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In a letter to Dr. Milles, dated from Venice, Mr. John Strange gives a farther account of some ancient Roman inscriptions observed in the provinces of Istria and Dalmatia: these are communicated to him, as were the former *, by the learned Abbe Fortis, who also hoped to have made a collection of the kind, in a late Appennine tour, but was rather disappointed in his researches, since Italy has been so thoroughly visited with this view, that it is no easy matter to make new discoveries ; some few, however, he imparts, which are here inserted. To compensate for the Abbe's ill success, Mr. Strange avails bimfelf of some information he received from his friend Sir Roger Newdigate, who having visited the city of Aoste, in Savoy, sends fome account of its remaining antiquities, and adds a few Roman inscriptions, which he copied from the collection at the convent of St. Bernard; but the stones are no longer remaining. It is to be wished, that this learned Society would favour the public with some short remarks on, and explications of, these inscriptions, without which, to the greater part of readers, they are often of little use or amusement.
Dr. Morell, in a Latin letter to the Hon. Daines Barrington, offers confiderations to confirm his opinion concerning the Corbridge altars. Vid. Archaeol. vol. iii. p. 333.
This letter is followed by an illustration of a Saxon inscription on the church of Kirkdale, in the North Riding of YorkThire. John-Charles Brooke, Esq; fent an exact representation, of it, to Mr. Gough, with a view of the church, which are here engraved. Memorials of the erection and consecration of our churches by inscriptions, are said not to be numerous; but, antecedently to the Norman conquest, to be indeed exceeding
'This, therefore, is regarded as a fingular curiosity. The inscription tranfiated is this; “Orin, Gamal's son, bought St. Gregory's church, then it was all gone to ruin and fallen down. Chehitle, and others, renewed it from the ground, to Christ and St. Gregory, in Edward's days the king, and in Tofti's days the Earl.” Under the dial, “ And Hawarth me made, and Brand the priest.” This inscription is engraved on one entire freestone of large dimenfions, being seven feet five inches long, one foot ten inches high, and in perfect preservation, except a small part in the centre, where the inscription is disfigured, but not obliterated by the weather. It may be inferred with a great probability, that the church was rebuilt, and this inscription engraved, between the years 1056 and 1065.
Hayman Rooke, Erq; furnishes a description of two Roman camps in Lydney Park, Gloucestershire, the seat of Thomas
• Vid. Archaeol. vol. iii. p. 337–349; also, Review for Dec. 1775, p. 499.
Bathurst, Esq; about eight miles east of Chepstow; a spot ábounding with pleasing prospects and romantic scenes. On two hills, of considerable eminence, stand two camps, or forts, overlooking the Severn, which, with some works on the op : positę fide, on a spot now called Oldbury, entirely command the passage of that river. As the command of such 'a river made these parts of confiderable consequence, they were undoubtedly entrusted to officers of some rank, and accordingly they appear to have had all neceffary accommodations for the Roman ftyle of living. A very elegant bath is still pretty entire ; and from remaining foundations of buildings, it appears that some of the pavements were teflelated. Various coins are found bere ; a silver one of Galba, with many of Adrian and Antoninus. A good engraving of these camps attends the article, and also four different views of them; which are indeed elegant and pleasing.
Mr. John-Charles Brooke, of the Heralds college, presents us with the following Number, which gives an account of an ancient seal that belonged to Robert the Vth, Baron FitzWalter, who was, he says, the son of Walter, and grandson of Robert, Lord Fitz-Walter, Marshal of the army of God, and holy church, as appears by the thield of arms under the horse's head (in the seal), which bears the coat of his second wife, who was a Ferrers. This, and much more, is in the Heralds style. The seal was found at Stamford, in Lincolnshire, in the reign of Charles IId, and was given to Robert Saunderson, then bishop of Lincoln, whose great grandson, John King, Esq; fold it to the Rev. Richard Neate, LL. B. of Whetstone, in Middlesex, the present poffeffor. It is of silver, and weighs leven ounces and seven penny weights. The extreme elegance of the workmanship, we are told, might induce a common observer to doubt its antiquity; but Mr. Brooke offers arguments to remove the objection. He particularly proves, from ancient manuscripts, that this Robert, Lord Fitz Walter, poflefled Baynard's Caftle, in the city of London, which was then called the Castle of London, and as constable of the same, enjoyed divers liberties and priveleges. In time of war, it was ordered, that he could ride on a light-horse, with twenty men at arms, to the door of St. Paul's church, with the banner of his arms carried before him; and that there he should be met by the Mayor, and others, when the Mayor should appoint him Banner-bearer to the city, and present him with a horse worth twenty pounds; which horse, it is added, shall be saddled with a faddle of his arms, and covered with filt, depicted likewise with the same arms.
In memory of this privilege and honour, Mr. Brooke fupposes the seal in question to have been made. This feal is here engraved, together with the drawing of another of
the same Baron, which he is faid to have used 28 Edw. I. anno 1300.
[To be concluded in our next.] ART. III A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry
of Rochester, in the Year 1779. By John Law, D. D. Archdeacon of Rochester. 40). is. Payne, &c. T is an unequivocal proof of the progress of a liberal spirit,
in the present times, that so many of our clergy adopt, and have the courage openly to avow, the principles of universal toleration. There are, we are persuaded, not a few respectable names among this Reverend body, who, with the judicious and candid Author of this Charge, have not opposed the late measures for the extension of religious liberty, · merely from a deference to legislative authority, but from a conviction that these indulgences were justly granted :' and who assure themselves,
that this liberal, tolerating disposition, will fecure to them the public esteem, instead of subjecting them to the groundless charge of inattention to the cause of genuine christianity.'
It is the intention of this Charge, to vindicate the equity and propriety of the late acts of the legislature, in favour of Protestant Diflenters and Roman Catholics.
Dr. Law, at the same time that he acknowledges the necelity of rigorous measures with respect to the Roman Catholics at the beginning of the Reformation, when the revival of persecution, and the destruction of civil liberty, would have been the probable consequences of indulgence, judges it perfectly reasonable, that the severity of the laws against them thould be relaxed, when the political dangers arising from Popery are removed. · Let a distinction (says he) be always observed between the political and religious tenets of a party, and where they are not so necessarily joined, as to prove hostile or dangerous to a state, the toleration of the latter is surely warranted by every rule of distributive justice and general benevolence. Nor, if experience is to be our guide, need we fear any great political inconveniences from the allowance of the Romilh worship, since we find that this has been long admitted, without any apparent ill consequences, among the zealous Protestants in Holland and America.'
With respect to Protestant Disenters, Dr. Law pleads for them, both on the ground of equity and gratitude. - As the happy restoration of civil liberty at the Revolution had been effected by the joint efforts of the members of the Church of England, and of those who dislented from it, was it not fit, independently of other arguments, that as each party had been equally zealous in the recovery of legal rights, each should be equally intitled to every privilege compatible with the security
of the state? And, as it is well known, that no privileges are
To the objection, that withdrawing subscription to articles of
However a subscription to our articles of religion might seem, in theory, an adequate mean to prevent the vile and incursions of error, and to guard the boundaries of religious truth, yet, in fact, neither of these ends was answered by it. The non-subscribing teacher was indeed subject to heavy penalties for his wilful contempt and disobedience; but so unreasonable did it appear to in Aict these penalties upon him, that scarcely an instance can be heard, of late, of their be ng put in force; and if the diffenting ministers and school-masters had not publicly complained of cruelty, in being subject to such heavy punishments, it is more than probable that the very subscription required from them would have been unknown to the generality of their own persuasion, as well as to those within our pale. Whenever, then, a law ceases to operate to its intended design, whether from the general disapprobation of it, or from its supposed inexpedience, there cannot, I think, be any great hazard in repealing it; especially, if a part of the community folicit its reversal, and the part withing its continuance admit that they have regularly declined to carry it into execution. If laws are not observed, and we think it prudent not to enforce them, to what purpose are they retained ? For, in general, it may be observed, and particularly on this occasion, that nothing 'tends more effectually to abate the reverence due to our laws, than the formal maintenance of such of them, as, from a change of circumstances, are not only allowed, but even wished, to be transgressed with impunity.-Admitting then, that the Diffenters differ from us in some points which we deem essential, yet have they not heretofore as freely propagated their heterodox opinions, whilst exposed to the terrors of the law, as they possibly can in future, when exempted from them? And if no mischief has ensued from an utter relaxation of legal coercion, can more be apprehended from the removal of it? Truth wants not for its defence the fanction of pains and penalties, but may be confidently trusted to its own efficacy.
From this frank acknowledgment of the rights of toleration, we cannot help entertaining an expectation, that the same liberal principles will lead our Author to question, what he seems at I 3
present inclined to maintain, the necessity of subscription to particular articles of faith in the established church, and of Test Alts, to exclude Diflenters from places of civil truft. For there seems no reason to expect, that subscriptions will be more efficacious ' to prevent the rise and incursions of error, and guard the boundaries of truth, or to preserve the common people from being distracted by a variety of opinions,' within the pale of the church, than without it; and there appears to be a manifest injustice, in excluding peaceable and useful members of society from places of trust in the government which they contribute to support, on account of opinions or practices which are not inimical to the state.
ART. IV. Military Memoirs of Great Britain: or, A History of the
War 1755 ----1763, with elegant Copper-plates. By David Ramsay: 8vo. Edinburgh, printed for the Author, 1779.
HIS volume contains an account of the principal events
that occurred during the course of the last war, collected, as the Author informs us, from the Gazettes, published by both nations --- most of the periodical publications-Smollet's History of England Entick’s History of the late War
Molyneux's Conjunct Expeditions - Lloyd's History of the German War 1756 and 1757– Orme's Military Transactions of the British Nations in Indoftan-Annual Register, &c. &c.' The work will serve to give a general idea of the transactions of that busy period, in a manner that may prove satisfactory to those who do not desire to investigate matters with a scrupulous degree of attention; but it will not, we imagine, be equally acceptable to those who wish to penetrate the Secrets of the cabinet, or to see the characters of the principal actors in these events, pourtrayed in lively and discriminating colours. In the first department, we meet with little more than a succinct recital of the oftenfible motives for action, that bave been made public by the several actors themselves, or their partizans; and in the last, few touches of general praise or disapprobation, which are not so appropriated as to constitute a particular likeness. The narrative is in general concise, and the style unembarrassed, though not entirely free from provincial idiomatic phrases. But in some cases, thé Author affumes a sort of enigmatic mysteriousness, which must be considered as a very material blemish in a work chiefly calculated for the use of those only who want to be informed, not puzzled.
As a specimen of the work, we select the following account of the state of parties in the British court, in the year 1757.