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New Year 1788, 39-44.

Allegro, 119-28.

Penseroso, 97-8.

King's Birthday 1790, 21.

Here held his pomp, and trail'd the pall
Of triumph through the trophied hall;
And War was clad awhile in gorgeous weeds;
Amid the martial pageantries,
While Beauty's glance adjudg’d the prize,
And beam'd sweet influence on heroic deeds.
Where throngs of knights and barons bold,
In weeds of peace, high triumphs hold,
With store of ladies, whose bright eyes
Rain influence, and judge the prize. . .
And pomp, and feast, and revelry,
With masque and antique pageantry.
Sometime let gorgeous Tragedy
In sceptred pall come sweeping by.
That, fraught with drops of precious cure.
Drops that from my fountain pure
I have kept of precious cure.
He rolls his eyes, that witness huge dismay.

Round he throws his baleful eyes,
That witness'd huge affliction and dismay.
Smit with the love of the laconic boot.
Smit with the love of sacred song.
Where no crude surfeit, or intemperate joys
Of lawless Bacchus reign.
Where no crude surfeit reigns.
Of monumental oak.
Of pine, or monumental oak.
Quips and cranks, and wanton wiles,
That love to live within the one-curl'd Scratch,
With fun, and all the family of smiles.
Quips, and Cranks, and wanton Wiles,
Nods and Becks, and wreathed Smiles ...
And love to live in dimple sleek.

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Adamantine (Marriage of King, 22, Ode for Music, 36, New Year 1786,37); cf. P. L.

i. 48, ii. 646, etc. (nine times more, including “adamant” and “adamantean").

Warton in two instances and Milton in four apply the word to arms. Eden's amaranthine grove (Marriage of King, 58, and cf. Approach of Summer, 45,

and New Year 1786, 7); cf. P. L. xi. 78, iii. 352. In mantle dank (Complaint of Cherwell, 42); cf. Comus, 891, P. L. ix. 179, etc. The dimply flood (Triumph of Isis, 15); cf. Comus, 119. Flaunting ivy (Pleasures of Melancholy, 36); cf. Comus, 545. Ivy's gadding spray (Inscription in a Hermitage, 24); cf. Lycidas, 40. Honied flow'rs (The Hamlet, 43); cf. Lycidas, 140, Penseroso, 142. Listed plain (Newmarket, 70); cf. Samson, 1087. Morning's twilight-tinctur'd beam (The Hamlet, 5); cf. P. L. V. 285. Shapes ... trick'd by Fancy's pen (Vale-Royal Abbey, 82); cf. Penseroso, 123,

Lycidas, 170. Vi'let-woven couch (Pleasures of Melancholy, 189); cf. Comus, 233, Nativity, 187.


When evening in her sober vest
Drew the grey curtain of the fading west.

Charity, 262–3.
Now came still Evening on, and Twilight gray
Had in her sober livery all things clad.

P. L. iv. 598-9.
Where covert guile and artifice abound.

Ib. 285.
Whether of open war or covert guile.

P. L. ii. 41.
These are thy glorious works, thou Source of good,
How dimly seen, how faintly understood!
Thine, and upheld by thy paternal care,
This universal frame, thus wondrous fair;
Thy power divine, and bounty beyond thought,
Adored and praised in all that thou hast wrought. Retirement, 87-92.
These are thy glorious works, eternal Truth....
Then these thy glorious works.

Hope, 742-50.
They are thy witnesses, who speak thy power
And goodness infinite. (Of created works as revealing God.) Task, v. 853-4.
These are thy glorious works, Parent of good,
Almighty! thine this universal frame,
Thus wondrous fair: thyself how wondrous then!
Unspeakablel who sitt'st above these Heavens
To us invisible, or dimly seen
In these thy lowest works; yet these declare
Thy goodness beyond thought, and power divine.

P. L. v. 1539.
Delights unfelt before.

Retirement, 360. Pangs unfelt before.

P. L. ii. 703: When piping winds shall soon arise.

Mrs. Throckmorton's Bullfinch, 17. While rocking winds are piping loud.

Penseroso, 126.
A massy slab, in fashion square or round.

Task, i. 21.
Extended wide
In circuit, undetermined square or round.

P. L. ii. 1047-8.
In the cushion fixed:
If cushion might be called what harder seemed.

The other Shape,
If shape it might be call'd that shape had none.

P. L. ii. 666–7; cf. i. 227-8. (Similar parenthetical repetitions occur in The Task, i. 602–3, ii. 717,

754-5, v. 162-3, 871–2; Odyssey, ii. 449-50, 468-9.) Nor rural sights alone, but rural sounds.

Ib. i. 181. Each rural sight, each rural sound.

P. L. ix. 451. At dewy eve.

Ib. i. 316.
From morn to eve his solitary task.
"From morn to eve I fell, a summer's day."

Iliad, i. 730.
From morn
To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve,
A summer's day.

P. L. 1. 742-4.
And, armed himself in panoply complete
Of heavenly temper.

Task, ii. 345-6.
He, in celestial panoply all arm'd
Of radiant Urim.

P. L. vi. 760-61.

Ib. i. 54-5

Ib. V. 44.

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Bars and bolts
Grew rusty by disuse, and massy gates
Forgot their office, opening with a touch.

Task, ii. 745–7.
Every bolt and bar
Of massy iron or solid rock with ease
Unfastens: on a sudden open fly.

P. L. ij. 877-9.
As one who, long in thickets and in brakes
Entangled, winds now this way and now that ...
Or having long in miry ways been foiled
And sore discomfited, from slough to slough
Plunging, and half despairing of escape,
If chance at length he finds a greensward smooth
And faithful to the foot, his spirits rise,
He chirrups brisk his ear-erecting steed,
And winds his way with pleasure and with ease.

Ib. iii. 1-10.
As one who long detained on foreign shores
Pants to return.

Ib. v. 832–3.
As one who, long in populous city pent,
Where houses thick and sewers annoy the air,
Forth issuing on a summer's morn to breathe
Among the pleasant villages and farms
Adjoin'd, from each thing met conceives delight ...
If chance with nymph-like step fair virgin pass,

P. L. ix. 445-53.
What pleasing seem'd, for her now pleases more.
Vernal airs breathe mild.

Ib. iii. 443
Airs, vernal airs, Breathing the smell of field.

P. L. iv, 264-5. Overlaid with clear translucent glass.

Ib. iii. 485. Under the glassy, cool, translucent wave.

Comus, 861. The voluble and restless earth.

Ib. iii. 490. This less volubil Earth.

P. L. iv. 594. Much yet remains Unsung.

Ib. iii. 605-6.
Half yet remains unsung.

P. L. vii. 21.
Fell Discord, arbitress of such debate,
Perched on the sign-post, holds with even hand
Her undecisive scales.

Ib. iv. 482-4.
Chaos umpire sits,
And by decision more embroils the fray
By which he reigns; next him, high orbiter,
Chance governs all.

P. L. ii. 907-10.
(Cf. P. L. ii. 960-67, where Discord is mentioned in connection with Chaos.)
Would I had fallen upon those happier days.
Though falln on evil days.

P. L. vii. 25.
Leaving unconcerned
The cheerful haunts of man.

Ib. v.41-2.
In nooks obscure, far from the ways of men.

Ib. vi. 842. Exiled ... from every cheerful haunt of man.

Iliad vi. 247-8. Far from the cheerful haunt of men.

Comus, 388. From the cheerful ways of men Cut off.

P. L. iii. 40-7. Half on wing And half on foot.

Task, v. 62-3. Half on foot, Half flying.

P. L. ii. 941-2.

Ib. iv. 513

Ib. V. 144.

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Arrowy sleet.

Ib. V. 140.
Sharp sleet of arrowy showers.

P. R. iii. 324.
(But cf. Gray's Fatal Sisters, 3, “Iron-sleet of arrowy shower.")
Silently as a dream the fabric rose.
Anon out of the earth a fabric huge
Rose like an exhalation.

P. L. 1. 710-11.
(Of a palace in each case.)

In that sickly, foul,
Opprobrious residence he finds them all.
Propense his heart to idols.

Ib. v. 583-5.
For their dwelling-place
Accept this dark opprobrious den of shame.

P. L. ii. 57-8.
Hearts, propense enough before To waver.

Samson, 455-6. Ages of hopeless misery.

Ib. v. 607. Ages of hopeless end.

P. L. . 186.

(Of hell in each case.) To gratulate the new-created earth.

Ib. v. 820.
To gratulate the sweet return of morn.

P. R. iv. 438.
Wanders lost,
With intellects bemazed in endless doubt.

Ib. v. 847-8.
And found no end, in wandering mazes lost.

P. L. ii. 561. (Of religious doctrines in each case.)

Pomona, Pales, Pan, And Flora and Vertumnus.

Ib. vi. 233-4. To Poles, or Pomona ... when she fled Vertumnus.

P. L. ix. 393-5. [The effect of the fall of man upon the animals, as described in The Task, vi. 368-83, was probably suggested by Paradise Lost, x. 710-14, xi. 182-90.) Fixed motionless, and petrified with dread.

Ib. vi. 538.
In stony fetters fix'd and motionless.

Comus, &19.
Sheer o'er the craggy barrier.
Sheer o'er the chariot front.

Iliad, xvi. 494.
Sheer o'er the crystal battlements.

P. L. 1.742. The looms of Ormus, and the mines of Ind.

Task, vi. 806. The wealth of Ormus and of Ind.

P. L. ii. 2. And Saba's spicy groves.

Ib. vi. 807. Sabaean odours from the spicy shore.

P. L. iv. 162. From yonder withered spray.

To the Nightingale, 2. O Nightingale, that on yon bloomy spray.

Nightingale sonnet, 1. (The riming word is “May" in each case.) The grand consult dissolved.

Iliad, i. 385. The great consult began.

P. L. i. 798.
The Stygian council thus dissolved.

P. L. ii. 506.
What word hath passed thy lips, Saturnian Jove,
Thou most severe!

Ib. i. 678-9.
What word hath pass'd thy lips, Jove most severe! Ib. iv. viii. 537, xviii. 446.
What words have pass'd thy lips, Adam severe!

P. L. ix. 1144. (Said by a woman to her husband in each case. Cowper has similar lines, ib. viii. 240-41, xiv. 97, Odyssey, i. 81.)

Ib. vi. 554.


Writhing to and fro.

Iliad, ii. 321.
Convolved with pain he lay.

Ib. xiii. 752.
Then Satan first knew pain,
And writhed him to and fro convolved.

P. L. vi. 327-8.
And twitch'd her fragrant robe.

Ib. iii. 458.
And twitch'd his mantle blue.

Lycidas, 192.
When through the adamantine gates he pass'd. Ib. viii. 422; cf. ii. 324.
These adamantine gates.

P. L. ii. 853; cf. 436.

(Of hell in each case.) Smooth-sliding streams.

Ib. xv. 328. Smooth-sliding Mincius.

Lycidas, 86. Tower'd city.

Ib. xv. 891. Towered cities.

Allegro, 117 With nimble steps and short.

Ib. xvi. 739. With toilsome step and difficult.

On Finding Heel of a Shoe, 35. With wandering steps and slow.

P. L. xii. 648. Earthward he slopes again his westering wheels. Odyssey, xi. 19. Westering apace.

Iliad, xxiii. 195. Toward Heaven's descent had sloped his westering wheel. Lycidas, 31.

(Pointed out by Cowper in each place.)


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Covert (as a noun, Task, i. 233, Iliad, viii. 305); cf. P. L. iii. 39, iv. 693, etc.
Vapours dank (Task, i. 438, iii. 499); cf. P. L. vii. 441, ix. 179, etc.
Ever-during brass (Task, v. 710, Odyssey, xi. 704); cf. P. L. iii. 45, vii. 206.
Hedge-row shrubs (Retirement, 419, and cf. Task, i. 173); cf. Allegro, 58.
Horrent (Iliad, vii. 69, xiii. 413); cf. P. L. ii. 513. Of arms in each case.
Small interval between (Iliad, ii. 134, X. 191, xiii. 734, xvi. 557); cf. P. L. vi. 105.

Of space between combatants in each case.
Intestine war (Mutual Forbearance, 48); cf. P. L. vi.


ii. 1001. Massy (Task, i. 21, 59, ii. 746, Iliad, xiii. 620, 1007); cf. P. L. I. 285, 703, etc. Misdeems (Task, iv. 685); cf. P. L. ix. 301, P. R. i. 424. Nitrous air (Task, iii. 32); cf. P. L. iv. 815, vi. 512. Oary barks (Iliad, ü. 193, xviii. 318, Odyssey, iii. 205); cf. P. L. vii. 440. O’erleap (of barriers, Task, ii. 55, iii. 681, Table Talk, 302); cf. P. L. iv. 181, 583. Shagg’d (Iliad, xv. 378); cf. Comus, 429. Smit with (Task, v. 560); cf. P. L. iii. 29. Speculative height (Task, i. 289, Jackdaw, 13); cf. P. L. xii. 588-9, P. R. iv. 236. Tempest (as a verb, Iliad, xv. 168); cf. P. L. vii. 412. Pointed out by Cowper. Tricked with flowers (Task, vi. 992); cf. Penseroso, 123, Lycidas, 170. Unwieldy joy (Queen's Visit to London, 20); cf. P. L. iv. 345, vii. 411. Of sea

monsters in the first and third cases. Well attired (of a plant, Task, vi. 168); cf. Lycidas, 146.


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