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Ib. V. 497

Some close design, or turn of womankind.

Odyssey, V. 224. To work in close design, by fraud of guile.

P. L. i. 646.

Ib. v. 454-5 Join Thy pleaded reason.

Ib. vii. 307-8.
Approv'd His pleaded reason.

P. L. viii. 509-10.
Approved My pleaded reason.
Since wide he wander'd on the wat'ry waste.

P. L. xi. 779.
Wandering that watery desert.
Wander'd this barren waste.

P. R. i. 354.

Ib. V. 597
Where on the flow'ry herb as soft he lay.

P. L. viii. 254.
Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid.
In thick shelter of innum'rous boughs.

Ib. v. 606.
In this close dungeon of innumerous boughs.

Comus, 349. The cool translucent springs.

Ib. vii. 231, X. 434.

Ib. xvii. 105.
The pure, translucent springs.
Thames' translucent wave.

On his Grotto, I.
Under the glassy, cool, translucent wave.

Comus, 861. Ever-during shade.

Odyssey, vii. 306. Ever-during dark.

P. L. iii. 45; cf. vii. 206. (Of eyesight in each case.)

Ib. vii. 372.
Nor, till oblique he (Phoebus) slop'd his ev'ning ray.
Oft till the star that rose at evening bright
.... had sloped his westering wheel.

Lycidas, 30–31.
With sweet, reluctant, amorous delay.

Ib. ix. 32.

P. L. iv. 311.
And sweet, reluctant, amorous delay.
In shelter thick of horrid shade reclin'd.

Ib. ix. 219.
In thick shelter of black shades imbower'd.

Comus, 62. Dusk with horrid shades.

P. R. i. 296. Our groans the rocks remurmur'd to the main.

Ib. х. бо. Their moans The vales redoubled to the hills.

Piemont sonnet, 8-9.

Ib. X. 206.
As huge in length extended lay the beast.
So stretch'd out huge in length the Arch-Fiend lay.

P. L. 1. 209.
Darkness cover'd o'er The face of things.

Ib. X. 210–11, xiv. 510-11. (The moon) Shadowy sets off the face of things.

P. L. v. 43; cf. vii. 636. No more was seen the human form divine.

Ib. X. 278. Not to me returns ... or human face divine.

P. L. iii. 41-4. This said, and scornful turning from the shore My haughty step, I stalk'd the valley o'er.

Ib. x. 325-6. So spoke the wretch; but shunning farther fray,

Ib. xvii. 304-5. Turn'd his proud step, and left them. So saying, his proud step he scornful turn'd.

P. L. io. 536. On his bloomy face Youth smil'd celestial, with each op'ning grace.

Ib. X. 331–2.

In his face Youth smiled celestial, and to every

limb Suitable grace diffused.

P. L. iii. 637-9. There seek the Theban Bard, depriv'd of sight; Within, irradiate with prophetic light.

Ib. x. 582-3. So much the rather thor, celestial Light, Shine inward, and the mind through all her powers Irradiate. (Of the blind Milton.)

P. L. iii. 51-3.

Ib. xiii. 395.
P. L. iv. 257-8.
Ib. xiv. 289.

Ib. xv. 507-8.
P. L. xi. 745-7.
Ib. xiv. 533.

Comus, 890-91.

Ib. XV. 444.

Behold the gloomy grot! whose cool recess.
Umbrageous grots and caves Of cool recess.
And tilting o'er the bay the vessels ride.

Tilting on the tides
Prepar'd to launch the freighted vessel rides.
The floating vessel ... Rode tilting o'er the waves.
The osier-fringed bank.
By the rushy-fringed bank,
Where grows ihe willow and the osier dank.
Her sloping hills the mantling vines adorn.

Under a green mantling vine,
That crawls along the side of yon small hill.
O’er which the mantling vine ... creeps Luxuriant.
The bold emprize.
And bold em prise.
And all was riot, noise, and wild uproar.
Confusion heard his voice, and wild uproar.
A voice of loud lament thro' all the main
Was heard.

The resounding shore,
A voice of weeping heard and loud lament.
Arise (or ye for ever fall) arise!
Awake, arise, or be for ever fall’n!

Comus, 294-5.
P. L. iv. 258-60.
Ib. xxi. 308.
P. L. xi. 642; Comus, 610.
Ib. xxi. 390.
P. L. iii. 710; cf. ii. 541.

Ib. xxiv. 67-8.

Nativity, 182–3.
Ib. xxiv. 497.
P. L. 1. 330.


All involved in smoke.

Spring, 129.

Autumn, 1206.
And leave a singed bottom all involved
With stench and smoke.

P. L. i. 236-7.
(Of earthquakes in the last two cases.)
The nodding verdure of its brow.

Spring, 229. The nodding horror of whose shady brows.

Comus, 38.

(Of woods in each case.)
The first fresh dawn then waked the gladdened race
Of uncorrupted man, nor blushed to see
The sluggard sleep beneath its sacred beam;
For their light slumbers gently fumed away.
Now Morn, her rosy steps in the eastern clime
Advancing, sow'd the earth with orient pearl,
When Adam waked, so custom'd; for his sleep
Was aery light, from pure digestion bred.

P. L. v. 1-4.

Ib. 242-5.

1 Most of these parallels were collected before Mr. G. C. Macaulay's life of Thomson appeared, and a number of them are not in his list (pp. 141-5). I am indebted to him, however, for six of those given above; and I think, as he does, that "the winter evening's occupations (Winter, 424-655) are partly suggested by Milton, those of the student, who holds high converse with the mighty dead' by Il Penscroso, and those of the village and the city by L'Allegro" (p. 144), but it is hardly practicable to quote two hundred lines to prove it. I have taken nothing from Mr. J. E. Wells's article in Modern Language Notes, xxiv. 60-61, though perhaps I should have included "where cowslips bang The dewy head” (Spring, 448-9; cf. Lycidas, 147).

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The winding vale its lavish stores, Irriguous, spreads. Ib. 494-5.
The irriguous vale.

Autumn, 751.

P. L. iv. 255. Some irriguous valley spread her store.

The stately-sailing swan
Gives out his snowy plumage to the gale,
And, arching proud his neck, with oary feet
Bears forward fierce.
The boat light-skimming stretched its oary wings.

The swan, with arched neck
Between her white wings mantling proudly, rows
Her state with oary feet.

Spring, 778-81.
Autumn, 129.

P. L. vii. 438-40.

Sportive lambs,
This way and that convolved in friskful glee.
[Bees) Convolved and agonizing in the dust.
Satan ... writhed him to and fro convolved.

Spring, 836-7.
Autumn, 1183.
P. L. vi. 327-8.

With woods o’erhung, and shagged with mossy rocks. Spring, 910.

Scenes, Of horrid prospect, shag the trackless plain.

Winter, 280-81. By grots and caderns shagg’d with horrid shades.

Comus, 429.

And villages embosomed soft in trees.

Spring, 954.
Ancient seats, with venerable oaks Embosomed high. Liberty, v. 52–3.
Towers and battlements it sees
Bosom'd high in tufted trees.

Allegro, 77-8.

The rosy-bosomed Spring.
Spring ... and the rosy-bosom'd Hours.

Spring, 1010.
Comus, 985-6.

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Ib. 175-7.

Prime cheerer, Light!
Of all material beings first and best!
Efflux divine! Nature's resplendent robe,
Without whose vesting beauty all were wrapt
In unessential gloom; and thou, O Sun!... in whom ...
Shines out thy Maker! may I sing of thee?

Ib. 90-96.
How shall I then attempt to sing of Him
Who, Light Himself, in uncreated light
Invested deep, dwells awfully retired.
Hail, holy Light, offspring of Heaven first-born!
Or of the Eternal coeternal beam
May I express thee unblamed? since God is light,
And never but in unapproached light
Dwell from eternity, dwelt then in thee,
Bright effluence of brighl essence increate!

P. L. iii. 1-6.
Unessential Night.

While, round thy beaming car,
High-seen, the Seasons lead, in sprightly dance
Harmonious knit, the rosy-fingered hours.

Ib. 120-22. (The moon) Leads on the gentle hours.

Spring, 1037.
Thy graces they, knit in harmonious dance.

Liberty, v. 684.
While universal Pan,
Knit with the Graces and the Hours in dance,
Led on the eternal Spring.

P. L. iv. 266-8.

P. L. ii. 439.

The unfruitful rock itself, impregned by thee.
When he (Jupiter) impregns the clouds.

Summer, 140.
P. L. iv. 50

Ib. 205.

Half in a blush of clustering roses lost.
Half spied, so thick the roses bushing round.

P. L. ix. 426.
(“Blushing" is the reading of the 1720 text.)

On the mingling boughs they sit embowered.

Ib. 228.
Oh! bear me then to vast embowering shades. Autumn, 1030.
In thick shelter of black shades imbower'd.

Comus, 62.
The Etrurian shades High over-arch'd embower.

P. L. i. 303-4.
The scenes where ancient bards ...
Conversed with angels and immortal forms,
On gracious errands bent- to save the fall
Of virtue struggling on the brink of vice.

Summer, 523-7
(Perhaps suggested by the visit of Raphael to warn Adam and Eve: P. L., book v.)
Here frequent, at the visionary hour,
When musing midnight reigns or silent noon,
Angelic harps are in full concert heard,
And voices chaunting from the wood-crown'd hill,
The deepening dale, or inmost sylvan glade.

Ib. 556-60.
How often, from the steep
Of echoing hill or thicket, have we heard
Celestial voices to the midnight air ...
With heavenly touch of instrumental sounds
In full harmonic number join'd.

P. L. iv. 680-87.

Where the bee ... loads his little thigh.
While the bee with honied thigh.

Ib. 626-8.
Penseroso, 142.

Ib. 745.

Ib. 949.

Ib. 1072.

Or lead me through the maze,
Embowering endless, of the Indian fig.

Summer, 670-71.
(A reference to P. L. ix. 1101-1110.)
Through the soft silence of the listening night.
Through the soft silence of the listening night

U pon the Circumcision, 5. The sober-suited songstress.

Ib. 746. Civil-suited Morn.

Penseroso, 122. Cool to the middle air.

Ib. 768. Her wonted station in the middle air.

Ib. 1649. As up the middle sky unseen they stole.

Autumn, 709. Ruled the middle air.

P. L. i. 516. Up to the middle region of thick air.

P. R. ii. 117. Thro' gorgeous Ind.

Summer, 825. Bring home of either Ind the gorgeous stores.

Castle of Indolence, II. xx. 6. The gorgeous east.

Liberty, v. 27.
Outshone the wealth of Ormus and of Ind,
Or where the gorgeous East.

P. L. ii. 2-3.
In the farthest verge.

Summer, 944.
Her farthest verge.

P. L. ii. 1038.
The wonted roar is up.
The wonted roar was up.

Comus, 549.
The cheerful haunt of men.
The cheerful haunt of men.

Comus, 388.
Thence nitre, sulphur, and the fiery spume
Of fat bitumen, steaming on the day ...
... till, by the touch ethereal roused ...
They furious spring.

Ib. 1108-16.
Deep under ground, materials dark and crude,
Of spiritous and fiery spume, till touch'd
With Heaven's ray, and temper'd, they shoot forth ...
sulphurous and nitrous foam.

P.L. vi.478-80,512; cf. iv. 810-18. With touch ethereal of Heaven's fiery rod.

Samson, 549. To close the face of things.

Ib. 1654. Involve the face of things.

Winter, 57. Shadowy sets off the face of things.

P. L. v. 43; cf. vii. 636, xi. 712. Till by degrees the finished fabric rose. Autumn, 83; cf. Liberty, iv. 1179, v. 376. To it adjoined a rising fabric stands.

Lines on Marlefield, 15. A fabric huge Rose like an exhalation.

P. L. 1. 710-11. (Of a building in each case.) Frequent and full.

Autumn, 531.
Frequent and full.

P. L. 1. 797
(Оf an assembly in each case.)
Even in the height of noon oppressed, the sun
Sheds, weak and blunt, his wide-refracted ray;
Whence glaring oft, with many a broadened orb,
He frights the nations.

Ib. 721-4.
As when the sun new-risen
Looks through the horizontal misty air
Shorn of his beams, or from behind the moon,
In dim eclipse, disastrous twilight sheds
On half the nations, and with fear of change
Per plexes monarchs.

P. L. i. 594-9.

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