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tion of the Aviation Reserve on the basis of aviation squadrons, instead of aviation divisions. Since the basis of the organization of aviation forces in the regular Navy is the squadron, it is desirable to have the Aviation Reserve organized on the same basis.

SECTION IV This section of the bill, amending section 36 of the Naval Reserve Act, extends the provisions of existing law authorizing the payment of $240 a year to officers of the Fleet Naval Reserve for the faithful performance of administrative duties in connection with the command of Naval Reserve organizations, to officers of the Volunteer Naval Reserve. At present officers of the Volunteer Naval Reserve in command of units of the Naval Reserve cannot be reimbursed for the necessary expenses incident to the efficient administration of these units. The sum of $240 per year which this section of the bill, if enacted, will partially compensate them for such expenses. It is only through efficient administration that these units can be kept mobile, and intact for use in an emergency, and it is not believed that these officers of the Naval Volunteer Reserve would personally bear their expenses incident to such administration.

SECTION V

This section, amending section 38 of the Naval Reserve Act, provides that the Secretary of the Navy shall submit annually in connection with the estimates for the Navy Department a statement showing the estimated cost for the fiscal year for all purposes of the Volunteer Naval Reserve.

The estimated cost of sections 4 and 5 of the proposed bill if enacted will involve an additional cost of $25,000 per year to the Government. The Navy Department recommends the enactment of this proposed legislation. Sincerely yours,

CLAUDE A. Swanson. In compliance with clause 2a of rule XIII of the rules of the House of Representatives, there is herewith printed in parallel columns (1) the text of the provisions of existing laws which it is proposed to amend, and (2) the parts of the bill making the amendment: (1)

(2) That in time of peace no officer or That in time of peace no officer or man of the Naval Reserve shall be dis- man of the Naval Reserve shall be discharged except upon expiration of his charged except upon expiration of his term of service, or upon his own re- term of service or upon his own request, quest, or for full and sufficient cause, or for full and sufficient cause, in the in the discretion of the Secretary of the discretion of the Secretary of the Navy: Navy: Provided, That enlisted men Provided, That enlisted men heretofore heretofore or hereafter transferred to or hereafter transferred to the Fleet the Fleet Naval Reserve from the Naval Reserve from the regular Navy regular Navy in accordance with law in accordance with law shall at all shall at all times be governed by the times be governed by the laws and laws and regulations for the government regulations for the government of the of the Navy and shall not be discharged Navy and shall not be discharged from from the Naval Reserve without their the Naval Reserve without their conconsent except by sentence of a court sent except by sentence of a court martial or in accordance with the pro- martial or in accordance with the provisions of section 23 of this Act: Pro- visions of section 23 of this Act, or in vided further, That in time of war, or a the discretion of the Secretary of the national emergency, declared by the Navy, when sentenced by the civil President to exist, officers and enlisted, authorities to confinement in a State enrolled, and assigned men of the Naval or Federal penitentiary: Provided furReserve shall be subject to separation ther, That in time of war, or a national therefrom in the same manner as may emergency, declared by the President be provided by or in pursuance of law to exist, officers and men of the Naval for the separation of officers and en- Reserve shall be subject to separation listed men from the regular Navy, therefrom in the same manner as may subject to the provisions of section 9 be provided by or in pursuance of law of this Act.

for the separation of officers and enlisted men from the regular Navy, subject to the provisions of section 9 of this Act.

That if in time of peace any officer or That if in time of peace any officer or enlisted man of the Naval Reserve is enlisted man of the Naval Reserve is physically injured in the line of duty physically injured in the line of duty while performing active duty, author- while performing active duty, authorized training duty with or without ized training duty with or without pay, pay, or when employed in authorized or when employed in authorized travel travel to and from such duty, or dies as to and from such duty, or dies as the the result of such physical injury, he or result of such physical injury, he or his his beneficiary shall be entitled to all beneficiary shall be entitled to all the the benefits prescribed by law for civil benefits prescribed by law for civil employees of the United States who are employees of the United States who are physically injured in the line of duty or physically injured in the line of duty or who die as the result thereof, and the who die as the result thereof, and the United States Employees' Compensa- United States Employees' Compensation Commission shall have jurisdiction tion Commission shall have jurisdiction in such cases and shall perform the in such cases and shall perform the same duties with reference thereto as in same duties with reference thereto as in the cases of civil employees of the the cases of civil employees of the United States so injured: Provided, United States so injured: Provided, That in no case shall sickness or disease That in no case shall sickness or disease be regarded as an injury within the be regarded as an injury within the meaning of this section relating to the meaning of tnis section relating to the Naval Reserve.

Naval Reserve: Provided further, That officers and men of the Naval Reserve who are physically injured in line of duty while performing authorized drills, equivalent instruction or duty, appropriate duties, or other duty duly authorized by proper authority, or who die as a result of such physical injury, shall be deemed to have received such injury while performing

authorized training duty. Officers below the grade or rank of Officers below the grade or rank of lieutenant commander and enlisted lieutenant commander and enlisted men of the Fleet Naval Reserve at- men of the Fleet Naval Reserve attached to a division thereof, organized tached to an organization thereof, under regulations prescribed by the organized under regulations prescribed Secretary of the Navy, shall receive by the Secretary of the Navy, shall compensation at the rate of one-thir- receive compensation at the rate of tieth of the monthly base pay of their one-thirtieth of the monthly base pay grades, ranks, or ratings for attending, of their grades, ranks, or ratings for under competent orders, each regular attending, under competent orders, drill, or other equivalent instruction or each regular drill, or other equivalent duty, as may be prescribed by the instruction or duty, as may be preSecretary of the Navy: Provided, That scribed by the Secretary of the Navy: no such officer or enlisted man shall Provided, That no such officer or enreceive pay for more than sixty drills or listed man shall receive pay for more other equivalent instruction or duty in than sixty drills or other equivalent any one fiscal year: Provided further instruction or duty in any one fiscal That week-end cruises shall not be year: Provided further, That week-end regarded as drills or other equivalent cruises shall not be regarded as drills or instruction or duty.

other equivalent instruction or duty. For satisfactory performance of their For satisfactory performance of their appropriate duties, under such regu- appropriate duties, under such regulalations as the Secretary of the Navy. tions as the Secretary of the Navy may may prescribe, officers above the grade prescribe, officers above the grade or or rank of lieutenant of the Fleet Naval rank of lieutenant of the Fleet Naval Reserve shall receive compensation at Reserve shall receive compensation at the rate of not more than $500 a year, the rate of not more than $500 a year, and officers below the grade or rank of and officers below the grade or rank of lieutenant commander and enlisted lieutenant commander and enlisted men of the Fleet Naval Reserve, not men of the Fleet Naval Reserve, not attached to a division thereof, shall attached to an organization thereof, receive not more than four-thirtieths of shall receive not

than fourthe monthly base pay of their grades, thirtieths of the monthly base pay of ranks, or ratings, each month.

their grades, ranks, or ratings, each month,

more

In addition to the pay to which they In addition to the pay to which they may otherwise become entitled under may otherwise become entitled under this section, officers of or below the this section, officers of or below the grade or rank of captain of the Fleet grade or rank of captain of the Fleet Naval Reserve regularly assigned to Naval Reserve regularly assigned to and commanding organizations of the and commanding organizations of the Fleet Naval Reserve, organized under Fleet Naval Reserve, organized under regulations prescribed by the Secretary regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy, and having administrative of the Navy, and having administrative functions, shall receive compensation functions, shall receive compensation at the rate of $240 a year for the faith- at the rate of $240 a year for the faithful performance of the administrative ful performance of the administrative duties connected therewith.

duties connected therewith. Pay under the provisions of this Pay under the provisions of this section shall not accrue to any officer section shall not accrue to any officer or enlisted man during a period when or enlisted man during a period when he shall be lawfully entitled to pay for he shall be lawfully entitled to pay for active duty or training duty.

active duty or training duty. That officers and enlisted men of the That officers and enlisted men of the Volunteer Naval Reser shall not be Volunteer Naval Reserve shall not be required to attend drills or perform required to attend drills or perform training duty and shall receive no pay training duty and shall receive no pay or allowances, except when ordered to or allowances, except when ordered to active duty or training duty: Provided active duty or training duty: Provided, That they may, upon their own appli- That they may, upon their own application, approved by the direction of the cation, approved by the direction of the Secretary of the Navy, be given the Secretary of the Navy, be given the same active duty or training duty, with same active duty or training duty, with or without pay, as is provided for or without pay, as is provided for officers and enlisted men of the Fleet officers and enlisted men of the Fleet Naval Reserve.

Naval Reserve. Such officers of the Volunteer Naval Reserve as may be designated by the Secretary of the Navy, regularly assigned to and commanding organizations of the Naval Reserve, organized under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Navy and having administrative functions, shall receive compensation at the rate of $240 a year for the faithful performance of the administrative duties

connected therewith. That the Secretary of the Navy shall That the Secretary of the Navy shall submit annually in connection with the submit annually in connection with the estimates for the Navy Department estimates for the Navy Department a statement showing separately the a statement showing separately the sums required for the following pur- sums required for the following purposes under this Act:

poses under this Act; (a) The estimated amount necessary (a) The estimated amount necessary for all purposes for the Fleet Naval for all purposes for the Fleet Naval Reserve for the succeeding fiscal year, Reserve for the succeeding fiscal year, not including pay and allowances of not including pay and allowances of former enlisted men of the regular former enlisted men of the regular Navy transferred or assigned to the Navy transferred or assigned to the Fleet Naval Reserve.

Fleet Naval Reserve. (b) The estimated amount for said (b) The estimated amount for said fiscal year required to cover the pay fiscal year required to cover the pay and allowances of those former enlisted and allowances of those former enmen of the regular Navy transferred to listed men of the regular Navy transthe Fleet Naval Reserve.

ferred to the Fleet Naval Reserve. (c) The amount estimated for said (c) The amount estimated for said fiscal year to cover the annual payments fiscal year to cover the annual payof $25 allowed by section 22 of this Act ment of $25 allowed by section 22 of to those men of the Naval Reserve who this Act to those men of the Naval have been assigned thereto.

Reserve who have been assigned thereto.

(d) The estimated amount for said fiscal year for all purposes for the

Volunteer Naval Reserve.
O

INTERNATIONAL TECHNICAL COMMITTEE OF AERIAL

LEGAL EXPERTS

APRIL 9, 1935.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state

of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. Bloom, from the Committee on Foreign Affairs, submitted the

following

REPORT

(To accompany H. R. 6673]

The Committee on Foreign Affairs, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 6673) providing for an annual appropriation to meet the share of the United States toward the expenses of the International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts, and for participation in the meetings of the International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts and the commissions established by that Committee, having considered the same, report it to the House with the following amendment and recommend that it do pass.

At the end of the bill on page 2 add a new section as follows: SEC. 2. That the provisions of these authorizations shall terminate June 30, 1941.

The facts in support of this legislation are fully set forth in a message from the President of the United States dated March 12, 1935 (H. Doc. 136, 74th Cong., 1st sess.), which is made a part of this report, as follows:

(H. Doc. No. 136, 74th Cong., ist sess. In part) To the Congress of the United States:

I commend to the favorable consideration of the Congress the enclosed report from the Secretary of State to the end that Public Resolution 118, Seventy-first Congress, be amended so as to authorize an annual appropriation to pay the pro rata share of the United States in the expenses of the International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts and to authorize an annual appropriation in the sum of $6,500, or so much thereof as may be necessary, for the expenses of participation by the Government of the United States in the meetings of the International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts and/or of the commissions established by that Committee.

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT. The White House,

March 12, 1935.

The PRESIDENT:

An international conference on private aerial law, called by the French Government, met in Paris on October 27, 1925. The delegates discussed the provisions of a draft convention regarding the liability of the aerial carrier. They also adopted a motion providing for the creation of the International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts to continue the work of the conference. This Committee held its first meeting in Paris from May 17 to 21, 1926. Twentythree countries were represented by legal experts. The United States was not officially represented, but sent observers. Three guiding principles were laid down, as follows:

(1) Establishment of a program covering various subjects pertaining to private air law to be studied by commissions of experts.

(2) Preparation of texts of international conventions on legal subjects for consideration at periodic international conferences.

(3) Maintenance of the principle of the progressive elaboration of a single international code of private aerial law.

The Committee then appointed four commissions, which are in effect subcommittees, to carry out this program. Two of the commissions meet during the first half of the year and the other two during the second half. The second meeting is generally followed by a plenary session of the Committee. Between meetings of the commissions their work is done by correspondence. When draft conventions on given subjects have been prepared by the appropriate commissions they are referred to the International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts for consideration, and if approved by this Committee they are considered at a general international conference on private aerial law called for the purpose of considering the drafts.

The draft convention regarding the liability of the aerial carrier, which received some consideration at the International Conference on Private Aerial Law, held in Paris in 1925, was perfected by the International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts and referred for consideration to the Second International Conference on Aerial Private Law, which met in Warsaw in October 1929. The draft as adopted by the Committee constituted the basis for the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Transportation by Air, signed at the Warsaw Conference on October 12, 1929, to which convention the United States has adhered.

At the Third International Conference on Private Aerial Law, held in Rome, Italy, in May 1933, draft conventions relating to (1) precautionary attachment of aircraft, and (2) liability for damages caused by aircraft to third parties on the surface were adopted. The conventions adopted were based on draft conventions previously prepared by the International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts.

One of the requirements for membership in the International Technical Committee of Aerial Legal Experts is that each country shall make an annual contribution toward the expenses of the Committee. The Government of the United States makes an annual contribution toward the Committee's expenses. Such a contribution by the Government of the United States was sanctioned by a joint resolution of Congress, approved February 14, 1931, authorizing an annual appropriation for this purpose of a sum not in excess of $250 and American experts were appointed, with the approval of the President, to service on the Committee.

In order that the basis of the studies made by the members of the American section of the International Committee may be broadened to include a consideration of the views of organizations in the United States concerned with the subject of aviation the American section of the International Committee has recently been authorized to invite each of a number of organizations to designate a member to serve on an advisory committee to which the American section of the International Committee may refer pending draft conventions and reports thereon for an expression of views. The president of each of the following organizations has been invited to designate a representative to serve on this advisory committee: National Association of State Aviation Officials, Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, National Aeronautic Association, Independent Aviation Operators of the United States, American Bar Association, National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, American Society of International Law, Maritime Law Association of the United States, and the Board of Aviation Underwriters. All of these organizations have accepted the invitation extended to them and have designated their representatives to serve on the advisory committee,

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