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Admiral Chew. The next project is at the Naval Air Station,

rth Island, San Diego, Calif., for construction of a helicopter rotor blade test facility at the estimated cost of $244,000. As I mentioned previously, this is the industrial seaport station of the Miramar master jet complex. It is comparable to the Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Fla., where the east coast counterpart of the proposed facility is in operation. North Island station is the overhaul point for all helicopters operating in the Pacific Fleet. This station already has a helicopter rotor blade test facility capable of whirling the small blades in use on older helicopters. However, a facility is needed for testing rotor blades up to 90 feet in length of the newer, large helicopters. These high performance aircraft demand accuracy in the balancing and matching of blades for satisfactory operation. The proposed facility will be capable of spinning large diameter blades at high speeds in either clockwise or counterclockwise direction, with facilities for tracking, measuring of pitch-moment and alinement and recording of characteristics.


Admiral CHEW. The ninth project is at the fourth of our master jet stations, the Naval Air Station, Oceana, Va. It consists of four line items for the total amount of $1,213,000.

The first line item is for construction of runway end zones and crash facility at the estimated cost of $580,000. The nature of the terrain in this tidewater area, beyond the ends of the runways, causes excessive damage to aircraft which overrun the pavement. Crash and rescue vehicles going to the aid of the damaged aircraft bog down in the soft soil. End zones and crash strip areas must be cleared and stabilized to minimize injury to personnel and damage to aircraft in aborted takeoffs and to provide a reasonably effective deacceleration area for aircraft overshooting the runway on landing.

The second line item is for an optical landing system at the estimated cost of $90,000. This is similar to the facilities previously discussed for the stations at Meridian and Cecil Field. It will provide for installation of two of these landing aids for use in training pilots for aircraft carrier landings. Proper use of these devices controls the landings and reduces accident rates with attendant saving in equipment costs and injury or death of highly trained personnel.

The third line item is for construction of an aircraft power check facility at the estimated cost of $295,000. This is the fourth such facility proposed in this program. It will have the same capacity as the one discussed for Cecil Field, being capable of testing four aircraft simultaneously. The major difference in cost between the two facilities is due to the fact that the Oceana facility requires a towway approximately 6,300 feet longer than the tow-way at Cecil Field. The facility will permit the runup tests and adjustments required on jet engines after each replacement, after periodic maintenance checks, line maintenance repairs, and frequently, in the investigation of pilot discrepancy reports after flight. The high power runup testing is the best method for evaluating the jet engines prior to flight.

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The final line item is for construction of aircraft maintenance buildings at the estimated cost of $248,000. Line maintenance functions have been carried on at this station in a number of portable, temporary wood shacks. They are inadequate in space for current needs and have deteriorated beyond economical repair. This item will provide for three line maintenance buildings adjacent to the aircraft parking apron and one in the ground handling equipment area to take care of line maintenance functions of the five squadrons assigned to the station. These proposed facilities will permit the squadron personnel to perform adequately the line operation functions essential in the daily preparation of aircraft for flight, including: inspection, adjustments, servicing, correction of minor discrepancies and replacement of minor parts and accessories.

Senator STENNIS. All right. They seem to be standard requirements.

Admiral CHEW. Yes, sir.


The tenth and final unclassified project in this group consists of two line items for $919,000 at the Naval Air Station, Quonset Point, R.I. This station supports operational missions involving reconnaissance, ASW, search and rescue, transport and utility aircraft, aircraft overhaul and repair, and is a primary aviation supply point in the New England area.

The first line item is for the modification to aircraft fuel facility at the estimated cost of $674,000. This is another safety item, similar in purpose to the line item proposed for the Naval Air Station at Alameda. The purpose of the modification is to exclude jet fuel from the water-displacement, or aqua, system which is now in use. This is essential for control of the quality of jet fuel, since jet fuel has a specific gravity near that of water, and certain of its components are soluble in water. The construction will provide two pumping stations, above and underground fuel pipelines of several sizes, and other necessary features.

The second line item is for a medium range radar facility at the estimated cost of $245,000. This item is urgently required to provide flight safety control for the increased number of high speed aircraft in the increasingly crowded airspace. The construction will include a building for housing improved, dual medium range radar equipment, a new antenna tower and radome with necessary power and connecting roads. The radome must be remote from the control tower for peak efficiency and so that the radome's large size will not obstruct the view of tower traffic control personnel.

Senator STENNIS. All right. If you will pause there a minute, now. The House has an amendment of $8 million to lengthen and resurface the runways at the naval air station at Quonset Point, R.I.

Admiral CHEW. This was added, I believe, by Senator Green, sir?
Senator STENNIS. We have a proposed amendment.
Admiral CHEW. This is a proposed amendment.

Senator STENNIS. Yes, sir. What is your answer to that now? Do you need it? It is $8 million.

. Admiral CHEW. We would not fund it this year. I think we have a requirement for it but I am sure it would not be funded this year,


Senator STENNIS. Well, when you say “requirement,” you mean sometime in the near future you will request it?

Admiral CHEW. I would say, Mr. Chairman, it is a long-range requirement.

Senator STENNIS. Did you ask for it at all this year in your budget? Admiral CHEW. No, sir; we did not.

Senator STENNIS. It is a long-range requirement, but you have no timetable at all on it now; is that correct?

Admiral CHEW. We have no timetable on it now at the present time; no, sir.

Senator STENNIS. We have a letter here that is dated March 3 signed by C. S. Cooper, rear admiral, to Senator Green which says the Navy had no plans to lengthen any runways at the naval air station at Quonset Point. The present runways are considered to be adequate in length for the present mission of this seaport industrial air station.

So according to this and according to your testimony, too, you do not consider that a matter that you actually need now?

Admiral Chew. No, sir; we do not.
Senator STENNIS. So you do not request it be included ?
Admiral CHEW. No, sir.
Senator STENNIS. All right. Next item.

(MARINE CORPS AIR STATIONS) Admiral CHEW. The third group of naval weapons facilities is for Marine Corps air stations. There are five unclassified line items at four stations in this group for a total amount of $2,838,000. In addition, one line item, for the station at Yuma, Ariz., is classified and is included in section 202 of the bill. These stations are required for operational training of Marine Corps aviation personnel in various combat functions, including close support of Marine Corps ground forces and augmentation of the Navy's fleet operations.

Senator STENNIS. Yes. If it is agreeable with everyone, I propose for us to continue until 12:30 and come back at 2:30. Will that be agreeable ?

Admiral Chew. Yes, sir.
Senator STENNIS. All right. Proceed.

BEAUFORT, S.C. Admiral CHEW. The first project in this group is at the Marine Corps Auxiliary Air Station, Beaufort, S.C., for taxiways at the estimated cost of $272,000. The present path of aircraft moving to and from the maintenance hangar and the southerly end of the southeast-northwest runway is circuitous and dangerous, passing through the parking and maintenance areas of two tactical fighter squadrons. The proposed construction will provide a taxiway direct from the maintenance hangar to the end of runway, thereby eliminating the existing taxiing hazard. In addition, a short taxiway from

the runway to the operations building and a parking apron for search and rescue helicopters, are included as parts of this line item.

Senator STENNIS. All right.

Admiral Chew. The second project, consisting of two line items for a total of $1,611,000, is at the Marine Corps Air Station, Cherry Point, N.C. This is the major east coast Marine Corps air station, and is comparable, in many respects, to a Navy master jet station.

The first line item is for replacement of aircraft parking apron at the estimated cost of $316,000. The existing parking apron for the planned aircraft loading is acceptable insofar as area alone is concerned. However, approximately 25,400 square yards of the existing 302,000 square yards of apron is flexible pavement which has become badly deteriorated. It is needed for parking 22 tactical jet fighter and one transport aircraft. The high temperature of jet blasts has disintegrated the pavement with the result that loose pavement particles are sucked into the engines. This damages the engines and may cause plane crashes and loss of life. The proposed line item will provide for replacement of the deteriorated flexible pavement with rigid pavement.

The second line item is for extension of utility lines at the estimated cost of $1,295,000. This item is urgently required to provide utilities to buildings recently completed or now under construction. Buildings in the overhaul and repair, Navy supply and public works areas are dependent on this item to meet their steam requirements for heat and industrial functions. The mains supplying the family housing and BOQ areas of the station have become so saturated by new lateral feeders that the fire protection, telephone, and electric services have become inadequate. Voltage fluctuation now disrupts the operation of navigational aids and operations facilities. Extension of the various utility lines as proposed under this line item will correct the serious deficiencies.

Senator STENNIS. Well, are the old ones worn out, or do you just need—do you have an expansion program, or what would cause that?

Admiral Chew. It is a combination of both, but generally expansion within the area to take care of the additional facilities.

Senator STENNIS. All right.
Admiral CHEW. All right, sir.
Senator STENNIS. Next item.

MARINE CORPS AIR STATION, EL TORO, CALIF. Admiral CHEW. The third project is at the Marine Corps Air Station, El Toro, Calif., for relocation of powerlines and road at the estimated cost of $558,000. This is the west coast counterpart of the Cherry Point Station. The main runway from which 75 percent of the airfield operations are conducted, has been lengthened in recent years to accommodate the modern, high performance jet aircraft assigned to the station. Powerlines traverse an area dangerously close to the southeasterly end of this runway. The powerlines and a station

road are also close to the westerly end of the other main runway of the station. The powerlines seriously jeopardize pilots engaged in flight operations and have been directly involved in several major aircraft accidents. The road involved is about 1,200 feet from the end of the runway. It has been crossed many times by overrunning aircraft, endangering lives and property. The proposed relocation of the facilities will eliminate these dangers. MARINE CORPS AIR STATION, KANEOHE BAY, OAHU,

HAWAII Admiral Chew. The final unclassified project in this group is at the Marine Corps Air Station, Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii, for modification to aircraft fuel facility at the estimated cost of $397,000. This line item is required as a safety of flight measure, the same purpose as the two items I previously described for the naval air stations at Alameda and Quonset Point. It will provide for changing the jet fuel storage from the existing aqua system to a pumped system, to eliminate the danger of dispensing jet fuel with water in suspension. The existing tanks, installed in 1941, have become so corroded that their further usefulness has been impaired. Therefore, in addition to the installation of pumping station, above and underground fuel pipelines, this line item will also include construction of two tanks, each of 27,000 barrels capacity, to replace the existing corroded tanks.

Senator STENNIS. We about have that throughout the world, though, made modern, do we not, fuel facilities?

Admiral Chew. We do indeed, sir; and it is a very vitally needed safety item.

Senator STENNIS. All right. Next item.

(SPECIAL PURPOSE STATIONS) Admiral Chew. The fourth and final group of projects in the class of naval weapons facilities inside the United States, is for specialpurpose stations. Included in this group are four unclassified line items at three stations for a total of $3,788,000. These are covered in section 201 of the bill. The other projects in this group are classified. They consist of nine line items at two stations for $5,911,000. These stations support the Navy's research, development, test, and evaluation program. A line item at one of these activities, in classified status, is for ordnance functions. The remaining line items are at aeronautical activities.


The first project is at the Naval Air Development Center, Johnsville, Pa., for an inertial guidance test facility at the estimated cost of $1,334,000. Recent advances in the development of inertial navigation and guidance for missiles, air-breathing pilotless aircraft, piloted aircraft, surface ships, and submarines, has resulted in remarkable improvements in accuracy. The major, and important, value of this equipment is that the guidance system, once set in motion, cannot be jammed or affected by countermeasures. To achieve this accuracy and reliability, extreme sensitiveness to acceleration is necessary in the

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