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the producers increased without interfering with the integrity of the handcraft processes.
Economic and racial pressure will compel the majority of the Indians to continue to make their living on the reservations for many years to come. On the reservations, agriculture and stock raising, largely on a subsistence basis, will have to be the principal sources of income. At the present time Federally financed emergency work produces the bulk of the Indians' cash income derived from wage work. This emergency aid will diminish, but the need for a cash income will remain and the reservations offer almost no opportunities for employment. Self-employment through the enlargement and stimulation of Indian handcraft can help to solve this problem of the immediate future.
Several minor amendments to the bill seem desirable. On page 1, in lines 7 and 11, it is suggested that “Secretary of the Interior" be substituted for “President." I believe that it is not desirable to burden the President with the appointment of comparatively unimportant officers who will serve under the supervision of the head of an executive department. On page 3, in lines 7 and 10, before the word "marks”, insert the word "trade.”
On page 3, in line 12, after the word "use,” insert "to register them in the United States Patent Office without charge;".
On page 5, in line 5, I would suggest that the word "reproduce” be omitted. The present wording would seem to make unlawful even a reproduction of the Government mark made with the consent of the board.
On page 5, in lines 6, 9, 16, and 21, before the word “mark”, insert the word "trade”.
On page 5, in line 17, after the word "and", insert "upon conviction thereof shall be enjoined from further carrying on the act of acts complained of, and shall”.
The first paragraph of section 6 could be simplified and made to state more accurately the evident intent. Presumably it is desired to prohibit only misrepresentation as to goods offered or displayed for sale. In its present form the prohibition would apply even to a misrepresentation in ordinary conversation where no sale is contemplated. Also, the proviso at the end of that paragraph is vaguely worded. The following amendments to that paragraph are suggested:
On page 5, in lines 20 and 21, strike out the words “and falsely represent" and insert the words "offer or display for sale”. On page 5, in lines 21 and 22, strike out the words "to be" and insert the word "as”. On page 6, strike out all of the proviso in lines 4 to 6, inclusive.
The Acting Director of the Bureau of the Budget, on May 11, 1935, in reporting on this legislation stated:
“While I am in sympathy with the general purposes sought to be accomplished by the proposed legislation, it seems to me that we should properly consider this proposal as a commercial one that should be self-supporting, rather than one that would require, as the bill provides, annual appropriations from the general fund of the Treasury.
“You are advised that the proposed legislation would not be in conflict with the financial program of the President if modified to eliminate the authorization of appropriations from general funds of the Treasury, and if further modified to eliminate the provision for disbursement by the Board, instead of by the chief disbursing officer of the United States, of the special fund comprising receipts from managing and trade-mark licensing fees.”
The text objectionable to the Bureau of the Budget is found in section 4. Eventually this activity should be self-supporting. Until firmly established, however, sums will need to be appropriated for traveling expenses for members of the board and for other expenses incident to actual organization.
If, as the Acting Director of the Budget suggests, this proposal does become a selfsupporting, commercial enterprise, I doubt the advisability of requiring that disbursement of funds be made by the chief disbursing officer of the United States rather than by an employee of the board designated for this purpose. Arrangements could be made, however, for satisfactory disbursement of funds by the chief disbursing officer. To overcome the objection stated, the words “make or” ļn line 25, page 4, and line 1, page 5 of the bill could be eliminated.
If the amendments suggested herein are adopted, I recommend that H. R. 6468 receive favorable consideration. Sincerely yours,
HAROLD L. ICKES,
Secretary of the Interior. O
GRANTING PENSIONS TO VETERANS OF SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR, INCLUDING BOXER REBELLION AND PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION, THEIR WIDOWS AND DEPENDENTS, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
May 22, 1935.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state
of the Union and ordered to be printed
Mr. Smith of Washington, from the Committee on Pensions, sub
mitted the following
[To accompany H. R. 6995)
The Committee on Pensions, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 6995) granting pensions to veterans of the Spanish-American War, including the Boxer Rebellion and the Philippine Insurrection, their widows and dependents, and for other purposes, having considered the same, report thereon with the recommendation that the bill do pass.
The Committee on Pensions, having had under consideration the bill (H. R. 6995) granting pensions to veterans of the Spanish-American War, including the Boxer Rebellion and the Philippine Insurrection, their widows and dependents, and for other purposes, begs leave to report the same with the recommendation that the bill do pass.
This bill reenacts into law the act of June 2, 1930. It extends benefits to persons who served in the Spanish-American War, includ ing the Boxer Rebellion and the Philippine Insurrection, between April 21, 1898, and July 4, 1902, who have not been able to prove service connection for their disabilities, as well as their widows and dependents. The average monthly payment being received by such veterans on June 30, 1934, was $32.17. This bill increases that amount to an average monthly pension award of $42.85. The average age of such veterans is 61 years and 8 months. Widows will receive a monthly increase of $7.50. The bill does not affect any pension award for service-connected disabilities.
The act of June 2, 1930, follows largely the first act of Congress granting benefits to Spanish War veterans, including the Boxer Rebellion and the Philippine Insurrection, which became a law on June 5, 1920. At that time the Congress of the United States declared the policy of the Government in dealing with such veterans. The purpose of H. R. 6995 is to carry out the policy there expressed. It is well to recite the report of the committee of Congress accompanying the bill, which finally was approved and became law on June 5, 1920. It is as follows:
(H.Rept. No. 132, 68th Cong., 1st sess.) The Committee on Pensions, having had under consideration the bill (H. R. 2) to pension soldiers of the War with Spain, the Philippine Insurrection, and the China Relief Expedition, beg leave to report the same with the recommendation that it do pass.
This bill follows largely the act of June 27, 1890, which was the first legislation enacted by Congress for the relief of Civil War soldiers suffering from disabilities not contracted in the military service. The provisions of that act are virtually unchanged except as to the rates of pension allowed. The act of 1890 provided a maximum of $12 and a minimum of $6 per month. This bill proposes a maxi. mum of $30 and a minimum of $12. The committee feels warranted in recommending these advances, believing that the largely increased cost of living is sufficient justification for its action. Many of these veterans, who freely volun. teered their services in response to their country's call, are living in abject poverty and distress. Lower rates of pension would be inadequate to afford proper relief.
The Committee then submitted a memorandum by the Bureau of Pensions giving an estimate of its probable cost and then continues the report in the following language:
These men served in Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and in the insanitary camps within our borders. They contracted malaria, fevers, and many of the diseases prevalent in tropical countries. Thousands of them, unable to trace their disabilities to their service, after a lapse of more than 20 years, are receiving no pension, and under existing laws can never be pensioned. They have waited patiently, and now, after a lapse of more than 20 years, have appealed to Congress for a small measure of relief.
The act of June 27, 1890, and its application to Federal soldiers, was, by reason of existing conditions, largely sectional. But the benefits of this bill would be extended in equitable proportion to Spanish War soldiers in every State of the Union. There was no sectionalism in response to the call of President McKinley in 1898 for volunteers. Each State did its full duty and sent its full quota. The readiness of every section to meet the situation demonstrated that the Nation was reunited in spirit and purpose. The sons of the North and the South alike took up arms in defense of their common country.
The committee feels that discussion of the merits of the pension system is not necessary, The country has been committed to it virtually throughout its history. The care of those who have borne the brunt of the battle has been and is regarded as a sacred obligation of the Republic. To the extension of this just protection to the disabled veterans embraced in this bill the committee is of one mind and unanimously recommends it to the favorable consideration of the House.
For the information of the House of Representatives, we add herewith memorandum as to the probable cost of this legislation by Brig. Gen. Frank T. Hines, Administrator of Veterans Affairs, as follows:
421 Dependents... 964
117 Total. 235, 216 $117, 139, 923. 82 157, 541 $64, 160, 813 202, 012 $77, 252, 370.82 250.600 $131, 200,000 Veterans.
196, 043 101, 732, 248. 58 124, 721 55, 395, 105 163, 832 66, 228, 888. 12. 201, 200 111, 600,000 Dependents...
70 19,600,000 1 Disbursements during year ended Mar. 31.
Estimated cost for fiscal year 1936, under H. R. 6995:
$111, 600, 000
19, 600, 000
Estimated cost for fiscal year 1936, under present laws:
72, 647, 632 12, 971, 236
85, 618, 868
Estimated additional cost for fiscal year 1936:
38, 952, 368 Dependents...
6, 628, 764 Total..--
45, 581, 132 Average age, 1936, 62 years. Estimated number living, 1936, 268,320. Percentage of living on rolls under H. R. 6995, 75 percent.
We also quote a letter written by Hon. Rice W. Means, chairman of the national committee on legislation, United Spanish War Veterans, and addressed to Hon. Allard H. Gasque, Chairman of the Committee on Pensions, House of Representatives, under date of May 9, 1935, as follows:
You requested from me a statement as to how I arrived at the estimate of costs under H. R. 6995 as recited to the Pension Committee on yesterday.
I took the number of veterans on the rolls March 1, 1933, subtracted there. from the number of deaths, added the normal increase of new pensioners, multiplied that sum by the average received by veterans on March 1, 1933. The same method of computation was followed as to dependents, with the following result:
Estimated cost for first year, under H. R. 6995 Veterans.
$101, 000, 000 Dependents.
16, 408, 000
117, 408, 000
85, 618, 868
Estimated additional cost if H. R. 6995 is enacted into law.
31, 789, 132