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The United States of America (hereinafter called the Government), represented by the Contracting Officer executing this contract, and the individual, partnership, joint venture, or corporation named above (hereinafter called the Contractor), mutually agree to perform this contract in strict accordance with the General Provisions (Standard Form 23-A), Labor Standards Provisions Applicable to Contracts in Excess of $2,000 (Standard Form 19-A), and the following designated specifications, schedules, drawings, and conditions:

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(b) Page 2 of Standard Form 23.

Alterations. The following alterations were made in this contract before it was sigaed by the parties hereto:


la wilaess whereof, the parties hereto have execuced this contract us of the date entered on the first

page bereof.

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1. The full name and business address of the Contractor must be inserted in the space provided on the face of the form. The Contractor shall sign in the space provided above with his usual signature aod typewrite or print bis name under the signature.

2. An officer of a corporation, a member of a partnership, or an agent signing for the Contractor shall place his signature and title after the word "By" under the name of the Contractor. A contract executed by an attorney or agent on bebalf of the Contractor shall be accompanied by two authenticated copies of his power of attorney or other evidence of his authority to ace on behalf of the Contractor.


8 1-16.901-23A Standard Form 23-A: General Provisions (Construction Contract).

(a) Page 1 of Standard Form 23-A.


(Construction Contract)


(a) The term "head of the agency" or "Secretary" as used herein means the Secretary, the Under Secretary, any Assistant Secretary, or any other head or assistant head of the executive or military department or other Forral agelicy; and the term "his duly authorized representative" means any person or persons or board (other thin the Con. tracting Officer) authorized to act for the head of the agency or the Secretary.

(b) The term "Contracting Officer" as used herein means the person executing this contract on behalf of the Govern. ment and includes a duly appointed successor or authorized representative. 2. SPECIFICATIONS AND DRAWINGS

The Contractor shall keep on the work a copy of the drawings and specifications and shall at all times give the Con. tracting Officer access thereto. Anything mentioned in the specifications and not shown on the drawings, or shown on the drawings and not mentioned in the specifications, shall be of like effect as if shown or mentioned in both. In case of difference between drawings and specifications, the specifi. cations shall govern. In case of discrepancy either in the figures, in the drawings, or in the specifications, the matter shall be promptly submitted to the Contracting Onicer, who shall promptly make a determination in writing. Any adjust. ment by the Contractor without such a determination shall he at his own risk and expense. The Contracting Ollicer shall furnish from time to time such detail drawings and other information as he may consider necessary, unless otherwise provided. 3. CHANGES

(a) The Contracting Officer may, at any time, without notice to the sureties, by written order designated or indicated to be a change order, make any change in the work within the general scope of the contract, including but not limited to changes:

(1) In the specifications (including drawings and designs);

(2) In the method or manner of performance of the work ;

(3). In the Government-furnished facilities, equipment, materials, services, or site; or

(4) Directing acceleration in the performance of the work.

(b) Any other written order or an oral order (which terms as used in this paragraph (b) shall include direction, instruction, interpretation, or determination) from the Contracting Officer, which causes any such change, shall be treated as a change order under this clause, provided that the contractor gives the Contracting Officer written notice stating the date, circumstances, and source of the order and that the Con. tractor regards the order as a change order.

(c) Except as herein provided, no order, statement, or conduct of the Contracting Officer shall be treated as a change under this clause or entitle the Contractor to an equitable adjustment hereunder.

(d) If any change under this clause causes an increnne or decrease in the Contractor's cost of, or the time required for, the performance of any part of the work under this contract, whether or not changed by any order, an cquitable adjustment shall be made and the contract modified in writ. ing accordingly: Prorided, however, that except for claims based on defective specifications, no claim for any change under (b) above shall be allowed for any costs incurred more than 20 days before the Contractor gives written notice as therein required: And prorided further, That in the case of defective specifications for which the Government is responsible, the equitable adjustment shall include any increased cost reasonably incurred by the Contractor in attempting to comply with such defective specifications.

(e) If the Contractor intends to assert & claim for an equitable adjustment under this clause, liemust, within • 30 days after receipt of a written change oriler under (a)

above or the furnishing of a written notice unilor (h) above, submit to the Contracting Officer a written statement setting forth the general nature and monetary extent of such claim. 23-206

unless this period is extended by the Government. The statement of claim hereunder may be included in the notice under (b) above.

(f) No claim by the Contractor for an equitable adjustment hereunder shall be allowed if asserted after final payment under this contract. 4. DIFFERING SITE CONDITIONS

(a) The Contractor shall promptly, and before such conditions are disturbed, notify the Contracting Officer in writing of: (1) Subsurface or latent physical conditions at the site dilfering materially from those indicated in this contract, or (2) unknown physical conditions at the site, of an unusual nature, differing materially from those ordinarily encountered and generally recognized as inhering in work of the character provided for in this contract. The Contracting Officer shall promptly investigate the conditions, and it he finds that such conditions do materially so differ and cause an increase or decrease in the Contractor's cost of, or the time required for, performance of any part of the work under this contract, whether or not changed as a result of such conditions, an equitable adjustment shall be made rnd the contract nodified in writing accordingly.

(b) No claim of the Contractor under this clause shall be allowed unless the Contractor has given the notice required in (a) above; provided, however, the time prescribed therefor may be extended by the Government.

(c) No claim by the Contractor for an equitable adjustment hereunder shall be allowed if asserted after final payment under this contract. 5. TERMINATION FOR DEFAULT_DAMAGES POR DEAY-TIME


(a) If the Contractor refuses or fails to prosecute the work, or any separable part thereof, with such diligence as will insure its completion within the time specified in this contract, or any extension thereof, or fails to complete said work with in such time, the Government mav, by written notice to the Cortractor, terminate his right to proceed with the work or such part of the work as to which there has been delay. In such event the Government may take over the work and prose cute the same to completion, by contract or otherwise, and may take possession of and utilize in completing the work such materials, appliances, and plant as may be on the site of the work and necessary there?or. Whether or not the Contractor's right to proceed with the work is terminated, he and his sureties shall be liable for any damage to the Government resulting from his refusal or failure to complete the work within the specified time.

(b) if fixed and agreed liquidated damages are provided in the contract and if the Government so terminates the Contractor's right to proceed, the resulting damage will consist of such liquidated damages until such reasonable time as may he required for final completion of the work together with any increased costs occasioned the Government in complete ing the work.

(c) If Axed and agreed liquidated damages are provided in the contract and if the Government does not so terminato the Contractor's right to proceed, the resulting damage will consist of such liquidated damages until the work is completed or accepted.

(d) The Contractor's right to proceed shall not be so ter minated nor the Contractor charged with resulting damago if:

(1) The delay in the completion of the work arises from unforeseeable causes beyond the control and without the fault or negligence of the Contractor, including but not restricted to, acts of God, acts of the public enemy, acts of the Government in either its sovereign or contractual capacity, acts of another contractor in the performance of a contract with the Government, fires, foods, epidemics, quar. antine restrictions, strikes, freight embargoes, unusually severe weather, or delays of subcontractors or suppliers arising from unforeseeable causes beyond the control and without the fault or negligence of both the Contractor and such subcontractors or suppliers; and

(2) The Contractor, within 10 days from the beginning of any such delay (unless the Contracting Officer grants * further period of time before the date of final payment

STANDARD FORM 25-A (Nov. 4-10 Prescribed by GSA, FPR (41-CFR) 1-16.40

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(b) Page 2 of Standard Form 23-A.

pletion and acceptance of the contract work. However, it the Contracting Officer, at any time after 50 percent of the work has been completed, finds that satisfactory progress is being made, he may authorize payment in full of each progress payment for work performed beyond the 50 percent stage of completion. Also, whenever the work is substantially complete, the Contracting Officer, if he considers the amount retained to be in excess of the amount adequate for the protection of the Government, at his discretion, may release to the Con.ractor all or a portion of such excess amount. Furthermore, on completion and acceptance of each separate building, public work, or other division of the contract, on which the price is stated separately in the contract, payment may be made therefor without retention of a percentage.

(d) All material and work covered by progress payments made shall thereupon become the sole property of the Gov. ernment, but this provision shall not be construed as relieving the Contractor from the sole responsibility for all material and work upon which payments have been made or the restoration of any damaged work. or as waiving the right of the Government to require the fulfillment of all of the terms of the contract.

(e) Upon completion and acceptance of all work, the amount due the Contractor under this contract shall be paid upon the presentation of a properly executed voucher and after the Contractor shall have furnished the Government with a release of all claims against the Government arising by virtue of this contract, other than claims in stated amounts as may be specifically excepted by the Contractor from the operation of the release. If the Contractor's claim to amounts payable under the contract has been assigned under the Assignment of Claims Act of 1940, as amended (31 U.S.C. 203, 41 U.S.C. 15), a release may also be required of the assignee. 8. ASSIGNMENT OF CLAIMS

(a) Pursuant to the provisions of the Assignment of Claims Act of 1940, as amended (31 U'.S.C. 203, 41 U.S.C. 15), if this contract provides for payments aggregating $1,000 or more, claims for money's due or to become due the Contractor from the Government under this contract may be assigned to a bank, trust company, or other financing institution, includ. ing any Federal lending agercy, and may thereafter be further assigned and reassigned to any such institution. Any such assignment or reassignment shall cover all amounts payable under this contract and not already paid, and shall not be made to more than one party, except that any such assignment or reassignment may be made to one party as agent or trustee for two or more parties participating in such financing. Unless otherwise provided in this contract, pay. ments to an assignee of any moneys due or to become due under this contract shall not, to the extent provided in said Act, as amended, be subject to reduction or setoff. (The preceiling sentence applies only if this contract is made in time of war or national emergency as defined in said Act; and is with the Department of Defense, the General Services Administration, the Energy Researen and Development Adminis. trition, the National Arronautics and Space Administration, the Federal Aviation Administration, or any other department or agency of the l'nited States (lesignated by the President pursuant to Clauspil of the proviso of section 1 of the Assignmont of Claims Act of 1940, as amended by the Act of May 15, 19.11, 6.7 Stat. 41.)

lhi) In no event shall conies of this contract or of any plans, specifications, or other similar documents relating to work under this contract, if marked "Top Secret," "Secret," or "Confidential," be furnished to any assignee of any claim arising under this contract or to any other person not entitled to receive the same. However, a copy of any part or all of this contract so marked may be furnished, or any information contained therein may be disclosed, to such assignen. upon the prior written authorization of the Contracting Officer 9. MATERIAL AND WORKMANSHIP

(al) l'nless othprwise specifically provided in this contract, all equinment, material, and articles incorporated in the work covered by this contract are to be new and of the most suitable fraule for the purpose intended. l'nless otherwise specifically provided in this contract, reference to any equinment, material, article, or patented process. by trade name, make or catalog number. shall be regarded as establishing a standard of quality and shall not be construed as limiting competition, and the Contractor may, at his ontio!, use any equipment material, article. or process, which, in the judge ment of the Contrac:ing Officer, is equal to that named. The Contractor shall furnish to the Contracting Officer for his approval the name of the manufacturer, the model number,

under the contract), notifies the Contracting Officer in

writing of the causes of delay. The Contracting Officer shall ascertain the facts and the ex. tent of the delay and extend the time for completing the work when, in his judgment, the findings of fact justify such an extension, and his findings of fact shall be final and conclusive on the parties, subiect only to appeal as provided in Clause 6 of these General Provisions.

(e) If, after notice of termination of the Contractor's right to proceed under the provisions of this clause, it is determined for any reason that the Contractor was not in default under the provisions of this clause, or that the delay was excusable under the provisions of this clause, the rights and obligations of the parties shall, if the contract contains a clause providing for termination for convenience of the Government, be the same as if the notice of termination had been issued pursuant to such clause. If, in the foregoing circumstances, this contract does not contain a clause providing for termination for convenience of the Government, the contract shall be equitably adjusted to compensate for such termination and the contract modified accordingly; failure to agree to any such adiustment shall be a dispute concerning a question of fact within the meaning of the clause of this contract entitled "Disputes."

(1) The rights and remedies of the Government provided in this clause are in addition to any other rights and remedies provided by law or under this contract.

(g) As used in Paragraph (d) (1) of this clause, the term "subcontractors or suppliers” means subcontractors or suppliers at any tier. 6. DISPUTES

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this contract, any dispute concerning a question of fact arising under this contract which is not disposed of by agreement shall be decided by the Contracting Officer, who shall reduce his decision to writing and mail or otherwise furnish a copy thereof to the Contrac. tor. The decision of the Contracting Officer shall be final and conclusive unless, within 30 days from the date of receipt of such copy, the Contractor mails or otherwise furnishes to the Contracting Officer a written appeal addressed to the head of the agency involved. The decision of the head of the agency or his duly authorized representative for the determination of such appeals shall be final and conclusive. This provision shall not be pleaded in any suit involving a question of fact arising under this contract as limiting judicial review of any such decision to cases where fraud by such official cr his ropresentative or board is alleged: Prorided, hourler, That any such decision shall be final and conclusive unless the saine is fraudulent or capricious or arbitrary or so grossly crroneous as necessarily to imply had faith or is not supported by substantial evidence. In connection with any appeal proceeding under this clause, the Contractor shall be afforded an opportunity to be heard and to offer evidence in support of his appeal. Pending final decision of a dispute hereunder, the Con. tractor shall proceed diligently with the performance of the contract and in accordance with the Contracting Officer's decision.

(b) This Disputes clause does not preclude consideration of questions of law in connection with decisions provided for in paragraph (a) above. Nothing in this contract, however, shall be construed as making final the decision of any admin. istrative official, representative, or board on a question of law. 7. PAYMENTS TO CONTRACTOR

(a) The Government will pay the contract price as herein. after provided.

(b) The Government will make progress payments monthly as the work proceeds, or at more frequent intervals as determined by the Contracting Officer, on estimates approved lig the Contracting Officer. If requested by the Contracting Officer, the Contractor shall furnish a breakdown of the total contract price showing the amount included therein for each principal category of the work, in such requested, to provide a basis for determining progress payments. In the preparation of estimates the Contracting Omicrr, at his lis. cretion, may authorize material delivered on the site and preparatory work done to be taken into consideration. Material delivered to the Contractor at locations other than the site may also be taken into consideration (1) if such corsideration is specifically authorized by the contract and (2) if the Con tractor furnishes satisfactory evidence that he has acquirer title to such material and that it will be utilized on the work covered by this contract.

(c) In making such progress payments, there shall be retained 10 percent of the estimated amount until final com

STANDARD FORM 23-A (Rev. 1-75)


(c) Page 3 of Standard Form 23-A.

and other identifying data and information respecting the performance, capacity, nature, and rating of the machinery and mechanical and other equipment which the Contractor contemplates incorporating in the work. When required by this contract or when called for by the Contracting Officer, the Contractor shall furnish the Contracting Officer for approval full information concerning the material or articles which he contemplates incorporating in the work. When so directed, samples shall be submitted for approval at the ('on. tractor's expense, with all shipping charges prenaid. Ma. chinery, equipment, material, and articles installed or used without required approval shall be at the risk of subsequent rejection.

(b) All work under this contract shall be performed in a skillful and workmanlike manner. The Contracting Onicer may, in writing, require the Contractor to remove fro:n thir work any employee the Contracting Officer deems incumpe. tent, careless or otherwise objectionable. 10. INSPECTION AND ACCEPTANCE

(a) All work (which term includes but is not restricted to materials, workmanship, and manufacture and fabrication of components) shall be subiect to inspection and test by the Gov. ernment at all reasonable times and at all places prior to acceptance. Any such inspection and test is for the sole benefit of the Government and shall not relieve the Contractor of the responsibility of providing quality control measures to assure that the work strictly complies with the contract requiremeiils, No inspection or test by the Government shall be construed us constituting or implying acceptance. Inspection or test shall not relieve the Contractor of responsibility for damage to or loss of the material prior to acceptance, nor in any way af. fect the continuing rights of the Government after acceptance of the completed work under the terms of paragraph (f) of this clause, except as hereinabove provided.

(b). The Contractor shall, without charge, replace any material or correct any workmanship found by the Govern. ment not to conform to the contract requirements, unless in the public interest the Government consents to accent such material or workmanship with an appropriate adjustment in contract price. The Contractor shall promptly segregate and remove rejected material from the premises.

(c) If the Contractor does not promptly replace rejected material or correct rejected workmanship, the Government (1) may, by contract or otherwise, replace such material or correct such workmanshin and charge the cost thereof to the Contractor, or (2) may terminate the Contractor's right to proceed in accordance with the clause of this contract entitled

Termination for Default-Damages for Delay-Time Extensions."

(d) The Contractor shall furnish promptly, without addi. tional charge, all facilities, labor, and material reasonably needed for performing such safe and convenient inspectio! and test us may be required by the Contracting omicos. All inspection and test by the Government shall lie performril in such manner as not unnecessarily to delay the wor':. Special, full size, and performance tests shall be performed as described in this contract. The Government reserves the right to charge to the Contractor any additional cost of inspection or test when material or workmanship is not ready at the time specified by the Contractor for inspection or test or when reinspection or retest is necessitated by prior rejection.

(e) Should it be considered necessary or advisable by the Government at any time before acceptance of the entire work to make an examination of work already completed, by remove ing or tearing out same, the Contractor shall, on request, promptly furnish all necessary facilities, labor. and material. If such work is found to be defective or nonconforming in any material respect, due to the fault of the Contractor or his subcontractors, he shall defray all the ex nenses of such exam. ination and of satisfactory reconstruction. If. however, such work if found to meet the requirements of the contract, an eguitable adiustment shall be made in the contract nrice to compensate the Contractor for the additional services in. volved in such examination and reconstruction and if com. pletion of the work has been delayed thereby, he shall, in addition, be granted a suitable extension of time.

(11 Unless otherwise provided in this contract, accontanre by the Government shall be made as nromntly as practicable after completion and inspection of all work reruired by this contract, or that portion of the work that the Contracting Officer determines can be accepted separately. Acceptance shall be final and conclusive except as regards Intent defects frand, or such gross mistakes as may amount to fraud, or as regards the Government's rights under any warranty or guarantee.


The all times during performance and until the work is compridobod accepted, shall give his personal superintendence to this, kor have on the work a competent Norintendent, in the Contracting Officer and with authority to act for ile Contractor. 12. PERMITS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

The Contractor shall, without additional expense to the Gernmen!, be responsible for obtaining any necessary licenses and permits, and for complying with any appl cable Federal, State, and municipal laws, codes, and regulations, in connection with the prosecution of the work. He shall be similarly responsible for all damages to persons or property that occur as a result of his fauli or negligence. He shall take proper safety and health precautions to protect the work, the workers, the public, and the property of others. He shall also lic responsible for all materials delivered and work performed until completion and acceptance of the entire construction work, excent for any completed unit of construction tercof which theretofore may have been accepted. 13. CONDITIONS AFFECTING TIIE WORK

The Contractor shall be responsible for having taken steps reasonably necessary to ascertain the nature and location of the work, and the general and local conditions which can affect the work or the cost thereof. Any failure by the Contractor to do so will not relieve him from responsibility for! successfully performing the work without additional expense to the Government. The Government assumes no responsibility for any understanding or representations concerning conditions made by any of its officers or agents prior to the execution of this contract, unless such understanding or representations by the Government are expressly stated in the contract. 14. OTHER CONTRACTS

The Government may undertake or award other contracts for additional work, and the Contractor shall fully cooperate with such other contractors and Government employees and carefully fit his own work to sich additional work as may be directed by the Contracting Officer. The Contractor shall not cummit or permit any act which will interfere with the per formance of work by any other contractor or by Government employees. 15. SHOP DRAWINGS

(a) The term "shop drawings" includes drawings, diagrams, lavouts, schematics, descriptive literature, illustrations, schedules, performance and test data, and similar materials fur nished by the Contractor to explain in detail specific portions of the work required by the contract.

(b) If this contract reauires shop drawings, the Contractor shall coordinate all such drawings, and review them for accuracy, completeness, and compliance with contract requiremorts and shall indicate his androval thereon as evidence of such coordination and review. Shop drawings submitted to the Contracting Officer without evidence of the Contractor's approval mav he returned for resubmission. The Contracting Omers will indicate his androval or disapproval of the shop drawings and if not approved as subm ed shall indicate his reasons therefor. Any work done prior to such approval shall be at the Contractor's risk. Anoroval by the Contracting Of. ficer shall not relieve the Contractor from responsibility for any errors or omissions in such drawings, nor from respon. sibility for complying with the requirements of this contract, except with respect to variations described and approved in accordance with (c) below.

(c) If shop drawinrs show variations from the contract requirements, the Contractor shall describe such variations in writing, separate from the drawings, at the time of submis. sion. If the Contracting Officer aonroves any sich varia. tion(s), he shall issue an appropriate contract modification, excent that. if the variation is minor and does not involve . change in price or in time of performance, a modification need not be issued. 16. USE AND POSSESSION PRIOR TO COMPLETION

The Government shall have the right to take poss-ssion of or use any completed or partially completed part of the work. Prior to such possession or use, the Contracting Officer shall furnish the Contractor an itemized list of work remaining to be nerformed or corrected on such nortions of the proiect as are to be noesessed or used by the Government. nrovided that failure to list any item of work shall not relieve the Contractor of responsibility for compliance with the terms of the


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