Page images
PDF
EPUB

person or predecessors in the United States for a period of at least five years last past, if the use of such name or brand is qualified by the name of the locality in the United States in which the prod uct is produced, and, in the case of the use of such name or brand on any label or in any advertisement, if such qualification is as conspicuous as such name or brand.

It shall be unlawful for any person to alter, mutilate, destroy, obliterate, or remove any mark, brand, or label upon distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages held for sale in interstate or foreign commerce or after shipment therein, except as authorized by Federal law or except pursuant to regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury authorizing relabeling for purposes of compliance with the requirements of this subsection or of State law.

In order to prevent the sale or shipment or other introduction of distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages in interstate or foreign commerce, if bottled, packaged, or labeled in violation of the requirements of this subsection, (1) no bottler of distilled spirits, no producer, blender, or wholesaler of wine, or proprietor of a bonded wine storeroom, and no brewer or wholesaler of malt beverages shall bottle, and (2) no person shall remove from customs custody, in bottles, for sale or any other commercial purpose, distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages, respectively, after such date as the Secretary of the Treasury fixes as the earliest practicable date for the application of the provisions of this subsection to any class of such persons (but not later than August 15, 1936, in the case of distilled spirits, and December 15, 1936, in the case of wine and malt beverages, and only after thirty days' public notice), unless, upon application to the Secretary of the Treasury, he has obtained and has in his possession a certificate of label approval covering the distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages, issued by the Secretary in such manner and form as he shall by regulations prescribe: Provided, That any such bottler of distilled spirits, or producer, blender, or wholesaler of wine, or proprietor of a bonded wine storeroom, or brewer or wholesaler of malt beverages shall be exempt from the requirements of this subsection 11, upon application to the Secretary, he shows to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages to be bottled by the applicant are not to be sold, or offered for sale, or shipped or delivered for shipment, or otherwise introduced, in interstate or foreign commerce. Oficers of internal revenue are authorized and directed to withhold the release of distilled spirits from the bottling plant unless such certificates have been obtained, or un less the application of the bottler for exemption has been granted by the Secretary; and customs officers are authorized and directed to withhold the release from customs custody of distilled spirits, wine, and malt beverages, unless such certificates have been obtained. The District Courts of the United States, and the United States court for any Territory shall have jurisdiction of suits to enjoin, annul, or suspend in whole or in part any final action by the Secretary upon any application under this subsection; or

(f) Advertising.

To publish or disseminate or cause to be published or disseminated by radio broadcast, or in any newspaper, periodical or other publication or by any sign or outdoor advertisement or any other printed or graphic matter, any advertisement of distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages, if such advertisement is in, or is calculated to induce sales in, interstate or foreign commerce, or is disseminated by mail, unless such advertisement is in conformity with such regulations, to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, (1) as will prevent deception of the consumer with respect to the products advertised and as will prohibit, irrespective of falsity, such statements relating to age, manufacturing processes, analyses, guaranties, and scientific or irrelevant matters as the Secretary of the Treasury finds to be likely to mislead the consumer; (2) as will provide the consumer with adequate information as to the identity and quality of the products advertised, the alcoholic content thereof (except the statements of, or statements likely to be considered as statements of, alcoholic content of malt beverages and wines are prohibited), and the person responsible for the advertisement; (3) as will require an accurate statement, in the case of distilled spirits (other than cordials, liqueurs, and specialties) produced by blending or rectification, if neutral spirits have been used in the production thereof, informing the consumer of the percentage of neutral spirits so used and of the name of the commodity from which such neutral spirits have been distilled, or in case of neutral spirits or of gin produced by a process of continuous distillation, the name of the commodity from which distilled; (4) as will prohibit statements that are disparaging of a competitor's products or are false, misleading, obscene, or indecent; (5) as will prevent statements inconsistent with any statement on the labeling of the products advertised. This subsection shall not apply to outdoor advertising in place on June 18, 1935, but shall apply upon replacement, restoration, or renovation of any such advertising. The prohibitions of this subsection and regulations thereunder shall not apply to the publisher of any newspaper, periodical, or other publication, or radio broadcaster, unless such publisher or radio broadcaster is engaged in business as a distiller, brewer, rectifier, or other producer, or as an importer or wholesaler, of distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages, or as a bottler, or warehouseman and bottler, of distilled spirits, directly or indirectly or through an afiliate.

The provisions of subsections (a), (b), and (c) of this section shall not apply to any act done by an agency of a State or political subdivision thereof, or by any oficer or employee of such agency.

In the case of malt beverages, the provisions of subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) of this section shall apply to transactions between a retailer or trade buyer in any State and a brewer, importer, or wholesaler of malt beverages outside such State only to the extent that the law of such State imposes similar requirements with respect to similar transactions between a retailer or trade buyer in such State and a brewer, importer, or wholesaler of malt beverages in such State, as the case may be. In the case of malt beverages, the provisions of this subsection and subsection (e) of this section shall apply to the labeling of malt beverages sold or shipped or delivered for shipment or otherwise introduced into or received in any State from any place outside thereof, or the advertising of malt beverages intended to be sold or shipped or delivered for shipment or otherwise introduced into or received in any State from any place outside thereof, only to the extent that the law of such State imposes similar requirements with respect to the labeling or advertising, as the case may be, of malt beverages not sold or shipped or delivered for shipment or otherwise introduced into or received in such State from any place outside thereof.

The Secretary of the Treasury shall give reasonable public notice, and afford to interested parties opportunity for hearing, prior to prescribing regulations to carry out the provisions of this section. (Aug. 29, 1935, ch. 814, § 5, 49 Stat. 981; Feb. 29, 1936, ch. 105, $ 2, 49 Stat. 1152; June 25, 1936, ch. 804, 49 Stat. 1921; June 26, 1936, ch. 830, title V, $8 505, 506, 49 Stat. 1965, 1966; 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III, $ 2, eff. June 30, 1940, 5 F. R. 2108, 54 Stat. 1232; Apr. 20, 1942, ch. 244, § 1 (h), 56 Stat. 219.)

CODIFICATION In subsec. (e), reference to "the district court of the United States for the District of Columbia" was omitted since the District of Columbia constitutes a judicial district, and the district court of the United States for the District of Columbia is included within the term "District Courts of the United States" as used in such subsection. See sections 88 and 132 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

AMENDMENTS 1942Subsec. (1). Act Apr. 20, 1942, amended par. 1 of subsec. (f).

1936-Act June 25, 1936, changed the name of "Supreme Court of the District of Columbla" to "district court of the United States for the District of Columbia."

An amendment to the second proviso of subsection (e) was contained in act June 26, 1936, $ 506, which was to have taken effect when a majority of the members of the Federal Alcohol Administration authorized to be appointed under former section 202b took office. The members, however, were never appointed.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS By sections 2, 8, 9 of 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III, the Federal Alcohol Administration was abolished and its functions, records, property, personnel, and funds transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury to be administered through the Bureau of Internal Revenue (now Internal Revenue Service).

(2) To sell or offer to sell, contract to sell, or otherwise dispose of warehouse receipts for distilled spirits in bulk unless such warehouse receipts require that the warehouseman shall package such distilled spirits, before delivery, in bottles labeled and marked in accordance with law, or deliver such distilled spirits in bulk only to persons to whom it is lawful to sell or otherwise dispose of distilled spirits in bulk.

(3) To bottle distilled spirits unless the bottler is a person to whom it is lawful to sell or other

wise dispose of distilled spirits in bulk. (b) Penalty.

Any person who violates the requirements of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year or both, and shall forfeit to the United States all distilled spirits with respect to which the violation occurs and the containers thereof. (c) “In bulk.”

The terms “in bulk” mean in containers having a capacity in excess of one wine gallon. (Aug. 29, 1935, ch. 814, $ 6, 49 Stat. 985; 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III, $ 2, eff. June 30, 1940, 5 F. R. 2108, 54 Stat. 1232.)

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS By sections 2, 8, 9 of 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III, the Federal Alcohol Administration was abolished and its functions, records, property, personnel, and funds transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury to be administered through the Bureau of Internal Revenue (now Internal Revenue Service). 8 207. Penalties; jurisdiction; compromise of liability.

The District Courts of the United States, and the United States court for any Territory, of the District where the offense is committed or threatened or of which the offender is an inhabitant or has his principal place of business, are vested with jurisdiction of any suit brought by the Attorney General in the name of the United States, to prevent and restrain violations of any of the provisions of this chapter. Any person violating any of the provisions of section 203 or 205 of this title shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof be fined not more than $1,000 for each offense. The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized, with respect to any violation of this chapter, to compromise the liability arising with respect to such violation (1) upon payment of a sum not in excess of $500 for each offense, to be collected by the Secretary and to be paid into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts, and (2) in case of repetitious violations and in order to avoid multiplicity of criminal proceedings, upon agreement to a stipulation, that the United States may, on its own motion upon five days' notice to the violator, cause a consent decree to be entered by any court of competent jurisdiction enjoining the repetition of such violation. (Aug. 29, 1935, ch. 814, § 7, 49 Stat. 985; June 25, 1936, ch. 804, 49 Stat. 1921; 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III, § 2, eff. June 30, 1940, 5 F. R. 2108, 54 Stat. 1232; 1940 Reorg. Plan No. IV, § 2, eff. June 30, 1940, 5 F. R. 2421, 54 Stat. 1234.)

CODIFICATION Reference to "the district court of the United States for the District of Columbia" was omitted since the

8 206. Bulk sales and bottling.
(a) Offenses.
It shall be unlawful for any person-

(1) To sell or offer to sell, contract to sell, or otherwise dispose of distilled spirits in bulk except, under regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury, for export or to the following, or to import distilled spirits in bulk except, under such regulations, for sale to or for use by the following: A distiller, rectifier of distilled spirits, person operating a bonded warehouse qualified under the internal-revenue laws or a class 8 bonded warehouse qualified under the customs laws, a winemaker for the fortification of wines, a proprietor of an industrial alcohol plant, or an agency of the United States or any State or political subdivision thereof.

District of Columbia constitutes a judicial district, and the district court of the United States for the District of Columbia is included within the term "District Courts of the United States" as used in this section. See sections 88 and 132 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The function of approving compromises made in accordance with this section was transferred from the Attorney General to the Secretary of the Treasury, to be exercised by him or under his direction and supervision by oficer in the Department of the Treasury designated by him, by 1940 Reorg. Plan No. IV. Said reorganization plan, in addition, contained following proviso: "Provided, That exclusive jurisdiction to compromise cases arising under the Federal Alcohol Administration Act which are pending before the courts or which have been or may hereafter be referred to the Department of Justice for action shall be vested in the Attorney General, and may be exercised by him or by any officer in the Department of Justice designated by him."

By sections 2, 8, and 9 of 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III, the Federal Alcohol Administration was abolished and its functions, records, property, personnel, and funds transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury to be administered through the Bureau of Internal Revenue (now Internal Revenue Service).

ment thereof under which, as a condition of doing business in such state, such company must be organized under the law of such State; or

(3) One or more such companies has been organized under the law of a State to comply with a requirement thereof under which, as a condition of doing business in such state, such company must be organized under the laws of such State, and the other one or more of such companies not so organized, is in existence on August 29, 1935; or

(4) One or more of such companies has been organized under the law of a State to comply with a requirement thereof under which, as a condition of doing business in such State, such company must be organized under the law of such State, and not more than one of such companies is a company which has not been so organized and

which has been organized after August 29, 1935. (c) “Company."

As used in this section, the term "company" means a corporation, joint stock company, business trust, or association, but does not include any agency of a State or political subdivision thereof or any officer or employee of any such agency.

8 208. Interlocking directorates. (a) Offenses.

Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any individual to take office, after August 29, 1935, as an officer or director of any company, if his doing so would make him an oficer or director of more than one company engaged in business as a distiller, rectifier, or blender of distilled spirits, or of any such company and of a company which is an affiliate of any company engaged in business as a distiller, rectifier, or blender of distilled spirits, or of more than one company which is an affiliate of any company engaged in business as a distiller, rectifier, or blender of distilled spirits,' unless, prior to taking such office, application made by such individual to the Secretary of the Treasury has been granted and after due showing has been made to him that service by such individual as officer or director of all the foregoing companies of which he is an officer or director together with service in the company with respect to which application is made will not substantially restrain or prevent competition in interstate or foreign commerce in distilled spirits. The Secretary of the Treasury shall, by order, grant or deny such application on the basis of the proof submitted to him and his finding thereon. The District Courts of the United States, and the United States court for any Territory shall have jurisdiction of suits to enjoin, annul, or suspend in whole or in part any final action by the Secretary upon any application under this subsection. (b) Conditions of lawfully taking office.

An individual may, without regard to the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, take office as an officer or director of a company described in said subsection while holding the position of officer or director of any other such company if such companies are affiliates at the time of his taking office and if

(1) Such companies are affiliates on August 29, 1935; or

(2) Each of such companies has been organized under the law of a State to comply with a require

36–500 0—65-rol. 7— 3

Any individual taking office in violation of this section shall be punished by a fine of not exceeding $1,000. (Aug. 29, 1935, ch. 814, § 8, 49 Stat. 986; June 25, 1936, ch. 804, 49 Stat. 1921; 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III, § 2, eff. June 30, 1940, 5 F. R. 2108, 54 Stat. 1232.)

CODIFICATION In subsec. (a), reference to "the district court of the United States for the District of Columbia" was omitted since the District of Columbia constitutes a judicial district, and the district court of the United States for the District of Columbia is included within the term "District Courts of the United States” as used in such subsection. See sections 88 and 132 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III abolished the Federal Alcohol Administration and provided that its functions, funds, personnel, and property should be transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury to be administered through the Bureau of Internal Revenue (now Internal Revenue Service). S$ 209, 210. Omitted.

CODIFICATION Section 209, acts Aug. 29, 1935, ch. 814, § 9, 49 Stat. 987; June 26, 1936, ch. 830, title V, $ 507, 49 Stat. 1966, which related to disposal of forfeited alocholic beverages, was omitted. See section 5688 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code of 1954.

Section 210, act Aug. 29, 1935, ch. 814, $ 10, 49 Stat. 987, abolished the Federal Alcohol Control Administration established by Ex. Ord. Nos. 6474, Dec. 4, 1933; 6576, Jan. 25, 1934; 6683, Apr. 19, 1934; 6778, 6788, June 30, 1934; 6829, Aug. 21, 1934, issued under provisions of former section 702 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade 8211. Definitions; amendment or repeal of chapter;

separability of provisions. (a) As used in this chapter

(1) The term "United States" means the several States and Territories and the District of Columbia; the term “State" includes a Territory and the District of Columbia; and the term “Territory" means Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. (2) The term "interstate or foreign commerce" means commerce between any State and any place outside thereof, or commerce within any Territory or the District of Columbia, or between points within the same State but through any place outside thereof.

(3) The term "person" means individual, partnership, joint stock company, business trust, association, corporation, or other form of business enterprise, including a receiver, trustee, or liquidating agent and including an officer or employee of any agency of a State or political subdivision thereof; and the term "trade buyer" means any person who is a wholesaler or retailer.

(4) The term “affiliate" means any one of two or more persons if one of such persons has actual or legal control, directly or indirectly, whether by stock ownership or otherwise, of the other or others of such persons; and any one of two or more persons subject to common control, actual or legal, directly or indirectly, whether by stock ownership or otherwise.

(5) The term “distilled spirits” means ethyl alcohol, hydrated oxide of ethyl, spirits of wine, whiskey, rum, brandy, gin, and other distilled spirits, including all dilutions and mixtures thereof, for non-industrial use.

(6) The term "wine" means (1) wine as defined in section 610 and section 617 of the Revenue Act of 1918 as now in force or hereafter amended, and (2) other alcoholic beverages not so defined, but made in the manner of wine, including sparkling and carbonated wine, wine made from condensed grape must, wine made from other agricultural products than the juice of sound, ripe grapes, imitation wine, compounds sold as wine, vermouth, cider, perry and sake; in each instance only if containing not less than 7 per centum and not more than 24 per centum of alcohol by volume, and if for non-industrial use.

(7) The term "malt beverage" means a beverage made by the alcoholic fermentation of an infusion or decoction, or combination of both, in potable brewing water, of malted barley with hops, or their parts, or their products, and with or without other malted cereals, and with or without the addition of unmalted or prepared cereals, other carbohydrates or products prepared therefrom, and with or without the addition of carbon dioxide, and with or without other wholesome products suitable for human food consumption.

(8) The term "bottle" means any container, irrespective of the material from which made, for use for the sale of distilled spirits, wine, or malt beverages at retail.

(b) The right to amend or repeal the provisions of this chapter is expressly reserved.

(c) If any provision of this chapter, or the application of such provision to any person or circum

stance, is held invalid, the remainder of the chapter and the application of such provision to persons or circumstances other than those as to which it is held invalid, shall not be affected thereby. (Aug. 29, 1935, ch. 814, § 17, 49 Stat. 989; 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III, $ 2, eff. June 30, 1940, 5 F. R. 2108, 54 Stat. 1232.)

ADMISSION OF ALASKA AND HAWAD TO STATEHOOD Alaska was admitted into the Union on Jan. 8, 1959, upon the issuance of Proc. No. 3269, Jan. 3, 1959, 24 F.R. 81, 73 Stat. c16, and Hawall was admitted into the Union on Aug. 21, 1959 upon the issuance of Proc. No. 3309, Aug. 21, 1959, 24 F.R. 6868, 73 Stat. c74. For Alaska Statehood Law, see Pub. L. 85-508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions. For Hawali Statehood Law, see Pub. L. 86–3, Mar. 18, 1959, 73 Stat 4, set out as a note preceding section 491 of Title 48.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS As originally enacted subsection (a) (1) of this section defned the term “Administrator" whose appointment was authorized under section 202 of this title. This definition is no longer effective since 1940 Reorg. Plan No. III abolished the Federal Alcohol Administration and provided that its functions, funds, personnel, and property should be transferred to the Secretary of the Treasury to be administered through the Bureau of Internal Revenue (now Internal Revenue Service). 8212. Appropriations; transfer to Administration

CODIFICATION Section, act June 26, 1936, ch. 830, title V, 8504, 49 Stat. 1965, proposed a transfer of the appropriations authorized for the Federal Alcohol Administration created by section 202 of this title to the Administration created by section 202b. It was to have taken effect when a majority of the members authorized to be appointed under former section 202b took office. The members, however, were never appointed.

Chapter 9.-LIQUOR ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1936 SS 221–228. Repealed. June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 821, 62

Stat. 862, eff. Sept. 1, 1948. Section 221, act June 25, 1936, ch. 816, § 1, 49 Stat. 1928, related to citation of former chapter.

Section 222, act June 26, 1936, ch. 815, § 2, 49 Stat. 1928, related to definitions, and is now covered by sections 1262 and 3615 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

Section, act June 25, 1936, ch. 815, $ 3, 49 Stat. 1928, related to transportation of liquor into states where sale is prohibited, and is now covered by section 1262 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

Section 224, act June 25, 1936, ch. 815, $ 4, 49 Stat. 1928, related to searches and seizures, and is now covered by section 3615 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

Section 225, act June 25, 1936, ch. 816. $ 6, 49 Stat. 1929, related to enforcement of former chapter, and is now covered by section 1261 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

Section 226, act June 25, 1936, ch. 815, $ 10, 49 Stat. 1929, related to effect of former chapter on other laws, and is not now covered.

Section 227, act June 25, 1936, ch. 815, $ 11, 49 Stat. 1930, related to separability provisions of former chapter, and is not now covered.

Section 228, act June 25, 1936, ch. 816, § 12, 49 Stat. 1930, related to effective date of former chapter, and is not now covered.

TITLE 28.-JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE

This title was enacted by act June 25, 1948, ch. 646, § 1, 62 Stat. 869.

[blocks in formation]

2001

Sec.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Part

Sec. 117. Evidence; Depositions.......

1781 119. Evidence; Witnesses....

1821 121. Juries; Trial by Jury.....

1861 123. Fees and Costs...........

1911 125. Pending Actions and Judgments....... 1961 127. Executions and Judicial Sales.. 129. Moneys Paid into Court....

2041 131. Rules of Courts............

2071 133. Review-Miscellaneous Provisions...... 2101

Part VI.-PARTICULAR PROCEEDINGS 151. Declaratory Judgments..........

2201 153. Habeas Corpus.........

2241 155. Injunctions; Three-Judge Courts.

2281 157. Interstate Commerce Commission Orders; Enforcement and Review......

2321 159. Interpleader......

2361 161. United States as Party Generally....... 2401 163. Fines, Penalties and Forfeitures...

2461 165. Court of Claims Procedure.......

2501 167. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals Pro

cedure ............. 169. Customs Court Procedure.....

2631 171. Tort Claims Procedure.......

2671 173. Attachment in Postal Suits.

2710 AMENDMENTS 1960—Pub. L. 86–882, $ 10, Sept. 2, 1960, 74 Stat. 708, added chapter 173.

!

[ocr errors]

!

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

291

!

!

[ocr errors]

331
371
411

!

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Part 1.-ORGANIZATION OF COURTS Chap. 1. Supreme Court.. 3. Courts of Appeals.... 5. District Courts.... 7. Court of Claims........ 9. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals 11. Customs Court. 13. Assignment of Judges to Other Courts..... 15. Conferences and Councils of Judges... 17. Resignation and Retirement of Judges...... 19. Distribution of Reports and Digests.. 21. General Provisions Applicable to Courts

and Judges..........
Part II._UNITED STATES ATTORNEYS

AND MARSHALS
31. United States Attorneys......
33. United States Marshals.
Part III.-COURT OFFICERS AND

EMPLOYEES 41. Administrative Office of United States

Courts ............................. 43. United States Commissioners... 45. Supreme Court.... 47. Courts of Appeals..... 49. District Courts....... 51. Court of Claims..... 53. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals..... 55. Customs Court ......... 57. General Provisions Applicable to Court Of.

ficers and Employees....

Part IV.-JURISDICTION AND VENUE 81. Supreme Court.

... 83. Courts of Appeals........... 85. District Courts; Jurisdiction...... 87. District Courts; Venue..... 89. District Courts; Removal of Cases from

State Courts........... 91. Court of Claims........ 93. Court of Customs and Patent Appeals.... 95. Customs Court..

Part V-PROCEDURE 111. General Provisions.........

......... 113. Process..

......... 115. Evidence; Documentary

Page 5851

601
631
671
711

[blocks in formation]

LEGISLATIVE CONSTRUCTION Section 33 of act June 25, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 991, provided that: "No inference of a legislative construction is to be drawn by reason of the chapter in Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, as set out in section 1 of this Act, in which any section is placed, nor by reason of the catchlines used in such title."

SEPARABILITY OF PROVISIONS Section 34 of act June 25, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 991, provided that: “If any part of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, as set out in section 1 of this Act, shall be held invalid, the remainder shall not be affected thereby."

EFFECTIVE DATE Section 38 of act June 26, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 992, provided that: “The provisions of this Act shall take effect on September 1, 1948."

REPEALS; RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES SAVED Section 39 of act June 25, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 992, repealed the sections or parts thereof of the Revised Statutes of the United States, Statutes at Large, or the Revised Statutes of the District of Columbia covering provisions codified in this title, but saved any rights or liabilities then existing under said sections or parts thereof.

R. S. $ 1012 as affected by act Mar. 3, 1911, ch. 231, $ 291, 36 Stat. 1167 (former section 880 of Title 28). provided that appeals from district courts shall be subject to the same rules, regulations, and restrictions as are or may be prescribed in law in cases of writs of error. This provision was repealed by act June 25, 1948, ch. 646, $ 39, 62 Stat. 992. Section 2 of act Jan. 31, 1928, ch. 14, 45 Stat. 54, as amended Apr. 26, 1928, ch. 440, 45 Stat.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
« PreviousContinue »