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(ORDNANCE CORPS) General SEEMAN. We will first take up installations of the Ordnance Corps.

ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND, MD. The first installation is Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md. Its mission is to provide facilities for ballistics research, applied research in development of ordnance systems, engineering and proof-testing of materials and for Ordnance training activities. It is the headquarters for the Ordnance Board. There are three line items requested for this station at a total cost of $5,121,000.

The first line item is for an academic building for $3,321,000. This building we will use to conduct career courses for Ordnance officers. Widely scattered temporary and makeshift structures are now being used.

An average officer student load of 425 residents, to be trained in the proposed facility, now exists, and this

load is programed to gradually increase to 545 by fiscal year 1965. The classroom space required is based upon bulk space, capable of subdivision with flexible partitioning into classrooms of a size and number commensurate with the class size and instructional requirements. Maintenance of the existing buildings is estimated at $100,000 per year. These will be demolished upon approval of this item.

The second line item is for a station hospital for $1,685,000. This hospital of 75 beds will replace a hospital facility consisting of 22 World War II cantonment type structures designed for a capacity of 380 beds. Existing buildings were erected in 1971 and have passed the point where they are economical to maintain.

The present hospital site is only 4,000 feet distant from the main firing front, which is much less than the minimum of 1 mile prescribed by regulation. The proposed site will be sufficiently removed from the range areas and so located as to provide maximum privacy and accessibility to the main entrance roads. Continued use of present facilities will result in excessive expenditure of maintenance funds.

The third line item is for a heating plant for the hospital referred to above in the amount of $115,000. This item is required to provide heating for the hospital in this program.

Senator STENNIS. It would be nice if you could call those by page numbers you see. Then we can quickly turn to them.

General SEEMAN. Those are pages 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, and 8.

Senator STENNIS. Would you give us a special word on that academic building?

General SEEMAN. This is required to provide a training facility for the Ordnance Training Command. At present they have their classes in a widely scattered assortment of temporary structures. They have an average student load of 425 in residence, and these turn over throughout the year.

On page 5 is given the list of the various courses that are taught at Aberdeen. Part of the training of the Ordnance Training Command, as you may recall, is done at Redstone, where in the earlier years with the new missiles coming on, the scarcity of hardware and the scarcity of trained personnel, we had to set up certain training for guided missiles at that area.

However, the great bulk of the training in the Ordnance specialist category and the basic officers and the advanced officer's specialities of the Ordnance is done at the Aberdeen school.

Senator STENNIS. This is what kiad of missile training, ground-toair, battlefield ? All of them I suppose ?

General SEEMAN. They would have both our ground-to-air, groundto-ground and surface-to-surface. Of course the Ordnance has the specialist training and the basic training. The unit training for the ground-to-air is done at Fort Bliss, and the unit training

Senator STENNIS. I remember we had $4 or $5 million for Fort Bliss last year. That is down in Texas.

General SEEMAN. And the surface-to-surface missiles that are coming along in the ground artillery category, their training is done at Fort Sill.

Senator STENNIS. All right. Any questions, gentlemen? If there are no questions we will pass on. I assume everyone will speak up on these items now.

BLUE GRASS ORDNANCE DEPOT, KY. General SEEMAN. The next installation is Blue Grass Ordnance Depot, Ky. Its mission is to receive, store, and distribute general supplies and ammunition.

The only line item requested is for physical security facilities in the amount of $353,000.

This project is required to provide adequate protection for the storage of classified ammunition items, in accordance with the requirements of existing security regulations, and protect information affecting the national defense of the United States. Consists of chain link fencing, anti-intrusion system around 100 existing igloos. Also includes necessary extension to existing roads and utility systems.

In the event this item is not approved and is delayed, a minimum of nine guard posts must be manned at all times in order to afford adequate protection for these items at an estimated cost of $225,000 annually. If the requested item is approved, only three guard posts are required to be manned at a cost of $75,000 annually. This is an annual saving of $150,000. In addition, as a minimum, the entire area must be lighted at an estimated cost of approximately $72,000.

Senator STENNIS. Is that where you lessen your guards by putting up a fence?

*General SEEMAN. Yes, sir. We have one or two like this. Blue Grass is one of them, for $353,000.

Senator STENNIS. Is that where you use dogs on guard?

General SEEMAN. Dogs are used in some of these cases. I am not sure whether they are here or not, because this is a facility requiring special surveillance.

PICATINNY ARSENAL, N.J. The next installation is Picatinny Arsenal, N.J. Its mission is research and development of ordnance type items and industrial support functions including manufacture of some of the items developed. There are two line items at this station totalling $850,000.

The first line item is for an addition to Explosive and Propellants Research Laboratories in the amount of $250,000.

This facility is required to provide several individual laboratories for scientific research on explosives under modern safety and equipment conditions. This new facility will provide separate office space, electronic alarm systems, fume hoods capable of outstanding the -explosive effect, and incorporating blowout panels at the back to release explosive effects to the outside; and will be limited to one story to prevent accumulation of fumes. The following specific re„search and development programs require the new facility: (1) Study of explosive state; (2) synthesis, assessment and exploitation of explosives; (3) nucleonic studies on explosives; (4) propellant research and development; (5) Ordnance Corps projects in atomic energy (field-evaluation phase; and (6) research on explosives and pyrotechnic fuze components. This research is for Army, Air Force and Atomic Energy Commission.

The second line item is for an addition to the Plastics Research Laboratory in the amount of $600,000.

This item is required to provide additional facilities necessary to support the following research and development programs:

(a) Basic research on plastics; (b) ordnance structural materials; (c) lightweight construction materials;, (d) high temperature materials; and, (e) armor materials. Existing facilities consist of a converted garage building, which houses molding and fabrication equipment; and a small laboratory building, which houses molding and fabrication equipment; and a small laboratory building, for which this item proposes addition. There are no other existing facilities that could be made available more economically to satisfy this requirement; and a complete new facility is estimated to cost approximately $1 million.

During your questioning on research and development facilities this was an example of mine where we need an addition to two existing buildings, one for explosives and propellant research, and another for plastic research, 2 items on pages 12, 13, 14, 15, and 16.

Senator STENNIS. There seems to be no question on that. Mr. Nease tells me the House at this point put in an item, an amount of $377,000 for utilities that the Benicia Arsenal in California

General SEEMAN. That is correct.

Senator STENNIS. Will you give us your recommendation about that?

BENICIA ARSENAL, CALIF. General SEEMAN. The next installation is Benicia Arsenal, Calif. Its mission is to receive, store and issue general supplies, including wheeled vehicles to designated CONUS areas and overseas. Perform stock control accountability for Benicia Arsenal and Sierra Ordnance Depot. Perform depot maintenance and functional tests of artillery materiel. Inspects and repairs small arms gages.

The only line item requested is for sewage disposal facilities at an estimated cost of $337,000. This item is required to comply with law prohibiting the discharge of raw sewage into inland waters. At the present time the sewage from the different sections of the arsenal empties into the Carquinez Straits and Suisan Bay. In the interest of economy the Government proposes to connect the Benicia Arsenal sewer system into the city of Benicia sewage disposal plant, which was recently constructed and sized to treat all of the sewage from Benicia Arsenal.

It was initiated. It had been on our program for some time but with a low priority. The House introduced this requirement in accordance with the requests of local people to speed it up to avoid pollution in the bay. There was a working agreement with the nearby city of Benicia, that they would provide the sewage disposal plant, and the Army would provide the trunk sewer to take care of the Benicia Arsenal refuse into the city system, and this now enables completion of the system.

Senator STENNIS. In other words, the Army had promised to do this?

General SEEMAN. It had been an agreement, sir. The exact timing as to when it would be carried out was not specific, and now we are including it in our program.

Senator STENNIS. You say you are including it in your program. You mean you are supporting it here. The House put it in.

General SEEMAN. Yes, we had considered it of somewhat lower priority at the time we formulated our program.

Senator STENNIS. I understand that this item is necessary to comply with local law, is that correct?

General SEEMAN. Also to comply with an Executive order regarding cooperation in the matter of pollution control.

Senator STENNIS. The question is, is it necessary now to comply with local law? General SEEMAN. It is.

Senator Case. They say they are including it in the program. Does that mean that you are including it in your funding program too? General SEEMAN. Both in authorization and funding, yes, sir. Senator STENNIS. All right, you seem to make a strong case on it. Next item?

PUEBLO ORDNANCE DEPOT, COLO. General SEEMAN. Pueblo Ordnance Depot on page 18.

The mission of this depot is to receive and store general supplies and ammunition. Issues items related to missiles to all installations west of the Mississippi and in the Pacific. Only one line is requested, special weapons support facilities in the amount of $369,000.

This project will supplement the existing interim facility, which has limited capabilities. The existing facilities at the installation will be utilized in connection with this operation, to the maximum extent possible. Due to the specialized nature of the work, certain facilities must be specifically designed for this operation. It is estimated that it would cost in excess of $1 million to construct an entirely new facility. Other justification is classified and is included in separate submission.

There are no excess facilities within the geographical area which could meet this requirement.

This has a supporting classified justification in the classified book, sir, which I will not go into here. Basically this is to supplement our existing facility to provide for a higher type of ammunition.

Senator STENNIS. All right, I suppose we might put that down for executive session.

REDSTONE ARSENAL, ALA. General SEEMAN. The next installation is Redstone Arsenal, Ala., on page 20. It is responsible for management of the Army's rocket, guided missile and ballistic missile systems and is the home of the Army Ordnance Guided Missile School. There are three line items requested at this station at a total cost of $1 million.

The first line item is for a fire and rescue station at the installation's airfield for $82,000. This project will provide a shelter and operations point for fire apparatus required during all takeoffs and landings of aircraft.

Construction of a fire station at the arsenal airfield is necessary to house firefighting apparatus and crews. The presence of the firetighting apparatus and a crew is required at the airfield to comply with aircraft crash rescue regulations. Until a station is constructed at the airfield, it will be necessary to dispatch fire trucks from existing fire stations on the arsenal a distance of 2 to 5 miles to meet incoming planes. After completion of this project, crews will be stationed permanently at the airfield and expensive operation of heavy equipment from existing station to the airfield daily will no longer be required.

The second line item is an extension of Martin Road at a cost of $743,000.

Construction of additional road is essential to relieve the serious traffic congestion on existing roads, especially Patton Road from intersection of Martin Road to city of Huntsville. The average 24-hour traffic count for entering and leaving the installation has increased from 5,022 in January 1952 to 50,662. The count for Patton Road alone, for the same period, has increased from 1,250 to 34,599. The congested conditions are hazardous, especially during peak periods when vehicles are forced to travel bumper to bumper. Daily reporting time is staggered over a period of 60 minutes a.m. and p.m., in an effort to relieve congestion; employees participate in “share the ride” and car pool transportation methods encouraged by this installation, but the critical condition still exists and is becoming more critical daily.

This is just the segment on the Government property, sir. It has a companion project with the Bureau of Public Roads in what we call our access road program which comes under our general authorization. This has been under study for some time. They have acquired certain of the land off the post, and this is the companion one for us to keep up with them.

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