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ORGANIZATION AND OPERATION OF CONGRESS

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES IN THE

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS

UNITED STATES SENATE

EIGHTY-SECOND CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF LAWS ENACTED
TO REORGANIZE THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

OF THE GOVERNMENT

JUNE 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, AND 27, 1951

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments

lasid

Copya

COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES IN THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS

JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman CLYDE R. HOEY, North Carolina

JOSEPH R. MCCARTHY, Wisconsin HERBERT R. O'CONOR, Maryland

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota MARGARET CHASE SMITH, Maine MIKE MONRONEY, Oklahoma

ANDREW F. SCHOEPPEL, Kansas
THOMAS R. UNDERWOOD, Kentucky HENRY C. DWORSHAK, Idaho
BLAIR MOODY, Michigan

RICHARD M. NIXON, California
WALTER L. REYNOLDS, Chief Clerk

Dr. GEORGE B. GALLOWAY, Consultant
II

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CONTENTS

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Statement of —

Addison, Taylor G., Assistant Chief, Investigations, General Acconting

Office

Atkins, Carter W., executive director, Connecticut Public Expenditure

Council

Bennett, Hon. Charles E., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Florida.

Benton, Hon. William, a United States Senator from the State of Con-

necticut

Bridges, Hon. Styles, a United States Senator from the State of New

Hampshire

Burdette, Franklin L., professor and head, department of government

and politics, University of Maryland.-

Burdick, Hon. Usher L., a Representative in Congress from the State of

North Dakota---

Cartwright, Robert F., Assistant Chief of Investigations, General

Accounting Office---

Case, Hon. Francis, a United States Senator from the State of South

Dakota

Celler, Hon. Emanuel, a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York---

Cook, Donald C., chief counsel, Senate Armed Services Preparedness

Subcommittee

Deane, Hon. Charles B., a Representative in Congress from the State

of North Carolina.-

Denton, Hon. Winfield K., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Indiana---

Dirksen, Hon. Everett M., a United States Senator from the State

of Illinois.-

Ellis, William L., Chief of Investigations, General Accounting Office--

Ferguson, Hon. Homer, a United States Senator from the State of

Michigan.--

Flanders, Hon. Ralph E., a United States Senator from the State of

Vermont-

Frazier, Emery L., Chief Clerk of the United States Senate--

Furcolo, Hon. Foster, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Massachusetts -

Griffith, Ernest S., Director, Legislative Reference Service, Library

of Congress---

Gross, Bertram, chairman, committee on political parties, American

Political Science Association --

Henderson, Elmer W., director, American Council on Human Rights..

Heller, Robert, Robert Heller & Associates, Cleveland, Ohio.-

Holcombe, Arthur N., professor of government, Harvard University,

Cambridge, Mass...

Holifield, Hon. Chet, a Representative in Congress from the State

of California---

Javits, Hon. Jacob K., a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York..

Keating, Hon. Kenneth B., a Representative in Congress from the

State of New York...

Kefauver, Hon. Estes, a United States Senator from the State of

Tennessee..

Lane, Dr. Edgar, instructof of polities, Princeton University-

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Statement of-Continued

Lea, Hon. Clarence F., former Member of Congress from the State

of California-
Lehman, Hon. Herbert H., a United States Senator from the State

of New York.-.
LeMay, Francis M., Coordinator of Information, House of Representa-

tives.-

Loeb, James, Jr., national executive secretary of Americans for

Democratic Action -

McCarthy, Hon. Eugene J., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Minnesota_-

Matchett, Francis T., Assistant Chief of Investigations, General Ac-

counting Office ---

Meader, Hon. George, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Michigan.--

Morse, Hon. Wayne, a United States Senator from the State of

Oregon.-
Multer, Hon. Abraham J., a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York---

O'Connor, John J., former Member of Congress from the State of

New York,

O'Mahoney, Hon. Joseph C., a United States Senator from the State

of Wyoming---

Perley, Allan H., Legislative Counsel, House of Representatives -
Pickett, Hon. Tom., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Texas
Rees, Hon. Edward H., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Kansas.
Riddick, Dr. Floyd M., Senate Editor, Daily Digest_-
Roach, Edward J., Jr., administrative officer, General Accounting

Office --

Rogers, Hon. Dwight L., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Florida---

Ruml, Beardsley, chairman of the business committee of the National

Planning Association ---

Saltonstall, Hon. Leverett, a United States Senator from the State

of Massachusetts_-
Sifton, Paul, UAW-CIO national legislative representative_-

Simms, John H., Legislative Counsel, United States Senate---

Smith, George H. E., staff director, Senate Republican Policy Com-

mittee

Sparkman, Hon. John J., a United States Senator from the State of

Alabama.

Stone, Mrs. Kathryn H., League of Women Voters of the United States_
Taft, Hon. Robert A., a United States Senator from the State of Ohio.
Van Arkel, Gerhard, counsel, Senate District Committee--
Walker, Dr. Harvey, professor of political science, Ohio State Uni-

versity

Wilcox, Francis O., chief of staff, Senate Committee on Foreign Re-

lations

Williams, Hon. John J., a United States Senator from the State of

Delaware

Wilmerding, Lucius, Jr., Princeton, N. J_

Zeller, Belle, professor of political science, Brooklyn College, New

York, N. Y---

Letters, statements, reports, etc., submitted for the record by-
Benton, Hon. William, a United States Senator from the State of Con-

necticut: Excerpt from an article by Robert Heller in the New York
Times, May 20, 1951.---

Burdick, Hon. Usher L., a Representative in Congress from the State

of North Dakota, statement-

Excerpts from letters commenting on proposed payroll legislation :

Letter from R. P. Hall, St. Petersburg, Fla..

Letter from George C. Doyle, M. D., Duluth, Minn.

Letter from W. H. Winton, Gadsden, Ala---

Letter from Robert I. Lupfer, Kansas City, Mo.

Letter from C. M, Lowe, Birmingham, Ala.

153
422

111

55

482
532
319

403

38

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349
346

250

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162

350

313

373

387

Letters, statements, reports, etc., submitted for the record by-Continued

Case, Hon. Francis, a United States Senator from the State of South
Dakota :
Statement on mechanics of election of Members of the House of

Representatives to 4-year terms.--

Statement re Senate Joint Resolution 75_-

Celler, Hon. Emanuel, a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York, statement regarding H. R. 3440_-

Cook, Donald C., chief counsel, Senate Armed Services Preparedness

Subcommittee:

Investigations in operation-Senate Preparedness Subcommittee,

by Donald C. Cook, University of Chicago Law Review, 1951.---

Statement by Senator Lyndon B. Johnson----
Davis, Hon. Glenn R., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Wisconsin, statement
Deane, Hon. Charles B., a Representative in Congress from the State
of North Carolina :
Proposed amendment to Public Law 601, title VI, “Compensation

and Retirement Pay of Members of Congress".
Statement, The leave-to-print and franking privileges : their use

and abuse---

Ellis, William L., Cihef of Investigations, General Accounting Office:

Excerpt from section 312, Budget and Accounting Act of 1921_----
Senate staff memorandum No. 81-1-116, August 29, 1949, General

Accounting Office report on improper handling of funds coming

into the hands of officers and employees of the Government-----

Ferguson, Hon. Homer, a United States Senator from the State of

Michigan :

Communications received by Senator Homer Ferguson, June 5,

1951 :

Telegram from Omar B. Ketchum, director, Veterans of For-

eign Wars legislative service---

Telegram from Harold Russell, national commander,

AMVETS_-

Telegram from Francis M. Sullivan, national legislative di-

rector, Disabled American Veterans---

Letter from Miles D. Kennedy, director, the American Legion.

Questionnaire on congressional reorganization (compiled by Wil-

liam R. Reed, December 27, 1950)-----

Rules of the Senate Investigations Subcommitttee of the Commit-

tee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments_

Griffith, Ernest S., Director, Legislative Reference Service, Library

of Congress :

Statement-

Table showing increase of personnel and appropriation of Legis-

lative Reference Service --
Holcombe, Arthur N., professor of government, Harvard University,

Cambridge, Mass., excerpt from statement made by Walter Lipp-

mann.

Holifield, Hon. Chet, a Representative in Congress from the State of

California:

Excerpt from the Congressional Record of January 3, 1951, describ-

ing the working of the Rules Committee---

Letter from Senator Herbert R. O'Conor, chairman, Senate Sub-

committee on Reorganization, to Congressman Chet Holifield,

February 20, 1951.--

Johnson, Hon. Lyndon B., a United States Senator from the State of

Texas, statement (read by Donald C. Cook).

Keating, Hon. Kenneth B., a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York, statement-

Lane, Dr. Edgar, instructor of politics, Princeton University-

Lea, Hon. Clarence F., former Member of Congress from the State of

California, statement..

Lehman, Hon. Herbert H., a United States Senator from the State of

New York:

Excerpt from the national platform of the Democratic Party, 1916

and 1920 ---

Excerpt from speech made by Arthur Vandenberg, 1948.
Excerpt from speech made by Woodrow Wilson, March 1917_---

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358

255

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