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and relay center is at Seoul, Korea. These facilities provide the primary means of communication to all U.S. and U.N. forces and U.S. agencies in Korea, and are located within tactical missile range of the demilitarized zone. Therefore, facilities are highly vulnerable to interdiction fires or potential loss resulting from air and ground force action in event hostilities are renewed. In order to enhance security of these vital communications installations, it is necessary to locate them in a less vulnerable area. Present facilities consist of temporary structures of quonset type, designed for about 3-year use. Maintenance costs of these structures is high. No dust or humidity environmental control can be effectively installed in the present structures due to type of construction and deteriorated condition. Lack of such environmental control of sensitive electronic communications equipment, initially costing in excess of $2 million, results in unnecessary wear and high replacement rate and reduces the efficiency of communications operations.

The next project is for two maintenance hangars at an estimated cost of $260,000. This item is required to provide minimum essential maintenance facilities for 65 single-engine aircraft assigned to the Divisional Aviation Company and I Corps Artillery Command. Fifty-two of the aircraft operate from airfield A-15 (Camp Casey) and 13 operate from the forward airfield A-160 (Camp St. Barbara). Aviation operations in this division are conducted under extremely adverse conditions. Rough fields, excessive dust and mud, an intense rate of landings and takeoffs per flying hour and the near nonexistence of emergency landing areas, create an exceedingly difficult maintenance problem which is further complicated by climatic conditions. Each year temperatures in this area average below 45° F. for 5 months, with minimum temperatures as low as - 12° F. Precipitation falls approximately 123 days each year. Aircraft maintenance is an exacting profession requiring highly skilled personnel capable of handling specialized tools and equipment. The nature of the work is in itself tedious, and malpractices cannot be tolerated, and maintenance can only be carried on effectively and efficiently in adequate aircraft maintenance hangars.

The next item in Korea is for two missile maintenance shops at an estimated cost of $527,000. These maintenance shops are required to provide heavy maintenance support for a number of types of missile units presently deployed or scheduled for deployment to Korea by fiscal year 1962. There is no existing or planned maintenance facility in Korea to perform this mission. Two facilities are planned in order that dispersion can be effected from prime target areas. Separate locations will allow flexibility in support to units which are tactically disposed in both the northern and southern areas of the Republic of Korea. If this facility is not provided, the heavy maintenance (fourth echelon) capability will not be provided in Korea. This will result in increased costs in processing, packaging, and shipping certain unserviceable repairable electronic and hydraulic components to CONUS facilities for repair and/or replacement. In addition, lack of fourth-echelon maintenance capability will result in a higher replacement rate of major items of missile equipment and an increase in the theater stock of replacement parts, components, and assemblies required to cover the order and shipping time for items normally repairable. This will directly affect the combat effectiveness of deliv

ery units.

The next project in Korea is for an automotive maintenance shop at an estimated cost of $60,000. This item is required to provide the 570th Ordnance Company (DAS) with 62,000 square feet of the 20,000 square feet of maintenance facilities required to support 2,500 vehicles assigned to units in the Seoul Area Command and ASCOM Area Command. This number of vehicles is twice the amount that a DAS company is assigned and equipped to support. The present facilities are located in partially demolished buildings that have been patched up to provide cover for the working area. The restricted floor space creates a safety hazard by confining the movements of the mechanics, and does not permit the indoor repair of vehicles over three-quarter-ton capacity. The building is heated with space heaters, which also creates a fire hazard. There is no space available to install the power-operated equipment such as metalworking lathes, brake drum grinders, shapers, and saws that are needed to support the operation of this unit. The prospect of reduced manpower in our troop units must be counteracted by increased efficiency output by those remaining. Substandard facilities must be improved or replaced to help provide this increased efficiency.

The next item in Korea is for petroleum storage facilities at an estimated cost of $364,000. This project is required to strengthen the storage and handling facilities for our combat reserves of petroleum stocks.

The next project is for ammunition storage igloos at an estimated cost of $788,000. This facility wil provide storage facilities for classified ammunition and supporting equipment.

The next item is for barracks for 364 men at an estimated cost of $248,000. These billets are required to provide enlisted men's housing for 364 enlisted men stationed at Yongsan Military Reservation, Seoul, Korea. Personnel must be housed in adequate, sanitary, and secure quarters in order to maintain good health, morale, and a reasonable standard of living. Assigned troops are now being housed, in large part, in temporary structures of prefabricated type with wood frame and corrugated metal roofs and exterior walls. Buildings are over 5 years old, deteriorated beyond economical repair, unsanitary and unsightly in appearance. Heating is by individual space heaters, a constant source of fire. Electric wiring is old and deteriorated and barely conforms to minimum standards required by regulations. Those troops not housed in temporary frame structures are in brick barracks which need much rehabilitation if continued in use as barracks. The unsatisfactory existing temporary structures will be demolished upon completion of the new facilities. The brick barracks will be modified to be utilized as administrative space which is sorely lacking in the Seoul Area Command at this time. If this item is not provided the dilapidated existing temporary structures will necessarily remain in use. Excessive amount of money will be required for maintenance in order that habitation may continue.

The next project for Korea is a 500-man consolidated mess at an estimated cost of $79,000. This item is required to provide one-half minimum essential messing facilities in the Pusan Area Command. Present messing is under field conditions utilizing quonsets and field

expedient type buildings without water and sewage connections necessary to meet minimum sanitary requirements for troops in fixed locations. Stocks and supplies are stored in similar facilities and subject to loss and damage by inclement weather and rodents. The existing messhalls are of quonset construction and wood frame prefab construction, sheet metal covered. The buildings have deteriorated beyond economical repair. The new messhall will permit consolidation of operations with attendant reduction in employees and overhead costs. If this facility is not provided, personnel will continue to be messed under unsatisfactory conditions. This situation is detrimental to high morale and will aggravate a realistic health problem created by continued disposal of kitchen waste by primitive disposal methods. Medical authorities have continually reported these conditions and demanded that corrective action be taken.

The next item is for water supply and storage, $250,000. This item is required to provide a continuous water supply to Hialeah Compound. At present the total water storage capacity is 700,000 gallons. The source of water for the compound is commercial, and water is only pumped to the Army installations at night. Because of limited storage, during the hot summer months water is cut off to users from 0900 to 1600 hours. The present storage facilities leak and are in an advanced stage of deterioration. Because of limited storage, fire protection is seriously compromised.

If this item is not provided, the compound will continue to operate with insufficient water, affecting the morale and welfare of the entire installation. Maintenance work at the rate of $32,000 per year on already wornout facilities will increase.

The next item is for water supply system at an estimated cost of $376,000. This item is necessary to provide adequate systems for the supply, treatment, distribution, and storage of potable water at nine compounds in close proximity to the 1st Cavalry Division area. The proposed systems will provide water for the drinking, cooking, washing, bathing, and laundry needs for a population of 3,000 at a capacity factor of 1.43. Fire flow water is included for authorized areas. On the basis of $25 per day operating and maintenance costs for six each 50-gallon-per-hour water purification units and a $30-per-day truck delivery cost for 30 trucks now delivering potable water to units, these items will be amortized in approximately 1 year. The units are now only capable of supplying enough potable water for drinking and cooking purposes. Water used for all other purposes is nonpotable and nontreated. It is obtained from four streams (water points) and is distributed by tank truck, and is stored in woodstave and other makeshift storage tanks. The present method of supplying nonpotable water is inadequate to meet current demands and cannot be expanded to correct the deficiencies.

The next project is for another water supply system at a cost of $550,000. This item is necessary to provide an adequate system for the supply, treatment, distribution, and storage of potable water at Camp Kaiser, 7th Infantry Division, Korea. This proposed system will provide water for the drinking, cooking, washing, bathing, laundry, and vehicle maintenance cleaning needs of 4,000 troops at a capacity factor of 1:50. Fire flow requirements will also be provided by this system. On the basis of $100 per day operating and maintenance costs of 4 each 50-gallon-per-hour water distribution units and a $30-per-day truck delivery cost for 21 trucks delivering potable water to units, this item will be amortized in less than 3 years. At the present time 4 to 50 gallon-per-minute portable treatment units, operated by the supply section of the Divisional Engineer Battalion, are the only source of potable water. These uits are only capable of suplying enough potable water for drinking and cooking purposes.


The next item in Korea is for a railroad spur at a cost of $340,000. The spur will provide direct rail service from the Uijongbu railhead to SP No. 39 for all classes of QM supplies. At present all supplies are off-loaded at a railhead in the center of the town of Uijongbu on to an unfenced siding, and are then trucked through narrow and congested streets to SP No. 39, 2 miles to the northwest. Not only does this necessitate double handling of all supplies, but it creates extremely serious problems of security and safety for both military personnel and the people of Uijongbu. The present unloading facility is far too small to accommodate heavy traffic; it cannot be fenced for security purposes because of its proximity to the main line, and it provides no place for off-loading of bulk MOGAS. In the operation, pilferage alone averages $250 per month. Bulk MOGAS is received at the railhead in 55 gallon drums, and during the unloading and loading operations it is exposed to the sparks emitted by switch engines traversing the area in continuous operation—a constant fire hazard. An explosion of fire occurring in this area would threaten most of the town of Uijongbu and cause needless loss of life and property. If the spur is provided bulk MOGAS can be piped directly from tank cars to storage tanks.

The next project is an education center for $40,000. It is required to provide an essential education facility for the troops stationed in the greater Seoul, Korea, area. Existing classrooms are now located on the second floor of the finance and banking building on Yongsan Reservation Facilities are overcrowded and rooms are available only when normal official activities are not occupying them. Facilities are shared, in part, by special services activities. When rooms are available, a maximum of only 500 students can be accommodated. Because of the limited recreational facilities in Korea and because of the high caliber of troops assigned to this headquarters, a large number of personnel desire to engage in educational courses. However, attendance is restricted, courses are curtailed, and students are accepted on a first come, first served basis. No other facility for education is available to replace this required item. Daily encouragement by the command is given to the troops to attend the education center, and, therefore, acquisition of minimum educational space is considered of urgent importance for the Seoul area. If this item is not furnished, the present cramped facilities will continue in use, to the inconvenience and discouragement of all those interested in higher education Supported strength is approximately 20,000 men.

The last item in Korea is another water system in the Seoul, Korea, area at an estimated cost of $772,000. This item is required to forestall an increased water shortage on the Yongsan Military Reservation caused by the arrival of 346 dependent families, a 15,000-man laundry, a 50-bed hospital, and the addition of two steam plants totaling 770

boiler horsepower. The present water supply facility supporting the post are inadequate. The existing filtration plant is capable of supplying 1,035,000 gallons of water per day at 2 gallons per minute. per square foot of filter area. The gallonage is insufficient to supply the present daily demand for water which is 2 million gallons per day. Water storage facilities are approximately 500,000 gallons. The post is presently supplied by Seoul Water Department, though the provincial waterplant. This plant, in addition to supplying a portion of Seoul City and SAC, furnishes water to ASCOM and Inchon. With 100 percent operation the plant is incapable of supplying more than 60 percent of the post demand. The deficiency in capacity for supplying water results in unsatisfactory water supply to all using agencies and areas involved. A single 2-kilovolt cable supplies the Seoul City pumping plant. One recent power failure resulted in a water outage on Yongsan Reservation for 50 hours.

Senator STENNIS. All of us have been there, and think your requests are very modest. We have a lot of men over there.

What is your next item?


SALINAS TRAINING AREA, PUERTO RICO General SEEMAN. The next geographical area in the program, is that dealing with the Caribbean Command. Here, we are requesting authorization for a family housing project to be financed under authority of Capehart legislation and a training facility at a cost of $208,000. The housing project is at Fort Buchanan, P.R., and will provide quarters for 100 families. The training facility is a trainfire range at Salinas, P.R., which will be used to train all troops at Forts Buchanan, Brooke, and Allen.

The next item begins on page 360, sir. There are three stations.
The first one is Fort Allen, P.R. It has a new name.

Senator STENNIS. What page are you on now?
General SEEMAN. Page 361.
Senator STENNIS. Thank you.

General SEEMAN. Last year, I believe, Mr. Chairman, you will recall the name was Camp Losey. It has been rechristened in the interim.

This installation operates and maintains a major relay and electronic switching station in the Army worldwide communications system. This station will provde a dependable communications capability between the continental United States and points in Europe, the Middle East, and the Pacific area.

There are three line items requested for this installation at a total cost of $295,000. The first line item is for a post consolidated property supply warehouse at an estimated cost of $110,000. This building is required to provide suitable office space for 12 persons in supply management section, post consolidated property office, and provide inclosed storage area for chemical, engineer, medical, ordnance, quartermaster, al, and transportation items of supply necessary to

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