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the Fost-Office Savings Bank in the name of the registrar of such court, and order the same to be invested or applied in accordance with the provisions of the first schedule hereto with reference to the investment in the Post-Office Savings Bank of any sum allotted as compensation, and those provisions shall apply accordingly.
(2) In the application of this section to Scotland, the words have a first charge upon” shall mean “ be preferentially entitled to."
6. Where the injury for which compensation is payable under this act was caused under circumstances creating a legal liability in some person other than the employer to pay damages in respect thereof, the workman may, at his option, proceed, either at law against that person to recover damages, or against his employer for compensation under this act, but not against both, and if compensation be paid under this act, the employer shall be entitled to be indemnified by the said other person.
7.-(1) This act shall apply only to employment by the undertakers as hereinafter defined, on or in or about a railway, factory, mine, quarry, or engineering work, and to employment by the undertakers as hereinafter defined on, in, or about any building which exceeds 30 feet in height, and is either being constructed or repaired by means of a scaffolding, or being demolished, or on which machinery driven by steam, water, or other mechanical power, is being used for the purpose of the construction, repair, or demolition thereof.
(2) In this act
“Railway” means the railway of any railway company to which the Regulation of Railways Act, 1873, applies, and includes a light railway made under the Light Railways Act, 1896; and““ railway” and “railway company' have the same meaning as in the said acts of 1873 and 1896:
"Factory" has the same meaning as in the Factory and Workshop Acts, 1878 to 1891, and also includes any dock, wharf, quay, warehouse, machinery, or plant, to which any provision of the Factory Acts is applied by the Factory and Workshop Act, 1895, and every laundry worked by steam, water, or other mechanical power:
“Mine'' means å mine to which the Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1887, or the Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act, 1872, applies: "Quarry” means a quarry under the Quarries Act, 1894:
Engineering work" means any work of construction or alteration or repair of a railroad, harbor, dock, canal, or sewer, and includes any other work for the construction, alteration, or repair of which machinery driven by steam, water, or other mechanical power is used:
“Undertaker” in the case of a railway means the railway company; in the case of a factory, quarry, or laundry means the occupier thereof within the meaning of the Factory and Workshop Acts, 1878 to 1895; in the case of a mine means the owner thereof within the meaning of the Coal Mines Regulation Act, 1887, or the Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act, 1872, as the case may be, and in the case of an engineering work means the person undertaking the construction, alteration, or repair; and in the case of a building means the persons undertaking the construction, repair, or demolition:
“Employer” includes any body of persons corporate or unincorporate and the legal personal representative of a deceased employer:
*Workman" includes every person who is engaged in an employment to which this act applies, whether by way of manual labor or otherwise, and whether his agreement is one of service or apprenticeship or otherwise, and is expressed or implied, is oral or in writing. Any reference to a workman who has been injured shall, where the workman is dead, include a reference to his legal personal representative or to his dependents, or other person to whom compensation is payable:
(a) in England and Ireland, such members of the workman's family specified in the Fatal Accidents Act, 1846, as were wholly or in part dependent upon the earnings of the workman at the time of his death; and
(b) in Scotland, such of the persons entitled according to the law of Scotland to sue the employer for damages or solatium in respect of the death of the workman, as were wholly or in part dependent upon the earnings of the workman at the time of his death.
(3) A workman employed in a factory which is a shipbuilding yard shall not be excluded from this act by reason only that the accident arose outside the yard in the course of his work upon a vessel in any dock, river, or tidal water near the yard.
8.-(1) This act shall not apply to persons in the naval or military service of the Crown, but otherwise shall apply to any employment by or under the Crown to which this act would apply if the employer were a private person.
(2) The treasury may, by warrant laid before Parliament, modify for the purposes of this act their warrant made under section one of the Superannuation Act, 1887, and notwithstanding anything in that act, or any such warrant, may frame a scheme with a view to its being certified by the registrar of friendly societies under this act.
9. Any contract existing at the commencement of this act whereby a workman relinquishes any right to compensation from the employer for personal injury arising out of and in the course of his employment, shall not, for the purposes of this act, be deemed to continue after the time at which the workman's contract of service would determine if notice of the determination thereof were given at the commencement of this act.
10.-(1) This act shall come into operation on the first day of July, one thousand eight hundred and ninety-eight.
(2) This act may be cited as the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1897.
SCALE AND CONDITIONS OF COMPENSATION.
(1) The amount of compensation under this act shall be() where death results from the injury
(i) if the workman leaves any dependents wholly dependent upon his earnings at the time of his death, a sum equal to his earnings in the employment of the same employer during the 3 years next preceding the injury, or the sum of £150 [$729.98], whichever of those sums is the larger, but not exceeding in any case £300 [$1,459.95), provided that the amount of any weekly payments made under this act shall be deducted from such sum, and if the period of the workman's employment by the said employer has been less than the said 3 years, then the amount of his earnings during the said 3 years shall be deemed to be 156 times his average weekly earnings during the period of his actual employment under the said employer;
(ii) if the workman does not leave any such dependents, but seaves any dependents in part dependent upon his earnings at the time of his death, such sum, not exceeding in any case the amount payable under the foregoing provisions, as may be agreed upon, or, in default of agreement, may be determined, on arbitration under this act, to be reasonable and proportionate to the injury to the said dependents; and
(ii) if he leaves no dependents, the reasonable expenses of his medical attendance and burial, not exceeding £10 ($18.67];
(b) where total or partial incapacity for work results from the injury, a weekly payment during the incapacity after the second week not exceeding 50 per cent of his average weekly earnings during the previous 12 months, if he has been so long employed, but if not, then for any less period during which he has been in the employment of the same employer, such weekly payment not to exceed £1 [$1.87].
(2) In fixing the amount of the weekly payment, regard shall be had to the difference between the amount of the average weekly earnings of the workman before the accident and the average amount which he is able to earn after the accident, and to any payment not being wages which he may receive from the employer in respect of his injury during the period of his incapacity.
(3) Where a workman has given notice of an accident, he shall, if so required by the employer, submit himself for examination by a duly qualified medical practi. tioner provided and paid by the employer, and if he refuses to submit himself to such examination, or in any way obstructs the same, his right to compensation, and any proceeding under this act in relation to compensation, shall be suspended until such examination takes place.
(4) The payment shall, in case of death, be made to the legal personal representative of the workman, or, if he has no legal personal representative, to or for the benefit of his dependents, or, if he leaves no dependents, to the person to whom the expenses are due; and if made to the legal personal representative shall be paid by him to or for the benefit of the dependents or other person entitled thereto under this act.
(5) Any question as to who is a dependent, or as to the amount payable to each dependent, shall, in default of agreement, be settled by arbitration under this act.
(6) The sum allotted as compensation to a dependent may be invested or otherwise applied for the benefit of the person entitled thereto, as agreed, or as ordered by the committee or other arbitrator.
(7) Any sum which is agreed or is ordered by the committee or arbitrator to be invested may be invested in whole or in part in the Post-Office Savings Bank by the registrar of the county court in his name as registrar.
(8) Any sum to be so invested may be invested in the purchase of an annuity from the national debt commissioners through the Post-Office Savings Bank, or be accepted
by the Postmaster-General as a deposit in the name of the registrar as such, and the provisions of any statute or regulations respecting the limits of deposits in savings banks, and the declaration to be made by a depositor, shall not apply to such sums.
(9) No part of any money invested in the name of the registrar of any county court in the Post-Office Savings Bank under this act shall be paid out, except upon authority addressed to the Postmaster-General by the Treasury or by the judge of the county court.
(10) Any person deriving any benefit from any moneys invested in a post-office savings bank under the provisions of this act may, nevertheless, open an account in a post-office savings bank or in any other savings bank in his own name without being liable to any penalties imposed by any statute or regulations in respect of the opening of accounts in two savings banks, or of two accounts in the same savings bank.
(11) Any workman receiving weekly payments under this act shall, if so required by the employer, or by any person by whom the employer is entitled under this act to be indemnified, from time to time sulmit himself for examination by a duly qualified medical practitioner provided and paid by the employer, or such other person; but if the workman objects to an examination by that medical practitioner, or is dissatisfied by the certificate of such practitioner upon his condition when communicated to him, he may submit himself for examination to one of the medical practitioners appointed for the purposes of this act, as mentioned in the second schedule to this act, and the certificate of that medical practitioner as to the condition of the workman at the time of the examination shall be given to the employer and workman, and shall be conclusive evidence of that condition. If the workman refuses to submit himself to such examination, or in any way obstructs the same, his right to such weekly payments shall be suspended until such examination has taken place.
(12) Any weekly payment may be reviewed at the request either of the employer or of the workman, and on such review may be ended, diminished or increased, subject to the maximum above provided, and the amount of payment shall, in default of agreement, be settled by arbitration under this act.
(13) Where any weekly payment has been continued for not less than 6 months, the liability therefor may, on the application by or on behalf of the employer, be redeemed by the payment of a lump sum, to be settled, in default of agreement, by arbitration under this act, and such lump sum may be ordered by the committee or arbitrator to be invested or otherwise applied as above mentioned.
(14) A weekly payment, or a sum paid by way of redemption thereof, shall not be capable of being assigned, charged, or attached, and shall not pass to any other person hy operation of law, nor shall any clain be set off against the same.
(15) Where a scheme certified under this act provides for payment of compensation by a friendly society, the provisions of the proviso to the first subsection of section 8, section 16, and section 41 of the Friendly Societies Act, 1896, shall not apply to such society in respect to such scheme.
(16) In the application of this schedule to Scotland the expression “registrar of the county court” means “sheriff clerk of the county," and "judge of the county court” means “sheriff.”
(17) In the application of this act to Ireland the provisions of the County Officers and Courts (Ireland) Act, 1877, with respect to money deposited in the Post-Office Savings Bank under that act shall apply to money invested in the Post-Office Savings Bank under this act.
The following provisions shall apply for settling any matter which under this act is to be settled by arbitration:
(1) If any committee, representative of an employer and his workmen, exists with power to settle matters under this act in the case of the employer and workmen, the matter shall, unless either party objects, by notice in writing sent to the other party before the committee meet to consider the matter, be settled by the arbitration of such committee, or be referred by them in their discretion to arbitration as hereinafter provided.
(2) If either party so objects, or there is no such committee, or the committee so rcfers the matter or fails to settle the matter within 3 months from the date of the claim, the matter shall be settled by a single arbitrator agreed on by the parties, or in the absence of agreement by the county court judge, according to the procedure
prescribed by rules of court, or if in England the Lord Chancellor so authorizes, according to the like procedure, by a single arbitrator appointed by such county court judge.
(3) Any arbitrator appointed by the county court judge shall, for the purposes of this act, have all the powers of a county court judge, and shall be paid out of moneys to be provided by Parliament in accordance with regulations to be made by the treasury.
(4) The Arbitration Act, 1889, shall not apply to any arbitration under this act; but an arbitrator may, if he thinks fit, submit any question of law for the decision of the county court judge, and the decision of the judge on any question of law, either on such submission, or in any case where he himself setties the matter under this act, shall be final, unless within the time and in accordance with the conditions prescribed by rules of the Supreme Court either party appeals to the court of appeal; and the county court judge, or the arbitrator appointed by him, shall, for the purpose of an arbitration under this act, have the same powers of procuring the attendance of witnesses and the production of documents as if the claim for compensation had been made by plaint in the county court.
15) Rules of court may make provision for the appearance in any arbitration under this act of any party by some other person.
16) The costs of and incident to the arbitration and proceedings connected therewith shall be in the discretion of the arbitrator. The costs, whether before an arbitrator or in the county court, shall not exceed the limit prescribed by rules of court, and shall be taxed in manner prescribed by those rules.
17) In the case of the death or refusal or inability to act of an arbitrator, a judge of the high court at chambers may, on the application of any party, appoint a new arbitrator.
(8) Where the amount of compensation under this act shall have been ascertained, or any weekly payment varied, or any other matter decided, under this act, either by a committee or by an arbitrator or by agreement, a meinorandum thereof shall be sent, in manner prescribed by rules of court, by the said committee or arbitrator, or by any party interested, to the registrar of the county court for the district in which any person entitled to such compensation resides, who shall, subject to such rules, on being satisfied as to its genuineness, record such memorandum in a special register without fee, and thereupon the said memorandum shall for all purposes be enforceable as a county court judgment. Provided that the county court judge may at any time rectify such register.
(9) Where any matter under this act is to be done in a county court, or by to or before the judge or registrar of a county court, then, unless the contrary intention appear, the same shall, subject to rules of court, be done in, or by to or before the judge or registrar of, the county court of the district in which all the parties concerned reside, or if they reside in different districts the district in which the accident out of which the said matter arose occurred, without prejudice to any transfer in manner provided by rules of court.
(10) The duty of a county court judge under this act, or of an arbitrator appointed hy him, shall, subject to rules of court, be part of the duties of the county court, and the officers of the court shall act accordingly, and rules of court may be made both for any purpose for which this act authorizes rules of court to be made, and also generally for carrying into effect this act so far as it affects the county court, or an arbitrator appointed by the judge of the county court, and proceedings in the county court or before any such arbitrator, and such rules may, in England, be made by the 5 judges of the county courts appointed for the making of rules under section 164 of the County Courts Act, 1888, and when allowed by the Lord Chancellor, as provided, by that section, shall have full effect without any further consent.
(11) No court iee shall be payable by any party in respect of any proceeding under this act in the county court prior to the award.
(12) Any sum awarded as compensation shall be paid on the receipt of the person to whom it is payable under any agreement or award, and his solicitor or agent shall not be entitled to recover from him, or to claim a lien on, or deduct any amount for costs from, the said sum awarded, except such sum as may be awarded by the arbitrator or county court judge, on an application made by either party to determine the amount of costs to be paid to the said solicitor or agent, such sum to be awarded subject to taxation and to the scale of costs prescribed by rules of court.
(13) The secretary of state may appoint legally qualified medical practitioners for the purpose of this act, and any committee, arbitrator, or judge may, subject to regulations made by the secretary of state and the treasury, appoint any such practitioner to report on any matter which seems material to any question arising in the arbitration; and the expense of any such medical practitioner shall, subject to treasury regulations, be paid out of moneys to be provided by Parliament.
(14) In the application of this schedule to Scotland
(a) “Sheriff” shall be substituted for “county court judge," "sheriff court" for "county court,'
," "action” for “plaint," "sheriff clerk” for registrar of the county court,” and “act of sederunt” for “rules of court":
(6) Any award or agreement as to compensation under this act may be competently recorded for execution in the books of council and session or sheriff court books, and shall be enforceable in like manner as a recorded decree arbitral:
(c) Any application to the sheriff as arbitrator shall be heard, tried, and deter. mined summarily in the manner provided by the fifty-second section of the Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Act, 1876, save only that parties may be represented by any person authorized in writing to appear for them and subject to the declaration that it shall be competent to either party within the time and in accordance with the conditions prescribed by act of sederunt to require the sheriff to state a case on any question of law determined by him, and his decision thereon in such case may be submitted to either division of the court of session, who may hear and determine the same finally, and remit to the sheriff with instruction as to the judgment to be pronounced.
(15) Paragraphs 4 and 7 of this schedule shall not apply to Scotland.
(16) In the application of this schedule to Ireland the expression “county court judge” shall include the recorder of any city or town.
Ax Act to extend the benefits of the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1897, to workmen
in agriculture (30th July, 1900]. Be it enacted by
Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, (18 follores:
1.-(1) From and after the commencement this act, the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1897, shall apply to the employment of workmen in agriculture by any employer who habitually employs one or more workmen in such employment.
(2) Where any such employer agrees with a contractor for the execution by or under that contractor of any work in agriculture, section four of the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1897, shall apply in respect of any workman employed in such work as if that employer were an undertaker within the meaning of that act.
Provided that, where the contractor provides and uses machinery driven by mechanical power for the purpose of threshing, ploughing, or other agricultural work, he, and he alone, shall be liable under this act to pay compensation to any workman employed by him on such work.
(3) Where any workman is employed by the same employer mainly in agricultural but partly or occasionally in other work, this act shall apply also to the employment of the workman in such other work.
The expression “agriculture” includes horticulture, forestry, and the use of land for any purpose of husbandry, inclusive of the keeping or breeding of live stock, poultry, or bees, and the growth of fruit and vegetables.
2. This act may be cited as the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1900, and shall be read as one with the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1897, and that act and this act may be cited together as the Workmen's Compensation Acts, 1897 and 1900.
3. This act shall come into operation on the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred and one.