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to Dallas Number 5, Texas by striking out "$154,000." and inserting in place thereof “$351,000.”
(b) Public Law 85-685, as amended, is amended by striking out in clause (3) of section 606 "$27,079,000” and inserting in place thereof “$27,276,000.”
SEC. 603. The Secretary of Defense may establish or develop installations and facilities under this title without regard to sections 3648 and 3734 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, and sections 4774 (d) and 9774(d) of title 10, United States Code. The authority to place permanent or temporary improvements on land includes authority for surveys, administration, overhead, planning and supervision incident to construction. That authority may be exercised before title to the land is approved under section 355 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, and even though the land is held temporarily. The authority to acquire real estate or land includes authority to make surveys and to acquire land, and interests in land (including temporary use), by gift, purchase, exchange of Government-owned land, or otherwise.
SEC. 604. Appropriations for facilities projects authorized by section 601 for the respective reserve components of the Armed Forces may not exceed
(1) for Department of the Army:
(a) Army National Guard of the United States, $12,168,000;
(b) Army Reserve, $11,674,000; (2) for Department of the Navy: Naval and Marine Corps Reserves, $6,450,000; (3) for Department of the Air Force :
(a) Air National Guard of the United States, $7,226,000;
(b) Air Force Reserve, $4,590,000. SEC. 605. Any of the amounts named in section 601 of this Act may, in the discretion of the Secretary of Defense, be increased by 15 per centum, but the total cost for all projects authorized for the Army National Guard of the United States, the Army Reserve, the Naval and Marine Corps Reserves, the Air National Guard of the United States, and the Air Force Reserve, may not exceed the amounts named in clauses (1) (a), (1) (b), (2), (3) (a) and (3) (b) of section 604 respectively.
SEC. 606. As of July 1, 1961, all authorizations for specific facilities for reserve forces to be accomplished by the Secretary of Defense, and all authorizations for appropriations therefor, that are contained in the Reserve Forces Facilities Act of 1958, and not superseded or otherwise modified by a later authorization, are repealed except the authorizations for facilities for the reserve forces as to which appropriated funds have been obligated in whole or in part before July 1, 1961, and authorizations for appropriations therefor.
SEC. 607. This title may be cited as the "Reserve Forces Facilities Act of 1960." (The letter referred to follows:)
FEBRUARY 17, 1960. Hon. JOHN STENNIS, Chairman, Subcommittee on Military Construction, Committee on Armed Services, U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C.
DEAR SENATOR STENNIS: As you know, S. 3006, the military construction authorization bill for fiscal year 1961 is pending before the Committee on Armed Services.
Since the subject matter of this bill is within the jurisdiction of the Subcommittee on Military Construction, I would appreciate the subcommittee's undertaking consideration of this measure. Sincerely,
RICHARD B. RUSSELL. Senator STENNIS. The meeeting for this morning was called on short notice because Secretary Bryant had previous plans to be away next week and it is desirable to begin the hearings with his testimony.
The Chair hopes that we may be able to move expeditiously on this legislation. We plan to proceed with the Army title of the bill on Monday at 10 a.m.
We expected to give special attention to the Continental Air Defense subject as we have in earlier years. The Chair notes that the Department of Defense recently has proposed a revision in the Continental Air Defense program previously presented to the Com-' mittee. During these hearings, we will explore the consequences of this revision in some detail.
Secretary Bryant, we welcome you before the subcommittee again. You have always been helpful and most cooperative indeed as well as your staff. The subcommittee very much knows you and your attitude towards your work.
You have a rather long statement here, Mr. Secretary. We want every word of it in the record, but if you wish to insert your statement in the record and then summarize and emphasize it, why you may do so.
Mr. BRYANT. I would think that would be very useful, Mr. Chairman.
Senator STENNIS. Yes. Mr. Secretary, we ask that our witnesses be sworn. Do you solemnly swear that your testimony here will be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you, God?
Mr. BRYANT. I do.
Senator STENNIS. Have a seat. All right, you say you do wish to put your statement in the record and then emphasize the points of interest.
TESTIMONY OF FLOYD S. BRYANT, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF
DEFENSE (PROPERTIES AND INSTALLATIONS) Mr. BRYANT. Yes, I think that would expedite proceedings. I am sure that a good deal of the substance of the larger report will be brought out in detail in the subsequent hearings.
Senator STENNIS. Yes. All right, you may do so. Without objection the Secretary's statement will be included in the record at this point.
(The statement referred to follows:)
STATEMENT OF FLOYD S. BRYANT, ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (PROPERTIES
Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, it is a privilege to appear before you on behalf of the Department of Defense in support of the Military Construction Authorization bill for fiscal year 1961. During the course of the defense posture hearings which were conducted by your committee earlier this year, you obtained full details concerning present and future threats against our national security, and the measures which are underway to further strengthen our military capabilities. The construction authority requested in this bill is primarily devoted to the support of these measures.
Composition of the fiscal year 1961 construction program.- Possession of a powerful retaliatory capability is mandatory as a war deterrent, and is essential to any negotiations with Communist governments. Over $404 million, or 41 percent of the authorization requested in section 502 of this bill, is in support of our retaliatory forces. These forces are most formidable, and include the tremendous power of our manned bomber units which are on instant alert at their dispersed bases; the growing strength of our intercontinental missiles now being emplaced at widely separated and protected sites; the POLARIS submarine with its invulnerability greatly increased by its concealment and mobility; and our intermediate range ballistic missiles being deployed at forward locations in allied countries.
Strong and versatile air defense measures, including an effective early warningsystem, are highly important to counter the possibility of a Soviet surprise ; attack, and $168 million, or 17 percent of the projects covered by section 502 of this bill are in support of such air defense. The programs in this category, : many of which are approaching completion, include the North American Air Defense Command radar network which covers the air approaches to this hemisphere; the Army and Air Force missile and aircraft defenses; the Navy barrier patrol; and other systems which incorporate more advanced techniques and countermeasures.
Great emphasis is being placed on our research and development effort; the application of new technology to additional weapons, and to changes in forces and missions which improve and strengthen our overall capability. Construction projects in this category amount to $152 million, or 15 percent. Included in this sum, under title IV of this bill, is $20 million of new authorization for the Advanced Research Projects Agency, which is engaged in studies on special techniques from which we hope to attain great benefit.
The maintenance of an alert and powerful force capable of promptly responding to local and limited threats is essential in view of the persistent Communist efforts toward aggression and subversion, frequent instances of which are occurring in areas which approach closer and closer to the United States itself. . Our military forces available for use against such threats include the Army and Marine combat units with their greatly increased missile firepower; the Navy carrier air force; the Marine aircraft wings; and the tactical air units of the Air Force. All of these air fighting forces are equipped with new weapons which vastly increase their air warfare and striking capability. The projects ; which are directly related to the support of these ground, sea and air units; the training requirements needed to maintain them at their present state of efficiency; and the MATS units which aid them, amount to $122 million, or 12 percent of the total authorization in section 502.
Also included in the bill are facilities required for basic troop training, and other items necessary to the operation and support of our military units, together with projects needed to modernize our major permanent installations, such as the replacement of World War II barracks; the repair and enlargement of utility systems; the provision of improved community and welfare facilities; and hospital facilities. While not directly related to the support of our major weapons and programs, the relatively small amount of projects in this remaining group are essential to the maintenance of our bases and the well-being of our personnel. Considerable benefit has already been achieved as a result of this small segment of our program through increases in reenlistment and the improved character and ability of the men who choose to continue their career in : the services.
Procedure used in developing and reviewing the fiscal year 1961 construction program.-I wish to assure the committee that each project in this bill was individually and specifically reviewed and screened, in order to assure that the facilities being requested were strictly limited only to those definitely required to support properly the missions assigned to our military forces.
During the examination of this program in my office, and in the other offices of the Secretary of Defense, particular care was taken to verify that those projects selected for inclusion in this bill were needed to support long-term future objectives, military plans, and force levels. We are well aware that heavy expenditures for new weapons will create a tremendous financial burden for the next several years. For this reason, the items requested in this bill have been strictly limited to those for which a compelling military necessity exists. Projects which were merely desirable, but not essential, have been eliminated. Moreover, those projects which were approved for inclusion in this bill were each scrutinized from the standpoint of size, cost, location and proper design. Other objectives of our review are: To close and dispose of installations, either in whole or in part, wherever practicable; to effect maximum utilization of our permanent major installations in order to conserve manpower and operating costs; to limit the acquisition of new real estate to the absolute minimum ; and to utilize existing Government-owned land wherever possible to meet new requirements.
After completion of our examination of the program, all questionable projects that had been encountered were discussed in detail with the respective departmental representatives, and this year, as a result of our review and screening procedures, the programs submitted by the three military departments were
reduced from their original total of $1,513 million to an approved total of $982 million. Then, the Bureau of the Budget conducted a still further review, during which the program was reduced to $972,053,000, the amount now before your committee in S. 3006. The division of this $972 million amount between the three military departments is $158 million for the Army; $138 million for the Navy, and $676 million for the Air Force. We feel that this is the minimum needed to support satisfactorily the missions assigned to our military forces.
I am confident, Mr. Chairman, that in making these reductions in the original program requests, many prudent economies have been achieved, without causing any impairment to our defense capabilities. Great care has been exercised in this respect, and the final decisions reached on the program content reflect the combined judgment of the numerous offices within the Department of Defense and the military departments which participate in this review.
Summary of the bill.-In order to present to the committee in brief form the major construction activities for the Active Forces which are proposed by this legislation, a summary of the most important projects in titles I, II, and III is given, showing the amount and percentage of authorization devoted to each. A further analysis is also provided showing a summation of the various categories of facilities for which authorization is requested in each of these three titles.
During the past several weeks which have elapsed since this bill was first introduced, revisions in some projects have become necessary due to more advanced design studies, and other refinements in planning. Also, certain project deletions and substitutions have become necessary. These changes amount to only a relatively small total, and we would like your permission to present their details to the committee during the testimony on the line items by the departmental witnesses. Each of these changes has already been cleared and approved by the Bureau of the Budget.
Summary of program objectives contained in title I (Army)
For research, development, and test facilities in the continental United States
and in oversea areas, including $14,300,000 for facilities in support of the NIKE-ZEUS program..--For NIKE-HERCULES, HAWK, and MISSILE MASTER facilities in
continental United States and oversea areas.. For facilities to support new weapons developments, new research and develop
ment activities, and new mission requirements... For troop housing in the continental United States and in oversea areas, to
provide 3,225 barrack spaces, 657 bachelor officer spaces, and related dining
facilities.-For utilities projects at major installations throughout the United States and in
over ea areas.--For equipment maintenance and storage facilities at major installations through
out the United States and in oversea areas.. For hospital and medical facilities, including $4,900,000 for a 300-bed hospital at
Fort Leonard Wood, Mo., and $1,700,000 for a 75-bed hospital at Aberdeen
Proving Ground, Md...
States and in oversea areas.-----
ing building for the Ordnance School at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.; and
in the continental United States.----
States to support the Army's aviation program....
gymnasiums, theaters, libraries, and other community support facilities.----
at installations in overseas area.---For construction in support of other essential programs including post engineer
facilities; conversion of existing structures to meet requirements of current missions; and other related items.--
Analysis of title I (Army) by category type of facilities to be provided
[Dollar amounts in millions]
Summary of program objectives contained in title II (Navy)
For facilities needed to support Fleet Command and worldwide communications
activities at 7 continental and 9 oversea installations.--For troop housing in the continental United States and oversea areas; to provide
2,975 barracks spaces; 986 cadets quarters; 252 bachelor officers spaces; and
related dining facilities. -------
ment activities, and new mission requirements -
and facilities to support the antisubmarine warfare program...
ity units in Spain; and 27 surplus commodity units in Turkey.--
saries, religious activities center, theater, and other support facilities..--
tions training; and other training in support of fleet activities.---
and terminal pumping station, and a degaussing range station...
ties, supply faci.ities, improvement and modernization of utilities, and other
Analysis of title II (Navy) by category type of facilities to be provided
[Dollar amounts in millions]