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nent; he was too well acquainted with the history of the revolutions of empires not to know that military usurpations are of short continuance. He accordingly frequently comforted the loyal party with the assurance that the usurpation would quickly expire, and that the king would return unto his throne, though he himself, he said, should not live to see it. This he declared to several persons, adding, also, that the usurpation of Cromwell was but like that of some of the Grecian tyrants, which, “As it began by, an arıny, so it commonly ended with the death of the usurper.

Cromwell affected a great respect for the primate and promised to restore to him part of the lands belonging to the archbishopric of Armagh, but he delayed the passing of the grant from time to time, and after the death of his grace, he made a prétence by imputing maligvancy, that is loyalty, to the primate's daughter and her husband, to free himself from the promise,

When the usurper began to persecute the Episcopal clergy with great severity, by forbidding them not only the exercise of their professional function, but also the privilege of keeping school for a maintenance, Archbishop Usher was desired Q use his interest with him in their behalf.

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* The discerning and dispassionate observer of the present times may, without incurring the risk of being charged with presumiption or extravagant credulity, apply the same observation and rule to existing circunstances. L 4


In compliance with their desires he went, and after much entreaty, Cromwell promised to take off the restraints he had imposed upon the clergy, provided they meddled not with matters relating to his government; but when the primate went to him a second time, to get this promise ratified, and put into writing, he found him under the hands of his surgeon, who was dressing a great boil which he had on his breast, so Cromwell told the archbishop to sit down, and that when he was dressed he would speak with him; whilst this was doing Cromwell said to his lordship, “If this core, (pointing to the boil) were once out I should quickly be well :" to whom Usher replied, “I doubt the core lies deeper; there is a core at the heart that must be taken out, or else it will not be well.”—“ Ah !” said Cromwell, “so there is indeed,” and sighed. But when the primate began to speak to him concerning the business he came about, he answered to this effect : “ that he had since better considered it, having advised with his council about it, and that they thought it not safe for him to grant liberty of conscience to those sort of men who were restless and implacable enemies to liim and his government;" and so he took his leave of hin), though with good words and out. ward civility. The primate seeing it was in vain to urge it any farther, said little inore to him, but returned home very much troubled, and concerned that his endeavours had met with no better success, but he said to those who came to him, “This false


man has broken his word with we, and refuses to perform what he promised; well, he will have little cause to glory in his wickedness, for he will not continue long; the king will return, though I shall not live to see it, you may.

Not long after this the good prelate removed from London to Ryegate, where he immediately set about finishing his Chronologia Sacra. He was now very aged, and though both iu body and mind he was healthy and vigorous for a man of his years, yet his eye sight was extremely decayed by his constant studying, so that he could scarcely see to write but at a window, and that in the sun, shine, which he constantly followed in clear days from one window to another.

He had now frequent thoughts of his dissolution; and as he was' wo:lt to note every year in his almanack, over against the day of his birth, the year of his age, “ so I find,” says his biographer, “ this year, 1655, this note written in his own hand : Now aged 75 years, my days are full;' and presently after in capital letters, • RESIGNATION.'

He died at Ryegate, March 21, 1656, and his friends intended to have buried him there in the Countess of Peterborough's vault, but Cromwell, who knew in what high estimation the archbishop was held, and willing to obtain a little popularity insisted upon burying him pompously at his own expense.

The funeral was indeed splendidly solemn, but, after all, the crafty usurper


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left the archbishop's relations to bear the charge, though they could scarcely afford it.

This great man was of a very bale constitution, which he preserved by temperance. He was contented with a little sleep, for though he went to bed pretty late, yet in the summer he would rise by five, and in winter by six o'clock in the morning; bis appetile was always suited to his diet; he feu heartily on plain, wholesome meat withont sauce, and was better pleased with a few dishes than a variety. He did not like tedious meals, and it was a weariness to him to sit long at table. In his disposition he was courteous and affable, and extremely obliging to all whoin he conversed with; and though he could be angry and rebuke sharply when religion or virtue were concerned, yet be was not easily provoked to passion, and rarely for small matters, such as the neglect of servants, or worldly disappointments. The powers of his inind were very strong and the extent of his learning prodigious; so that his advice and correspondence were courted by men of erudition in all parts of the world. His humility and his piety were equally conspicuous with his talents; yet bis religion was not of that gloomy and forbidding cast which was too prevalent in the age in which he lived. He loved pleasant conversation and innocent mirth, often telling stories, or relating the wise or witty sayings of other men, or such things as had occurred to his own observation ; so that his company was always


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