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(Probably a reference to Milton's Piemontese sonnet, with a borrowing

from it and one from Lycidas: Even them who kept thy truth so pure of old.

Sonnet, 3. Alas! what boots it with uncessant care.

Lycidas, 64.)


Heart-thrilling strains, that cast, before the eye
Of the devout, a veil of ecstasy!

Ib. xliv. 13-14.
Dissolve me into ecstasies,
And bring all Heaven before mine eyes?

Penseroso, 165-6.
(Of organ music in a church in each case.)
Down to their “dark opprobrious den."

To Lady Fleming (1), 83. Accept this dark opprobrious den of shame.

P. L. ii. 58. With “sober certainties” of love.

“O dearer far," 8. Such sober certainty of waking bliss.

Comus, 263.

All summer-long the happy Eve
Of this fair Spot her flowers may bind.

Flower Garden, 19-20. (A reference to P. L. ix. 424-31.) In the delight of moral prudence schooled.

Pillar of Trajan, 31.
Teachers best Of moral prudence, with delight received. P. R. iv. 262-3.
Or “the rathe primrose as it dies
Forsaken” in the shade!

To May, 59-60.
Bring the rathe primrose that forsaken dies.

Lycidas, 142. Thanks not Heaven amiss.

Retirement, 14. And thank the gods amiss.

Comus, 177 In ten thousand dewy rays.

The Triad, 130. Shot parallel to the Earth his dewy ray.

P. L. v. 141. Even She whose Lydian airs inspire.

Power of Sound, 76.
Lap me in soft Lydian airs.

Allegro, 136.
The hymn
Of joy, that from her utmost walls
The six-days' Work, by flaming Seraphim
Transmits to Heaven.

(This seems to be a reference to the hymns of the angels at the completion
of God's "six days' work, a World,” in Paradise Lost, vii. 557–634. The

account in Genesis contains no hymns and no seraphim.) Nor stopped, till in the dappling east Appeared unwelcome dawn.

Russian Fugitive, 15-16. Till the dappled dawn doth rise.

Allegro, 44.
And their necks play, involved in rings,
Like sinless snakes in Eden's happy land.

Egyptian Maid, 322–3.
Aboul them frisking play'd
All beasts of the earth, since wild. ...

close the ser pent sly, Insinuating, wove with Gordian twine His braided train.

P. L. iv. 340-49. With copious eulogy in prose or rhyme.

Elegiac Musings, 1. Things unattempled yet in prose or rhyme.

P. L. i. 16.

Ib. 201-4.


Which moonlit elves, far seen by credulous eyes,
Enter in dance.

Place of Burial, 4-5.
Or faery elves,
Whose midnight revels, by a forest side
Or fountain, some belated peasant sees.

P. L. i. 781-3.
The sovereign Architect.

Cave of Staffa (1), 13. The sovran Architect.

P. L. v. 256.

(Of God in each case.) The pillared vestibule ... the roof embowed.

Ib. (2), 5-6.
The high embowed roof, With antic pillars.

Penseroso, 157-8.
He hath been an Elm without his Vine,
And her bright dower of clustering charities,
That, round his trunk and branches, might have clung
Enriching and adorning.

Death of Charles Lamb, 73–6.
Or they led the vine
To wed her elm; she, spoused, about him twines
Her marriageable arms, and with her brings
Her dower, the adopled clusters, to adorn
His barren leaves.

P. L. v. 215-19.
So pure, so fraught with knowledge and delight,
As to be likened in his Followers' minds
To that which our first Parents, ere the fall
From their high state darkened the Earth with fear,
Held with all kinds in Eden's blissful bowers.

Cuckoo at Laverna, 61-5. (References to P. L. iv. 340-52.)

Intermingling with his dream ... To mock the wandering Voice beside some haunted stream. Cuckoo-clock, 30–33. Such sights as youthful poets dream On summer eves by haunted stream.

Allegro, 129-30. Intrenched your brows; ye gloried in each scar. “Proud were ye, Mountains," 3.

But his face Deep scars of thunder had intrench'd.

P. L. 1. 600-601.
How look'd Achilles, their dread paramount.

Aeneid, 138.
The Word (Thy Paramount, mighty Nature!). “On to Iona," 4-5.
The head and mighty paramount of truths.

Excursion, vi. 85.
Midst came their mighty Paramount, and seem'd
Alone the antagonist of Heaven, nor less
Than Hell's dread Emperor.

P. L. ii. 508-10.
Through optic-glass discern.

Grace Darling, 36. Through oplic glass ... views.

P. L. i. 288; cf. iii. 500.


The adamantine holds of truth (Prelude, v. 39); cf. P. L. i. 48, ii. 646, etc.
Towers amain (Desc. Sketches, 459; also blew amain, runs amain, etc., Prelude,

i. 334, X. 373, etc.); cf. Lycidas, 111, P. L. ii. 165, 1024, etc. If willing audience fail not (Prelude, xi. 350), attentive audience (Excursion, iii.

600), how win Due audience (“The Baptist might have been,” 3-4); cf. P. L.

ii. 308, v. 804, ix. 674, xii. 12. Begirt with silver bells (Processions, 23), temporal shapes (Prelude, viii. 496),

battlements (Excursion, ii. 843-4); cf. P. L. i. 581, v. 868, P. R. ii. 213.

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In the flower-bes prent meadows (At Vallombrosa, 13), plains Besprent. ... with

steeple-towers (Excursion, vi. 17-18); cf. Comus, 542. Commerce with the summer night (Desc. Sketches, 578), the sun (Eccl. Sonnets,

III. xlvi. 13), etc.; cf. Penseroso, 39. Com peer (Prelude X. 199, Excursion viii. 581, ix. 431, etc.); cf. P. L. i. 127, iv. 974. Up-coiling, and ... convolved (Yew-trees, 18); cf. P. L. vi. 328. Like a bird Darkling (Peter Bell, 344-5), darkling wren (Duddon, vii. 13), etc.;

cf. P. L. ii. 38-9. With descant soft (Redbreast, 41), the descant (bird-song), and the wind ("In

desultory walk," 10); cf. P. L. iv. 603. The embattled East (“O, for a kindling touch,” 7), embattled House (Duddon,

xxvii. 3), embattled hall (Eccl. Sonnets, II. vi. 6); cf. P. L. i. 129, vi. 16, etc. Showed her fulgent head (“The Shepherd,” 5), fulgent west (Gipsies, 14), fulgent

eye (“The imperial Stature,” 7), fulgent spectacle (Prelude, X. 526); cf. P. L. X. 449. Refulgent cars (To Enterprise, 110), refulgent spectacle (Excursion, ix. 011); cf. P. L. vi. 527. — Bright effulgence (Vernal Ode, 11), solemn efful

gence (“When the soft hand,” 78), etc.; cf. P. L. ii. 388, v. 458, vi. 680. The smooth glozings of the indulgent world (Excursion, vi. 1086); cf. P. L. iii.

93, Comus, 161. A griesly sight (White Doe, 244), griesly object (Epistle to Beaumont, 130), etc.;

cf. P. L. i. 670, ii. 704, etc. A God, incumbent o'er her breast (Aeneid, 88), incumbent o'er the surface (Prelude,

iv. 272), etc.; cf. P. L. i. 226. She can so inform ( = form within] The mind (Tintern Abbey, 125–6), inform The

mind with ... truth (Excursion, ix. 301-2), patriots informed with Apostolic

light (Eccl. Sonnets, III. xv. I), etc.; cf. P. L. iii. 593. Natural inlets of just sentiment (Prelude, ix. 350); cf. Comus, 839. While jocund June (Guilt and Sorrow, 413), with a jocund voice (Michael, 299),

jocund din (Prelude, v. 379), etc.; cf. Allegro, 94, Comus, 173, 985, etc. Massy (The Waggoner, 642, Peter Bell, 357, and eleven times more); cf. P. L. i.

285, 703, etc. (nine times more). Ministrant To comfort (To John Wordsworth, 49-50); cf. P. L. x. 87, P. R. ii. 385. One oblivious winter (Primrose of the Rock, 45), amid oblivious weeds (Eccl.

Sonnets, I. xvii. 10), oblivious tendencies (Excursion, i. 928), etc.; cf. P. L.

i. 266. With oozy hair (“At early dawn,” 8); cf. Lycidas, 175. With orient rays (“Weak is the will,” 8), beams of orient light (“While beams of,"

1), orient gems (Excursion, iv. 568), etc.; cf. P. L. ii. 399, iii. 507, iv. 644, etc. A punctual presence (Prelude, viii. 610); cf. P. L. viii. 23. Girls - a happy rout (Ruth, 49), a roul ... left Sir Walter's Hall (Hart-leap Well,

13), a roul Of giddy Bacchanals (Three Cottage Girls, 35-6), etc.; cf. P. L. i.

747, X. 534, etc. Of their approach Sagacious (Prelude, viii. 224-5); cf. P. L. X. 281. Sapient priests (Prelude, xi. 460), sapient Germany (“Alas, what boots,” 8),

sapient Art (“In desultory walk,” 25); cf. P. L. ix. 442. From specular towers (“Hope smiled," 9); cf. P. R. iv. 236, P. L. xii. 588–9. She - a stalist prudent (Vernal Ode, 101), Art thou a Statist in the van? (Poet's

Epitaph, 1), modern statists (Prelude, xiii. 72); cf. P. R. iv. 354. Anguish strayed from her Tartarean den (Vernal Ode, 130), Tartarean flags (Eccl.

Sonnets, II. xxxvi. 12), Tarlarean darkness (Excursion, iv. 297); cf. P. L.

ii. 69, vii. 238. Celestial with terrene (Eccl. Sonnets, II. xxv. 14); cf. P. L. vi. 78. With umbrage wide (Evening Walk, 106), the pining umbrage (Yew-trees, 22),

trees whose lofty umbrage (Brownie's Cell, 4), their leafy umbrage (Excursion, iv. 1067), etc.; cf. P. L. ix. 1087.

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The unapparent face (of Napoleon) (“Haydon! let worthier judges," 9), acknowl

edged tie Though unapparent (“No more,” 5–6), unapparent fount (Excur.

sion, ix. 605); cf. P. L. vii. 103. Some un premeditated strains (Prelude, xiii. 353, cf. Excursion, ix. 556); cf. P. L.

ix. 24.

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The unweeling Child (Vaudracour and Julia, 208), unweeting that ... the joy (“To

public notice,” 9); cf. Comus, 539, P. L. x. 335, 916, etc. Push forth His arms, as swimmers use (“A little onward," 29-30); cf. Lycidas,

67, 136, etc. Spread their plumy vans (“A little onward,” 32), each wing a tiny van (Vernal

Ode, 114); cf. P. R. iv. 583, P. L. ii. 927. In vermeil colours (White Doe, ii. 12); cf. Comus, 752. A viewless flight (Desc. Sketches, 69), the viewless winds (Prelude, v. 596), etc.;

cf. Comus, 92, P. L. iii. 518, Passion, 50. Volant spirit (In Lombardy, 13), volant tribe (“A volant Tribe," I); cf. P. L. xi.

561. O'er the pavement ... Welter and flash (“Dogmatic Teachers,” 11-12), if my

spirit toss and welter (Inscriptions in Hermit's Cell, iv. 7), waves ... weltering, die away (Evening Walk, 122); cf. Nativity, 124, Lycidas, 13, P. L. i. 78.

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Imitation of Spenser, 14-15.

There saw the swan his neck of arched snow,
And oar'd himself along with majesty.

The swan, with arched neck
Between her white wings manlling proudly, rows
Her state with oary feel.

P. L. vii. 438-40.

Epistle to G. F. Mathew, 17-18.

Vulgar Superstition, 7.

Allegro, 135-6.

“To one who has," 1-3.

Far different cares
Beckon me sternly from soft “Lydian airs."
And Lydian airs.
And ever, against eating cares,
Lap me in soft Lydian airs.
To one who has been long in city pent,
'Tis very sweet to look into the fair
And open face of heaven.
As one who, long in populous city pent...
Forth issuing on a summer's morn to breathe
Among the pleasant villages and farms.
How tiptoe Night holds back her dark-grey hood.
The grey-hooded Even.
A mad-pursuing of the fog-born elf,
Whose flitting lantern, through rude nettle-briar,
Cheats us into a bog, into a fire.

A wandering fire,
Compact of unctuous va pour ...
Which oft, they say, some evil spirit altends ...
Misleads the amazed night-wanderer from his way
To bogs and mires.
And he, by friar's lantern led.

P. L. ix. 445-8.


Endymion, i. 831.
Comus, 188.

Ib. ii. 277-9 (original form).

P. L. ix. 634-41.
Allegro, 104.

1 These parallels (and much of the diction) were selected from those pointed out in De Sélincourt's edition of Keats.


After a thousand mazes overgone.

Ib. ii. 387.
(A classical construction perhaps suggested by
After the Tuscan mariners transform'd.

Comus, 48.)
And by her plainings drew
Immortal tear-drops down the thunderer's beard. Ib. ii. 475-6.
Drew iron tears down Pluto's cheek.

Penseroso, 107.

The unchariest muse
To embracements warm as theirs makes coy excuse.

Ib. ii. 532–3.
Hence with denial vain and coy excuse;
So may some gentle Muse.

Lycidas, 18-19.
To his capable ears Silence was music.

Ib. ii. 674-5.
Not capable her ear Of what was high.

P. L. viii. 49-50.
Shell-winding Triton's bright-hair'd daughters. Ib. ii. 691.
By scaly Trilon's winding shell.

Comus, 873.
And sculptures rude
In ponderous stone, developing the mood
Of ancient Nox; — then skeletons of man,
Of beast, behemoth, and leviathan,
And elephant, and eagle, and huge jaw
Of nameless monster.

Ib. iii. 131-6.
Chaos and ancient Night.

P. L. ii. 970; cf. 986. There leviathan, Hugest of living creatures. . . Behemoth, biggest born of earth.

P. L. vii. 412–13, 471. Into the dungeon core of that wild wood.

Ib. iii. 565.
In this close dungeon of innumerous boughs....
Within the navel of this hideous wood.

Comus, 349, 520.
From vermeil lips.

Ib. iv. 148.
A vermeil-tinctured lip.

Comus, 752.
A lover would not tread
A cowslip on the head.

Ib. iv. 167–8.
Thus I set my printless feet
O'er the cowslip's velvel head,
That bends nol as I tread.

Comus, 897-9.
And so I kept
Brimming the water-lily cups with tears.

Ib. iv. 185-6.
And daffadillies fill their cups with tears.

Lycidas, 150. To the silver cymbals' ring.

Ib. iv. 260. In vain with cymbals' ring.

Nativity, 208. And all his priesthood moans.

Ib. iv. 266.
And all their echoes mourn.

Lycidas, 41.
Those winged steeds, with snorting nostrils bold
Snuff at its faint extreme.

Ib. iv. 364-5.
Hyperion ... still snuff’d the incense.

Hyperion, i. 166–7. With delight he snuf'd the smell.

P. L. X. 272.

Gone and past
Are cloudy phantasms. Caverns lone, farewel!
And air of visions, and the monstrous swell
Of visionary seas! No, never more
Shall airy voices cheat me to the shore.

Endymion, iv. 650-4. And thus in thousand hugest phantasies.

Hyperion, ii. 13.

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