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so intractable among gentlemen of easy morals, as a man of rigid virtue. I confess,' said his Grace, ' I do not know any thing that can be such a nuisance as a man of stern and uncorrupt integrity, in a society made happy and unanimous by a participation of jobs, by mutual connivance, and the perfect equality among themselves, that arises from a thorough consciousness, that not one of the company is a jot better than his neighbour.

* I am perfectly satisfied,' continues the Duke, that Captain Baillie, while he did great service to the poor pensioners, did infinitely disturb the tranquillity of the officers; and all they who are of opinion, that the government of Hospitals, as well as that of kingdoms, was made for the pleasure of the governors, and not for the benefit of the governed, will think his conduct was atrocious.

• But such of your Lordships who may be of different sentiments, and who reflect, that the greatest reformers have rarely been men of the best tempers, will pity the imperfections of human virtue ; and will think Captain Baillie's morofeness rather the object of reprimand, than of the utmost punishment the Admiralty had the power to infict. They ought to have commended and seconded his zeal, and exhorted him to more conciliatory manners ; and not have deprived him of his office with disgrace, while they continue to employ, trust, and caress a recorded cheat, who triumphs in the destruction of Captain Baillie.'

In fine, the noble Orator acknowledges his persuasion, that after the disputes which have arisen among the officers and penfioners, it would be impossible for Captain Baillie ' to lead an happy life in Greenwich Hospital ;'-yet, in confideration that he has been very meritorious in detecting the cruel frauds of the Contractor for butchers meat, and prosecuting him to conviction; that he has been at all times the true friend of the pensioners ; that he has brought to light many abuses ; that he has got many abuses rectified, and that the prosecution of others has occafioned his being harassed with expensive suits in Weftminster-Hall, and his illegal dismission from his office,-his Grace recommends that some provision be made for him, such as his Majesty shall think adequate to his desert—such as Lord Sandwich' himself thought him deserving of, subsequent to every complaint which has been alleged againit Captain Baillie *.

• Lord Sandwich acknowledged, to Mr. Murphy, in a conversation relative to a plan for the dismission of the Lieutenant Governor by refignation (some time before he was turned out, without any equivalent or compensation whatever), that “ he believed there might be a great deal of right, and a great deal of wrong in Captain Baillie." Vid. Mr. Murphy's evidence at the bar of the House of Lords, p. 122 of the present publication.

Nothing

Nothing, however, has yet, that we have heard of, been done for Mr. Baillie, in the way of recompence for the great loss that he hath fuftained by his dismission from his posc. It appears, from a letter printed at the end of this volume, that the Captain hath humbly requested the command of a fhip, his health being such as would, he hoped, enable him again to serve his Majesty: but we do not understand that he hath been successful in his application. The letter bears date in June 1779.

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FOREIGN LITERATURE.

(By our CORRESPONDENT s.)
G E R M A N Y and the NOR T H.

ART. I. 0. Chrift. Biel Novus THESAURUS PHILOLOGICUS, five

Lexicon in LXX. et alios Interpretes et Scriptores Apocryphos VETERIS TESTAMENTI, ex Autoris B. Mfcto Edidit et Præfatus eft E. H. Mutzenbecher. Pars Prima. A-E. Hagæ Comitum Sumptibus. J. A. Bouvinck. 1779. Large 8vo. Pages 690. This learned and most useful work, composed by an adept of the first rank in Grecian and Oriental literature, will undoubtedly obtain the applause and encouragement it fo highly deserves. It is the posthumous work of the learned and laborious JOHN CHRISTIAN Biel, a native of Brunswick, who acquired a considerable reputation, in the republic of letters, by several philological productions of singular merit, by the part he had in the celebrated edition of Hesychius, published by Alberti, and by his connexions and correspondence with Leibnitz, Bentley, and many other learned men of the first class in England, Holland, and other countries. The work lay for a long time in MSS. for it was completely finished before the Author's death, which happened in the year 1745 ; but several learned men teftified their ardent defire of its public cation, such as Ernefti, Michaelis, Teller, and others. This desire was founded on a specimen of the work, which was subjoined to a dissertation of the Author's, published in the year 1740 *, and the first volume, now before us, juftifies it fully. In this work, which is much more ample and rich in materials than those of Keller, and the other authors that are mentioned by Fabricius to all the words that we meet with in the Septuagint, in the other Greek interpreters, and in the Apocryphal writers of the Old Testament, are exhibited in an alphabetical order. The Author explains each word in such a manner, that the Reader may perceive, at first fight, what is its original meaning, and in what signification it is employed by the abovementioned interpreters and writers. He points out its different fignifications, the Hebrew and Chaldaic terms, that bear the same sense, and the use that the writers of the New Testament have made of it. All this is accompanied with philological and critical remarks, drawn from profane authors, concord. ances, glossaries, and the best critics and commentators, ancient and modern, which are adapted to illustrate each word, and to ascertain its various significations, according to the occafions and subjects on which it is employed.

* This differtation is entitled, Exercitatio de Ligno ex Libano ad Templum Hierofolymitanum ædificandum petito.-Bruniviga, 1740. # In his Bibliotheca Greca,

order,

We shall insert here a single article of this volume (which carries the work to the letter E inclusive), that the Reader may judge of the manner in which the learned Author has executed kis extensive plan.

Apetni, virtus, decus, gloria, honor, laus, 7177 decus, gloria, Hab. i'i. 2. xchuyev spave's petn autự, operuit cælos gloria ejus, i. e. gloriosa potentia ejus, fapientia ei bonitas e ccelo undequaque ita apparent, ac fi illud opertum quafi divinis illis perfectionibus effet. Quod hic opetui vocatur, Pf. xix. 1. dicitur δόξα. Αpud Ηesychium αρετη exponitur θεία δυναμις, divina potentia. Quæ tamen explicatio, fi ad prophetæ I. c. ibi respicitur, uti videtur, rem non fatis exhausit. Zach. vi. 13. mai citis ameteu apstru, et ille affumet gloriam. Idem hic apeta notat, quod Pf. viii. 5, et Heb. ii. 7. 20Ex xai topeni, gloria et honor. Sic et apud poëtas Græcos apetń gloriam, honorem denotat; Homerus II. v. v. 242.

Ζευς δ' αρετήν άνδρεσσιν οφέλλει τε μινύθει τε

Jupiter autem viris honorem et auget et minuit, I lefiodus "Efy v. 311.

πλετο δ αρετή και κυδος όπηδες

divitias autem honos et gloria comitat:r. Conser quæ ex Plutarcho de Audiend. Poet. p. 24, notat Lamh. Bes Obferv. Critic, p. 112, 0170 laudes. Er. xlii. 8. The δοξαν με ετέρω και δωσω εδε τας αρετάς με τους γλυπίοις. Glorian meam alteri non dabo, neque virtutes meas sculptilibus. El. xlii. 12. στο σεσι τω Θεώ δόξαν, τας αρετας αυτε εν τοις νήσοις απαγγέartig dabunt Deo gloriam, virtutes ejus in infulis annunciabunt. ΕΙ. xiii. 21. το γενος με το εκλεκτόν, λαόν με, ον περιεποιησαμην, 5 ms cpetes les donyato bat, genus meum electum, populum meum, quem acquisivi, ut virtutes meas enarret. Quorsum respexit Petrus, 1 Ep. ii. 9. υμείς δε γένος εκλεκτον–εις περιποιησιν, όπως 525 peta's 1&277sayti, &c, vos autem eftis genus electum, -ac, quifitum, ut virtutes annuncietis ejus, qui ex tenebris, &c. El. Ixiii. 2. τον έλεον κυρία εμνήσθην, τας αρετάς κυριε εν πασιν, εις ημίν Aytatodidwes, mifericordia domini recordor et virtutum Domini in

omnibus, omnibus, quæ nobis retribuit. Sicuti autem LXX. 77777 vertentes per apetos, virtutes, procul dubio intelligunt laudabiles perfe&iones et proprietates Dei, ita nullus dubito, quin Petrus etiam, 1. c. eo sensu vocem acceperit. Imo nullus dubito, quin iden Apostolus in verbis 2 Epift. i. 3. Tè xanto AUTIS Vil is dood dogns και αρετής, per δόξαν και αρεταν, gloriofas et audibiles perfectiones Dei, amorem, misericordiam, gratiam, veritatem intellexerit, et præpositione dio causam iinpullivam, ut Paulus in verbis Gal. i. 15, xahéo as dice tns. xcépstos autě, indigitaverit. Efth. xiv. 10. ανοιξαι στομα εθνων εις αρετάς ματαίων, ut aperiant os gentium in laudes vanorum. Sap. viii. 7. Ó TÓVOL TOUTNS voor cpetai, labores ejus funt virtutes. Hefychius : 'Apetn'n TWV xonwy νομιζόμενων εμπειρία. 'Αρετή, eorum, φuα bond habentur exercitium. Lex. Cyrilli MS.Brem. 'Αρετη, πραξις αγαθη. 'Αρετη, QElio bona.

We doubt not but this specimen will give such of our Readers, as are competent judges of a work of this kind, a favourable opinion of this excellent Lexicon. . Those who have a taste for Grecian literature, and sacred erudition, will applaud the zeal of the learned Profeffor Barkey of the Hague (who appears, by the preface prefixed to this work, to have contributed much to its publication) and the labours of M. Mutzenbecher, pastor of the Lutheran church in the same place, in whole poffeffion the manuscript was, and who has taken great and successful pains to render the edition correct. The preface is the work of this learned ecclesiastic, and does honour to his erudition and critical fagacity. The bookseller has also performed his part in a manner that deserves encouragement. The type is diftinct, and the paper of the best kind.

We had scarcely finished this extract when we received the second volume of this valuable work, which contains 466 pages, and concludes with the word 'Ouvv.

II. Memoria sopra il Sel sedativo Naturale della Toscana, &c. i. e. A Memoir concerning the native fedative Salt of Tusiany, and the Borax which is composed by the Means of that Salt, as discovered by Mr. HUBERT FRANCOIS HOEFFER, of Cologn, Director of the Elaboratories of the Druggifts to the Grand Duke of Tuscany , Member of the Academy of Sciences at Sienna, and of the Botanical Society at Florence. 8vo. Florence. 1778. We mention this publication rather late; but we could not omit it, now, on that account, as it contains a discovery in chemistry. Mr. HOEFFER, having procured fome bottles of the mineral water of the marth of Monterotondo, which is called Cerchiaco, and is fituated in the Lower Sienna, he made with it several experiments, the result of which was, the discovery of a genuine native fedative salt. By adding to this some marine alkali, he produced a real borax; that is, he obtained from the 1778.

mixture

mixture of these two substances a faline matter, foluble in water, susceptible of a crystallization somewhat like that of alum, and which, by being exposed to a red heat, is transformed into a kind of faline glass. The importance and utility of this discovery are palpable.

III. 'Umslændliche Nachricht von der Hamburgischen Handlungs Academie: i. e. A circumftantial Account of the Commercial Academy at Hamburgh. By J. G. Busch, Professor of Mathematics, and Inspector of this Establishment. 12mo. Hamburgh. We are the rather inclined to announce this small publication, as it may be of use to those parents who wish that their fons, before they enter on actual business in counting-houfes, should acquire the previous knowledge which may afterward prove useful and ornamental to them.

We are aware that the best school for business, is business itfelf; but still, in every branch, there are certain elements which must be gained by ftudy, independent of practice. Such, in the case of merchants, are languages, a certain degree of historical and geographical knowledge, and a general acquaintance with the theory of commerce. If to this be added, the useful application of the years of inactivity to which many young men are exposed before they can come into actual employment, we think we may recommend this establishment as likely to afford considerable advantage. We must add, that the interior conftitution of it appears to be judiciously framed.

We refer those who wish to be farther informed concerning this institution, to the Circumftantial Account above mentioned, or to Mr. Ebeling, the director of the Academy.

MONTHLY CATALOG U E,

For MARCH, 1780.

POLITICAL. Art, 10. A Defence of the Art of Parliament lately passed for the

Relief of Roman Caibolics: Containing a true State of the Laws now in Force againit Popery : In Answer to a Pamphlet, intitled, an Appeal from the Proceftant Association to the People of Great Britain, &c.” In a Letter to a Friend. By a Protestant, 8vo. 6d. Johnson. 1780. N our Review for January, we delivered our opinion respecting

the merits of the pamphlet, to which this letter hath given a more particular reply. We are happy to find our sentiments confirmed by a writer of such abilities and candour, as the Author of this letter evidently appears to poffefs. He conducts his argument with spirit and propriety: while the consistent Protestant, and the friend of humanity, appear in every page. We fincerely with that its circulation may be as extenlive as that of the “ Appeal." It is, we think, a fovereign antidote to the malignant poifon which the

minifers

IN

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