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FUNDS FOR COOPERATION WITH SCHOOL BOARD OF

SHANNON COUNTY, S. DAK.

APRIL 25, 1935.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state

of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. WERNER, from the Committee on Indian Affairs, submitted the

following

REPORT

(To accompany S. 1537)

The Committee on Indian Affairs, to whom was referred the bill (S. 1537) to provide funds for cooperation with the school board of Shannon County, S. Dak., in the construction of a consolidated highschool building to be available to both white and Indian children, having considered the same, report thereon with a recommendation that it do pass without amendment.

This measure is in accord with the present Indian policy of developing Indian education locally wherever possible. The program of education on the Pine Ridge Reservation has developed to the point where a combined high school for both white and Indian children is highly desirable. Indian boys and girls of secondary school age hitherto sent away to nonreservation boarding schools are being retained on the reservation for practical training directly related to their own needs. This has increased the number of boys and girls available for high-school work to a considerable degree. There are now about 255 Indian children on the Pine Ridge Reservation enrolled in the 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th grades and 295 in the 7th and 8th grades, making about 500 children in need of training at the highschool level. Local school authorities estimate that there are 50 white children who would attend the consolidated vocational high school.

The educational situation at Pine Ridge is therefore overwhelmingly an Indian one. Moreover, all but a very small percentage of the land within the Pine Ridge Reservation is nontaxable Indian land. State resources are not available to finance construction. The measure proposed will make possible a better type of education for both whites and Indians at a much lower cost than will be necessary to set up these facilities away from the reservation.

H. Repts., 74-1, vol. 2-33

The Commissioner of Indian Affairs and other officials of the Bureau of Indian Affairs personally appeared before the committee and manifested their approval of this bill.

The Secretary of the Interior personally favors this proposed legislation, but he states that the Director of the Budget advises that it would not be in accord with the financial program of the President.

The Secretary of the Interior's letter, dated April 8, 1935, is appended hereto and made a part of this report as follows:

THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, April 8, 1935. Hon. ELMER Thomas,

Chairman Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate. MY DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: This is in further reference to your request of January 31 for a report on S. 1537, which would authorize an appropriation for construction of a consolidated high-school building at Pine Ridge, Shannon County, S. Dak., to be available to both white and Indian children.

The proposed legislation is in accord with the present program of the Department for localizing Indian education wherever possible. If enacted it would carry forward very effectively the work of Indian education on the Pine Ridge Reservation. The local authorities there have cooperated in the plan for development of a combined high school for both white and Indian children, and we are desirous of retaining more of the Indian boys and girls on the reservation for secondary education rather than to send them as an unselected group to distant boarding schools. At this time the capacity of the Federal Indian boarding schools has been, and is being, much curtailed, and these schools are taking only institutional cases, that is, those children who are orphans or where their home conditions are so affected that it becomes advisable to provide for their care elsewhere.

Presenting approximate figures, there are now about 255 Indian children belonging to the Pine Ridge Reservation enrolled in the ninth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth high-school grades, and 295 in the seventh and eighth grades of some school, making about 500 children enrolled in what are now considered highschool grades. The local school authorities estimate that there are 50 white children who would attend the consolidated high school.

A very small percentage of the land within the Pine Ridge Reservation is taxable. Therefore, county and State resources are insufficient to finance such & building or to warrant an attempted bond issue. The advantages to be gained by development of a public high school are many, the outstanding features being a better type of education with a smaller expenditure of public funds. It is felt that enactment of this legislation would be a significant forward step, important not only for Pine Ridge, but for other Indian centers. A project of this sort at Pine Ridge, emphasizing high school and vocational training, would be a further indication of what may be obtained in Indian education by well-planned cooperation between the Federal Government and the States.

While I personally favor enactment of S. 1537, the Acting Director of the Bureau of the Budget advised under date of March 27, 1935, that the proposed legislation would not be in accord with the financial program of the President. Sincerely yours,

T. A. WALTERS,

Acting Secretary of the Interior, This bill passed the Senate on April 15, 1935, and was referred to the House Indian Committee for consideration. We, the Committee on Indian Affairs of the House, after giving this bill due consideration, do hereby report favorably to the House..

AUTHORIZE LOANS FROM THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY ADMIN. ISTRATION FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF CERTAIN MUNICIPAL BUILDINGS IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

APRIL 25, 1935.-Ordered to be printed

Mrs. NORTON, from the committee of conference, submitted the

following

CONFERENCE REPORT

(To accompany S. 2035)

The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendments of the House to the bill (S. 2035) to amend an act approved June 25, 1934, authorizing loans from the Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works, for the construction of certain municipal buildings in the District of Columbia, and for other purposes, having met, after full and free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses as follows:

That the Senate recede from its disagreement to the amendment of the House numbered 2, and agree to the same. Amendment numbered 1:

That the Senate recede from its disagreement to the amendment of the House numbered 1, and agree to the same with an amendment, as follows:

Omit the matter proposed to be inserted by said amendment, and in lieu thereof, on page 1 of the Senate bill, line 9, delete the first comma and after the word “Act” insert the following: (which, for the purposes of this Act, shall be construed to include any agency created or designated by the President for similar purposes under the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935); and the House agree to the same.

MARY T. NORTON,
HENRY ELLENBOGEN,

EVERETT M. DIRKSEN,
Managers on the part of the House.

WILLIAM H. King,
CARTER GLASS,

ARTHUR CAPPER,
Managers on the part of the Senate.

STATEMENT OF THE MANAGERS ON THE PART OF THE

HOUSE

The managers on the part of the House at the conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendments of the House to the bill (S. 2035) to amend an act approved June 25, 1934, authorizing loans from the Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works, for the construction of certain municipal buildings in the District of Columbia, and for other purposes, submit the following statement in explanation of the effect of the action agreed upon and recommended in the accompanying conference report as to each of such amendments, namely:

Amendment no. 1: The Senate bill authorized the Commissioners of the District of Columbia to borrow, for the purposes of the act of June 25, 1934, from the Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works. The House amendment authorized the Commissioners, in addition, to borrow from another agency. The Senate recedes with a clarifying amendment.

Amendment no. 2: This amendment authorized an advance of $100,000, from the funds made available under the act, to the Children's Hospital for alterations and enlargement of building, equipment, and accessories. There was no corresponding provision in the Senate bill; and the Senate recedes.

EVERETT M. DIRKSEN.
HENRY ELLENBOGEN,

MARY T. NORTON,

Managers on the part of the House. 2

(1

INTERIOR DEPARTMENT APPROPRIATION BILL, 1936

APRIL 25, 1935.—Ordered to be printed

Mr. TAYLOR of Colorado, from the committee of conference, sub

mitted the following

CONFERENCE REPORT

(To accompany H. R. 6223)

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The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H. R. 6223) making appropriations for the Department of the Interior for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1936, and for other purposes, having met, after full and free conference have agreed to recommend and do recommend to their respective Houses as follows:

That the Senate recede from its amendments numbered 18, 23, 43, 46, 48, 51, 53, 58, 60, 62, and 63.

That the House recede from its disagreement to the amendments of the Senate numbered 2, 4, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 52, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 61, 64, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, and 71, and agree to the same.

Amendment numbered 6:

That the House recede from its disagreement to the amendment of the Senate numbered 6, and agree to the same with an amendment, as follows:

In lieu of the matter inserted by said amendment insert the following: $219,000, of which $50,000; and the Senate agree to the same.

Amendment numbered 7: That the House recede from its disagreement to the amendment of the Senate numbered 7, and agree to the same with an amendment, as follows:

In lieu of the sum proposed insert $65,000; and the Senate agree to the same.

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