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Senator STENNIS. We don't want to be small, but you have a $176million institution down there already. I was around there 2 or 3 days. I declare I never saw so many roads in my life. Do they really have to have three-quarters of a million dollars extra to extend a road?

General SEEMAN. As the little old lady said at the Pentagon regarding traffic congestion, they are already on stagnant hours. They stagger their work hours to overcome this peak load. This is what they hope to do.

Senator STENNIS. I understand the State has already built this part of the road; is that right?

General SEEMAN. No; our access roads program is in coordination with the Bureau of Public Roads and they go to the State highway commission to carry out the actual work. We provide the support through our Bureau of Public Roads.

The third line item is for “Water storage” at a cost of $175,000.

This includes the construction of three water tanks of 600,000 gal-lons total capacity with connecting waterlines, security lighting, and itelemetering circuits.

This addition to the water storage capacity is required in the arsenal domestic water system for the overall support of the existing facilities. The new storage tanks and reservoir will be located in areas where do-mestic water must be used for fire demands because industrial water is not available. It is not economically feasible to install new mains : to and throughout these areas when, to meet the required flow and pressure, the installing of domestic water storage will suffice. Also, this project will boost the pressure in the domestic waterlines that serve residential areas.

We reviewed it in light of the recent decision with regard to NASA and the Ordnance program.

Senator STENNIS. NASA is asking for a great many new buildings down there.

I thought the Army was going to give up their quarters and let NASA move in. How many million is it? It is several million re-quested.

Senator Case. For NASA's building?
Senator STENNIS. Yes, at Redstone.
Senator Case. It is $50 million here.

General SEEMAN. There was sort of a King Solomon's decision made with regard to one item. We both had requirements for computer building and a headquarters building, and the agreement was that one would take one and one would take the other. I understand that NASA has serious requirements there, and we do too. So we will probably hear more of that.

Senator STENNIS. Yes; it is an important installation.
General SEEMAN. It is a growing program and a vital program.
Senator STENNIS. Next item, unless there are further questions.

UMATILLA ORDNANCE DEPOT, OREG.
General SEEMAN. The mission of this depot is to receive, store,
and distribute strategic materials, including ammunition and critical
General Services Administration materials.

Only one line is requested, namely, physical security facilities in the amount of $319,000.

This project involves the enclosing of 100 existing igloo magazines: with a chain link fence and with guardhouse, anti-intrusion system and extensions to existing roads and utilities.

This project is required to provide adequate protection for the storage of classified ammunition items in accordance with the requirements of existing security regulations and to protect information affecting the national defense of the United States. In the event this item is not approved and is delayed, a minimum of nine guard posts must be manned at all times in order to afford adequate protection for these items, at an estimated cost of $225,000 annually. If the requested item is approved, only three guard posts are required to be manned, at a most of $75,000 annually. This is an annual saving of $150,000. In addition, as a minimum, the entire area must be lighted at an estimated cost of approximately $88,000.

WATERTOWN ARSENAL, MASS. The next installation is Watertown Arsenal, Mass. Its main mission is support effort devoted to development, engineering, and manufacture of rocket and missile launchers (surface to surface) and special weapons. It also does basic and supporting research on ferrous metals and alloys, uranium, beryllium, other metals, and materials. There are three line items requested totalling $1,849,000.

The first line item is physical metallurgy facilities in the amount of $275,000. By renovation of undeveloped portion of an existing building, space will be provided for basic and applied research in physical metallurgy on ultrahigh strength materials. This requires complex experimental equipment and techniques such as X-ray diffraction, internal friction, crystallography equipment to study the microstructure of the materials. Currently used facilities are insufficient and scattered and the absolute necessity for utilizing highvacuum techniques requires that the physical metallurgy facilities: be consolidated to attain both efficient operation and increased research potential so necessary to assure development and exploitation of new high-strength materials. The present facilities will be retained in research where high vacuum and temperatures are not required. Rehabilitation of existing areas could not be accomplished incorporating all required facilities without increase in floor area such as is considered in this project.

Construction of this facility will provide savings in the form of increased efficiency of operations resulting in improved productivity effecting direct savings of $25,000 to $35,000 per year by the reduction of need for external contracts to obtain data and other technical information not obtainable within the arsenal.

The second line item is modification of building 292 to a laboratory at $1,041,000. This will consolidate various facilities concerned with radioactive materials and will connect the building with the research nuclear reactor recently installed adjacent. Facility is required to provide adequate supporting laboratories and work areas to conduct its research programs in problems of ordnance materials. There programs are applied and basic research in the physical sci

ences, particularly in the field of solid state physics, physical metallurgy, physical chemistry, and crystal chemistry.

The interconnecting of building 292 with the nuclear reactor will provide, in addition to the essential minimum operation area, a central laboratory for conducting programs using the nuclear reactor as a tool and for related programs, experimental and theoretical, using other techniques, such as, nuclear and paramagnetic resonance spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy. At this time, the above activities are scattered in building 39 and in all cases there is inadequate space and no room for expansion. These laboratories will release floor space within the reactor shell, thus allowing maximum utilization of the experimental facilities of the nuclear reactor.

Senator STENNIS. What kind of a building is that, that you are converting over, 292?

General SEEMAN. It is one of the existing buildings at the Watertown Arsenal that has been in service for sometime, and, as you know, it is for metallurgical research.

The ordnance has a nuclear reactor in this area. This is to provide facilities in and near the nuclear reactor building to provide them with an integrated facility to properly use it.

The third line item is to convert building 312 to a laboratory costing $533,000.

This involves conversion of a portion of the existing permanenttype industrial building to use by beryllium and uranium research and development facilities. Extreme toxic hazards of beryllium and mildly radioactive hazards of uranium requires unique ventilation and filtering control, smooth hard surfaces on floors, walls and ceilings all with rounded corners and of fireproof construction.

This facility is needed to conduct research and development of ductile beryllium metal and beryllium and uranium alloy for use as loadcarrying members of military items. The present facilities are various scattered temporary facilities, inefficient, unsafe and not designed for this research work. A new research and development facility which will permit development of and/or refinement of processing techniques to provide ductile beryllium as well as development of beryllium alloy which will have even more desirable properties for particular application is more urgently required. The phenomenal strength/weight ratio with the extremely high modulus of elasticity make the material of paramount concern to Ordnance. Present Ordnance uses of beryllium are limited to selected usage in non-loadcarrying members, and its use in load-carrying members where its full potentialities can be utilized can only be realized from intensive research and development activity. During the past several months extensive uranium facilities and capabilities have been developed on a crash basis for urgently required research and development components on special weapons. The AEC uranium alloys program is not geared to development of structural materials.

Senator STENNIS. Page 27, Watertown Arsenal is the principal development, engineering and manufacturing installation in the field of antiaircraft artillery weapons.

You are not running experiments now in antiaircraft artillery weapons, are you, General ?

General SEEMAN. It is a carryover. It is not the weapons so much as the material going into it, the type of steel, the various alloys of the various metals that are used, to try to cut down weight, to improve the quality of the steel for machining and various purposes like that. They do it by putting in these radioactive tracers and following it through to various processes.

Senator STENNIS. But you are not training anything now or having any manufacturing of antiaircraft?

General SEEMAN. The antiaircraft tube artillery is going out of the picture, there is no question about it.

Senator STENNIS. It has gone out, hasn't it?
General SEEMAN. Yes, sir.

Senator STENNIS. Do you have any of those units you are maintaining now over here?

General SEEMAN. I believe there are still a few units that have not been completely converted. Senator STENNIS. All right.

WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE, N. MEX.

General SEEMAN. Next is the White Sands Missile Range on page 36. There are two items there for a total of $1,233,000, sir, a telephone exchange building and electric power for their range instrumentation.

On the telephone exchange, this facility is urgently required to house a central dial telephone exchange with its related activities. The exchange will initially serve 4,500 telephone lines, but will eventually expand to a 6,000 line system. The related activities necessary for operation include cryptographic center, classified telecon room, Army Security Agency operations section, telephone equipment repair activities, 8-position local switchboard, commercial telegraph facilities, cable vaults, battery storage rooms, and post signal administration functions.

At present they are using a room in the headquarters building which cannot be expanded and they are also using a quonset hut, and they just need more service, more space, and this recommendation is to put them together in one place and give room for General Laidlaw's people in the headquarters building. The range instrumentation electric power item is to try to bring in commercial power and tie in the various range stations.

Senator STENNIS. Yes; I imagine that is satisfactory. Unless there is some question, pass on.

General SEEMAN. That completes the Ordnance Corps.

QUARTERMASTER CORPS

ATLANTA GENERAL DEPOT, GA. General SEEMAN. The next is Quartermaster Corps. Senator STENNIS. Senator Case has a question it seems. Senator CASE. No. Senator STENNIS. All right, proceed. General SEEMAN. The Quartermaster Corps starting on page 43, the first station is the Atlanta General Depot. As our Army aircraft

54781—609

NEW CUMBERLAND GENERAL DEPOT, PA. General SEEMĄN. The next installation is New Cumberland General Depot, Pa. The mission of this depot is to receive, store, and distribute all types of Quartermaster, Ordnance, Chemical, Engineer, and Signal Corps supplies; fourth echelon maintenance and depot support of CONUS Army aircraft.

The item is for a small locomotive repair shop at $89,000. They have an existing shed for that, but it is a sheet iron shed and cannot be heated in the winter, and the roof leaks and it is unsafe.

Senator STENNIS. $89,000? All right, sir.
QUARTERMASTER RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING

CENTER, MASS. General SEEMAN. The next installation is the Quartermaster Research and Engineering Center, Mass., on page 53. The basic mission of this center is to translate development prototypes to mass producible items and to provide technical services and engineering support to the Quartermaster Corps. Four line items are being requested for this station totaling $3,628,000. Three of these items are to provide laboratory and administrative facilities for research and engineering activities of the Quartermaster Food and Container Institute for the Armed Forces. This facility is now located at the Chicago Administration Center which is scheduled to be disposed of due to obsolescence and costly upkeep.

The first line item is for an office and heavy laboratory building for $1,783,000.

The office portion of the proposed structure will house administrative elements of the Research and Engineering Command (now located in the development building) and a consolidated library. This will release equivalent space in existing buildings for occupancy by laboratory and administrative elements of Food and Container Institute. The laboratory wing will house lab equipment requiring independent foundations due to heavy loading or vibration, together with closely related activities. Collateral equipment costs comprise $306,000 for purchase of new laboratory equipment and $141,000 for installation of new and reused equipment (including necessary repairs).

The second line item is for a development building addition and conversion in the amount of $1,613,000. This involves the conversion of the first floor of this existing building from office space to basic research laboratory facilities to centralize laboratory services.

This item is required to provide facilities for in-house research and engineering activities of the Quartermaster Food and Container Institute of the Armed Forces, now located at the Chicago Administration CenterBased on fiscal year 1959 dollar figures, 51 percent of Food and Container Institute work is conducted in-house. This capais required, since other Government agencies and private in

experience and interest in developing subsistence items and hich meet military requirements, but may not be salable

market, for example, precooked, dehydrated, and irradiThe recent decision to suspend construction of a pilot profor radiation preservation of foods at Sharpe General

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