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Admiral Wilson. I know of no inclination anywhere in the Government to change our position with regard to Okinawa. I think we are on pretty firm ground there.

Senator STENNIS. Well, if the Navy filed a special statement on that, gentlemen, I would appreciate it.

Admiral Chew. All right, sir.

Senator STENNIS. We will see what else is to be said, too. The Air Force is on Okinawa?

Admiral CHEW. Yes, sir.
Senator STENNIS. The Navy, do you have some Marines there?
Admiral Chew. Yes, sir.
Senator STENNIS. No Army?

Admiral Chew. There are Army service troops, yes, sir; and they are intending to increase. Senator STENNIS. All right.

NAVAL STATION, ROOSEVELT ROADS, P.R. Admiral Chew. The sixth project is at the Naval Station, Roosevelt Roads, P.R., for completion of taxiway at the estimated cost of $460,000. This station serves the operating forces similar to our other oversea activities in support of patrol, carrier, utility, and other fleet aircraft. It also supports combined air, surface, and submarine exercises in operational training with guided missiles. There is a gap of 2,250 feet in the taxiway leading from the northeast-southwest runway. In a previous austere construction program a taxiway was built from the runway end to the maintenance hangar, leaving a gap in the taxiway paralleling the runway and to the refueling islands. Jet squadrons are assigned to this station with specific training objectives which must be attained in very limited periods of intensive training. Aircraft must now taxi on the runway to the takeoff position, which is a very dangerous operation. In addition, jet planes, after landing, must taxi a circuitous route to reach the refueling stations, thereby slowing the training procedures. The proposed line item will provide the missing pavement and correct the present operating deficiencies. Senator STENNIS. All right, Admiral.

NAVAL STATION, ROTA, SPAIN Admiral Chew. This is for two items at Rota, Spain, at an estimated cost of $2,414,000; the first one a small item for navigational aids, putting buoys in the harbor; and the second one for family housing, which is again, like Golcuk, Turkey, paying for Commodity Credit housing.

Senator STENNIS. What is that again now? This is bookkeeping, you say?

Admiral Chew. Yes, sir. We have to pay the Commodity Credit Corporation now. Previously

Senator STENNIS. Have these houses already been built? " Admiral CHEW. No, sir. These are to be authorized under the the Commodity Credit program.

Senator STENNIS. But you have to pay in advance?
Admiral Chew. We pay in advance now; yes, sir.

Senator STENNIS. Well, I was over in Rota a year ago last fall, and I did not know you were going to have a family housing project there.

Admiral Chew. As a matter of fact, Mr. Chairman, we even have information that the mayors of the local towns have appealed to the Embassy to provide housing because of the situation existing as a result of the in-migrant Spanish help, and the personnel on the base, sir.

Senator STENNIS. The what, the in-migrant Spanish help?

Admiral Chew. Yes, sir; the people who are working, laborers working on the base, they have increased the requirement for housing in the area.

Consequently, we need to house our own personnel in order not to have them take from the Spanish their available housing.

Senator STENNIS. Mr. Nease, didn't we go to Rota? I know Senator Case went there once, but was he there last fall ?

Mr. NEASE. No, I was there in September. I believe he was there last year. They had 20 percent of the people living on the economy at the time, and they thought they had sufficient housing, but they tell me now the situation has changed as Admiral Chew just mentioned now. So, apparently it has changed between September and now because there was no requirement in September.

Senator STENNIS. What about that, Admiral Chew?

Admiral CHEW. We have a requirement for 741 units, and we have 496 available; actually of those 496, 182 were built with military construction, and 304 specifically built by Commodity Credit. The present deficiency is 245 units. This is for the construction of only a hundred units to be conservative in our programing.

Senator STENNIS. As I recall, that is where I saw some houses that looked mighty nice. That was in the fall of 1958. Were any of them constructed then?

Admiral CHEW. Yes.
Admiral PELTIER. They were constructed and occupied.
Admiral Chew. Our first increment of this same type house.

Senator STENNIS. Yes. Admiral Peltier, when did you leave this project, I mean, this whole Spanish-you were over there a while.

Admiral PELTIER. No, I was over there, initially around 1953, but I was there for just a short time while they were setting it up.

NAVAL AIR FACILITY, SIGONELLA, SICILY, ITALY

Admiral Chew. Page 70, Mr. Chairman, this is for the two small items in the amount of $347,000, for Sigonella, Sicily. One item is for construction of an aircraft jet fuel storage facility at an estimated cost of $133,000.

The second line item is for Marine detachment facilities at the estimated cost of $214,000. A 69-man Marine force is assigned to the facility for the security of the ordnance complex. They require housing, messing, and administrative space. The U.S. Navy main housing and messing facilities are about 7 miles distant from the airfield over a narrow, winding road which takes 25 to 35 minutes to traverse by bus. It is impractical to transport all personnel from the field to the messhall and back for serving the noon meal. An auxiliary mess is required at the field to accommodate 400 personnel for the noon

meal and a lesser number of duty personnel for other meals. There are no existing facilities at the field which can meet this requirement. The proposed facilities are necessary to serve these several purposes.

COMMUNICATION FACILITIES The final oversea class is communication facilities. There are 15. line items at 8 stations in this group for a total amount of $12,318,000. These include seven line items at six stations for $2,826,000 in section 201 of the bill; and 2 classified stations having eight line items for. $9,492,000 in section 202 of the bill.

NAVAL RADIO STATION, BARRIGADA, GUAM, MARI

ANAS ISLANDS The first unclassified project is at the Naval Radio Station, Barrigada, Guam, in the Marianas Islands, for construction of antennas at the estimated cost of $68,000. This item is required for direct, directional, more powerful and optimum communications for control and command of 7th Fleet units operating in the highly strategic area between Japan and the South China Sea. Utilizing powerful radio transmitters already installed, the antennas to be provided by this project will permit simultaneous radioteletypewriter communications which will link the commander of the 7th Fleet to the commander in chief of the Pacific Fleet and the Chief of Naval Operations via Naval Communication Station, Guam. This project is urgently required for fleet operations in a vital area not adequately covered by existing antennas. NAVAL RADIO STATION, FINEGAYEN, GUAM, MARI

ANAS ISLANDS

The second project is at the Naval Radio Station, Finegayen, Guam, for construction of a radio receiver facility at the estimated cost of $469,000. This station is the receiving activity of the Naval Communication Station, Guam. The project is for construction of a receiver building, new antennas and an emergency generator plant which are required for operation of special radio equipment. It is required for the same purpose as the project for the station at Adak, Alaska, which I outlined previously. The new weapons systems employed by units of the fleet in ASW and associated fleet operations require the rapid means of communication proposed.

Senator STENNIS. The same testimony that you gave a while ago generally would apply?

Admiral Chew. Would apply to all of these. NAVAL SECURITY GROUP ACTIVITY, GALETA ISLAND,

C.Z. The third project is at the naval security group activity, Galeta Island, C.Z., for construction of a radio direction finder facility at the estimated cost of $1,750,000. This project is similar to two others in this program for the stations at Skaggs Island, Calif., and Winter

Harbor, Maine, which I explained previously. It is essential to the mission of the naval security group and the ASW effort that a modern direction finder compatible with fast control procedures be installed in this area. It is required in order to have rapid, accurate, long-range bearings from a station forming the southern anchor of the Atlantic net. This station will also be able to operate in the eastern Pacific net simultaneous with Atlantic operation with the Wullenweber direction finder which is planned for installtion.

NAVAL SECURITY GROUP ACTIVITY, KARAMURSEL,

TURKEY The fourth project is at another naval security group activity, at Karamursel, Turkey, where we propose to provide a receiver building at the estimated cost of $84,000. The need for this facility is generated by the programed increase in functions at this activity. To keep pace with this increase additional operational space is required to permit installation of onboard and projected equipment. More space is also required for communication terminal equipment, for the processing functions and for electronics and teletype repair shops. The proposed facility will satisfy these i'equirements. Senator STENNIS. All right, next item.

NAVAL RADIO STATION, MARTIN PENA, P.R. Admiral Chew. The fifth project, like the first overseas communication project at Barrigada, Guam, which I previously described, is: for construction of new antennas at the estimated cost of $72,000, at the Naval Radio Station, Martin Pena, P.R. This is the transmitter activity for the naval communication station at San Juan. The new antennas are needed to provide for fleet communications in an area of ASW operations and missile testing. The antennas are necessary for use on ship-to-shore circuits which require omnidirectional capability for best results. NAVAL RADIO FACILITY, SAN MIGUEL, LUZON,

PHILIPPINES The last of the unclassified projects consists of two line items at the naval radio facility, San Miguel, on Luzon Island of the Republic of the Philippines for the total amount of $383,000. This is a receiver activity. It is our most westerly station in the Pacific and provides an invaluable communication link for the 7th Fleet with all our activities in the Pacific.

The first line item is for terminal building expansion at a cost of $142,000. Since this facility was activated in July 1957 additional operational circuits to the 7th Fleet have had to be added. This has required installation of additional electronic equipment which has caused overcrowding of all operational space in the terminal building. Consequently, the reliability, security, and speed of communications are adversely affected. The additional space to be provided by extending the existing terminal building will relieve this: adverse condition.

The second line item is for expansion of the electric power supply at the estimated cost of $241,000. The increased electric power load has resulted from the increased electronic communication equipment, the construction of six family housing units, additional shops, and other normal increased demands which were not contemplated in the original design of the facility. These increases have developed as a result of the increasing importance to fleet operations of this strategic area. The proposed extension of the powerplant and the installation of a diesel-electric generating unit will meet the total requirements of this facility insofar as can now be foreseen.

Senator STENNIS. All right.

SECTION 203

Admiral Chew. That concludes the unclassified portion. Mr. Chairman, except for the emergency authorizations and the housing, sir.

Senator STENNIS. Let me see-refresh me, refresh my recollection now as to how these emergencies apply. You get a gross sum authorization every year, and you report to us then, our committees, . do you not?

Admiral CHEW. That is correct.

Senator STENNIS. What is an emergency in your book, just what do you call an emergency?

Admiral CHEW. An emergency project, Mr. Chairman, would be one that could not be foreseen because of a changed mission or, perhaps, a technological breakthrough. For example: The Camp Smith project was an emergent project because of the additional command requirements placed upon CINCPAC. That is a typical example of an emergent project.

Senator STENNIS. Do you remember how much your appropriation was for the current fiscal year?

Admiral Chew. Yes, sir. Last year we had $10 million authorized, and in 1959 we used about $7 million of it, sir.

In 1960, we have about $6 or $7 million in process right now, sir. Senator STENNIS. How much appropriation did you get for 1960 ?

Admiral Chew. Well, we get no appropriation at all, sir. This is only emergency authorization. When we fund a project it comes out of another project because it is more emergent.

Senator STENNIS. I thought we put in some appropriations for those items.

Admiral CHEW. No, sir; there is no money appropriated against this emergency authorization, Mr. Chairman, unfortunately.

Senator STENNIS. All right. What did the House allow on this emergency construction authorization?

Admiral CHEW. $10 million, Mr. Chairman. The request was for $17.5 million, and the House reduced it to $10 million.

Senator STENNIS. Give us some idea of the funds that you used in reaching this $17.5 million. You had some guidelines of some kind.

Admiral CHEW. It was based on experience, sir. As I said, we used in 1959 about $7 or $8 million. We did not need all of the $17.5 million, but being emergency authorization, you really cannot anticipate. The only thing you can go on is an experience factor.

Senator STENNIS. All right.

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