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Ib. i. 31.

Ib. ii. 50.

Ib. iv. 3-4.

The birds, on ev'ry bloomy spray.

Pastorals, i. 23.
O Nightingale, that on yon bloomy spray.

Nightingale sonnet, 1.
Here the bright crocus and blue vi'let glow.
And glowing violets.

Odyssey, v. 94
The glowing violet.

Lycidas, 145.
And ev'ry plant that drinks the morning dew. Pastorals, ii. 32.
And every herb that sips the dew.

Penseroso, 172.
Rough satyrs dance.
Rough Satyrs danced.

Lycidas, 34.
While lab'ring oxen, spent with toil and heat,
In their loose traces from the field retreat.

Ib. iii. 61-2.
What time the labour'd ox
In his loose traces from the furrow came.

Comus, 291-2.
Nor rivers winding through the vales below,
So sweetly warble, or so smoothly flow.
Fountains, and ye that warble, as ye flow.

P. L. 0. 195.
In some still ev'ning, when the whisp'ring breeze
Pants on the leaves, and dies upon the trees.

Ib. iv. 79-80.
Or usher'd with a shower still,
When the gust hath blown his fill,
Ending on the rustling leaves.

Penseroso, 127-9.
Crowned with tufted trees.

Windsor Forest, 27. To happy Convents, bosom'd deep in vines.

Dunciad, iv. 301.
The tufted trees.

Odyssey, v. 513.
And spiry tops, the tufted trees above,
Of Circe's palace bosom'd in the grove.

Odyssey, X. 175-6.
Towers and bottlements il sees
Bosom'd high in tufted trees.

Allegro, 77-8.
The weeping amber, or the balmy tree.

Windsor Forest, 30.
Groves whose rich trees wept odorous gums and balm. P. L. iv. 248.
The yellow carp, in scales bedropped with gold.
Shew to the sun their waved coats dropt with gold. (Of fish.) P. L. vii 406.

Ib. 144.

I Most of these parallels are selected from those given in the Elwin-Courthope edition of Pope, Gilbert Wakefield's edition of Pope's Homer, and Mary Leather's article, Pope as a Student of Milton, in Englische Studien, xv. 398-410; some I have myself noted. None of the Iliod or Odyssey parallels can be explained by similarities between Homer and Milton; most of the passages, indeed, owe nothing to Homer but are original with Pope.

The gulphy Lee his sedgy tresses rears;
And sullen Mole, that hides his diving flood. Windsor Forest, 346–7.

Or gulfy Dun ... Or sullen Mole, that runneth underneath, ....or of sedgy Lea.

Vacation Exercise, 92–7.
Or those green isles, where headlong Titan steeps
His hissing axle in th' Atlantic deeps.

Ib. 387-8 (original reading).
And the gilded car of day
His glowing axle doth allay
In the steep Atlantic stream.

Comus, 95-7.
Mean time the vig'rous dancers beat the ground. January and May, 353.
Come, knit hands, and beat the ground
In a light fantastic round.

Comus, 143-4.
The dapper elves their moon-light sports pursue.

Ib. 460. The fairies ... So featly tripped.

Ib. 618-20. Trip the peri faeries and the dapper elves.

Comus, 118. Full oft I drain'd the spicy nut-brown bowl.

Wife of Bath, 214. Then to the spicy nut-brown ele.

Allegro, 100. In air self-balanced hung the globe below.

Temple of Fame, 13. Let earth unbalanced from her orbit ily.

Essay on Man, i. 251.
And Earth, self-balanced, on her centre hung.

P. L. vii. 242.
On Doric pillars of white marble reared,
Crowned with an architrave of antique mold,
And sculpture rising on the roughened gold.

Temple of Fame, 76-8.
With pomp of various architrave o'erlay'd.

Odyssey, xxi. 46.
Doric pillars overlaid
With golden architrave; nor did there want
Cornice or frieze, with bossy sculptures graven.

P. L. 1. 714-16.
The growing tow'rs like exhalations rise.

Temple of Fame, 91.
A fabric huge Rose like an exhalation.

P. L. 1. 710-11.
Barbaric gold.
Barbaric pearl and gold.

P. L. ii. 4.
Wide vaults appear, and roofs of fretted gold. Ib. 138.
The roof was fretted gold.

P. L. 1. 717. Ere warning Phoebus touched his trembling ears. Essay on Criticism, 131 (variant). Phoebus replied, and touch'd my trembling ears. Lycidas, 77. Amaranthine bow'rs.

St. Cecilia, 76. Blissful bowers Of amaranthine shade.

P. L. xi. 77-8.

(Of heaven in each case.) And those love-darting eyes must roll no more. Elegy to an Unfortunate Lady, 34. Love-darting eyes, or tresses like the morn.

Comus, 753. He from thick films shall purge the visual ray.

Messiah, 39. His visual ball.

Odyssey, ix. 454. Sharpen'd his visual ray.

P. L. iii. 620; cf. xi. 415. (The first case was pointed out by Pope.) He wipes the tears for ever from our eyes.

Messiah (Ist ed.), 46. All tears are wiped for ever from all eyes.

Epilogue to Satires, i. 103. And wipe the tears for ever from his eyes.

Lycidas, 181.

Ib. 94.

In adamantine chains shall Death be bound.

Messiah, 47. Arm'd in adamantine chains.

Song by Person of Quality, 18. In War and Discord's adamantine chain.

Iliad, xiii. 452. In adamantine chains.

P. L. i. 48. For spirits, freed from mortal laws, with ease Assume what sexes and what shapes they please. Rape of the Lock, i. 69–70.

For Spirits, when they please, Con either sex assume, or both ... ... in what shape they choose.

P. L. 1. 423-8.
Dipped in the richest tincture of the skies.

Ib. ii. 65.
And colours dipt in heaven ...
Sky-tinctured grain.

P. L. v. 283-5.
Four knaves in garbs succinct.

Ib. iii. 41. A Priest succinct in amice white.

Dunciad, iv. 549.
His vest succinct then girding round his waist. Odyssey, xiv. 83.

Aside they lay
Their garments, and succinct the victims slay. Odyssey, xvii. 199–200.
His habit fit for speed succinct.

P. L. iii. 643.
Fate urged the shears, and cut the sylph in twain,
(But airy substance soon unites again).

Rape of the Lock, iii. 151–2. ("See Milton, lib. vi. 330, of Satan cut asunder by the Angel Michael": Pope's note.) Snakes on rolling spires.

Ib. iv.

43. (Satan) erect Amidst his circling spires.

P. L. ix. 501-2.
While Time, with still career,
Wafts on his gentle wing his eightieth year.

Imitation of Martial, 1-2. This subtle thief of life, this paltry time.

Horace's Epistles, II. ii. 76. To whom Time bears me on his rapid wing.

Dunciad, iv. 6.
How soon hath Time, the subtle thief of youth,
Stolen on his wing my three-and-twentieth year! ...
Toward which Time leads me.

Sonnet, How soon hath Time," 1-2, 12.
Ye grots and caverns, shagged with horrid thorn! Eloisa to Abelard, 20.
So the rough rock had shagg'd Ulysses' hands. Odyssey, v. 553.
By grots and caverns shagg'd with horrid shades.

Comus, 429. I have not yet forgot myself to stone.

Eloisa to Abelard, 24.
Forget thyself to marble.

Penseroso, 42.
And the dim windows shed a solemn light.
And storied windows richly dight,
Casting a dim religious light.

Penseroso, 159-60.

(Of a church in each case.) But o'er the twilight groves.

Ib. 163. Arched walks of twilight groves.

Penseroso, 133.
And wings of seraphs shed divine perfumes.

Ib. 218.
And shook his plumes, that heavenly fragrance fill'd
The circuit wide. (Said of an angel.)

P. L. v. 286-7.
Low-brow'd rocks hang nodding o'er the deeps.
Under ebon shades and low-brow'd rocks.

Allegro, 8.
Oblivion of low-thoughted care.

Ib. 298. With low-thoughted care.

Comus, 6.

Ib. 144.

Ib. 244.

Ib. i. 41.

The chequer'd shade.

To Mr. Gay, 7. In the chequer'd shade.

Dunciad, iv. 125. In the chequer'd shade.

Allegro, 26. Or in the golden cowslip's velvet head.

Lamentation of Glumdalclitch, 48. O'er the cowslip's velvet head.

Comus, 898. But vindicate the ways of God to man.

Essay on Man, i. 16.
And justify the ways of God to men.

P. L. i. 26.
Yonder argent fields above. (Of the firmament.)
Those argent fields. (Of the moon.]

P. L. iii. 460.
Favoured man by touch ethereal slain.

Ib. iii. 68. With louch ethereal of Heaven's fiery rod.

Samson, 549. Next his grim idol smeared with human blood.

Ib. iii. 266.
Dropping with Infants' blood, and Mothers' tears.

Dunciad, iv. 142.
First, Moloch, horrid king, besmear'd with blood
Of human sacrifice, and parents' tears ..
Their children's cries uuheard, that pass'd through fire
To his grim idol.

P. L. i. 392-6.
(The second case was pointed out by Pope.)
Ye little stars! hide your diminish'd rays.

Moral Essays, iii. 282. All the stars Hide their diminish'd heads.

P. L. iv. 34 5. And bring all Paradise before your eye.

Ib. iv. 148. And bring all Heaven before mine eyes.

Penseroso, 166. To ake men happy, and to keep them so.

Horace's Epistles, I. vi. 2. What makes a nation happy, and keeps it so.

P. R. iv. 362. To see themselves fall endlong into beasts.

Satires of Donne, iv. 167. And downward fell into a grovelling swine.

Comus, 53.
(Of Circe's guests in each case.)
To wholesome solitude, the nurse of sense:
Where Contemplation prunes her ruffled wings.

Ib. iv. 185-6.
And Wisdom's self
Oft seeks to sweet retired solitude,
Where, with her best nurse, Contemplation,
She plumes her feathers, and lets grow her wings,
Thal. Were all-lo ruffled.

Comus, 375-80.
And opes the temple of Eternity.

Epilogue to Satires, ii. 235. That opes the palace of Eternity.

Comus, 14. Daughter of Chaos and eternal Night.

Dunciad, i. 12. Dread Chaos, and eternal Night.

Ib. iv, 2.
I sung of Chaos and eternal Nighi.

P. L. iii, 18.
Here pleas'd behold her mighty wings outspread.
With mighty wings outspread.

P. L. 1. 20.
In clouded Majesty here Dulness shone.
The Moon, Rising in clouded majesty.

P. L. iv. 606-7.

(Pointed out by Pope.) He rollid his eyes that witness'd huge dismay. Ib. (ist ed.), i. 105.

Round he throws his baleful eyes, That witness'd huge affliction and dismay.

P. L. 1. 50–7.

Ib. i. 27.

Ib. i. 45.

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