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affairs ancient appears authority band Bear became become belief body brothers called Cayugas ceremonies character chiefs civil commenced common Confederacy continued council custom dance descendants duty earth effect entirely equality established existence faith festival finally followed forest four French furnish give given hand held hundred important Indian individual influence institutions intercourse interest Iroquois keepers lake land laws League limited manner mind Mohawks nations nature never object occasion oligarchy Oneidas Onondaga opened original party passed peace performed period person political position possession present preserved principle progress race raised relation religious resided respect result river rule rulers sachems sachemships season secured Senecas separate side social song speech Spirit succession sufficient territory thanks tion tribes usually village warriors whole
Page 321 - If a white man in travelling through our country enters one of our cabins, we all treat him as I do you : we dry him if he is wet; we warm him if he is cold, and give him meat and drink that he may allay his thirst and hunger ; and we spread soft furs for him to rest and sleep on.
Page 78 - This cross-relationship between the tribes of the same name, and which was stronger, if possible, than the chain of brotherhood between the several tribes of the same nation, is still preserved in all its original strength. It doubtless furnishes the chief reason of the tenacity with which the fragments of the old Confederacy still cling together. If either of the five nations had wished to cast off the alliance, it must also have broken the bond of brotherhood.
Page 330 - This String of Wampum serves to forbid you, your Children and Grand-Children, to the latest Posterity for ever, meddling in Land- Affairs ; neither you, nor any who shall descend from you, are ever hereafter to presume to sell any Land : For which purpose, you are to preserve this String, in Memory of what your Uncles have this Day given you in Charge. — We have some other Business to transact with our Brethren, and therefore depart the Council, and consider what has been said to you.
Page 194 - We return thanks to our mother, the earth, which sustains us. We return thanks to the rivers and streams, which supply us with water. We return thanks to all herbs, which furnish medicines for the cure of our diseases. We return thanks to the corn, and to her sisters, the beans and squashes, which give us life.
Page 311 - In addition to the garrets or tops of their houses and cribs,fl they were in the habit of " burying their surplus corn and also their charred green corn in caches, in which the former would preserve uninjured through the year, and the latter for a much longer period. They excavated a pit, made a bark bottom and sides, and having deposited the corn within it, a bark roof, water-tight, was constructed over it, and the whole covered up with earth...
Page 5 - ... of the chase. After they had multiplied in numbers and improved by experience, they made an attempt to secure the independent possession of the country they occupied ; but having been, in the struggle, overpowered and vanquished by the Adirondacks, they were compelled to retire from the country, to escape extermination.
Page 106 - ... to act as speaker for the class. Thus the eight Seneca sachems, being in four classes, could have but four opinions, and the ten Cayuga sachems, being in the same number of classes, could have but four.
Page 4 - Iroquois flourished in independence, and were capable of self-protection long after the New England and Virginia races had surrendered their jurisdictions and fallen into the condition of dependent nations ; and they now stand forth upon the canvas of Indian history, prominent alike for the wisdom of their civil institutions, their sagacity in the administration of the league, and their courage in its defence.
Page 329 - But we do not know whether, considering how you have demeaned yourselves, you will be permitted to live there, or whether you have not swallowed that land down your throats as well as the land on this side. We therefore assign you two places to go to, either to Wyoming or Shamokin.