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1935, which are herein below set out in full and made a part of this report, as follows:

THE WHITE HOUSE,

Washington, April 10, 1935. Hon. RENÉ L. DEROUEN, Chairman House Cominittee on Public Lands,

House of Representatives. MY DEAR MR. DEROUEN: I refer to H. R. 6670, now pending before your committee, to provide for the preservation of historic American sites, buildings, objects, and antiquities of national significance in the United States.

I wish to make known my deep interest in the measure, the general purpose of which is to enable the Federal Government, with the cooperation of the States and other public and private agencies, to lay a broad legal foundation for, and to develop and carry on, a national program for the preservation and interpretation of the physical and cultural remains of our history.

The preservation of historic sites for the public benefit, together with their proper interpretation, tends to enhance the respect and love of the citizen for the institutions of his country, as well as strengthen his resolution to defend unselfishly the hallowed traditions and high ideals of America.

At the present time when so many priceless historical buildings, sites, and remains are in grave danger of destruction through the natural progress of modern industrial conditions, the necessity for this legislation becomes apparent.

In this connection I feel that the Department of Interior, through the National Park Service, to the jurisdiction of which I assigned this general activity by Executive orders of June 10 and July 28, 1933, should be authorized to carry forward this increased program and to acquire such property as it is decided is necessary to the furtherance of these ends. The general machinery for this work can be developed by the National Park Service with little additional expense. I am hopeful that this legislation may be passed by the present Congress. Very sincerely yours,

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, March 26, 1935. Hon. RENE L. DEROUEN,

Chairman Committee on Public Lands, House of Representatives. MY DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: I have received your letter of March 16, enclosing a copy of H. R. 6670, entitled “A bill to provide for the preservation of historic American sities, buildings, objects, and antiquities of national significance, and for other purposes”, and requesting a report thereon.

This legislation proposes the adoption of a national policy covering the subject expressed in the title, and creates certain powers, duties and functions for effectuating that policy.

While all Americans may well be proud of the accomplishments of the Federal Government in preserving and making available to the public the natural and scenic treasures of our country, many are impressed with the fact that no welldefined national policy has obtained for setting aside, commemorating, and preserving historic sites and buildings which represent outstanding experiences in the life history of our Nation. Unfortunately, many buildings that would be highly prized today have already disappeared and many others are daily disappearing; Within the past few years public interest has been increasingly aroused and focused on the subject, and much has been accomplished by the States and by private associations and individuals.

The Congress, from time to time, has provided for the conservation and restoration of national historic shrines, but it has become apparent that, if the Federal Government is to perform the full measure of its duty in this respect, further legislation will be necessary.

The National Government cannot be expected to arrest all losses of these priceless relics of the past, but it can lend its authority and aid toward such an end, and can acquire by gift, or in some cases, by purchase, historic sites and buildings of national significance.

The bill provides that the Secretary of the Interior shall be charged with the duty of effectuating the national policy expressed in the bill. In connection with this, it is important initially that graphic records and other data of historic and archaeologic sites, buildings, and objects should be obtained and a comprehensive study made for the purpose of a proper classification for example, of those clothed with national significance. The proposed bill also contains provisions to accomplish this, and to authorize the establishment of a reference library and the making of necessary researches in connection with particular sites and properties.

The bill would provide the necessary authority for acquiring, restoring, preserving, and operating historic sites and properties.

The great majority of historic houses, over 400 in number, now operated for the benefit of the public in this country are owned and maintained by States, patriotic associations, and individuals. It is believed that much can be accomplished by mutual cooperation between all agencies interested in this subject and the bill would authorize such cooperation upon the part of the Federal Government; in addition, it provides that cooperative agreements with States, and others, may be made for the preservation and operation of historic sites and properties.

In order that historic properties may be properly and accurately interpreted to the public, the bill provides that an educational program and service shall be developed.

In view of the highly technical problems involved in the reconstruction and restoration of many historic properties, the bill contains provisions for obtaining the necessary technical and professional assistance which might otherwise be difficult to obtain.

The bill to create a National Park Trust Fund Board, and for other purposes (H. R. 6734), is a companion bill to H. R. 6670. This bill is substantially identical with the act which created the Library of Congress Trust Fund Board, which I am informed has proved to be most valuable in promoting the Library and its work. I believe such an agency will prove to be of equal value to the Park Service.

I am advised by the Acting Director of the Bureau of the Budget that H. R. 6670 is not in conflict with the financial program of the President.

I recommend that H. R. 6734 and H. R. 6670 receive favorable consideration by the Congress. Sincerely yours,

HAROLD L. ICKES,

Secretary of the Interior. O

CREATION OF A NATIONAL PARK TRUST FUND BOARD

MAY 9, 1935.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of

the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. ROBINSON of Utah, from the Committee on the Public Lands,

submitted the following

REPORT

[To accompany H. R. 6734)

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The Committee on the Public Lands, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 6734) to create a National Park Trust Fund Board, and for other purposes, after careful consideration of same, report favorably thereon with the recommendation that the bill do pass the House with the following committee amendments:

Page 2, lines 10 to 14, inclusive, beginning with the word “Any." strike out all of the language up to and including the word “Interior”.

Page 2, line 19, section 2, strike out the words "and by the Secretary of the Interior".

Page 2, line 24, and page 3, lines 1 to 13, inclusive, beginning with the word “The” strike out all of the language up to and including the word "it" and substitute the following language in lieu thereof: The income, as and when collected, shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States in a trust-fund account to be known as the “National Park Trust Fund”, subject to disbursement by the Division of Disbursement, Treasury Department, for the purposes in each case specified: Provided, however, That the Board is not authorized to engage in any business, nor shall the Secretary of the Treasury make any investment for account of the Board that may not lawfully be made by a trust company in the District of Columbia, except that the Secretary may make any investments directly authorized by the instrument of gift, and may retain any investments accepted by the Board.

Page 3, lines 14 to 24, inclusive, beginning with the word "Should” strike out all of the language up to and including the figure $5,000,000.”

Page 4, lines 21 to 25, and page 5, lines 1 to 10, inclusive, strike out all of section 6.

This bill is a companion bill to H. R. 6670, providing for the preservation of historic American sites, buildings, objects, and antiquities of national significance, which was favorably reported to the House by this committee, and the bill H. R. 6734 creates the Board which is to administer such gifts or bequests of personal property as shall be made in connection with H. R. 6670.

The amendments made by the committee on this proposed legislation were suggested by and have the sanction of the Bureau of the Budget, of the Treasury Department.

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