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Failure to obtain this item will further aggravate an already serious morale problem generated by the small inadequate bedrooms and community toilet facilities now existing in the BOQ's at this station.

Senator STENNIS. All right, sir. MARINE CORPS RECRUIT DEPOT, PARRIS ISLAND, S.C.

General ALLEN. The next two line items provide for a barracks and a religious activities center at Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, S.C. at a total estimated cost of $1,455,000. This recruit depot provides for the reception and recruit training of enlisted men upon their first entry into the Marine Corps. This depot also conducts schools to train personnel in the administrative field, and also to train recruiters and field musics.

The first of these items is for a 675-man barracks building at an estimated cost of $1,203,000. This item is the second and final increment of permanent and adequate facilities for billeting recruits in the weapons training area of this depot. The first increment approved by Congress in fiscal year 1958 for $1,707,000 provided for construction of five 180-man barracks and necessary alterations to the existing messhall which will be completed in 1960.

The quonset huts being replaced by these permanent barracks are temporary, corrugated-metal structures, 15 years old, which have outlived their expected service life. They have been dismantled, stored in the open, and then reassembled twice. This moving has reduced the structural soundness and weatherproofness of the huts and excessive maintenance is required to maintain them in a very minimum livable condition. Congress fully recognized these unsatisfactory conditions in fiscal year 1958 and approved the first increment. Since this approval, the living conditions and requirements have not changed in any respect. This item is still urgently required and will replace all the remaining hutments.

The second item for this depot provides for the construction of a religious activity center at an estimated cost of $252,000. Religion and religious training facilities play an important role in establishing a high morale among the recruits. Good morale is imperative for good, efficient training. The various buildings now used for religious activities are inadequate in design, facilities, and construction. In addition, they are located away from the recruit area. The inability to create a religious atmosphere in these buildings, plus their distance from the recruit area, is not conducive to a large attendance. This item will provide an adequate religious activities building so necessary to carry out a program for the religious and spiritual welfare of the permanent military personnel of this station, their dependents, and recruits undergoing training.

MARINE CORPS BASE, CAMP PENDLETON, CALIF. The next four line items, Mr. Chairman, provide for improvements to training, administrative, and housing facilities at Marine Corps Base, Camp Pendleton, at a cost of $1,973,000. The mission of this base is similar to that of Camp Lejeune. It is the home of the 1st Marine Division. The facilities situation at Camp Pendleton is be

coming acute. The base was established in 1942 and all constructionaccomplished at that time was temporary wartime and emergency construction. The facilities have deteriorated to a point where they are no longer economical to maintain.

The first of these four items is for the construction of a combat training school at Camp Kraus for an estimated cost of $460,000. At present, there are eight formal schools conducted at this station. The existing school building is a temporary, World War II, wooden structure which is rapidly approaching complete unserviceability. This item will provide a permanent school building for the classroom training necessary to meet the academic requirements of the formal schools conducted at this base.

The second item for this base provides for the construction of two administration buildings at Camp Kraus at an estimated cost of $470,000 to replace the existing unserviceable, temporary, World War II structures now being used. One administration building will be built in each of the battalion areas for which permanent barracks and utilities have already been authorized.

The third item for Camp Pendleton is for construction of two permanent messhalls, also in the Camp Kraus area. The estimated cost of the item is $845,000. These messhalls will replace existing messhalls which have become completely unserviceable and so badly deterio-· rated as to create a sanitation problem. The item will provide messing facilities for the two battalion areas already authorized permanent facilities.

The fourth and last item for Camp Pendleton provides for the installation of an adequate heating system for buildings located in the Camp Phillips area of the base. The estimated cost of this line item is $198,000. It will replace the existing direct-fired domestic water boilers and household-type oil-burning space heaters which have passed their life's usefulness. This item will provide all necessary equipment within the buildings and the supply and return lines to connect them to the central heating system now under construction.

There is also a 400 Capehart housing unit program for Camp Pendleton.

MARINE CORPS SCHOOLS, QUANTICO, VA. The next two line items, Mr. Chairman, provide for a research library and a combat conditioning facility at Marine Corps schools, Quantico, Va., for a total cost of $715,000. The Marine Corps schools train officers in the tactics and techniques of warfare with particular emphasis on amphibious operations. In addition, this activity develops, in coordination with other services, the tactics, techniques, and equipment employed by landing forces in amphibious warfare.

The first of these two line items is for the construction of a research library at Breckinridge Hall, Marine Corps Educational Center, at a cost of $210,000. The operation of schools is the principal mission of this activity. The present library is completely inadequate in size to provide the research facilities required. Overloading of the available space has resulted in the destruction of material that otherwise would be retained for research purposes, has severely limited stock and catalog space, and has caused refusal and

reduction in new acquisitions for this library. Adequate space does not exist in the existing building nor in any other buildings at this station to provdie the desired library facility. This line item will provide adequate space for the classified and technical sections of the research library, while the general library research section will continue to utilize the present library space in Breckinridge Hall.

The second of these two line items for Quantico is for construction of a combat conditioning facility at the basic school at an estimated cost of $505,000. The mission of the basic school is to educate newly commissioned officers in the high standards of knowledge, esprit de corps, and leadership traditional in the Marine Corps. An urgent need exists at this school for an indoor, all-weather, combat training tank complete with facilities for the use and storage of related training aids, locker rooms, showers and toilet facilities. This tank is required to provide year-round instruction in combat swimming procedures and lifesaving techniques required in the training of a combat-ready Marine officer. The locker room facility is designed to serve the gymnasium-drill hall as well as the tank. This item is required to provide adequate centralized facilities for the operation of the Marine Corps basic school.

Senator STENNIS. When are you going to have the exhibition down there, General, that you have at Quantico along about this time of the year, the special exercises ?

General ALLEN. I believe that is scheduled for next month, Mr. - Chairman. I am not sure right now of the date. I will have that date checked.

Senator STENNIS. I would like to come down there again. I wish you would send me a little note. I went one time and had such bad rain

General ALLEN. I will make a note of it.

Senator STENNIS. I was very much impressed with what I saw down there.

General ALLEN. Thank you, sir.
Senator STENNIS. All right.

MARINE CORPS RECRUIT DEPOT, SAN DIEGO, CALIF.

General ALLEN. Mr. Chairman, the next line item is for the construction of a communication-electronics school building at Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego, Calif., at an estimated cost of $73,000. The mission of this recruit depot is similar to that of Parris Island; that is, the training of recruits and conducting specialist schools. The electronics school, the only existing Marine Corps school for this type of training, is located at this station. This school has the mission of training Marine Corps personnel on radar and electronic equipment organic to the Fleet Marine Force. At present, this school is using some existing temporary structures, not designed for this type of specialized training. These facilities consist of three corrugated-metal storage buildings, completely unsuitable for either laboratory or classroom instruction, and located some 4,000 feet from the remainder of the school facilities. This item will provide one permanent-type school building with adequate laboratory and classroom space. This new building will house a portion of the school facilities now using the three metal storage buildings and will be supplied with the special 400-cycle power source which is now required for the newer radar equipment. It is not economically feasible to modify the existing metal storage buildings to provide adequate classroom and laboratory space nor to install the special power required.

Senator STENNIS. All right.

MARINE CORPS BASE, TWENTYNINE PALMS, CALIF.

General ALLEN. The last two line items of this program, Mr. Chairman, provide for sewage system improvement and an additional water well at Marine Corps Base, Twentynine Palms, Calif., at an estimated cost of $215,000. The mission of this base is to furnish housing, service, and training facilities for Fleet Marine Force units, particularly field artillery, antiaircraft artillery, and guided missile units.

The first of these items is for improvements to the sewage disposal system at an estimated cost of $125,000. Reclaimed sewage water is now used for flushing toilets and urinals in 82 barracks buildings at this base. As a result, an extremely dangerous pollution potential exists. If this sewage water should ever enter the fresh water system, a serious epidemic could develop before the contamination was discovered. This item provides for the conversion of the flushing system in these 82 barracks buildings to fresh water and the installation of area irrigation systems to dispose of the excess sewage water.

The last line item in the program is for an additional water well at this base at an estimated cost of $90,000. During the summer months, consumption of water at the rate of about 4 million gallons per day is required. Our present water wells are capable of supplying approximately 3,300,000 gallons per day. The additional water cannot be supplied without exceeding the limitation on fluoride content prescribed by the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. This additional well will supplement the present water supply and in addition provide additional water in the event one of the existing wells is out of service for any length of time or in case of a major fire outbreak. The water supplied will be of high quality and low fluoride content.

We also have a program of 150 Capehart housing units there. Senator STENNIS. Can you get a water well out there for $90,000 ?

General ALLEN. That is what the engineers tell us is the price. The location of the water is well definable. We do not believe there are any problems that exist with respect to drilling a dry hole. The water is well pooled underneath the base and we know where to put it.

Senator STENNIS. All right.

General ALLEN. That concludes the Marine Corps portion of the military construction justification.

Senator STENNIS. I thank you, General, very much. According to my limited observations, I think the Marine Corps puts to good use what construction money you ask for and you do not ask for much. General ALLEN. Well, we use every bit that we get.

Senator STENNIS. I was out at Camp Pendleton once, and by the time I got there, the commanding officer emphasized that; he said not a drop of water had been misused or lost or spilled since he had been commanding officer there. I really did not understand why he emphasized it so, but after I had been around a few hours, I could fully see. You have to conserve the water in every way.

General ALLEN. Anyone who lives in California for any length of time certainly puts a price tag on water.

Senator STENNIS. Yes.

All right. Thank you very much, General. I am glad we could complete that. With the understanding we will be back at 2:30, gentlemen, we will now take a recess.

(Whereupon, at 12:35 p.m., the hearing recessed, to reconvene at 2:30 p.m.)

AFTERNOON SESSION

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(Present: Senators Stennis (presiding) and Engle.)
Senator STENNIS. All right. What page were you on, Admiral ?

TESTIMONY OF REAR ADM. JOHN L. CHEW, USN—Resumed

SERVICE SCHOOL FACILITIES

Admiral CHEW. Mr. Chairman, the sixth class of facilities in the program is service school facilities. In this group there are 17 line items at 7 stations at a cost of $24,362,000. Two of the line items at separate stations, for $1,542,000, are classified, and are included in section 202 of the bill. The Bureau of Naval Personnel is responsible for the entry, indoctrination, training, administration and wellbeing of all naval personnel. The need for the projects in this program is to satisfy the minimum current requirements in the training of personnel in the full gamut of naval operations.

Senator STENNIS. All right.

Admiral CHEW. Mr. Chairman, I might clarify a point, if I may. . I provided a letter to the staff on the price changes, so with your permission I will not mention them as they have been covered in written correspondence.

Senator STENNIS. That is all right. Give us the whole picture here on your Bancroft Hall. This is the first increment; give us the whole idea.

NAVAL ACADEMY, ANNAPOLIS, MD. Admiral CHEW. Yes, sir.

This is the first of three planned increments for the major rehabilitation and modernization of Bancroft Hall at an estimated cost of $6 million.

As you know, Mr. Chairman, the basic structure, including the basement and galley, was built in 1902–6; that is, the center portion of it. Additional wings were built in 1918 and then again in 1941.

The 2 new wings for 1,100 midshipmen are now under construction. In the old wings large areas of the old flooring are worn out and require replacement. Condensation and leaky water pipes and connections have caused the plaster to fall off the walls and ceilings in numerous places.

The water, steam heating, and electrical systems are old and deteriorated, and cannot be made to give adequate service, short of almost complete replacement.

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