but he hopes that his compilation may, in fome degree, contribute to supply that negle&t. He wishes it to be considered as a family book, to be put into the hands of youth for their information and profit. This forft volume confils of 520 pages, and the print is not large; fo that the price of the work may be reckoned small, in proportion to the quantity, and to the number of the engravings, which are considerable ornaments to js. Art. 41. Esays Moral and Religious; or, God manifest in his Works,

IS. Goldney. 1779. Notwithstanding what may be due to that politeness and goodnature, which the Author of these Essays call's upon us to exercise towards a female writer; there are other claims which oblige us to. declare that, however well intended, they are in sentimene too trite, and in language too incorrect, to merit any considerable degree of commendation. Art. 42. The Catechism of the Church of England. With Notes

explanatory; for the Use of young People. By A. Crocker, Schoolmaster at Ilminster.

3 d. or 2 s. 6 d. per dozen." Robinson.

These notes secm, to be well calculated for the purpose which they were written to answer ; they are concise, plain, and orthodox. Art. 43. An. humble Attempt for the Instruction of Youth in the

Grounds, Principles, and Duties of Religion. By way, of Question and Answer, 12mo. 6 d. Johnson, &c 1774.

Attempts for the instruction and aliitance of youth are truly laudable. Humanity, piery, and public spirit, ever plead in their favour. The licle performance before us is founded on the Scriptures. Numbers will, perhaps, deem is not suficiently evangelical; but, as far as, it goes, it will probably be approved. By what accident our notice of it has been so long delayed, we cannot readily fay; perhaps it was

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SERMONS, &c. I. Prayer for those in Civil and Military Ofices recommended. Before

the Election of the Magistrates of Edinburgh, O&. 5. 1779. By John Erskine, D. D. one of the Ministers of Edinburgh. 8vo. od. Edinburgh printed.

Whether this is the Dr. Erkine who kas diftinguished himself by kis public disapprobation of the American war, we cannot with certainty say. The fermon before us, from Joshua i. 17, is plain, pious, and practical. It leads us to an over-ruling Providence influencing and governing all human affairs; we find in it also some lengble observations on the present state of our country. It seriously and warmly recommends fervent prayer and reformation. II. Preached before the University of Oxford, Nov. 7, 1779. By

George Bellas, D.D. Rector of Yattendon, and Vicar of Bafilden, Berkshire. 400.

Blyth, &c. The immediate subject of this discourse is, 2 Samuel xxiv, 11, 12, 13, che message which was sent by the prophet Gad to David. Dr. Bellas offers a juft and sensible account of David's crime, and distinguilhes rationally and properly between the very peculiar cira cumstances of the Jewish ftate, and that of every other country on earth. At the same time, he enquires when any other nation may be chargeable with a crime at all limilar to that to which the text alLades, viz. when it becomes generally impious, presumptuous, and diffolute. In the application, he recommends repentance and refor. mation to the inhabitants of this country. II. Preached in the Parish Church of Whitby, before the Friendly

Society, at their Anniversary Meeting, on Whit-Monday, 1779.. and published at their Requeft. By the Rev. Joseph Robertion, Curate of the said Church. 4to. is. York, printed; London, fold by Baldwin, &c.

• Every member of the Friendly Society, we are told in a note, by contributing eight-pence per month, is allowed five shillings a week, out of the joint stock, when rendered incapable of working by sickness, lameness, or blindness. On the decease of any member, his widow receives five pourds for defraying kis funeral expences ; and when any member's wife dies, he is allowed forty fillings for the same purpose. We conclude also, though we are not directly informed, that a collection is made at the time of the sermon for Cupporting this design. Mr. Robertson, in this discourse, urges the exercise of charity by convincing arguments, and pathetic represenzations. IV. The Watchfulness incumbent on Minifters, confidered, in a Charge, · delivered at the Ordination of the Rev. Isaac Smith, at Sidmouth, Devon, June 24, 1778. By Joshua Toulmin, A. M. 8vo. 6 d. Taunton, printed ; London, fold by Johnson.

This Charge, which now appears in a second edition, was pub. lished together with the fermon, &c, delivered on the same occasion, in 1778*. All of them have been noticed in our Review, and the • Vide Review for September 1778, p. 239.


accoont which was then given of them in their united Aate, is apu plicable to the piece now separately printed; viz. that it is pious, rational, and practical. Such discourses cannot fail of doing honour to the Protestant Diflenters. It may be proper to add, that this second edition of the Charge is owing to the earnest solicitation of Sir Harry Trelawney. Some small parts of the discourse, which, for want of time, were surpressed in its firf delivery, are here in ferted.


CORRESPONDENCE. T has ever been our custom to pay due regard to the decent re

monftrances of respectable writers, who think their works, in any degree, misrepresented in our Review. . On this principle, we pub lish the following letter from Mr. Hey, of Leeds, relative to our late account of his Observations on the Blood : see Review for November laft, Art. VII. Our ftrictures on that performance appeared, to us, to be juft, at the time when we printed them; and we do not apprehend that he will attribute them to any personal disrespect. To enter into a controversy on the subject, is not only unsuitable to the nature of our plan, but incompatible with our other engagements. What we have already said, is submitted to the judgment of our Readers ; and to the same respectable court we now convey the plea of Mr. Hey, in his own behalf.

Ta thé MONTHLY REVIE WERS. GENTLEMEN, Confidering the great variety of subjects which come daily an. der your notice, it cannot be deemed a want of candour to suppose, that sometimes the meaning of an author may be so far mistaken, as to occasion a criticism, which, upon second thoughts, you would wish to alter or retract. My partiality, perhaps, may lead me to think, that this remark is applicable to fome parts of your criticism on my Observations on the Blood. I hall beg leave to point out a few passages in which, I apprehend, you have mistaken my meaning, as well as that of Mr. Hewson, whofe theory of fizy blood I have animadverted upon,

The firft paffagel fall take notice of is that, in which you represent me as allowing the fundamental principle of Mr. Hewson's theory, and miftaking the meaning of his terms: “ This” (Mr. Hewson's } “ doctrine is, that inflammation, instead of increasing, leffens the disposition of blood to coagulate, and instead of thickening, thins it, at least its coagulable part. And Mr. Hey, instead of controverting this fundamental principle, admits as a fact, that the furface of blood which is about to form a cruft of fize, remains much longer fiuid, than that of blood in different circumstances. So far, then, they agree ; but Mr. Hewson supposes, that what floats on the furface of such blood is coagulable lymph, attenuated by the increased action of the blood vessels : whereas Mr. Hey contends, that it is coagulable lymph diluted with serum. We must own, that the fet of experiments which Mr. Hey produces here, to prove (wbat nobody would doubt) that the lizy crust of blood really contains a watery or serous part, does not seem to us at all conclusive againft the opinion of Mr. Hewson, who, by ofing the term attenuated, certainly 3


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